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Author Liu S., Hua L., Dong S., Chen H., Zhu X., Jiang J., Zhang F., Li Y., Fang X., Chen F.
Title OsMAPK6, a mitogen-activated protein kinase, influences rice grain size and biomass production.
Abstract:
grain size is an important agronomic trait in determining grain yield. However, the molecular mechanisms that determine the final grain size is not well understood. Here, we report the functional analysis of a rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant, dwarf and small grains1 (DSG1), which displays pleiotropic phenotypes, including small grains, dwarfism and erect leaves. Cytological observations revealed that the small grain and dwarfism of DSG1 were mainly caused by the inhibition of cell proliferation. Map-based cloning revealed that DSG1 encoded a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), OsMAPK6. OsMAPK6 mainly located in the nucleus and cytoplasm, and was ubiquitously distributed in various organs, predominately in spikelets and spikelet hulls, consistent with its role in grain size and biomass production. As a functional kinase, OsMAPK6 interacts strongly with OsMKK4, indicating that OsMKK4 is likely to be the upstream MAPKK of OsMAPK6 in rice. In addition, hormone sensitivity tests indicated that the DSG1 mutant was less sensitive to brassinosteroids (BRs). The endogenous BR levels were reduced in DSG1, and the expression of several BR signaling pathway genes and feedback-inhibited genes were altered in the DSG1 mutant, with or without exogenous BRs, indicating that OsMAPK6 may contribute to influence BR homeostasis and signaling. Thus, OsMAPK6, a mitogen-activated protein kinase, plays a pivotal role in grain size, via cell proliferation, and BR signaling and homeostasis, in rice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Journal Plant J.
Country China
Volume
Pages
Year 2015
PubMed ID 26366992
PubMed Central ID -
DOI 10.1111/tpj.13025
URL -
Relation
Gene LIC CYCD4;1 D11 D61 DSG1 DWARF4 ILI1 MADS47 SMG1 _
INSD -
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
-
Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
-
Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -
/rice/oryzabase