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Author Zhang X., Sun J., Cao X., Song X.
Title Epigenetic Mutation of RAV6 Affects leaf angle and Seed Size in Rice.
Abstract:
Heritable epigenetic variants of genes, termed epialleles, can broaden genetic and phenotypic diversity in eukaryotes. Epialleles may also provide a new source of beneficial traits for crop breeding, but very few epialleles related to agricultural traits have been identified in crops. Here, we identified Epi-RAV6, a gain-of-function epiallele of rice (Oryza sativa) RELATED TO ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3)/VIVIPAROUS1 (VP1) 6 (RAV6), which encodes a B3 DNA-binding domain-containing protein. The Epi-RAV6 plants show larger lamina inclination and smaller grain size; these agronomically important phenotypes are inherited in a semidominant manner. We did not find nucleotide sequence variation of RAV6. Instead, we found hypomethylation in the promoter region of RAV6, which caused ectopic expression of RAV6 in Epi-RAV6 plants. Bisulfite analysis revealed that cytosine methylation of four CG and two CNG loci within a continuous 96-bp region plays essential roles in regulating RAV6 expression; this region contains a conserved miniature inverted repeat transposable element transposon insertion in cultivated rice genomes. Overexpression of RAV6 in the wild type phenocopied the Epi-RAV6 phenotype. The brassinosteroid (BR) receptor BR INSENSITIVE1 and BR biosynthetic genes EBISU DWARF, DWARF11, and BR-DEFICIENT DWARF1 were ectopically expressed in Epi-RAV6 plants. Also, treatment with a BR biosynthesis inhibitor restored the leaf angle defects of Epi-RAV6 plants. This indicates that RAV6 affects rice leaf angle by modulating BR homeostasis and demonstrates an essential regulatory role of epigenetic modification on a key gene controlling important agricultural traits. Thus, our work identifies a unique rice epiallele, which may represent a common phenomenon in complex crop genomes.
Journal Plant Physiol.
Country unknown
Volume 169(3)
Pages 2118-28
Year 2015
PubMed ID 26351308
PubMed Central ID 4634063
DOI 10.1104/pp.15.00836
URL -
Relation
Gene AP2/EREBP127 AP2/EREBP129 AP2/EREBP77 AP2/EREBP96 BRD1 D11 D2 D61 WRKY123 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
INSD -
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
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Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
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Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -
/rice/oryzabase