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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PIZ
Gene Symbol Synonym Piz, Piz (Pi2, Pi-z, Piz), Pi-z, Pi2, Pi-2
Gene Name Synonym Pyricularia oryzae resistance-z, Magnaporthe grisea resistance-z, Blast resistance z, Pyricularia oryzae resistance-2, Magnaporthe grisea resistance-2, Blast resistance 2
Protein Name
Allele Pi z-t (Pi-zt, Piz-t, Pi-z(t)), Pi z-5 (Pi-z5, Piz-5), Pi2-1
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation Resistant to rice blast disease. Variety 'Fukunishiki' and its parental cultivar Zenith have this gene. PO:0009047; stem ; PO:0020141; stem node ; PO:0009049; inflorescence ; PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. DQ352040(Piz-t), DQ352453(Nbs4-Pi=Pi2), Pi2-1 (Tianjingyeshengdao). The Pi2 gene encodes a protein with a nucleotide-binding site and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain. Pi2(t) was renamed Pi-z5. Because Pi-2(t) was allelic to Pi-z, Pi-z is used for showing the locus and the first letter of the donor variety 5173 is given as a superscript as Pi-z5 (Kinoshita et al. 1994). The resistance gene in Toride 1 was allelic to Pi-z and designated as Pi-zt (Yokoo & Kiyosawa 1970). Piz-t gene is a Pi2 allele in the rice cultivar Toride 1 (Zhou et al. 2006). GQ280265-GQ280269 (the genomic sequences of the Pi2/9 locus in four wild Oryza species: O. nivara, O. punctata, O. officinalis and O. minuta)
Trait Class Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. -
MSU ID LOC_Os06g17900.1
RAP ID Os06g0286700
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 69.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Yadav M.K., S A., Ngangkham U., Shubudhi H.N., Bag M.K., Adak T., Munda S., Samantaray S., Jena M.
PLoS ONE 2017  12(4)  e0176236
Use of molecular markers in identification and characterization of resistance to rice blast in India.
Divya B., Biswas A., Robin S., Rabindran R., Joel A.J.
J. Genet. 2014  93(2)  415-24
Gene interactions and genetics of blast resistance and yield attributes in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Imam J.a b, Alam S.a, Mandal N.P.a, Variar M.a, Shukla P.b
Euphytica 2014  196  199-211
Molecular screening for identification of blast resistance genes in North East and Eastern Indian rice germplasm (Oryza sativa L.) with PCR based makers
Miah G., Rafii M.Y., R .Ismail M., B. Puteh A., A. Rahim H., Asfaliza R., A. Latif M.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2013  40(3)  2369-88
Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches
Luo,S., Zhang,Y., Hu,Q., Chen,J., Li,K., Lu,C., Liu,H., Wang,W. and Kuang,H.
Plant Physiol. 2012  159(1)  197-210
Dynamic Nucleotide-Binding-Site and Leucine-Rich-Repeat- encoding Genes in the Grass Family
Wang Y., Wang D., Deng X., Liu J., Sun P., Liu Y., Huang H., Jiang N., Kang H., Ning Y., Wang Z., Xiao Y., LIU X., Liu E., Dai L., Wang G.L.
Phytopathology 2012  102(8)  779-86
Molecular Mapping of the Blast Resistance Genes Pi2-1 and Pi51(t) in the Durably Resistant Rice 'Tianjingyeshengdao'.
Zhu X., Chen S., Yang J., Zhou S., Zeng L., Han J., Su J., Wang L., Pan Q.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2012  124(7)  1295-304
The identification of Pi50(t), a new member of the rice blast resistance Pi2/Pi9 multigene family.
Gupta S.K., Rai A.K., Kanwar S.S., Chand D., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
J. Exp. Bot. 2012  63(2)  757-72
The single functional blast resistance gene Pi54 activates a complex defence mechanism in rice.
Sharma T.R., Rai A.K., Gupta S.K., Vijayan J., Devanna B.N., Ray S.
Agric Res 2012  1  37-52
Rice Blast Management Through Host-Plant Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects
RoyChowdhury M., Jia Y., Jackson A., Jia M.H., Fjellstrom R., Cartwright R.D.
Euphytica 2012  184  35-46
Analysis of rice blast resistance gene Pi-z in rice germplasm using pathogenicity assays and DNA markers
Mahender A., Swain D.M., Gitishree D., Subudhi H.N., Rao G.J.N.
Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2012  11  1321-1329
Molecular analysis of native Manipur rice accessions for resistance against blast
Xiao W., Yang Q., Wang H., Duan J., Guo T., Liu Y., Zhu X., Chen Z.
Mol Breeding (Published online) 2011  28  303-312
Identification and fine mapping of a major R gene to Magnaporthe oryzae in a broad-spectrum resistant germplasm in rice
Huang H., Huang L., Feng G., Wang S., Wang Y., Liu J., Jiang N., Yan W., Xu L., Sun P., Li Z., Pan S., Liu X., Xiao Y., Liu E., Dai L., Wang G.L.
Phytopathology 2011  101(5)  620-6
Molecular mapping of the new blast resistance genes Pi47 and Pi48 in the durably resistant local rice cultivar Xiangzi 3150.
RoyChowdhury M., Jia Y., Jia M., Fjellstrom R., Cartwright R.D.
In: Abstr. 5th International Rice Blast Conference, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA 2010    -
Identification of rice blast resistant gene Pi-z(t) in NSGC using DNA markers and pathogenicity assays
Tacconi G., Baldassarre V., Lanzanova C., Faivre-Rampant O., Cavigiolo S., Urso S., Lupotto E., Vale G.
Molecular Breeding 2010  26(4)  595-617
Polymorphism analysis of genomic regions associated with broad-spectrum effective blast resistance genes for marker development in rice
Dai,L., Wu,J., Li,X., Wang,X., Liu,X., Jantasuriyarat,C., Kudrna,D., Yu,Y., Wing,R.A., Han,B., Zhou,B. and Wang,G.L.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2010  121(2)  295-309
Genomic structure and evolution of the Pi2/9 locus in wild rice species
Koide Y., Kobayashi N., Xu D., Fukuta Y.
JARQ 2009  43  255-280
Resistance Genes and Selection DNA Markers for Blast Disease in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Zhou B., Wang G.L.
Advances in Genetics, Genomics and Control of Rice Blast 2009    127-135
Functional and Evolutionary Analysis of the Pi2/9 Locus in Rice
Rathour R., Chopra M., Sharma T.R.
Euphytica 2008  163  275-282
Development and validation of microsatellite markers linked to the rice blast resistance gene Pi-z of Fukunishiki and Zenith
Ballini E., Morel J.B., Droc G., Price A., Courtois B., Notteghem J.L., Tharreau D.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2008  21(7)  859-68
A genome-wide meta-analysis of rice blast resistance genes and quantitative trait loci provides new insights into partial and complete resistance.
Lin,F., Chen,S., Que,Z., Wang,L., Liu,X. and Pan,Q.
Genetics 2007  177(3)  1871-1880
The Blast Resistance Gene Pi37 Encodes a Nucleotide Binding Site-Leucine-Rich Repeat Protein and Is a Member of a Resistance Gene Cluster on Rice Chromosome 1
Cho Y.C., Kwon S.W., Choi I.S., Lee S.K., Jeon J.S., Oh M.K., Roh J.H., Hwang H.G., Yang S.J., Kim Y.G.
J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 2007  10  265-276
Identification of Major Blast Resistance Genes in Korean Rice Varieties (Oryza sativa L.) Using Molecular Markers
Kobayashi N., Telebanco-Yanoria M.J., Tsunematsu H., Kato H., Imbe T., Fukuta Y.
JARQ 2007  41  31-37
Development of New Sets of International Standard Differential Varieties for Blast Resistance in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Jeung JU,Kim BR,Cho YC,Han SS,Moon HP,Lee YT,Jena KK
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2007  115  1163-77
A novel gene, Pi40(t), linked to the DNA markers derived from NBS-LRR motifs confers broad spectrum of blast resistance in rice.
Hayashi K, Yoshida H, Ashikawa I.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2006  113(2)  251-260
Development of PCR-based allele-specific and InDel marker sets for nine rice blast resistance genes.
Fjellstrom R, McClung AM, Shank AR
Molecular Breeding 2006  17(2)  149-157
SSR Markers Closely Linked to the Pi-z Locus are Useful for Selection of Blast Resistance in a Broad Array of Rice Germplasm
Deng Y, Zhu X, Shen Y, He Z.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2006  113(4)  705-13
Genetic characterization and fine mapping of the blast resistance locus Pigm(t) tightly linked to Pi2 and Pi9 in a broad-spectrum resistant Chinese variety.
Zhou,B., Qu,S., Liu,G., Dolan,M., Sakai,H., Lu,G., Bellizzi,M. and Wang,G.L.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2006  19(11)  1216-1228
The eight amino-acid differences within three leucine-rich repeats between Pi2 and Piz-t resistance proteins determine the resistance specificity to Magnaporthe grisea.
Hashimoto N., Daigen M., Hayashi K., Ashikawa I., Takahara Y., Yamamoto K.
Breeding Research 2005  7  143-146
Use of DNA markers closely linked to a blast resistance gene, Piz, in rice (Oryza sativa L.) breeding
Yokoo M.
JARQ 2005  39  239-245
Introduction of Piz-t and Pib Genes for Blast Disease Resistance from Indica Varieties and their Utilization for Genetic Researches in Rice
Lu, G., C. Jantasuriyarat, B. Zhou, G.L. Wang
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2004  108  525-534
Isolation and characterization of novel defense response genes involved in compatible and incompatible interaction between rice and Magnaporthe grisea.
Hayashi, K., N. Hashimoto, M. Daigen, I. Ashikawa
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2004  108  1212-1220
Development of PCR-based SNP markers for rice blast resistance genes at the Piz locus.
Conaway-Bormans, C.A., M.A. Marchetti, C.W. Johnson, A.M. McClung and W.D. Park
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2003  107  1014-1020
Molecular markers linked to the blast resistance gene Pi-z in rice for use in marker-assisted selection.
Muralidharan, K., D. Krishnaveni, G.S. Laha, C.S. Reddy, M. Srinivasprasad and R. Sridhar
RGN 2003  20  94-96
Evaluation of blast resistance genes in India.
Sallaud, C., M. Lorieux, E. Roumen, D Tharreau, R. Berruyer, P. Svestasrani, O. Garsmeur, A. Ghesquiere, J.L. Nottenghem
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2003  106  794-803
Identification of five new blast resistance genes in the highly blast-resistant rice variety IR64 using a QTL mapping strategy.
Liu G, Lu G, Zeng L, Wang GL.
Molecular Genetics & Genomics (Molecular General Genetics up to 2001) 2002  267(4)  472-480
Two broad-spectrum blast resistance genes, Pi9( t) and Pi2( t), are physically linked on rice chromosome 6.
Luo C.X., Hanamura H., Sezaki H., Kusaba M., Yaegashi H.
J. Gen. Plant Pathol. 2002  68  300-306
Relationship between avirulence genes of the same family in rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea
Hanamura H., Sezaki H., Yasuda N., Fujita Y., Kusaba M., Yaegashi H.
Jpn. J. Phytopathol. 2001  67  181-181
Genetic analysis of avirulence genes in blast fungus to rice blast resistance genes Piz and Piz-t
Hittalmani, S., A. Parco, T.V. Mew, R.S. Zeigler and N. Huang
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2000  100  1121-1128
Fine mapping and DNA marker-assisted pyramiding of the three major genes for blast resistance in rice.
Namai T., Ohba A., Sugahara S., Togashi J.
Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 1999  65  67-75
True resistance genes harbored by rice cultivars on pathogenic variation of rice blast fungus re-isolated from panicles of resistance rice cultivars
Inoue, H., H. Nishida, Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1998  48  103-108.
Identification of an early heading time gene found in the Taiwanese rice cultivar Taichung 65.
Hashimoto, N., K. Higuchi, M. Koiwa, K. Yasuda and M. Daigen
Breeding Science 1998  48(Suppl. 2)  109
Selection of individual having Pi-z, the rice blast true resistance gene, using RFLP markers in resistance sensitive cross progeny.
Namai T., Fukushima R., Ishibashi Y., Ohba A., Togashi J.
Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 1997  63  37-43
Variation in pathogenicity of incompatible races of rice blast fungus, Pyricularia oryzae Cavara on panicles of newly developed rice cvs. Haenuki and Domannnaka
Chen D., Zeigler R.S., Ahn S.W., Nelson R.J.
Plant Dis. 1996  80  52-56
Phenotypic characterization of the rice blast resistance gene Pi2(t).
Inukai, T., R.J. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler, S. Sarkarung, D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    447-450.
Genetic analysis of blast resistance in tropical rice cultivars using near-isogenic lines.
Pan, Q.H., L. Wang, H. Ikehashi and T. Tanisaka
Phytopathology 1996  86(10)  1071-1075.
Identification of a new blast resistance gene in the indica rice cultivar Kasalath using Japanese differential cultivars and isozyme markers.
Hittalmani, S., M.R. Foolad, T. Mew, R.L. Rodriguez and N. Huang
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1995  91  9-14.
Development of a PCR-based marker to identify rice blast resistance gene, Pi-2(t), in a segregating population.
Inukai, T., R.J. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler, S. Sarkarung, D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
Phytopathology 1994  84  1278-1283.
Allelism of blast resistance genes in near-isogenic lines of rice.
Kinoshita T., Inukai T., Toriyama K.
RGN 1994  11  16-17
IV. Reports from coordinators 1) Gene symbols for blast resistance newly revised
Causse, M.A., T.M. Fulton, Y.G. Cho, S.N. Ahn, J. Chunwongse, K. Wu, J. Xiao, Z. Yu, P.C. Ronald, S.E. Harrington, G. Second, S.R. McCouch and S.D. Tanksley
Genetics 1994  138  1251-1274.
Saturated molecular map of the rice genome based on an interspecific backcross population.
Wang, G.L., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, S.R. McCouch, M.C. Champoux and R.J. Nelson
Genetics 1994  136  1421-1434.
RFLP mapping of genes conferring complete and partial resistance to blast in a durably resistance rice cultivar.
Hittalmani, S., M. Foolad, T. Mew, R. Rodriguez and N. Huang
RGN 1994  11  144-146.
Identification of blast resistance gene, Pi-2(t) in rice plants by flanking DNA markers.
Mew, T.V., A.S. Parco, S. Hittalmani, T. Inukai, R. Nelson, R.S. Zeigler and N. Huang
RGN 1994  11  126-128.
Fine-mapping of major genes for blast resistance in rice.
Satoh, H., T. Itoh, M.Y. Son and T. Kumamaru
Japan. J. Breed. 1993  43(Suppl. 1)  139
Chromosomal location of a spontaneous mutant gene for 57 kDa polypeptides in rice.
Mackill, D.J. and J.M.Bonman
Phytopathology 1992  82  746-749.
Inheritance of blast resistance in near-isogenic lines of rice.
Satoh, M., M. Miyamoto, I. Andoh, A. Saito and S. Kawasaki
Japan. J. Breed. 1992  42(Suppl. 2)  132-133.
RFLP mapping of resistance genes against rice blast disease I. Pi-b and Pi-z.
Fukuchi, A., Y. Suzuki, H. Hirochika and F. Kikuchi
RGN 1992  9  47-50.
Linkage relations between the photoperiod sensitivity gene Se-1 and two other genes, Pi-zt and Pgi-2.
Inukai, T., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman, S. Sarkarung, R. Zeigler, R. Nelson, I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
RGN 1992  9  90-92.
Blast resistance genes Pi-2(t) and Pi-z may be allelic.
Yu, Z.H., D.J. Mackill, J.M. Bonman and S.D. Tanksley
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1991  81(4)  471-476.
Tagging genes for blast resistance in rice via linkage to RFLP markers.
Koga H., Kobayashi T.
Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 1982  48  506-513
Early infection process of Pyricularia oryzae Cav. in rice leaves of compatible and incompatible combinations
Goto, I., Y.L. Jaw and A.A. Baluch
Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 1981  47(2)  252-254.
Genetic studies on resistance of rice plant to blast fungus.IV. Linkage analysis of four genes, Pi-a, Pi-k, Pi-z and Pi-i.
Kiyosawa, S.
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(4)  287-296.
Identification of blast-resistance genes in some varieties.
Kiyosawa S., Yasuda H., Shintani I., Koide H., Morimoto T.
Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 1977  43  517-523
Blast nursery tests for field resistance of rice varieties with different genotypes for true resistance to blast
Kiyosawa S., Yasuda H., Shintani I.
Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 1977  43  508-516
Field test for field resistance of rice varieties with different genotypes for true resistance to blast
Goto, I.
Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 1976  42(3)  253-260.
Genetic studies on the resistance of rice plant to the blast fungus.II Difference in resistance to the blast disease between Fukunishiki and its parental cultivar, Zenith.
Kiyosawa, S.
Symposium on Rice Breeding, IRRI, Los Banos, Philippines. 1972    203-225.
Genetics of blast resistance.
Shinoda, H., K. Toriyama, T. Yunoki, A. Ezuka and Y. Sakurai
Bull. Chugoku Agric. Exp. Stn., Ser.A 1971  20  1-25.
Studies on the varietal resistance of rice to blast. 6. Linkage relationship of blast resistance genes.
Yokoo M., Kiyosawa S.
Japan. J. Breed. 1970  20  129-132
Inheritance of blast resistance of the rice variety, Toride 1, selected from the cross Norin 8 x TKM.1
Kiyosawa, S.
Japan. J. Breed. 1967  17(2)  99-107.
The inheritance of resistance of the Zenith type varieties of rice blast fungus.
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DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060628
Gene Ontology response to fungus( GO:0009620 )
defense response( GO:0006952 )
ADP binding( GO:0043531 )
Trait Ontology panicle blast disease resistance( TO:0000477 )
leaf blast disease resistance( TO:0000468 )
stomatal conductance( TO:0000522 )
Plant Ontology vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
stem node( PO:0020141 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jun 25, 2017