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Author O'Neill,S.D., Kumagai,M.H., Majumdar,A., Huang,N., Sutliff,T.D. and Rodriguez,R.L.
Title The alpha-amylase genes in Oryza sativa: characterization of cDNA clones and mRNA expression during seed germination.
Abstract:
Two cDNA clones, pOS103 and pOS137, were isolated which code for distinct alpha-amylase isozymes in germinating rice seeds. Sequence analysis indicated that the clones encode polypeptides of approximately 48 kDa, both of which possess a signal peptide involved in directing secretion of the protein. Comparison of the two rice alpha-amylase amino acid sequence showed that they are 76% similar to each other, while showing 85% to 90% similarity with other cereal alpha-amylases. A comparison of eleven cereal alpha-amylases also revealed three new conserved regions (I', II', and IV') not previously identified in the animal, bacterial, and fungal alpha-amylases. Regions I' and IV' are sites for intron splicing while region II' is probably involved in calcium binding. One of the rice alpha-amylase cDNAs, pOS103, encodes a protein that has two potential N-glycosylation sites, one in the signal peptide and the other in the mature portion of the protein. The cDNA clone, pOS137, encodes an alpha-amylase with a single glycosylation site in the signal peptide, suggesting that the mature OS137 isozyme is not glycosylated. Analysis of the expression of these genes in germinating rice seeds indicated that mRNA corresponding to pOS103 and pOS137 could be detected throughout a 48 h period of seed imbibition. RNA levels, however, were dramatically stimulated by treatment of embryoless half-seeds with exogenous GA3. Our results demonstrate that at least two forms of alpha-amylase are expressed in germinating rice seeds and that the expression of these genes is regulated by the phytohormone GA3.
Journal Mol. Gen. Genet.
Country
Volume 221(2)
Pages 235-244
Year 1990
PubMed ID 2370848
PubMed Central ID -
DOI -
URL -
Relation
Gene AMY1A
INSD M24286 M24287
Strain Wild Core Collection -
Induced Mutation Lines(NIG Collection) -
Sterile Seed Strain -
Lethal Embryo
Mutantion Strain
-
Stages in Each Organ
- Muant Lines (Gene)
-
Cultivated Varieties(NIG Collection) -
Stages in Each Organ -
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