Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PUL
Gene Symbol Synonym OsPUL, SDBE, OsPUL3, RE
Gene Name Synonym R-enzyme, starch debranching enzyme
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation D50602, AB012915. FJ918761-FJ918822 (wild rice species). OsPUL3 (LOC_Os04g08270) in Lu et al. 2012.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK242137
RAP ID Os04g0164900
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Niu B., Zhang Z., Zhang J., Zhou Y., Chen C.
Plant J. 2021  106(5)  1233-1246
The rice LEC1-like transcription factor OsNF-YB9 interacts with SPK, an endosperm-specific sucrose synthase protein kinase, and functions in seed development.
Liu X., Luo J., Li T., Yang H., Wang P., Su L., Zheng Y., Bao C., Zhou C.
Rice (N Y) 2021  14(1)  25
SDG711 Is Involved in Rice Seed Development through Regulation of Starch Metabolism Gene Expression in Coordination with Other Histone Modifications.
Baysal C., He W., Drapal M., Villorbina G., Medina V., Capell T., Khush G.S., Zhu C., Fraser P.D., Christou P.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2020  117(42)  26503-26512
Inactivation of rice starch branching enzyme IIb triggers broad and unexpected changes in metabolism by transcriptional reprogramming.
Wang J., Chen Z., Zhang Q., Meng S., Wei C.
Plant Physiol. 2020  184(4)  1775-1791
The NAC Transcription Factors OsNAC20 and OsNAC26 Regulate Starch and Storage Protein Synthesis.
Lee H.S., Hwang W.H., Jeong J.H., Ahn S.H., Baek J.S., Jeong H.Y., Park H.K., Ku B.I., Yun J.T., Lee G.H., Choi K.J.
BMC Genomics 2019  20(1)  18
Analysis of the distribution of assimilation products and the characteristics of transcriptomes in rice by submergence during the ripening stage.
Long W., Wang Y., Zhu S., Jing W., Wang Y., Ren Y., Tian Y., Liu S., Liu X., Chen L., Wang D., Zhong M., Zhang Y., Hu T., Zhu J., Hao Y., Zhu X., Zhang W., Wang C., Zhang W., Wan J.
Plant Physiol. 2018  177(2)  698-712
FLOURY shrunken endosperm1 Connects Phospholipid Metabolism and Amyloplast Development in Rice.
Morita R., Sugino M., Hatanaka T., Misoo S., Fukayama H.
Plant Physiol. 2015  167(4)  1321-31
CO2-Responsive CONSTANS, CONSTANS-Like, and Time of Chlorophyll a/b Binding Protein Expression1 Protein Is a Positive Regulator of Starch Synthesis in Vegetative Organs of Rice.
Wu Y.P., Pu C.H., Lin H.Y., Huang H.Y., Huang Y.C., Hong C.Y., Chang M.C., Lin Y.R.
Plant Sci. 2015  233  44-52
Three novel alleles of FLOURY ENDOSPERM2 (flo2) confer dull grains with low amylose content in rice.
Lu F.H., Park Y.J.
Genet Res (Camb) 2012  94  179-189
Sequence variations in OsAGPase significantly associated with amylose content and viscosity properties in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Yan CJ,Tian ZX,Fang YW,Yang YC,Li J,Zeng SY,Gu SL,Xu CW,Tang SZ,Gu MH
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  122(1)  63-76
Genetic analysis of starch paste viscosity parameters in glutinous rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Fu F.-F., Xue H.-W.
Plant Physiol. 2010  154(2)  927-938
Coexpression analysis identifies rice starch regulator1, a rice AP2/EREBP family transcription factor, as a novel rice starch biosynthesis regulator.
Wang,B., Ding,Z., Liu,W., Pan,J., Li,C., Ge,S. and Zhang,D.
BMC Evol. Biol. 2009  9  250
Polyploid evolution in Oryza officinalis complex of the genus Oryza
Tian,Z., Qian,Q., Liu,Q., Yan,M., Liu,X., Yan,C., Liu,G., Gao,Z., Tang,S., Zeng,D., Wang,Y., Yu,J., Gu,M. and Li,J.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106(51)  21760-5
Allelic diversities in rice starch biosynthesis lead to a diverse array of rice eating and cooking qualities
Fujita N,Toyosawa Y,Utsumi Y,Higuchi T,Hanashiro I,Ikegami A,Akuzawa S,Yoshida M,Mori A,Inomata K,Itoh R,Miyao A,Hirochika H,Satoh H,Nakamura Y
J. Exp. Bot. 2009  60  1009-23
Characterization of pullulanase (PUL)-deficient mutants of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and the function of PUL on starch biosynthesis in the developing rice endosperm.
Kubo A., Fujita N., Harada K., Matsuda T., Satoh H., Nakamura Y.
Plant Physiol. 1999  121(2)  399-410
The starch-debranching enzymes isoamylase and pullulanase are both involved in amylopectin biosynthesis in rice endosperm
Francisco,P.B.,Jr., Zhang,Y., Park,S.Y., Ogata,N., Yamanouchi,H. and Nakamura,Y.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1998  1387(1-2)  469-477
Genomic DNA sequence of a rice gene coding for a pullulanase-type of starch debranching enzyme.
Nakamura Y., Kubo A., Shimamune T., Matsuda T., Harada K., Satoh H.
The Plant Journal 1997  12(1)  143-153
Correlation between activities of starch debranching enzyme and alpha-polyglucan structure in endosperms of sugary-1 mutants of rice
Plant Science 1996  121  1-18
Some properties of starch debranching enzymes and their possible role in amylopectin biosynthesis
Nakamura Y., Umemoto T., Takahata Y., Komae K., Amano E., Satoh H.
Physiol Plant 1996  97(3)  491-498
Changes in structure of starch and enzyme activities affected by sugary mutations in developing rice endosperm. Possible role of starch debranching enzyme (R-enzyme) in amylopectin biosynthesis
Nakamura,Y., Umemoto,T., Ogata,N., Kuboki,Y., Yano,M. and Sasaki,T.
Planta. 1996  199(2)  209-218
Starch debranching enzyme (R-enzyme or pullulanase) from developing rice endosperm: purification, cDNA and chromosomal localization of the gene.
Nakamura Y, Umemoto T, Takahata Y, Amano E
Gamma Field Symp. 1992  31  25-44
Characteristics and roles of key enzymes associated with starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for PUL ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0061189
Gene Ontology pullulanase activity( GO:0051060 )
alpha-amylase activity( GO:0004556 )
carbohydrate metabolic process( GO:0005975 )
response to flooding( GO:0009413 )
Trait Ontology submergence sensitivity( TO:0000286 )
Plant Ontology endosperm( PO:0009089 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Feb 23, 2023