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MOZUME - Germ-plasm preserved

Triticum- Aegilops Germ-plasm preserved in Kyoto University

Index
About Us
Preservation (sowing seeds, planting into the field, controlled selfing (bagging individual spike), net against birds, fumigation, threshing, stock room)
Staffs
Contact us
Tytle.jpg

About Us (Preface to germplasm catalogue No. 3, 2005)

Today, the production of more food for a larger population in more divergent environments must be accomplished for human welfare. This can be done by developing more productive varieties of crops through current scientific techniques utilizing existing plant germplasms. Thus the collection and conservation of plant germplasms has been recognized to be indispensable for plant genetics and plant breeding. Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops and provide staple food for one thirds of the world population. Kyoto University has a long history of wheat studies and of field collection of landraces and wild relatives and has provided an important reservoir of genetic stocks of wheat.

Since Professor H. Kihara started his genetic studies of wheat at Kyoto University in 1921, many experimental stocks of wheat and its relatives have accumulated at the Laboratory of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyoto University. Until 1958, these materials were maintained at the Laboratory of Genetics and from 1959 to 1970 at the Research Institute for Agricultural Plants in collaboration with the Laboratory of Genetics. The field collection of wild relatives and landraces of wheat was started in 1955 when Kyoto University organized the Kyoto University Scientific Expedition to Karakoram and Hindukush. These materials have been used widely by wheat geneticists and plant breeders and have contributed greatly to the progress of wheat studies in Japan and other countries throughout the world. When the Plant Germ-plasm Institute (PGPI) was established in 1971 to study the origin of cultivated plants and to explore and conserve useful plant germplasms, these genetic stocks of wheat were transferred to the Laboratory of Crop Evolution of the Institute from the Laboratory of Genetics. In addition to conserving these materials, the Laboratory of Crop Evolution has endeavored to collect new samples. The Institute has also served as one of the two base collections of wild relatives of wheat by appointment of the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR, now IPGRI) together with ICARDA gene bank. The first germplasm catalogue of Aegilops and Triticum edited by Dr. M. Tanaka was published in 1983 to assure worldwide utilization of these genetic stocks (Tanaka 1983).

Most of the wheat genetic stocks maintained at the PGPI are from original field collections. Many collecting missions have been organized by Kyoto University during 1955 - 1996. After 1983, many Aegilops samples collected by IBPGR were introduced. In the present catalogue, No. 3, about 10,000 strains of wheat landraces, wild wheat and wild relatives, Aegilops , currently maintained in the PGPI are listed. This information is also accessible through Internet via KOMUGI DB (http://shigen.nig.ac.jp/wheat/komugi), the wheat genetics resources database in Japan. It is now more important than ever that we start to collaborate to integrate the world's wheat germplasm. Networking of gene banks worldwide will facilitate the use of these genetic stocks by wheat researchers and breeders throughout the world.

   
KAWAHARA Taihachi
Curator, Associate Professor,
Laboratory of Crop Evolution

Preservation

  sowing seeds  
  sowing_seeds01 sowing_seeds02 sowing_seeds03 sowing_seeds04 sowing_seeds05
  sowing_seeds06 sowing_seeds07 sowing_seeds09 sowing_seeds11  
           
    planting into the field  
  fix_planting01 fix_planting03 fix_planting05 fix_planting10 fix_planting08
  fix_planting09 fix_planting11      
           
    controlled selfing (bagging individual spike)  
  bagging09 bagging02 bagging03 bagging06 bagging05
           
    net against birds  
  spread_net05 spread_net11 spread_net_after3    
           
    fumigation  
  fumigation07 fumigation10      
           
    threshing  
  threshing01 threshing04 threshing05    
           
    stock room  
  stock_room13 stock_room12 stock_room08 stock_room01 stock_room10
  stock_room11        

Staffs (2005)

Professor OHNISHI Ohmi, Ph. D ohnishi@mbox.kudpc.kyoto-u.ac.jp
  Associate Professor KAWAHARA Taihachi, Ph. D
Agricultural Science*
kawatai@mbox.kudpc.kyoto-u.ac.jp
  Instructor YASUI Yasuo, Ph. D
Agricultural Science 
yasyas@kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp
  Research Associate IMAI Takehiro, Ph. D
Biological Engineering
 
  Technician HASEGAWA Etsuko,
MIZUGUCHI Masaaki
 
    * curator

Contact us

Laboratory of Crop Evolution
Plant Germ-plasm Institute
Graduate School of Agriculture
    Kyoto University
    PHONE : +81-75-921-0652
    FAX : +81-75-932-8063
    e-Mail : pgpinst@isis.ocn.ne.jp
    URL : http://www2.ocn.ne.jp/%7Epgpinst/index_e.htm
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