Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol GLN1;2
Gene Symbol Synonym OsGLN1;2, GSr, RGS8, OsGS1;2, GS1;2, GS1, OsGS1-2, GS1-2, OsGS1.2, GS1.2
Gene Name Synonym cytosolic glutamine synthethase 1;2, cytosolic glutamine synthase 2, glutamine synthetase 1;2, glutamine synthetase 1
Allele gs1;2, gs1-2, Osgs1;2
Chromosome No. 3
Explanation X14244, AB180688. P14654. TO:0020093: nitrogen content. GO: 0080144: amino acid homeostasis.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Vegetative organ - Leaf
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. AK243037
MSU ID LOC_Os03g12290.1
RAP ID Os03g0223400
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Cui X., He H., Hu S., Zhang B., Cai H.
Plants (Basel) 2022  11(19) 
Synergistic Interaction between Copper and Nitrogen-Uptake, Translocation, and Distribution in Rice Plant.
Ji C., Li J., Jiang C., Zhang L., Shi L., Xu F., Cai H.
Journal of Advanced Research 2022  35  187-198
Zinc and nitrogen synergistic act on root-to-shoot translocation and preferential distribution in rice.
Jagadhesan B., Sathee L., Meena H.S., Jha S.K., Chinnusamy V., Kumar A., Kumar S.
Sci Rep 2020  10(1)  9368
Genome wide analysis of NLP transcription factors reveals their role in nitrogen stress tolerance of rice.
Lee S., Marmagne A., Park J., Fabien C., Yim Y., Kim S.J., Kim T.H., Lim P.O., Masclaux-Daubresse C., Nam H.G.
Plant J. 2020  103(1)  7-20
Concurrent activation of OsAMT1;2 and OsGOGAT1 in rice leads to enhanced nitrogen use efficiency under nitrogen limitation.
Kusano M., Fukushima A., Tabuchi-Kobayashi M., Funayama K., Kojima S., Maruyama K., Yamamoto Y.Y., Nishizawa T., Kobayashi M., Wakazaki M., Sato M., Toyooka K., Osanai-Kondo K., Utsumi Y., Seki M., Fukai C., Saito K., Yamaya T.
Plant Physiol. 2020  182(4)  1894-1909
Cytosolic GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE1;1 Modulates Metabolism and Chloroplast Development in Roots.
Yi J., Gao J., Zhang W., Zhao C., Wang Y., Zhen X.
Front Plant Sci 2019  10  1061
Differential Uptake and Utilization of Two Forms of Nitrogen in <i>Japonica</i> Rice Cultivars From North-Eastern China.
Ohashi M., Ishiyama K., Kojima S., Konishi N., Sasaki K., Miyao M., Hayakawa T., Yamaya T.
Rice (N Y) 2018  11(1)  31
Outgrowth of Rice Tillers Requires Availability of Glutamine in the Basal Portions of Shoots.
Xing Y., Guo S., Chen X., Du D., Liu M., Xiao Y., Zhang T., Zhu M., Zhang Y., Sang X., He G., Wang N.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2018  59(12)  2512-2525
Nitrogen Metabolism is Affected in the Nitrogen-Deficient Rice Mutant ESL4 with a Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinase Gene Mutation.
Ohashi M., Ishiyama K., Kusano M., Fukushima A., Kojima S., Hayakawa T., Yamaya T.
Rice (N Y) 2018  11(1)  65
Reduction in sucrose contents by downregulation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2 causes tiller outgrowth cessation in rice mutants lacking glutamine synthetase1;2.
Li S., Tian Y., Wu K., Ye Y., Yu J., Zhang J., Liu Q., Hu M., Li H., Tong Y., Harberd N.P., Fu X.
Nature 2018  560(7720)  595-600
Modulating plant growth-metabolism coordination for sustainable agriculture.
Huang W., Bai G., Wang J., Zhu W., Zeng Q., Lu K., Sun S., Fang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  300
Two Splicing Variants of <i>OsNPF7.7</i> Regulate shoot branching and Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency in Rice.
Wang W., Hu B., Yuan D., Liu Y., Che R., Hu Y., Ou S., Liu Y., Zhang Z., Wang H., Li H., Jiang Z., Zhang Z., Gao X., Qiu Y., Meng X., Liu Y., Bai Y., Liang Y., Wang Y., Zhang L., Li L., Sodmergen, Jing H., Li J., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2018  30(3)  638-651
Expression of the Nitrate Transporter Gene <i>OsNRT1.1A/OsNPF6.3</i> Confers High Yield and Early Maturation in Rice.
Huang H., Nguyen Thi Thu T., He X., Gravot A., Bernillon S., Ballini E., Morel J.B.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  265
Increase of Fungal Pathogenicity and Role of Plant Glutamine in Nitrogen-Induced Susceptibility (NIS) To Rice Blast.
Ohashi M., Ishiyama K., Kojima S., Kojima M., Sakakibara H., Yamaya T., Hayakawa T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2017  58(4)  679-690
Lack of Cytosolic Glutamine Synthetase1;2 Activity Reduces Nitrogen-Dependent Biosynthesis of Cytokinin Required for axillary bud Outgrowth in Rice Seedlings.
Liu J., Shen J., Xu Y., Li X., Xiao J., Xiong L.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(19)  5785-5798
Ghd2, a CONSTANS-like gene, confers drought sensitivity through regulation of senescence in rice.
Ohashi M., Ishiyama K., Kusano M., Fukushima A., Kojima S., Hanada A., Kanno K., Hayakawa T., Seto Y., Kyozuka J., Yamaguchi S., Yamaya T.
Plant J. 2015  81(2)  347-56
Lack of cytosolic glutamine synthetase1;2 in vascular tissues of axillary buds causes severe reduction in their outgrowth and disorder of metabolic balance in rice seedlings.
Bao A., Zhao Z., Ding G., Shi L., Xu F., Cai H.
PLoS ONE 2014  9(4)  e95581
Accumulated expression level of cytosolic glutamine synthetase 1 gene (OsGS1;1 or OsGS1;2) alter plant development and the carbon-nitrogen metabolic status in rice.
Yamaya T., Kusano M.
J. Exp. Bot. 2014   
Evidence supporting distinct functions of three cytosolic glutamine synthetases and two NADH-glutamate synthases in rice.
Funayama K., Kojima S., Tabuchi-Kobayashi M., Sawa Y., Nakayama Y., Hayakawa T., Yamaya T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2013  54(6)  934-43
Cytosolic Glutamine Synthetase1;2 is Responsible for the Primary Assimilation of Ammonium in Rice Roots.
Gaur V.S., Singh U.S., Gupta A.K., Kumar A.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2012  39(8)  8035-44
Influence of different nitrogen inputs on the members of ammonium transporter and glutamine synthetase genes in two rice genotypes having differential responsiveness to nitrogen.
El-Kereamy A., Bi Y.M., Ranathunge K., Beatty P.H., Good A.G., Rothstein S.J.
PLoS ONE 2012  7(12)  e52030
The rice R2R3-MYB transcription factor OsMYB55 is involved in the tolerance to high temperature and modulates amino acid metabolism.
Wang H., Ahan J., Wu Z., Shi D., Liu B., Yang C.
Plant Soil 2012  355  131-147
Alteration of nitrogen metabolism in rice variety 'Nipponbare' induced by alkali stress
Wang H., Wu Z., Han J., Zheng W., Yang C.
PLoS ONE 2012  7(5)  e37817
Comparison of ion balance and nitrogen metabolism in old and young leaves of alkali-stressed rice plants.
Obara M., Takeda T., Hayakawa T., Yamaya T.
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 2011  57  80-92
Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling root length in rice seedlings grown with low or sufficient NH+4 supply using backcross recombinant lines derived from a cross between Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrima Steud
Kusano M,Tabuchi M,Fukushima A,Funayama K,Diaz C,Kobayashi M,Hayashi N,Tsuchiya YN,Takahashi H,Kamata A,Yamaya T,Saito K
Plant J. 2011  66(3)  456-66
Metabolomics data reveal a crucial role of cytosolic glutamine synthetase 1;1 in coordinating metabolic balance in rice.
Tabuchi,M., Abiko,T. and Yamaya,T.
J. Exp. Bot. 2007  58(9)  2319-2327
Assimilation of ammonium ions and reutilization of nitrogen in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Tabuchi,M., Sugiyama,K., Ishiyama,K., Inoue,E., Sato,T., Takahashi,H. and Yamaya,T.
Plant J. 2005  42(5)  641-651
Severe reduction in growth rate and grain filling of rice mutants lacking OsGS1;1, a cytosolic glutamine synthetase1;1.
Ishiyama,K., Inoue,E., Tabuchi,M., Yamaya,T. and Takahashi,H.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2004  45(11)  1640-1647
Biochemical background and compartmentalized functions of cytosolic glutamine synthetase for active ammonium assimilation in rice roots.
Sakamoto,A., Ogawa,M., Masumura,T., Shibata,D., Takeba,G., Tanaka,K. and Fujii,S.
Plant Mol. Biol. 1989  13(5)  611-614
Three cDNA sequences coding for glutamine synthetase polypeptides in Oryza sativa L.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for GLN1;2 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID -
Gene Ontology response to copper ion( GO:0046688 )
response to zinc ion( GO:0010043 )
defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
ammonia assimilation cycle( GO:0019676 )
lignin metabolic process( GO:0009808 )
glutamine biosynthetic process( GO:0006542 )
glutamate-ammonia ligase activity( GO:0004356 )
ATP binding( GO:0005524 )
cytoplasm( GO:0005737 )
secondary shoot formation( GO:0010223 )
asparagine biosynthetic process( GO:0006529 )
leaf senescence( GO:0010150 )
cytokinin biosynthetic process( GO:0009691 )
response to ammonium ion( GO:0060359 )
Trait Ontology tiller number( TO:0000346 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
amino acid content( TO:0002673 )
leaf senescence( TO:0000249 )
blast disease( TO:0000074 )
cytokinin content( TO:0002660 )
yield trait( TO:0000371 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
sugar content( TO:0000333 )
zinc sensitivity( TO:0000351 )
copper sensitivity( TO:0000021 )
Plant Ontology root( PO:0009005 )
4 leaf senescence stage( PO:0001054 )
axillary shoot system( PO:0006343 )
axillary bud( PO:0004709 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Feb 8, 2023