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Catalogue of Gene Symbols

Gene Symbol detail

Gene Symbold
Class Level 1 Reaction to Fusarium spp.
Level 2 Disease: Fusarium head scab, scab
Level 3
Level 4
Symbol Wild Type QFhs.ndsu-3B
Allele
Chromosomes 3BS{9925}
Germplasms v:Sumai 3/Stoa RI mapping population; the QTL was contributed by Sumai 3{9925,0175}, ma:Association with Xbcd907-3B.2 (LOD>3) {9925} and microsatellite markers Xgwm1533-3B and Xgwm493-3B{0175}, ma:QFhs.ndsu-3B from Sumai 3 was associated with microsatellite loci Xgwm533-3B and Xgwm274-3B in certain Sumai 3 derivatives {10062}. In Ning 894037 the QTL has the same location and similar SSR bands to Sumai 3 {10085}. STS marker SRST.3B1 was mapped between Xgwm533-3B and Xgwm389-3B and associated with QFhs.ndsu-3B {10072}. QFhs.ndsu.3B was associated with markers Xgwm533-3B, Xbard133-3B, Xbarc147-3B and Xgwm493-3B{10073}
Comment
This QTL explained 42% of the variation in Sumai 3/Stoa{0175}.
Two additional QTL for resistance to Fusarium graminearum were identified in the cross Sumai3/Stoa {0175}. The QTL on 4BS was associated with Xwg909-4B and the QTL on 6BS was associated with Xbarc101-6B and Xbcd1383-6B {0175}. The QTL associated with markers Xgwm493-3B/Xgwm533-3B (explaining 24.8 % of the variation), and Xbarc101-6B/Xbcd1383-6B were also identified in a RIL population from the cross ND2603/Butte 86 {0175}. In addition, one QTL on chromosome 3AL associated with Xbcd941-3A and one on chromosome 6AS associated with XksuH4-6A were identified in RILs from the cross ND2603/Butte 86 {0175}.
Resistance QTL on chromosome 3BS associated with Xgwm493-3B and Xgwm533-3B was also identified in a DH population of the cross Remus/CM-82036 (a Sumai 3 derivative) {0240}. Additional QTL in this cross were detected on chromosome 5A, associated with Xgwm293-5A and Xgwm304-5A, and possibly on 1B, associated with Glu-B1 {0240}.
Two major genes with additive effects were reported in crosses between Sumai 3 (resistant) and two susceptible cultivars{0174}. One of the genes was assigned to 5AL based on linkage to the dominant awn suppressor B1 (RF 15.1-21.4%).
QTLs were located in 3BS, 2BL and 2AS in Ning 7840/Clark. The most effective QTL was probably in the interval flanked by deletions 3BS-3 and -8 and was close to Xgwm533-3B and Xbarc147-3B {0328}.
A marker study found that 14 of 66 wheats with putative FHB resistance shared markers indicative of the 3BS QTL in Ning 7840, Sumai 3, Wangshuibai and possibly Wuhan 3, plus Japanese landraces Shinchunaga and Shirasu No 1 {10115}. The original source may be the landrace 'Taiwan Wheat' rather than Funo {10115}. Four QTLs on chromosomes 3BS (associated with Xbarc133-3B), 3BL (Xgwm247-3B) and 3AS (Xgwm5-3A) from Huapei 57-2, and 5BL (Xbarc59-5B) from Patterson, were reported in the cross Huapei 57-2/Patterson {10026}. Huapei 57-2, Ning 7840 and Sumai 3 carried common alleles in the Xgwm533-3B, Xgwm493-3B, Xbarc147-3B and Xbarc133-3B region {10026}.
Wuhan-1/Nyubai{10623}: Two QTLs were located on chromosomes 2DL and 3BS (distal) {10020}.
Field resistance
G16-92(R)/Hussar(S): Two QTL for resistance to F. culmorum were identified on chromosome 1A (resistance from Hussar) (R2 = 0.01) and 2B (resistance from G16-92) (R2 = 0.14) {10588}.
Of 54 lines with reported FHB resistance, 6, including CM-82036, Ning 7840 and Wuhan 3, had the same 5-marker haplotype as Sumai 3, and 4 lines possessed 4 of the markers. Twenty-nine lines, including Frontana, had no marker allele in common with Sumai 3, whereas 13 lines had 1 to 3 alleles in common with it {10113}. Qfhs.ndsu-3B and the 5 marker loci were placed in 3BS deletion bin 0.78-0.87 {10144}.
Nanda2419(S)/Wangshuibai(R): 8 QTLs were identified; those with large effects were associated with Xgwm533-3B.3 - Xgwm533-3B.1 (W), Xwmc539-6B (W) and Xs1021m-2B - Xgwm47-2B {10190}.
Type I resistance (% infected plants) in this cross was attributed to 10 chromosome regions among which Qfhi.nau-4B (Xwmc349-4B - Xgwm149-4B - r2=0.75), XFhi.nau-5A (Xwmc96-5A - Xgwm304-5A - R2=0.27) and Qfhi.nau-5B (Xgwm408-5B - Xbarc140-5B) from Wangshuibai were detected in at least 3 of 4 years {10282}. A significant additive effect of QTL on 6D and 2A was also observed {10282}.
Type IV resistance (proportion of Fusarium-damaged kernels) was attributed to five QTLs, four from Wangshuibai. Those with the largest effects included QFdk.nau-2B (from Nanda 2419), QFdk.nau-3B and QFdk.nau-4B {10577} with each accounting for more than 20% of the phenotype variation.
Pelikan (S)/G93010 (=Bussard / Ning 8026) (R). Qfhs.Ifl-7BS/5BL and Qfhs.Ifl-6BS (probably Fhb2) from Ning 8026 reduced disease severity by 30% and 24%, respectively, and by 46% when combined {10594}. Other resistance genes were located on chromosomes 1AS (Qfhs.Ifl-1AS from Pelikan), and 2AL and 7AL (from Ning 8026) {10594}.
Spark (MR)/Rialto(S) DH population: Of nine QTLs identified across all environments, seven alleles for resistance came from Spark and two from Rialto. The largest effect on Type 1 resistance (Xfhs.jic-4D.2) was associated with the Rht-D1b allele in Rialto which made lines more susceptible. Other QTLs occurred on chromosomes 1B (1B.1R), 4D (Qfhs.jic-4D.2), 2A,3A (each, 2 QTLs), 5A and 7A. Xfhs.jic-4D.2 had little effect on Type 2 resistance {10603}.
Wangshuibai/Seri 82:F3:F5 population: QTL on chromosome 3BS (Xgwm533-3B - Xs18/m12-3B) and 2DL(Xgwm539-2D - Xs15/m24-2D) accounted for 17% and 11%, respectively, of the phenotypic variance {10264}.
Wangshuibai/Alondra 'S': A stable QTL was associated with Xgwm533-3B in each of 3 years, QTLs in 5B (Xgwm335-5B), 2D and 7A were detected in 2 years {10268}.

Wangshuibai(R)/Wheaton(S): QTLs located in chromosome 3BS (Xbarc147-3B, R2=37% & Xbarc344-3B, R2=7%), 7AL (Xwms1083-7A, R2=10%) and 1BL (Xwms759-1B, R2=12%) {10200}.
Chokwang (R)/Clark (S):
Qfhb.ksu-5DL.1 associated with Xbarc239-5D (R2=0.24) {10276}, Qfhb.ksu-4BL.1 associated with Xbarc1096-4B (R2=0.13) {10276}, and Qfhs.ksu-3BS.1 marginally associated with the region of Fhb1 (R2=0.1) {10276}.
Ernie(Res)/MO94-317(Sus): 243 F8 RIL population. Four QTLs from Ernie detected as follows:
Qfhs.umc-2B, linked to Xgwm278-2BS, R2 = 0.04 {10456}.
Qfhs.umc-3B, linked to Xgwm285-3BS, R2 = 0.13 {10456}.
Qfhs.umc-4B, linked to Xgwm495-4BL, R2 = 0.09 {10456}.
Qfhs.umc-5A, linked to Xgwm165-5A, R2 = 0.17 {10456}.
Evidence was provided to suggest the QTL acted additively {10456}
Associations between responce to FHB caused by F. culmorum and the semi-dwarfing locus Rht-D1 in crosses Apache/Biscay, Romanus/Pirat and History/Rubens (Biscay, Pirat and Rubens carry Rht-D1b) were reported in {10574}. Genotypes with the semi-dwarf alleles tended to be more susceptible.
A review of 52 mapping studies is provided in {10593}.
Seedling resistance to Fusarium graminearum (FSB). A QTL for FSB resistance in the Wuhan/Nyubai population was associated with the Qwmc75-5B locus, R2 = 0.138. The relationship of this resistance to crown rot resistance is unknown {10624} (see Reaction to F. pseudograminearum).
Tetraploid wheat
Langdon/Langdon (DIC-2A) RICL population: Increased susceptibility of the T. dicoccoides Israel A substitution line relative to Langdon was mapped to a 22 cM interval spanned by Xgwm558-2A and Xgwm445-2A {10613}.

Related Reference
9925 : Waldron BL, Moreno-Sevilla B, Anderson JA, Stack RW & Frohberg RC 1999
0174 : Ban T & Suenaga K 2000
0175 : Anderson JA, Stack RW, Liu S, Waldron BL, Fjeld AD, Coyne C, Moreno-Sevilla B, Mitchell Fetch J, Song QJ, Cregan PB & Frohberg RC 2001
0240 : Buerstmayr H, Lemmens M, Hartl L, Doldi L, Steiner B, Stierschneider M & Ruckenbauer P 2002
0328 : Zhou WC, Kolb FL, Bai GH, Shaner G & Domier LL 2002
10020 : Somers DJ, Fedak G & Savard M 2003
10026 : Bourdoncle W & Ohm HW 2003
10073 : Helguera M, Khan IA, Kolmer J, Lijavetzky D, Zhong-qi L & Dubcovsky J 2003
10113 : Liu SX & Anderson JA 2003
10115 : Bai GH, Guo PG & Kolb FL 2003
10144 : Watanabe N 2004
10190 : Lin F, Kong ZX, Zhu HL, Zue SL, Wu JZ, Tian DG, Wei JB, Zhang CQ & Ma ZQ 2004
10200 : Zhou WC, Kolb FL, Yu JB, Bai GH, Boze LK & Domier IL 2004
10264 : Mardi M, Buerstmayr H, Ghareyazie B, Lemmens M, Mohammadi SA, Nolz R & Ruckenbauer P 2005
10268 : Jia GF, Chen PD, Qin GJ, Bai GH, Wang XU, Wang SL, Zhou B, Zhang SZ & Liu DJ 2005
10276 : Yang J, Bai GH, & Shaner GE 2005
10282 : Lin F, Xue SL, Zhang ZZ, Zhang CQ, Kong ZX, Yao GQ, Tian DG, Zhu HL, Li CJ, Cao Y, Wei JB, Luo QY & Ma ZQ 2006
10456 : Liu S, Abate ZA, Lu H, Musket T, Davis GL & McKendry AL 2007
10574 : Voss H-H, Holzapfel J, Hartl L, Korzun V, Rabenstein F, Ebmeyer E, Coester H, Kempe H & Miedaner T 2008
10577 : Li CJ, Zhu HL, Zhang CQ, Lin F, Xue SL, Cao Y, Zheng ZZ, Zhang LX & Ma ZQ 2008
10588 : Schmolke M, Zimmermann G, Schweizer G, Miedaner T, Korzun V, Ebmeyer E & Hartl L 2008
10593 : Buerstmayr H, Ban T & Anderson JA 2009
10594 : Haberle J, Schweizer G, Schondelmaier J, Zimmermann G & Harl L 2009
10603 : Srinivasachary, Gosman N, Steed A, Simmonds J, Leverington-Waite M, Wang Y, Snape J & Nicholson P 2008
10613 : Garvin DF, Stack RW & Hanson JM 2009
10623 : McCartney CA, Somers DJ, Fedak G, DePauw RM, Thomas J, Fox SL et al. 2007
10624 : Tamburic-Ilincic L, Somers DJ, Fedak G & Schaafsma A 2009
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