Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol GLN1;1
Gene Symbol Synonym OsGLN1;1, GS1, RGS28, OsGS1;1, GS1;1, OsGS, GS1, OsGS1, GLN1-1, OsGS1-1, GS1-1, GS1.1, OsGS1.1
Gene Name Synonym cytosolic glutamine synthethase 1;1, cytosolic glutamine synthase 1, glutamine synthetase 1;1, Glutamine synthetase, glutamine synthetase 1, glutamine synthetase shoot isozyme, glutamate:ammonia ligase gamma, Gln synthetase 1-1
Allele Osgs1;1
Chromosome No. 2
Explanation X14245, AB037595, AB037664. P14656. C25787, AU102080. D15766. KC611121-KC611131 (O. sativa and wild rice species, partial cds). XB21 interacting protein (XB21IP). TO:0020098: nitrate sensitivity. TO:0020093: nitrogen content. GO:0006541: glutamine metabolic process.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK071969
MSU ID LOC_Os02g50240.1
RAP ID Os02g0735200
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Seo J.S., Kim S.H., Shim J.S., Um T., Oh N., Park T., Kim Y.S., Oh S.J., Kim J.K.
Plant Physiol. 2023   
The rice NUCLEAR FACTOR-YA5 and MICRORNA169a module promotes nitrogen utilization during nitrogen deficiency.
Ren Y., Liu B., Jiang H., Cheng W., Tao L., Wu K., Wang H., Shen G., Fang Y., Zhang C., Wu Y., Fu X., Ye Y.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023   
Precision editing of GLR1 confers glufosinate resistance without yield penalty in rice.
Gao J., Ge S., Wang H., Fang Y., Sun L., He T., Cheng X., Wang D., Zhou X., Cai H., Li C., Liu Y., E Y., Meng J., Chen W.
Front Plant Sci 2023  14  1131937
Biochar-extracted liquor stimulates nitrogen related gene expression on improving nitrogen utilization in rice seedling.
Ji C., Li J., Jiang C., Zhang L., Shi L., Xu F., Cai H.
Journal of Advanced Research 2022  35  187-198
Zinc and nitrogen synergistic act on root-to-shoot translocation and preferential distribution in rice.
Liu C., Ma T., Yuan D., Zhou Y., Long Y., Li Z., Dong Z., Duan M., Yu D., Jing Y., Bai X., Wang Y., Hou Q., Liu S., Zhang J.S., Chen S.Y., Li D., Liu X., Li Z., Wang W., Li J., Wei X., Ma B., Wan X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2022  20(8)  1470-1486
The OsEIL1-OsERF115-target gene regulatory module controls grain size and weight in rice.
Kusano M., Fukushima A., Tabuchi-Kobayashi M., Funayama K., Kojima S., Maruyama K., Yamamoto Y.Y., Nishizawa T., Kobayashi M., Wakazaki M., Sato M., Toyooka K., Osanai-Kondo K., Utsumi Y., Seki M., Fukai C., Saito K., Yamaya T.
Plant Physiol. 2020  182(4)  1894-1909
Cytosolic GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE1;1 Modulates Metabolism and Chloroplast Development in Roots.
Paul K., Saha C., Nag M., Mandal D., Naiya H., Sen D., Mitra S., Kumar M., Bose D., Mukherjee G., Naskar N., Lahiri S., Das Ghosh U., Tripathi S., Sarkar M.P., Banerjee M., Kleinert A., Valentine A.J., Tripathy S., Sinharoy S., Seal A.
Plant Cell 2020  32(2)  486-507
A Tripartite Interaction among the Basidiomycete <i>Rhodotorula mucilaginosa</i>, N2-Fixing Endobacteria, and Rice Improves Plant Nitrogen Nutrition.
Lee S., Marmagne A., Park J., Fabien C., Yim Y., Kim S.J., Kim T.H., Lim P.O., Masclaux-Daubresse C., Nam H.G.
Plant J. 2020  103(1)  7-20
Concurrent activation of OsAMT1;2 and OsGOGAT1 in rice leads to enhanced nitrogen use efficiency under nitrogen limitation.
Yi J., Gao J., Zhang W., Zhao C., Wang Y., Zhen X.
Front Plant Sci 2019  10  1061
Differential Uptake and Utilization of Two Forms of Nitrogen in <i>Japonica</i> Rice Cultivars From North-Eastern China.
James D., Borphukan B., Fartyal D., Ram B., Singh J., Manna M., Sheri V., Panditi V., Yadav R., Achary V.M.M., Reddy M.K.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  786
Concurrent Overexpression of <i>OsGS1;1</i> and <i>OsGS2</i> Genes in Transgenic Rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i> L.): Impact on Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses.
Caddell D.F., Park C.J., Thomas N.C., Canlas P.E., Ronald P.C.
Rice (N Y) 2017  10(1)  23
Silencing of the Rice Gene LRR1 Compromises Rice XA21 transcript Accumulation and XA21-Mediated Immunity.
Bao A., Zhao Z., Ding G., Shi L., Xu F., Cai H.
PLoS ONE 2014  9(4)  e95581
Accumulated expression level of cytosolic glutamine synthetase 1 gene (OsGS1;1 or OsGS1;2) alter plant development and the carbon-nitrogen metabolic status in rice.
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Yang B.a, Wang X.M.a, Ma H.Y.a, Jia Y.a, Li X.b, Dai C.C.a
Plant Growth Regul. 2014  73  165-179
Effects of the fungal endophyte Phomopsis liquidambari on nitrogen uptake and metabolism in rice
Yamaya T., Kusano M.
J. Exp. Bot. 2014   
Evidence supporting distinct functions of three cytosolic glutamine synthetases and two NADH-glutamate synthases in rice.
Onda Y., Miyagi A., Takahara K., Uchimiya H., Kawai-Yamada M.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) 2014  16(4)  819-24
Effects of NAD kinase 2 overexpression on primary metabolite profiles in rice leaves under elevated carbon dioxide.
Lee H.J., Abdula S.E., Jang D.W., Park S.H., Yoon U.H., Jung Y.J., Kang K.K., Nou I.S., Cho Y.G.
Plant Cell Rep. 2013  32(10)  1521-9
Overexpression of the glutamine synthetase gene modulates oxidative stress response in rice after exposure to cadmium stress.
Wang H., Wu Z., Han J., Zheng W., Yang C.
PLoS ONE 2012  7(5)  e37817
Comparison of ion balance and nitrogen metabolism in old and young leaves of alkali-stressed rice plants.
Gaur V.S., Singh U.S., Gupta A.K., Kumar A.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2012  39(8)  8035-44
Influence of different nitrogen inputs on the members of ammonium transporter and glutamine synthetase genes in two rice genotypes having differential responsiveness to nitrogen.
Wang H., Ahan J., Wu Z., Shi D., Liu B., Yang C.
Plant Soil 2012  355  131-147
Alteration of nitrogen metabolism in rice variety 'Nipponbare' induced by alkali stress
Obara M., Takeda T., Hayakawa T., Yamaya T.
Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 2011  57  80-92
Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling root length in rice seedlings grown with low or sufficient NH+4 supply using backcross recombinant lines derived from a cross between Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrima Steud
Kusano M,Tabuchi M,Fukushima A,Funayama K,Diaz C,Kobayashi M,Hayashi N,Tsuchiya YN,Takahashi H,Kamata A,Yamaya T,Saito K
Plant J. 2011  66(3)  456-66
Metabolomics data reveal a crucial role of cytosolic glutamine synthetase 1;1 in coordinating metabolic balance in rice.
Tabuchi,M., Abiko,T. and Yamaya,T.
J. Exp. Bot. 2007  58(9)  2319-2327
Assimilation of ammonium ions and reutilization of nitrogen in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Mase K., Sato K., Nakano Y., Nishikubo N., Tsuboi Y., Zhou J., Kitano H., Katayama Y.
Plant Cell Rep. 2005  24(8)  487-93
The ectopic expression of phenylalanine ammonia lyase with ectopic accumulation of polysaccharide-linked hydroxycinnamoyl esters in internode parenchyma of rice mutant Fukei 71.
Tabuchi,M., Sugiyama,K., Ishiyama,K., Inoue,E., Sato,T., Takahashi,H. and Yamaya,T.
Plant J. 2005  42(5)  641-651
Severe reduction in growth rate and grain filling of rice mutants lacking OsGS1;1, a cytosolic glutamine synthetase1;1.
Yamaguchi,T., Nakayama,K., Hayashi,T., Yazaki,J., Kishimoto,N., Kikuchi,S. and Koike,S.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 2004  68(6)  1315-1323
cDNA Microarray Analysis of Rice Anther Genes under Chilling Stress at the Microsporogenesis Stage Revealed Two Genes with DNA Transposon Castaway in the 5'-Flanking Region.
Ishiyama,K., Inoue,E., Tabuchi,M., Yamaya,T. and Takahashi,H.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2004  45(11)  1640-1647
Biochemical background and compartmentalized functions of cytosolic glutamine synthetase for active ammonium assimilation in rice roots.
Sakurai N., Katayama Y., Yamaya T.
Physiol Plant 2001  113(3)  400-408
Overlapping expression of cytosolic glutamine synthetase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in immature leaf blades of rice.
Kojima,S., Hanzawa,S., Hayakawa,T., Hayashi,M. and Yamaya,T.
Plant Physiol. 2000  122(4)  1459
Nucleotide sequence of a genomic DNA (Accession No. AB037664) and a cDNA (Accession No. AB037595) encoding cytosolic glutamine synthetase in Sasanishiki, a leading cultivar of rice in northern Japan (PGR00-048)
Sasaki,T., Song,J., Koga-Ban,Y., Matsui,E., Fang,F., Higo,H., Nagasaki,H., Hori,M., Miya,M. and Murayama-Kayano,E.
Plant J. 1994  6(4)  615-624
Toward cataloguing all rice genes: large-scale sequencing of randomly chosen rice cDNAs from a callus cDNA library.
Sakamoto,A., Ogawa,M., Masumura,T., Shibata,D., Takeba,G., Tanaka,K. and Fujii,S.
Plant Mol. Biol. 1989  13(5)  611-614
Three cDNA sequences coding for glutamine synthetase polypeptides in Oryza sativa L.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for GLN1;1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID -
Gene Ontology cellular response to nitrogen starvation( GO:0006995 )
response to starvation( GO:0042594 )
response to nutrient( GO:0007584 )
response to zinc ion( GO:0010043 )
response to fungus( GO:0009620 )
response to symbiotic fungus( GO:0009610 )
nitrogen compound metabolic process( GO:0006807 )
tricarboxylic acid cycle( GO:0006099 )
carbohydrate metabolic process( GO:0005975 )
chloroplast organization( GO:0009658 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
response to osmotic stress( GO:0006970 )
leaf senescence( GO:0010150 )
ATP binding( GO:0005524 )
cytoplasm( GO:0005737 )
glutamine biosynthetic process( GO:0006542 )
glutamate-ammonia ligase activity( GO:0004356 )
seed maturation( GO:0010431 )
response to herbicide( GO:0009635 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
response to ammonium ion( GO:0060359 )
response to nitrate( GO:0010167 )
Trait Ontology temperature response trait( TO:0000432 )
seed maturation( TO:0002661 )
leaf senescence( TO:0000249 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
leaf elongation rate( TO:0000360 )
fruit ripening trait( TO:0002633 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
spikelet sterility( TO:0000436 )
drought tolerance( TO:0000276 )
osmotic response sensitivity( TO:0000095 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
glufosinate sensitivity( TO:0005007 )
proline content( TO:0006002 )
chloroplast development trait( TO:0002715 )
sugar content( TO:0000333 )
amino acid content( TO:0002673 )
zinc sensitivity( TO:0000351 )
nutrient sensitivity( TO:0000480 )
nitrogen sensitivity( TO:0000011 )
Plant Ontology leaf lamina vascular system( PO:0000048 )
seed maturation stage( PO:0007632 )
4 leaf senescence stage( PO:0001054 )
root( PO:0009005 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jan 17, 2024