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Author Rossatto T., do Amaral MN., Benitez L.C., Vighi I.L., Braga E.J.B., de Magalhães Júnior AM., Maia M.A.C., da Silva Pinto L.
Title Gene expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes in rice plants, cv. BRS AG, under saline stress.
Abstract:
The rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.) BRS AG, developed by Embrapa Clima Temperado, is the first cultivar designed for purposes other than human consumption. It may be used in ethanol production and animal feed. Different abiotic stresses negatively affect plant growth. Soil salinity is responsible for a serious reduction in productivity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the gene expression and the activity of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, APX and GR) and identify their functions in controlling ROS levels in rice plants, cultivar BRS AG, after a saline stress period. The plants were grown in vitro with two NaCl concentrations (0 and 136 mM), collected at 10, 15 and 20 days of cultivation. The results indicated that the activity of the enzymes evaluated promotes protection against oxidative stress. Although, there was an increase of reactive oxygen species, there was no increase in MDA levels. Regarding genes encoding isoforms of antioxidant enzymes, it was observed that OsSOD3-CU/Zn, OsSOD2-Cu/Zn, OsSOD-Cu/Zn, OsSOD4-Cu/Zn, OsSODCc1-Cu/Zn, OsSOD-Fe, OsAPX1, OsCATB and OsGR2 were the most responsive. The increase in the transcription of all genes among evaluated isoforms, except for OsAPX6, which remained stable, contributed to the increase or the maintenance of enzyme activity. Thus, it is possible to infer that the cv. BRS AG has defense mechanisms against salt stress.
Journal Physiol Mol Biol Plants
Country Brazil
Volume 23(4)
Pages 865-875
Year 2017
PubMed ID 29158635
PubMed Central ID 5671449
DOI 10.1007/s12298-017-0467-2
URL -
Relation
Gene APX1 CATB FSD1.1 SOD2 SOD4 SODCC1 SODCC2 _ _
INSD -
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
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Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
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Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -
/rice/oryzabase