Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol CHS
Gene Symbol Synonym CHS*, Oschs, chs, chas, OsCHS, OsCHS1, CHS1, OsPKS26, PKS26, OsCHS24, CHS24, OsCHS27, CHS27
Gene Name Synonym Chalcone synthase, Naregenin-chalcone synthase, chalcone synthase, chalcone synthase 1, polyketide synthase 26, Chalcone synthase 24
Allele oschs24
Chromosome No. 11
Explanation EC= A2ZEX7(indica). Q2R3A1(japonica). AB000801. X89859. D29697. OsCHS1 in Hayashi et al. 2014 and Oikawa et al. 2015, Chen et al. 2018. OsCHS24 in Park et al. 2020. PO:0030123: panicle inflorescence. TO:0001109: grain color trait. OsCHS27 in Wang et al. 2022. GO:0102128: chalcone synthase activity.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Coloration - Anthocyanin
Seed - Morphological traits
Tolerance and resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Insect resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK067810
MSU ID LOC_Os11g32650.1
RAP ID Os11g0530600
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Liu X., Xie Z., Xin J., Yuan S., Liu S., Sun Y., Zhang Y., Jin C.
Plants (Basel) 2024  13(4) 
OsbZIP18 Is a Positive Regulator of Phenylpropanoid and Flavonoid Biosynthesis under UV-B Radiation in Rice.
Zhang L., Zheng L., Wu J., Liu Y., Liu W., He G., Wang N.
Rice (N Y) 2023  16(1)  10
osccrl1 is Essential for Phenylpropanoid Metabolism in Rice Anthers.
Wang J., Zhang C., Li Y.
Genes (Basel) 2022  13(3) 
Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Profiles of 13 Key Structural Gene Families Involved in the Biosynthesis of Rice Flavonoid Scaffolds.
Um T., Choi J., Park T., Chung P.J., Jung S.E., Shim J.S., Kim Y.S., Choi I.Y., Park S.C., Oh S.J., Seo J.S., Kim J.K.
Plant Direct 2022  6(1)  e374
Rice <i>microRNA171f/SCL6</i> module enhances drought tolerance by regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis genes.
Kim D.H., Yang J., Ha S.H., Kim J.K., Lee J.Y., Lim S.H.
Front Plant Sci 2021  12  765049
An OsKala3, R2R3 MYB TF, Is a Common Key Player for Black Rice Pericarp as Main Partner of an OsKala4, bHLH TF.
Xue J., Lu D., Wang S., Lu Z., Liu W., Wang X., Fang Z., He X.
Sci Rep 2021  11(1)  14083
Integrated transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis provides insight into the regulation of leaf senescence in rice.
Mackon E., Ma Y., Jeazet Dongho Epse Mackon GC., Usman B., Zhao Y., Li Q., Liu P.
Genes (Basel) 2021  12(4) 
Computational and Transcriptomic Analysis Unraveled <i>OsMATE34</i> as a Putative anthocyanin transporter in Black Rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i> L.) Caryopsis.
Yang X., Wang J., Xia X., Zhang Z., He J., Nong B., Luo T., Feng R., Wu Y., Pan Y., Xiong F., Zeng Y., Chen C., Guo H., Xu Z., Li D., Deng G.
Plant J. 2021  107(1)  198-214
OsTTG1, a WD40 repeat gene, regulates anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice.
Park H.L., Yoo Y., Bhoo S.H., Lee T.H., Lee S.W., Cho M.H.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(11) 
Two Chalcone Synthase Isozymes Participate Redundantly in UV-Induced Sakuranetin Synthesis in Rice.
Khan A., Jalil S., Cao H., Tsago Y., Sunusi M., Chen Z., Shi C., Jin X.
Plants (Basel) 2020  9(11) 
The Purple Leaf (<i>pl6</i>) Mutation Regulates Leaf Color by Altering the Anthocyanin and Chlorophyll Contents in Rice.
Dong N.Q., Sun Y., Guo T., Shi C.L., Zhang Y.M., Kan Y., Xiang Y.H., Zhang H., Yang Y.B., Li Y.C., Zhao H.Y., Yu H.X., Lu Z.Q., Wang Y., Ye W.W., Shan J.X., Lin H.X.
Nat Commun 2020  11(1)  2629
UDP-glucosyltransferase regulates grain size and abiotic stress tolerance associated with metabolic flux redirection in rice.
Chen X., Tao Y., Ali A., Zhuang Z., Guo D., Guo Q., Riaz A., Zhang H., Xu P., Liao Y., Wang J., Sun C., Xiang Q., Wu X.
Int J Mol Sci 2019  20(10) 
Transcriptome and Proteome Profiling of Different Colored Rice Reveals Physiological Dynamics Involved in the Flavonoid Pathway.
Zheng J., Wu H., Zhu H., Huang C., Liu C., Chang Y., Kong Z., Zhou Z., Wang G., Lin Y., Chen H.
New Phytol. 2019  223(2)  705-721
Determining factors, regulation system, and domestication of anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice leaves.
Zaidi S.H.R., Zakari S.A., Zhao Q., Khan A.R., Shah J.M., Cheng F.
Antioxidants (Basel) 2019  8(11) 
Anthocyanin Accumulation in Black Kernel Mutant Rice and its Contribution to ROS Detoxification in Response to High Temperature at the Filling Stage.
Atul Prakash Sathe, Su X., Chen Z., Chen T., Wei X., Tang S., Xiao-Bo Zhang, Jian-Li Wu
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  68
Identification and characterization of a spotted-leaf mutant spl40 with enhanced bacterial blight resistance in rice.
Oshima M., Taniguchi Y., Akasaka M., Abe K., Ichikawa H., Tabei Y., Tanaka J.
Breed. Sci. 2019  69(2)  244-254
Development of a visible marker trait based on leaf sheath-specific anthocyanin pigmentation applicable to various genotypes in rice.
Miyamoto T., Takada R., Tobimatsu Y., Takeda Y., Suzuki S., Yamamura M., Osakabe K., Osakabe Y., Sakamoto M., Umezawa T.
Plant J. 2019  98(6)  975-987
OsMYB108 loss-of-function enriches p-coumaroylated and tricin lignin units in rice cell walls.
Ma J., Wang Y., Ma X., Meng L., Jing R., Wang F., Wang S., Cheng Z., Zhang X., Jiang L., Wang J., Wang J., Zhao Z., Guo X., Lin Q., Wu F., Zhu S., Wu C., Ren Y., Lei C., Zhai H., Wan J.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2019   
Disruption of gene SPL35, encoding a novel CUE domain-containing protein, leads to cell death and enhanced disease response in rice.
Chen Z., Chen T., Sathe A.P., He Y., Zhang X.B., Wu J.L.
Int J Mol Sci 2018  19(12) 
Identification of a Novel Semi-Dominant Spotted-Leaf Mutant with Enhanced Resistance to <i>Xanthomonas</i><i>oryzae</i> pv. <i>oryzae</i> in Rice.
Nanda S., Wan P.J., Yuan S.Y., Lai F.X., Wang W.X., Fu Q.
Int J Mol Sci 2018  19(12) 
Differential Responses of <i>OsMPK</i>s in IR56 Rice to Two BPH Populations of Different Virulence Levels.
Hu L., He H., Zhu C., Peng X., Fu J., He X., Chen X., Ouyang L., Bian J., Liu S.
J. Plant Res. 2017  130(1)  95-105
Genome-wide identification and phylogenetic analysis of the chalcone synthase gene family in rice.
Oikawa T., Maeda H., Oguchi T., Yamaguchi T., Tanabe N., Ebana K., Yano M., Ebitani T., Izawa T.
Plant Cell 2015  27(9)  2401-14
The Birth of a Black Rice Gene and Its Local Spread by Introgression.
Hayashi G., Shibato J., Imanaka T., Cho K., Kubo A., Kikuchi S., Satoh K., Kimura S., Ozawa S., Fukutani S., Endo S., Ichikawa K., Agrawal G.K., Shioda S., Fukumoto M., Rakwal R.
J. Hered. 2014  105(5)  723-38
Unraveling low-level gamma radiation--responsive changes in expression of early and late genes in leaves of rice seedlings at litate Village, Fukushima.
Duan L., Liu H., Li X., Xiao J., Wang S.
Physiol Plant 2014   
Multiple phytohormones and phytoalexins are involved in disease resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae invaded from roots in rice.
Ogo Y., Ozawa K., Ishimaru T., Murayama T., Takaiwa F.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2013  11(6)  734-46
Transgenic rice seed synthesizing diverse flavonoids at high levels: a new platform for flavonoid production with associated health benefits.
Park H.L., Lee S.W., Jung K.H., Hahn T.R., Cho M.H.
Phytochemistry 2013  96  57-71
Transcriptomic analysis of UV-treated rice leaves reveals UV-induced phytoalexin biosynthetic pathways and their regulatory networks in rice.
Cheng X., Wu Y., Guo J., Du B., Chen R., Zhu L., He G.
Plant J. 2013  76(4)  687-98
A rice lectin receptor-like kinase that is involved in innate immune responses also contributes to seed germination.
Liu H., Li X., Xiao J., Wang S.
Plant Methods 2012  8(1)  2
A convenient method for simultaneous quantification of multiple phytohormones and metabolites: application in study of rice-bacterium interaction.
Xie X.Z., Xue Y.J., Zhou J.J., Zhang B., Chang H., Takano M.
Mol Plant 2011  4(4)  688-96
Phytochromes regulate SA and JA signaling pathways in rice and are required for developmentally controlled resistance to Magnaporthe grisea.
Rakwal R., Ganesh Kumar Agrawal, Shibato J., Imanaka T., Fukutani S., Tamogami S., Endo S., Sarata Kumar Sahoo, Masuo Y., Kimura S.
Int J Mol Sci 2009  10(3)  1215-25
Ultra low-dose radiation: stress responses and impacts using rice as a grass model.
Xiao,W., Liu,H., Li,Y., Li,X., Xu,C., Long,M. and Wang,S.
PLoS One 2009  4 (2)  E4603
A rice gene of de novo origin negatively regulates pathogen-induced defense response
Shih CH, Chu H, Tang LK, Sakamoto W, Maekawa M, Chu IK, Wang M, Lo C.
Planta. 2008  228(6)  1043-54.
Functional characterization of key structural genes in rice flavonoid biosynthesis.
Qiu,D., Xiao,J., Ding,X., Xiong,M., Cai,M., Cao,Y., Li,X., Xu,C. and Wang,S.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2007  20(5)  492-499
OsWRKY13 mediates rice disease resistance by regulating defense-related genes in salicylate- and jasmonate-dependent signaling
Hihara,Y., Shoda,K., Liu,Q., Hara,C., Umeda,M., Toriyama,K. and Uchiyama,H.
Plant Biotechnol. 1997  14(1)  71-75
Expressed sequence tags in developing anthers of rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Reddy, A. R., B. Scheffler, M. N. Srivastava, K. Arvind, R. V. Satyanarayan, N. Suresh, and M. Madan
Plant Genome IV, San Diego, California, USA 1996    57
Chalcone synthase (CHS) gene in rice (Oryza sativa L.): expression and molecular mapping
Reddy, A.R.
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    341-352.
Genetic and molecular analysis of the anthocyanin pigmentation pathway in rice.
Scheffler,B.E., Reddy,A., Hoffmann,I. and Wienand,U.
Plant Physiol. 1995  109  722-722
Chalcone synthase cDNA from Rice (Oryza sativa)
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for CHS ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060128
Gene Ontology response to UV-B( GO:0010224 )
flavone biosynthetic process( GO:0051553 )
defense response to bacterium( GO:0042742 )
flavonoid biosynthetic process( GO:0009813 )
acyltransferase activity( GO:0008415 )
naringenin-chalcone synthase activity( GO:0016210 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
response to jasmonic acid stimulus( GO:0009753 )
polyketide biosynthetic process( GO:0030639 )
transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups( GO:0016747 )
defense response, incompatible interaction( GO:0009814 )
response to UV( GO:0009411 )
response to gamma radiation( GO:0010332 )
flavonol biosynthetic process( GO:0051555 )
defense response to insect( GO:0002213 )
anthocyanin biosynthetic process( GO:0009718 )
response to heat( GO:0009408 )
seed development( GO:0048316 )
Trait Ontology flavonoid content( TO:0000290 )
bacterial blight disease resistance( TO:0000175 )
UV light sensitivity( TO:0000160 )
brown planthopper resistance( TO:0000424 )
heat tolerance( TO:0000259 )
anthocyanin content( TO:0000071 )
seed development trait( TO:0000653 )
jasmonic acid sensitivity( TO:0000172 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
pericarp color( TO:0000707 )
UV-B light sensitivity( TO:0000601 )
Plant Ontology stem( PO:0009047 )
seed development stage( PO:0001170 )
shoot system( PO:0009006 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
root( PO:0009005 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jul 3, 2024