Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol RC
Gene Symbol Synonym Rc, OsbHLH017, OsbHLH17, SD7-1, qSD7-1/qPC7, OsGL3C, GL3C
Gene Name Synonym Brown pericarp and seed coat, basic/helix-loop-helix 17, basic helix loop helix 17, GLABRA3C, GLABRA 3C
Allele Rc-s, Rc-g, rc, rc-g1, SD7-1D, SD7-1d
Chromosome No. 7
Explanation Responsible for the production of the pigment in the so-called brown rice, which has dark-brown irregular speckles on a reddish brown background. [298] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix protein, bHLH TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR. AB247503, AB250059. DQ204735, DQ204736 (Plant Cell 18 (2), 283-294 (2006)). PO:0009088; seed coat ; PO:0009089; endosperm. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage. DQ885795-DQ885823 and DQ902346-DQ902352. GU261543-GU261673 (Oryza sativa and wild rice species). HM749735-HM749743 (Oryza barthii and Oryza glaberrima). JF303048-JF303056, JF303060-JF303062. O. rufipogon and O. glaberrima: JF303057-JF303059. a homologue of Arabidopsis transcription factor GL3.
Trait Class Coloration - Others
Seed - Physiological traits - Dormancy
cDNA Accession No. AB247503
MSU ID LOC_Os07g11020.1
RAP ID Os07g0211500
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 52.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Zheng K., Wang X., Wang Y., Wang S.
BMC Plant Biol. 2021  21(1)  234
Conserved and non-conserved functions of the rice homologs of the Arabidopsis trichome initiation-regulating MBW complex proteins.
Wang W., Mauleon R., Hu Z., Chebotarov D., Tai S., Wu Z., Li M., Zheng T., Fuentes R.R., Zhang F., Mansueto L., Copetti D., Sanciangco M., Palis K.C., Xu J., Sun C., Fu B., Zhang H., Gao Y., Zhao X., Shen F., Cui X., Yu H., Li Z., Chen M., Detras J., Zhou Y., Zhang X., Zhao Y., Kudrna D., Wang C., Li R., Jia B., Lu J., He X., Dong Z., Xu J., Li Y., Wang M., Shi J., Li J., Zhang D., Lee S., Hu W., Poliakov A., Dubchak I., Ulat V.J., Borja F.N., Mendoza J.R., Ali J., Li J., Gao Q., Niu Y., Yue Z., Naredo M.E.B., Talag J., Wang X., Li J., Fang X., Yin Y., Glaszmann J.C., Zhang J., Li J., Hamilton R.S., Wing R.A., Ruan J., Zhang G., Wei C., Alexandrov N., McNally K.L., Li Z., Leung H.
Nature 2018  557(7703)  43-49
Genomic variation in 3,010 diverse accessions of Asian cultivated rice.
Civáň P., Brown T.A.
Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 2017  64(6)  1125-1132
Origin of rice (Oryza sativa L.) domestication genes.
Li L.F., Li Y.L., Jia Y., Caicedo A.L., Olsen K.M.
Nat. Genet. 2017  49(5)  811-814
Signatures of adaptation in the weedy rice genome.
Zheng K., Tian H., Hu Q., Guo H., Yang L., Cai L., Wang X., Liu B., Wang S.
Sci Rep 2016  6  19254
Ectopic expression of R3 MYB transcription factor gene OsTCL1 in Arabidopsis, but not rice, affects trichome and root hair formation.
Purugganan M.D.
Nat. Genet. 2014  46(9)  931-2
An evolutionary genomic tale of two rice species.
Huang X., Zhao Y., Wei X., Li C., Wang A., Zhao Q., Li W., Guo Y., Deng L., Zhu C., Fan D., Lu Y., Weng Q., Liu K., Zhou T., Jing Y., Si L., Dong G., Huang T., Lu T., Feng Q., Qian Q., Li J., Han B.
Nat. Genet. 2012  44(1)  32-9
Genome-wide association study of flowering time and grain yield traits in a worldwide collection of rice germplasm.
Gu,X.Y., Foley,M.E., Horvath,D.P., Anderson,J.V., Feng,J., Zhang,L., Mowry,C.R., Ye,H., Suttle,J.C., Kadowaki,K.I. and Chen,Z.
Genetics 2011  189(4)  1515-1524
Association Between Seed Dormancy and Pericarp Color Is Controlled by a Pleiotropic Gene That Regulates Abscisic Acid and Flavonoid Synthesis in Weedy Red Rice
Gross,B.L., Steffen,F.T. and Olsen,K.M.
J. Evol. Biol. 2010  23(12)  2747-2753
The molecular basis of white pericarps in African domesticated rice: novel mutations at the Rc gene
Gross,B.L., Reagon,M., Hsu,S.C., Caicedo,A.L., Jia,Y. and Olsen,K.M.
Mol. Ecol. 2010  19(16)  3380-3393
Seeing red: the origin of grain pigmentation in US weedy rice
Konishi S,Ebana K,Izawa T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2008  49  1283-93
Inference of the japonica rice domestication process from the distribution of six functional nucleotide polymorphisms of domestication-related genes in various landraces and modern cultivars.
Brooks SA,Yan W,Jackson AK,Deren CW
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2008  117  575-80
A natural mutation in rc reverts white-rice-pericarp to red and results in a new, dominant, wild-type allele: Rc-g.
Sweeney,M.T., Thomson,M.J., Cho,Y.G., Park,Y.J., Williamson,S.H., Bustamante,C.D. and McCouch,S.R.
PLoS Genet. 2007  3 (8)  E133
Global dissemination of a single mutation conferring white pericarp in rice
Furukawa,T., Maekawa,M., Oki,T., Suda,I., Iida,S., Shimada,H., Takamure,I. and Kadowaki,K.I.
Plant J. 2007  49(1)  91-102
The Rc and Rd genes are involved in proanthocyanidin synthesis in rice pericarp.
Li X, Duan X, Jiang H, Sun Y, Tang Y, Yuan Z, Guo J, Liang W, Chen L, Yin J, Ma H, Wang J, Zhang D.
Plant Physiol. 2006  141(4)  1167-84
Genome-wide analysis of basic/helix-loop-helix transcription factor family in rice and Arabidopsis.
Sweeney,M.T., Thomson,M.J., Pfeil,B.E. and McCouch,S.
Plant Cell 2006  18  283-294
Caught red-handed: rc encodes a basic helix-loop-helix protein conditioning red pericarp in rice.
Eiguchi, M. and Y. Sano
RGN 1995  12  187-189.
Evolutionary significance of chromosome 7 in an annual type of wild rice.
Yu, Z.H., S.R. McCouch, T. Kinoshita, S. Sato and S.D. Tanksley
Genome 1995  38  566-574.
Association of morphological and RFLP markers in rice (Oryza sativa L. ).
Lin, S.Y., Y. Nagamura, N. Kurata, M. Yano, Y. Minobe and T. Sasaki
RGN 1994  11  108-109.
DNA markers tightly linked to genes, Ph, alk and Rc.
Tanksley, S.D., T.M. Fulton and S.R. McCouch
Genetic Maps, Locus Maps of Complex Genomes, Plants. S.J. O'Brien ed. Cold Spring Harbour Lab. Press. 1993  Book 6  61-79.
Linkage map of rice (Oryza sativa) (2N=24).
Yu, Z.H., T. Kinoshita, S. Sato and S.D. Tanksley
RGN 1992  9  116-118.
Morphological and RFLP markers are associated in rice.
Satoh, H. and N. Iwata
Japan. J. Breed. 1990  40(Suppl. 2)  268-269.
Linkage analysis in rice. On three mutant loci for endosperm properties, ge(giant embryo), du-4(dull endosperm-4) and flo-1(floury endosperm-1).
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1981  31(Suppl. 1)  66-67.
Linkage analysis by use of trisomics in rice (Oryza sativa L. ). IV. Linkage groups locating on chromosomes 2 and 10.
Takahashi, M., T. Mori, T. Kinoshita and K. Mori
Res. Bull. Univ. Farm Hokkaido Univ. 1972  18  47-53.
Genic constitution on red coloration in rice grains of an Indian variety, Surjamkhi. (Genetical studies of rice plant, L.).
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for RC ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060724
Gene Ontology flavonoid metabolic process( GO:0009812 )
proanthocyanidin biosynthetic process( GO:0010023 )
anthocyanin metabolic process( GO:0046283 )
Trait Ontology seed coat color( TO:0000190 )
pericarp color( TO:0000707 )
endosperm color( TO:0000487 )
Plant Ontology seed coat( PO:0009088 )
endosperm( PO:0009089 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 3
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 1
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Sep 14, 2021