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Author Moin M., Bakshi A., Saha A., Dutta M., Sheshu M Madhav, P B Kirti
Title Rice Ribosomal Protein Large Subunit Genes and Their Spatio-temporal and Stress Regulation.
Ribosomal proteins (RPs) are well-known for their role in mediating protein synthesis and maintaining the stability of the ribosomal complex, which includes small and large subunits. In the present investigation, in a genome-wide survey, we predicted that the large subunit of rice ribosomes is encoded by at least 123 genes including individual gene copies, distributed throughout the 12 chromosomes. We selected 34 candidate genes, each having 2-3 identical copies, for a detailed characterization of their gene structures, protein properties, cis-regulatory elements and comprehensive expression analysis. RPL proteins appear to be involved in interactions with other RP and non-RP proteins and their encoded RNAs have a higher content of alpha-helices in their predicted secondary structures. The majority of RPs have binding sites for metal and non-metal ligands. Native expression profiling of 34 ribosomal protein large (RPL) subunit genes in tissues covering the major stages of rice growth shows that they are predominantly expressed in vegetative tissues and seedlings followed by meiotically active tissues like flowers. The putative promoter regions of these genes also carry cis-elements that respond specifically to stress and signaling molecules. All the 34 genes responded differentially to the abiotic stress treatments. Phytohormone and cold treatments induced significant up-regulation of several RPL genes, while heat and H2O2 treatments down-regulated a majority of them. Furthermore, infection with a bacterial pathogen, Xanthomonas oryzae, which causes leaf blight also induced the expression of 80% of the RPL genes in leaves. Although the expression of RPL genes was detected in all the tissues studied, they are highly responsive to stress and signaling molecules indicating that their encoded proteins appear to have roles in stress amelioration besides house-keeping. This shows that the RPL gene family is a valuable resource for manipulation of stress tolerance in rice and other crops, which may be achieved by overexpressing and raising independent transgenic plants carrying the genes that became up-regulated significantly and instantaneously.
Journal Front Plant Sci
Country India
Volume 7
Pages 1284
Year 2016
PubMed ID 27605933
PubMed Central ID 4995216
DOI 10.3389/fpls.2016.01284
Gene RPL13A RPL13B RPL15 RPL17 RPL18A RPL19 RPL2 RPL21.2 RPL23A RPL26 RPL26.1 RPL28 RPL29 RPL30E RPL31 RPL34 RPL35A.3 RPL36.2 RPL37 RPL38 RPL3B RPL4 RPL44 RPL5 RPL51 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -