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Author Wang H., Shi Y., Zhang X., Xu X., Wu J.L.
Title Characterization of a Novel Rice Dynamic Narrow-rolled leaf Mutant with Deficiencies in Aromatic Amino Acids.
Abstract:
The leaf blade is the main photosynthetic organ and its morphology is related to light energy capture and conversion efficiency. We isolated a novel rice <i>Dynamic Narrow-rolled leaf 1</i> (<i>dnrl1</i>) mutant showing reduced width of leaf blades, rolled leaves and lower chlorophyll content. The narrow-rolled leaf phenotype resulted from the reduced number of small longitudinal veins per leaf, smaller size and irregular arrangement of bulliform cells compared with the wild-type. <i>DNRL1</i> was mapped to chromosome 7 and encoded a putative 3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase (DAHPS) which catalyzes the conversion of phosphoenolpyruvate and D-erythrose 4-phosphate to DAHP and phosphate. Sequence analysis revealed that a single base substitution (T-A) was detected in <i>dnrl1</i>, leading to a single amino acid change (L376H) in the coding protein. The mutation led to a lower expression level of <i>DNRL1</i> as well as the lower activity of DAHPS in the mutant compared with the wild type. Genetic complementation and over-expression of <i>DNRL1</i> could rescue the narrow-rolled phenotype. <i>DNRL1</i> was constitutively expressed in all tested organs and exhibited different expression patterns from other narrow-rolled leaf genes. DNRL1-GFP located to chloroplasts. The lower level of chlorophyll in <i>dnrl1</i> was associated with the downregulation of the genes responsible for chlorophyll biosynthesis and photosynthesis. Furthermore, <i>dnrl1</i> showed significantly reduced levels of aromatic amino acids including Trp, Phe and Tyr. We conclude that OsDAHPS, encoded by <i>DNRL1</i>, plays a critical role in leaf morphogenesis by mediating the biosynthesis of amino acids in rice.
Journal Int J Mol Sci
Country China
Volume 21(4)
Pages
Year 2020
PubMed ID 32102218
PubMed Central ID 7073152
DOI 10.3390/ijms21041521
URL -
Relation
Gene CAO2 COW1 DNRL1 FGL LYL1 NAL1 ND1 PORA PPR1 PSAA PSBA RPOA RPOTP SPP TDD1 YGL1 YGL10 YGL98 YL1 _
INSD -
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
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Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
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Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -
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