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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PITA
Gene Symbol Synonym Pita, Pita (sl, Pi4a, Pi-ta), Pita2, Pi4a, Pita, Pi-ta, Pita-2, Pi-ta2, Pi-4(t), Pi-4, Pi4, Pi-4a(t), OsTRXh6, TRXh6, OsTrx30, Trx30
Gene Name Synonym Pyricularia oryzae resistance-ta, Magnaporthe grisea resistance-ta, Blast resistance ta, Thioredoxin H-type 6, H-type Thioredoxin 6, Thioredoxin 30
Protein Name
Allele Pi ta-2, Pi ta-n, Pi4a(t), Pi4b(t), Pi-4a(t), Pi-4b(t), Pita Tadukan, Pita Konibora, Pita Bizor, Pita Olatifolia, Pita lati
Chromosome No. 12
Explanation Original line (Pita) is Taducan (Indica). Original line (Pita2) is Shimokita (Japonica). AF207842, AY196754. EU770205-EU770220: Oryza sativa, O. glaberrima, O. rufipogon, O. nivara, and O. barthii, and O. officinalis. EU346955-EU347006: Oryza rufipogon. AL772419, AB364239-AB364242, AB364479-AB364497: Oryza rufipogon and its related species. GQ918334-GQ918489 and GQ984160. PO:0009047; stem ; PO:0020141; stem node ; PO:0009049; inflorescence ; PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. GQ918334-GQ918489 (O.sativa and other wild rice species). GU269201-GU269204. KF891315, JN564634 (O. latifolia). AY885738-AY885768 and DQ374698-DQ374725 (O. sativa and other wild rice species, partial cds). LOC_Os12g18360. R Gene present in both Nipponbare and 9311. EF533785-EF533786 (partial cds).
Trait Class Biochemical character
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. AK067534
MSU ID LOC_Os12g18360.1
RAP ID Os12g0281300
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 50.4
Link map Classical linkage map
Yu H., Shahid M.Q., Li R., Li W., Liu W., Ghouri F., Liu X.
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 2018  36(4)  618-630
Genome-Wide Analysis of Genetic Variations and the Detection of Rich Variants of NBS-LRR Encoding Genes in Common Wild Rice Lines.
Zhao H., Wang X., Jia Y., Minkenberg B., Wheatley M., Fan J., Jia M.H., Famoso A., Edwards J.D., Wamishe Y., Valent B., Wang G.L., Yang Y.
Nat Commun 2018  9(1)  2039
The rice blast resistance gene Ptr encodes an atypical protein required for broad-spectrum disease resistance.
Yadav M.K., S A., Ngangkham U., Shubudhi H.N., Bag M.K., Adak T., Munda S., Samantaray S., Jena M.
PLoS ONE 2017  12(4)  e0176236
Use of molecular markers in identification and characterization of resistance to rice blast in India.
Chen S.a b c, Su J.b c, Han J.b c, Wang W.b c, Wang C.b c, Yang J.b c, Zeng L.b c, Wang X.a, Zhu X.b c, Yang C.a
Euphytica 2014  195  209-216
Resistance spectrum assay and fine mapping of the blast resistance gene from a rice experimental line, IRBLta2-Re
Ramkumar G., Madhav M.S., Rama Devi SJ., Manimaran P., Mohan K.M., Prasad M.S., Balachandran S.M., Neeraja C.N., Sundaram R.M., Viraktamath B.C.
Gene 2014  546(2)  250-6
Nucleotide diversity of Pita, a major blast resistance gene and identification of its minimal promoter.
Imam J.a b, Alam S.a, Mandal N.P.a, Variar M.a, Shukla P.b
Euphytica 2014  196  199-211
Molecular screening for identification of blast resistance genes in North East and Eastern Indian rice germplasm (Oryza sativa L.) with PCR based makers
Miah G., Rafii M.Y., R .Ismail M., B. Puteh A., A. Rahim H., Asfaliza R., A. Latif M.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2013  40(3)  2369-88
Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches
Luo,S., Zhang,Y., Hu,Q., Chen,J., Li,K., Lu,C., Liu,H., Wang,W. and Kuang,H.
Plant Physiol. 2012  159(1)  197-210
Dynamic Nucleotide-Binding-Site and Leucine-Rich-Repeat- encoding Genes in the Grass Family
Gupta S.K., Rai A.K., Kanwar S.S., Chand D., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
J. Exp. Bot. 2012  63(2)  757-72
The single functional blast resistance gene Pi54 activates a complex defence mechanism in rice.
Sharma T.R., Rai A.K., Gupta S.K., Vijayan J., Devanna B.N., Ray S.
Agric Res 2012  1  37-52
Rice Blast Management Through Host-Plant Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects
Mithrasena Y.J.P.K., Wijesundera W.S.S., Wijesundera R.L.C., Wimalasiri D.C., Priyanthi R.P.N.
Rice Science 2012  19  241-246
Pathogenic and Genetic Diversity of Magneporthe oryzae Populations from Sri Lanka
Lee S., Jia Y., Jia M., Gealy D.R., Olsen K.M., Caicedo A.L.
PLoS ONE 2011  6(10)  e26260
Molecular evolution of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta in invasive weedy rice in the USA.
Zhang C.J., Zhao B.C., Ge W.N., Zhang Y.F., Song Y., Sun D.Y., Guo Y.
Plant Physiol. 2011  157(4)  1884-99
An Apoplastic H-Type Thioredoxin Is Involved in the Stress Response through Regulation of the Apoplastic Reactive Oxygen Species in Rice.
Ramkumar,G., Biswal,A.K., Mohan,K.M., Sakthivel,K., Sivaranjani,A.K.P., Neeraja,C.N., Ram,T., Balachandran,S.M., Sundaram,R.M., Prasad,M.S., Rani,N.S., Viraktamath,B.C. and Madhav,M.S.
Int Rice Res Notes 2010  35  1-6
Identification of novel alleles of rice blast resistance genes Pik h and Pita through allele mining
Jia Y., Lee F.N., McClung A.
Plant Dis. 2009  93  639-644
Determination of Resistance Spectra of the Pi-ta and Pi-k Genes to U.S. Races of Magnaporthe oryzae Causing Rice Blast in a Recombinant Inbred Line Population
Xie G., Kato H., Sasaki K., Imai R.
FEBS Lett. 2009  583(17)  2734-8
A cold-induced thioredoxin h of rice, OsTrx23, negatively regulates kinase activities of OsMPK3 and OsMPK6 in vitro.
Koide Y., Kobayashi N., Xu D., Fukuta Y.
JARQ 2009  43  255-280
Resistance Genes and Selection DNA Markers for Blast Disease in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Costanzo S., Jia Y.
Plant Sci. 2009  177(5)  468-478
Alternatively spliced transcripts of Pi-ta blast resistance gene in Oryza sativa
Yoshida,K. and Miyashita,N.T.
Genes Genet. Syst. 2009  84(2)  121-136
DNA polymorphism in the blast disease resistance gene Pita of the wild rice Oryza rufipogon and its related species
Lee S,Costanzo S,Jia Y,Olsen KM,Caicedo AL
Genetics 2009  183(4)  1315-25
Evolutionary dynamics of the genomic region around the blast resistance gene Pi-ta in AA genome oryza species.
Nuruzzaman M,Gupta M,Zhang C,Wang L,Xie W,Xiong L,Zhang Q,Lian X
Mol. Genet. Genomics 2008  280  139-51
Sequence and expression analysis of the thioredoxin protein gene family in rice.
Soon-Wook Kwon, Young-Chan Cho, Yeon-Gyu Kim, Jung-Pil Suh, Ji-Ung Jeung, Jae-Hwan Roh, Sang-Kyu Lee, Jong-Seong Jeon, Sae-Jun Yang, Young-Tae Lee
Mol. Cells 2008  25(3)  407-16
Development of near-isogenic Japonica rice lines with enhanced resistance to Magnaporthe grisea.
Ballini E., Morel J.B., Droc G., Price A., Courtois B., Notteghem J.L., Tharreau D.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2008  21(7)  859-68
A genome-wide meta-analysis of rice blast resistance genes and quantitative trait loci provides new insights into partial and complete resistance.
Jia Y,Martin R
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2008  21  396-403
Identification of a new locus, Ptr(t), required for rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta-mediated resistance.
Wang,X., Jia,Y., Shu,Q.Y. and Wu,D.
Phytopathology 2008  98(12)  1305-1311
Haplotype diversity at the Pi-ta locus in cultivated rice and its wild relatives
Huang,C.L., Hwang,S.Y., Chiang,Y.C. and Lin,T.P.
Genetics 2008  179(3)  1527-1538
Molecular Evolution of Pi-ta Gene Resistance to Rice Blast in Wild Rice (Oryza rufipogon)
Liu X,Yang Q,Lin F,Hua L,Wang C,Wang L,Pan Q
Mol. Genet. Genomics 2007  278  403-10
Identification and fine mapping of Pi39(t), a major gene conferring the broad-spectrum resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae.
Wang Z., Jia Y., Rutger J.N., Xia Y.
Plant Breeding 2007  126  36-42
Rapid survey for presence of a blast resistance gene Pi-ta in rice cultivars using the dominant DNA markers derived from portions of the Pi-ta gene
Cho Y.C., Kwon S.W., Choi I.S., Lee S.K., Jeon J.S., Oh M.K., Roh J.H., Hwang H.G., Yang S.J., Kim Y.G.
J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 2007  10  265-276
Identification of Major Blast Resistance Genes in Korean Rice Varieties (Oryza sativa L.) Using Molecular Markers
Ding,J., Araki,H., Wang,Q., Zhang,P., Yang,S., Chen,J.Q. and Tian,D.
BMC Genomics 2007  8(1)  154
Highly asymmetric rice genomes
Hayashi K, Yoshida H, Ashikawa I.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2006  113(2)  251-260
Development of PCR-based allele-specific and InDel marker sets for nine rice blast resistance genes.
Tang,T., Lu,J., Huang,J., He,J., McCouch,S.R., Shen,Y., Kai,Z., Purugganan,M.D., Shi,S. and Wu,C.-I.
PLoS Genet. 2 (11), e199 REMARK Publication Status: Online-Only 2006  2(11) 
Genomic Variation in Rice: Genesis of Highly Polymorphic Linkage Blocks during Domestication
Robert Fjellstrom, Concetta A. Conaway-Bormans, Anna M. McClung, Marco A. Marchetti, A. obert Shank and William D. Park
Crop Sci. 2004  44  1790-1798
Development of DNA Markers Suitable for Marker Assisted Selection of Three Pi Genes Conferring esistance to Multiple Pyricularia grisea Pathotypes
Ebron L A, Fukuta Y, Imbe T, Kato H, Yanoria JMT, Tsunematsu H, Khush GS, Yokoo M.
Breeding Science 2004  54(4)  381-387
Estimation of Genes in Blast Resistance in Elite Indica-type Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties-bred at the International Rice Research Institute
Jia,Y., Wang,Z., Fjellstrom,R.G., Moldenhauer,K.A., Azam,M.A., Correll,J., Lee,F.N., Xia,Y. and Rutger,J.N.
Phytopathology 2004  94(3)  296-301
Rice Pi-ta gene Confers Resistance to the Major Pathotypes of the Rice Blast Fungus in the United States
Sallaud, C., M. Lorieux, E. Roumen, D Tharreau, R. Berruyer, P. Svestasrani, O. Garsmeur, A. Ghesquiere, J.L. Nottenghem
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2003  106  794-803
Identification of five new blast resistance genes in the highly blast-resistant rice variety IR64 using a QTL mapping strategy.
Muralidharan, K., D. Krishnaveni, G.S. Laha, C.S. Reddy, M. Srinivasprasad and R. Sridhar
RGN 2003  20  94-96
Evaluation of blast resistance genes in India.
Jia Y., Bryan G.T., Farrall L., Valent B.
Phytopathology 2003  93(11)  1452-9
Natural Variation at the Pi-ta Rice Blast Resistance Locus.
Jia Y., Wang Z., Singh P.
Crop Sci. 2002  42  2145-2149
Development of Dominant Rice Blast Pi-ta Resistance Gene Markers
Rutger J.N., Mackill D.J.
Rice Genetics, IV. IRRI, Manila, Philippines 2001    27-38
Application of Mendelian genetics in rice breeding
Jia Y., Correll J.C., Lee F.N., Eizenga G.C., Yang Y., Gealy D.R., Valent B., Zhu Q.
Phytopathology 2001  91 (Suppl. 6)  44-44
Understanding molecular interaction mechanisms of the Pi-ta rice resistance genes and the rice blast pathogen.
Orback, M.J., L. Farrall, J.A. Sweigard, F.G. Chumley and B. Valent
Plant Cell 2000  12  2019-2032
A telomeric avirulence gene determines efficacy for the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta.
Hittalmani, S., A. Parco, T.V. Mew, R.S. Zeigler and N. Huang
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2000  100  1121-1128
Fine mapping and DNA marker-assisted pyramiding of the three major genes for blast resistance in rice.
Bryan,G.T., Wu,K.S., Farrall,L., Jia,Y., Hershey,H.P., McAdams,S.A., Faulk,K.N., Donaldson,G.K., Tarchini,R. and Valent,B.
Plant Cell 2000  12(11)  2033-2045
tA single amino acid difference distinguishes resistant and susceptible alleles of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta.
Hayashi N., Ando I., Imbe T.
Phytopathology 1998  88(8)  822-7
Identification of a new resistance gene to a chinese blast fungus isolate in the Japanese rice cultivar aichi asahi.
Rybka, K., M. Miyamoto, I. Ando, A. Saito and S. Kawasaki
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 1997  10  517-524.
High resolution mapping of the indica-derived rice blast resistance genes II. Pi-ta2 and Pi-ta and a consideration of their origin.
Nakamura, S., S. Asakawa, N. Ohmido, K. Fukui, N. Shimizu and S. Kawasaki
Mol. Gen. Genet. 1997  254  611-620.
Construction of an 800-kb contig in the near-centromeric region of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta2 using a highly representative rice BAC library.
Yu, Z.H., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, S.R. McCouch, E. Guiderdoni, J.L. Notteghem and S.D. Tanksley
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1996  93  859-863.
Molecular mapping of genes for resistance to rice blast (Pyricularia grisea Sacc.).
Kawasaki, S., K. Rybka, M. Miyamoto, Y. Tanaka, M. Kataoka, A. Saito and I. Ando
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    675-680.
Positional cloning of rice blast resistance genes.
Inukai, T., R.J. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler, S. Sarkarung, D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    447-450.
Genetic analysis of blast resistance in tropical rice cultivars using near-isogenic lines.
Nakamura, H., Y. Toukairin, S. Hidaka, S. Ejiri and K. Tsutsumi
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  326
Genomic polymorphysm at the cytoplasmic aldolase-encoding loci and their different expression in rice varieties.
Inukai, T., R.S. Zeigler, S. Sarkarung, M. Bronson, L.V. Dung, T. Kinoshita and R.J. Nelson
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1996  93  560-567.
Development of pre-isogenic lines for rice blast-resistance by marker-aided selection from a recombinant inbred population.
Kiyosawa S.
Japan. J. Breeding 1996  16  243-250
Studieis on inheritance of resistance of rice varieties to blast 3. Inheritance of resistance of a rice variety Pi No.1 to the blast fungus
Causse, M.A., T.M. Fulton, Y.G. Cho, S.N. Ahn, J. Chunwongse, K. Wu, J. Xiao, Z. Yu, P.C. Ronald, S.E. Harrington, G. Second, S.R. McCouch and S.D. Tanksley
Genetics 1994  138  1251-1274.
Saturated molecular map of the rice genome based on an interspecific backcross population.
Inukai, T., R.J. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler, S. Sarkarung, D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
Phytopathology 1994  84  1278-1283.
Allelism of blast resistance genes in near-isogenic lines of rice.
Kinoshita T., Inukai T., Toriyama K.
RGN 1994  11  16-17
IV. Reports from coordinators 1) Gene symbols for blast resistance newly revised
Rybka, K., M. Miyamoto, M. Kataoka, I. Ando and S. Kawasaki
Breeding Science 1994  44(Suppl. 2)  190
Improved high-resolution mapping of rice-blast resistance genes.
Miyamoto, M., K. Rybka, Y. Tanaka, M. Kataoka, I. Ando and S. Kawasaki
Breeding Science 1994  44(Suppl. 2)  191
Physical mapping of the rice blast resistance genes by using restriction enzymes.
Mew, T.V., A.S. Parco, S. Hittalmani, T. Inukai, R. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler and N. Huang
RGN 1994  11  126-128.
Fine-mapping of major genes for blast resistance in rice.
Ise, K.
IRRN 1993  18(2)  14
A close linkage between the blast (bl) resistance gene Pi-ta2 and a marker on chromosome 12 in japonica rice.
Satoh, H., T. Itoh, M.Y. Son and T. Kumamaru
Japan. J. Breed. 1993  43(Suppl. 1)  139
Chromosomal location of a spontaneous mutant gene for 57 kDa polypeptides in rice.
Mackill, D.J. and J.M.Bonman
Phytopathology 1992  82  746-749.
Inheritance of blast resistance in near-isogenic lines of rice.
Yu, Z.H., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman and S.D. Tanksley
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1991  81(4)  471-476.
Tagging genes for blast resistance in rice via linkage to RFLP markers.
Imbe, T. and S. Matsumoto
Japan. J. Breed. 1985  35  332-339.
Inheritance of resistance of rice varieties to the blast fungus strains virulent of the variety Reiho.
Kiyosawa S., Orimoto Y., Iida S.
Japan. J. Breeding 1984  34  322-334
Relationship between frequencies of resistance gene in the host and corresponding virulence gene in the pathogen in rice blast disease
Kiyosawa, S.
Symposium on Rice Breeding, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines. 1972    203-225.
Genetics of blast resistance.
Shinoda, H., K. Toriyama, T. Yunoki, A. Ezuka and Y. Sakurai
Bull. Chugoku Agric. Exp. Stn., Ser.A 1971  20  1-25.
Studies on the varietal resistance of rice to blast. 6. Linkage relationship of blast resistance genes.
Kiyosawa, S.
Bull. Natl. Inst. Agric. Sci., Ser.D 1970  21  61-71.
Inheritance of a particular sensitivity of the variety Sekiguchi Asahi to pathogens and chemicals and linkage relationship with blast resistance genes.
Kiyosawa S.
Japan. J. Breeding 1967  17  165-172
Inheritance of resistance of the rice variety Pi No.4 to blast
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DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060627
Gene Ontology defense response( GO:0006952 )
ADP binding( GO:0043531 )
ATP binding( GO:0005524 )
apoptosis( GO:0006915 )
plastid( GO:0009536 )
response to fungus( GO:0009620 )
glycerol ether metabolic process( GO:0006662 )
electron carrier activity( GO:0009055 )
protein disulfide oxidoreductase activity( GO:0015035 )
electron transport chain( GO:0022900 )
cell redox homeostasis( GO:0045454 )
Trait Ontology stomatal closure time( TO:0000521 )
panicle blast disease resistance( TO:0000477 )
leaf blast disease resistance( TO:0000468 )
Plant Ontology vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
stem node( PO:0020141 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jul 18, 2022