Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

Click here for feedback

Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol EMF2A
Gene Symbol Synonym OsEMF2a, OsEMF2, EMF2
Gene Name Synonym EMBRYONIC FLOWER 2, Embryonic Flower2a
Protein Name
Allele osemf2a, osemf2a-1, osemf2a-2, emf2a, emf2a-3, emf2a-4, emf2a-5
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation a component of PRC2 (Polycomb repressive complex 2). Polycomb group protein, Supressor of Zeste(12) homolog. a rice homolog of the Arabidopsis PcG gene Embryonic Flower2 (EMF2). Q0JF48. AY321106. KC609074-KC609086 (O. sativa and wild rice species, partial cds). ROS1a Target gene. PO:0030123: panicle inflorescence. PO:0030104: caryopsis fruit. TO:0001109: grain color trait. GO:0106185: histone H3-K37 methylation. GO:0071514: genetic imprinting. GO:0010342: endosperm cellularization.
Trait Class Seed - Morphological traits - Endosperm
Seed - Morphological traits - Embryo
Seed - Physiological traits - Storage substances
Seed - Morphological traits
Reproductive organ - Heading date
cDNA Accession No. AK120470
MSU ID LOC_Os04g08034.1
RAP ID Os04g0162100
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Cheng X., Pan M., E Z., Zhou Y., Niu B., Chen C.
Plant Commun 2021  2(1)  100092
The maternally expressed polycomb group gene <i>OsEMF2a</i> is essential for endosperm cellularization and imprinting in rice.
Tonosaki K., Ono A., Kunisada M., Nishino M., Nagata H., Sakamoto S., Kijima S.T., Furuumi H., Nonomura K.I., Sato Y., Ohme-Takagi M., Endo M., Comai L., Hatakeyama K., Kawakatsu T., Kinoshita T.
Plant Cell 2021  33(1)  85-103
Mutation of the imprinted gene OsEMF2a induces autonomous endosperm development and delayed cellularization in rice.
Kim M.Y., Ono A., Scholten S., Kinoshita T., Zilberman D., Okamoto T., Fischer R.L.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2019  116(19)  9652-9657
DNA demethylation by ROS1a in rice vegetative cells promotes methylation in sperm.
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Luo M,Platten D,Chaudhury A,Peacock WJ,Dennis ES
Mol Plant 2009  2(4)  711-23
Expression, imprinting, and evolution of rice homologs of the polycomb group genes.
Li,K., Yang,J., Liu,J., Du,X., Wei,C., Su,W., He,G., Zhang,Q., Hong,F. and Qian,X.
DNA Seq. 2006  17(1)  74-78
Cloning, characterization and tissue-specific expression of a cDNA encoding a novel EMBRYONIC FLOWER 2 gene (OsEMF2) in Oryza sativa.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for EMF2A ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID -
Gene Ontology negative regulation of flower development( GO:0009910 )
cellularization of endosperm( GO:0010342 )
chromatin DNA binding( GO:0031490 )
metal ion binding( GO:0046872 )
cell differentiation( GO:0030154 )
chromatin organization( GO:0006325 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
seed development( GO:0048316 )
regulation of cell cycle( GO:0051726 )
cytokinin biosynthetic process( GO:0009691 )
embryonic development( GO:0009790 )
seed maturation( GO:0010431 )
regulation of starch biosynthetic process( GO:0010581 )
regulation of auxin biosynthetic process( GO:0010600 )
zinc ion binding( GO:0008270 )
genetic imprinting( GO:0006349 )
intracellular( GO:0005622 )
endosperm development( GO:0009960 )
cellularization( GO:0007349 )
Trait Ontology flower development trait( TO:0000622 )
shoot apical meristem development( TO:0006020 )
seed development trait( TO:0000653 )
days to heading( TO:0000137 )
endosperm color( TO:0000487 )
seed viability( TO:0000345 )
embryo development trait( TO:0000620 )
endosperm storage protein content( TO:0002653 )
seed maturation( TO:0002661 )
starch content( TO:0000696 )
sucrose content( TO:0000328 )
fructose content( TO:0006005 )
glucose content( TO:0000300 )
cytokinin content( TO:0002660 )
auxin content( TO:0002672 )
Plant Ontology seed development stage( PO:0001170 )
endosperm( PO:0009089 )
shoot system( PO:0009006 )
root( PO:0009005 )
leaf( PO:0025034 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
pollen( PO:0025281 )
plant embryo stage( PO:0007631 )
endosperm development stage( PO:0007633 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Sep 6, 2021