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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol SE1
Gene Symbol Synonym Se1(Lm,Lf,Rs,Fl), se(t), Hd1, HD1, OsHd1, Fl, Lm, Se1, K, Rs, Lf, Se-1, Hd1(t), qHD1(t), OsA, OsBBX18, BBX18, Hd1/OsA, OsCCT21, CCT21
Gene Name Synonym Photosensitivity1, Photosensitivity 1, Photoperiod sensitivity 1, Heading date, Photoperiod-sensitivity-1, HEADING DATE 1, Arabidopsis CONSTANS(CO) gene ortholog, ortholog of Arabidopsis CONSTANS, B-box-containing protein 18, CCT domain-containing gene 21, CCT (CO, CO-LIKE and TOC1) domain protein 21, CCT domain protein 21
Protein Name HD1 PROTEIN
Allele Se1-e, Se1-n, Se1-t, Se1-s, Se1-u, hd1, Hd1EH, Hd1NB, Hd1Vol, oscct21
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation Earliness gene through controlling photoperiod response. Q9FDX8. AB041837, AB041838, AB041839, AB041840, AB041841, AB041842, AP003044. AB375859. JN594404-JN594499 (O.sativa and other wild rice species). AB474759-AB474785 (O.sativa and other wild rice species). JN402205-JN402280 (O.sativa and other wild rice species). PO:0009049; inflorescence ; PO:0009013; meristem ; PO:0006318; floret (sensu Poaceae) ; PO:0009010; seed ; PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. FJ581043-FJ581047, GQ407104-GQ407107 (indica and other wild rice species). AP005813, AP003044. MT500123 - MT500238. a rice ortholog of Arabidopsis gene for circadian clock component. KM063441-KM063573 (134 sequences out of these, O.sativa and other wild rice species).an Arabidopsis CONSTANS ortholog. Protein Data Bank under PDB:7C9O (DNA-bound HD1CCT/GHD8/OsNF-YC2).
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Reproductive organ - Heading date
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. AB041838
MSU ID LOC_Os06g16370.1
RAP ID Os06g0275000
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 67.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Molla K.A.
Plant Cell 2023  35(10)  3627-3628
From the archives: Nuclear import of pathogenic noncoding RNAs, ubiquitination and the control of heading date in rice, and the use of ribozymes to modulate gene expression.
Fu C., Ma C., Zhu M., Liu W., Ma X., Li J., Liao Y., Liu D., Gu X., Wang H., Wang F.
Plant J. 2023  115(1)  139-154
Transcriptomic and methylomic analyses provide insights into the molecular mechanism and prediction of heterosis in rice.
Yin Y., Yan Z., Guan J., Huo Y., Wang T., Li T., Cui Z., Ma W., Wang X., Chen W.
Plant Physiol. 2023  192(1)  205-221
Two interacting basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors control flowering time in rice.
Gu Z., Gong J., Zhu Z., Li Z., Feng Q., Wang C., Zhao Y., Zhan Q., Zhou C., Wang A., Huang T., Zhang L., Tian Q., Fan D., Lu Y., Zhao Q., Huang X., Yang S., Han B.
Nat. Genet. 2023  55(10)  1745-1756
Structure and function of rice hybrid genomes reveal genetic basis and optimal performance of heterosis.
Li Z., Gui R., Yu X., Liang C., Cui J., Zhao X., Zhang X., Yu P., Chen W., Sun J.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  1059197
Genetic basis of the early heading of high-latitude weedy rice.
Lu S., Zhang N., Xu Y., Chen H., Huang J., Zou B.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(21) 
Functional Conservation and Divergence of <i>mos1</i> That Controls Flowering Time and seed size in Rice and <i>Arabidopsis</i>.
Lin X., Huang Y., Rao Y., Ouyang L., Zhou D., Zhu C., Fu J., Chen C., Yin J., Bian J., He H., Zou G., Xu J.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  612
A base substitution in OsphyC disturbs its Interaction with OsphyB and affects flowering time and chlorophyll synthesis in rice.
Cai Z., Zhang Y., Tang W., Chen X., Lin C., Liu Y., Ye Y., Wu W., Duan Y.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  853042
LUX ARRHYTHMO Interacts With ELF3a and ELF4a to Coordinate Vegetative Growth and Photoperiodic Flowering in Rice.
Kim Y.J., Kwak J.S., Dae Hwan K., Song J.T., Seo H.S.
Plant Signal Behav 2021  16(7)  1913366
Mutation of the <i>OsGlyRS3</i> gene affects heading date in rice.
Yin M., Ma H., Wang M., Chu G., Liu Y., Xu C., Zhang X., Wang D., Chen S.
Sci Rep 2021  11(1)  15026
Transcriptome analysis of flowering regulation by sowing date in Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Sun C., Zhang K., Zhou Y., Xiang L., He C., Zhong C., Li K., Wang Q., Yang C., Wang Q., Chen C., Chen D., Wang Y., Liu C., Yang B., Wu H., Chen X., Li W., Wang J., Xu P., Wang P., Fang J., Chu C., Deng X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021  19(8)  1644-1657
Dual function of clock component OsLHY sets critical day length for photoperiodic flowering in rice.
Shen C., Liu H., Guan Z., Yan J., Zheng T., Yan W., Wu C., Zhang Q., Yin P., Xing Y.
Plant Cell 2020  32(11)  3469-3484
Structural Insight into DNA Recognition by CCT/NF-YB/YC Complexes in Plant Photoperiodic Flowering.
Zhang J., Fan X., Hu Y., Zhou X., He Q., Liang L., Xing Y.
J Integr Plant Biol 2020   
Global analysis of CCT family knockout mutants identifies four genes involved in regulating heading date in rice.
Cui Y., Wang J., Feng L., Liu S., Li J., Qiao W., Song Y., Zhang Z., Cheng Y., Zhang L., Zheng X., Yang Q.
Front Plant Sci 2020  11  864
A Combination of Long-Day Suppressor Genes Contributes to the Northward Expansion of Rice.
Fujino K., Ikegaya T.
Breed. Sci. 2020  70(2)  193-199
A novel genotype DATTO5 developed using the five genes exhibits the fastest heading date designed in rice.
Wang B., Li J.
Plant Cell 2019  31(7)  1416-1417
Understanding the Molecular Bases of Agronomic Trait Improvement in Rice.
Cui Y., Zhu M., Xu Z., Xu Q.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2019  132(6)  1887-1896
Assessment of the effect of ten heading time genes on reproductive transition and yield components in rice using a CRISPR/Cas9 system.
Shalmani A., Jing X.Q., Shi Y., Muhammad I., Zhou M.R., Wei X.Y., Chen Q.Q., Li W.Q., Liu W.T., Chen K.M.
BMC Genomics 2019  20(1)  27
Characterization of B-BOX gene family and their expression profiles under hormonal, abiotic and metal stresses in Poaceae plants.
Hong Y., Zhang Y., Sinumporn S., Yu N., Zhan X., Shen X., Chen D., Yu P., Wu W., Liu Q., Cao Z., Zhao C., Cheng S., Cao L.
Plant J. 2018   
Premature leaf senescence 3, encoding a methyltransferase, is required for melatonin biosynthesis in rice.
Kim S.R., Torollo G., Yoon M.R., Kwak J., Lee C.K., Prahalada G.D., Choi I.R., Yeo U.S., Jeong O.Y., Jena K.K., Lee J.S.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  1827
Loss-of-Function Alleles of <i>Heading date 1</i> (<i>Hd1</i>) Are Associated With Adaptation of Temperate <i>Japonica</i> Rice Plants to the Tropical Region.
Zhu C., Peng Q., Fu D., Zhuang D., Yu Y., Duan M., Xie W., Cai Y., Ouyang Y., Lian X., Wu C.
Plant Cell 2018  30(10)  2352-2367
The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HAF1 Modulates Circadian Accumulation of EARLY FLOWERING3 to Control heading date in Rice under Long-Day Conditions.
Zhao Q., Feng Q., Lu H., Li Y., Wang A., Tian Q., Zhan Q., Lu Y., Zhang L., Huang T., Wang Y., Fan D., Zhao Y., Wang Z., Zhou C., Chen J., Zhu C., Li W., Weng Q., Xu Q., Wang Z.X., Wei X., Han B., Huang X.
Nat. Genet. 2018  50(2)  278-284
Pan-genome analysis highlights the extent of genomic variation in cultivated and wild rice.
Cho L.H., Yoon J., Wai A.H., An G.
Mol. Cells 2018  41(7)  665-675
<i>Histone Deacetylase 701 (HDT701)</i> Induces Flowering in Rice by Modulating Expression of <i>OsIDS1</i>.
Zeng L., Liu X., Zhou Z., Li D., Zhao X., Zhu L., Luo Y., Hu S.
BMC Plant Biol. 2018  18(1)  157
Identification of a G2-like transcription factor, OsPHL3, functions as a negative regulator of flowering in rice by co-expression and reverse genetic analysis.
Du A., Tian W., Wei M., Yan W., He H., Zhou D., Huang X., Li S., Ouyang X.
Mol Plant 2017  10(7)  948-961
The DTH8-Hd1 module Mediates Day-Length-Dependent Regulation of Rice Flowering.
Goretti D., Martignago D., Landini M., Brambilla V., Gómez-Ariza J., Gnesutta N., Galbiati F., Collani S., Takagi H., Terauchi R., Mantovani R., Fornara F.
PLoS Genet. 2017  13(1)  e1006530
Transcriptional and Post-transcriptional Mechanisms Limit HEADING DATE 1 (Hd1) Function to Adapt Rice to High Latitudes.
Zhu S., Wang J., Cai M., Zhang H., Wu F., Xu Y., Li C., Cheng Z., Zhang X., Guo X., Sheng P., Wu M., Wang J., Lei C., Wang J., Zhao Z., Wu C., Wang H., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2017  68(3)  553-568
The OsHAPL1-DTH8-Hd1 complex functions as the transcription regulator to repress heading date in rice.
Wu Q., Liu X., Yin D., Yuan H., Xie Q., Zhao X., Li X., Zhu L., Li S., Li D.
BMC Plant Biol. 2017  17(1)  166
Constitutive expression of OsDof4, encoding a C2-C2 zinc finger transcription factor, confesses its distinct flowering effects under long- and short-day photoperiods in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Yano K., Yamamoto E., Aya K., Takeuchi H., Lo P.C., Hu L., Yamasaki M., Yoshida S., Kitano H., Hirano K., Matsuoka M.
Nat. Genet. 2016  48(8)  927-34
Genome-wide association study using whole-genome sequencing rapidly identifies new genes influencing agronomic traits in rice.
Bai B., Zhao J., Li Y., Zhang F., Zhou J., Chen F., Xie X.
Plant Sci. 2016  247  25-34
OsBBX14 delays heading date by repressing florigen gene expression under long and short-day conditions in rice.
Du Y., He W., Deng C., Chen X., Gou L., Zhu F., Guo W., Zhang J., Wang T.
PLoS ONE 2016  11(3)  e0150458
Flowering-Related RING Protein 1 (FRRP1) Regulates flowering time and Yield Potential by Affecting histone H2B Monoubiquitination in Rice (Oryza Sativa).
Sun X., Zhang Z., Wu J., Cui X., Feng D., Wang K., Xu M., Zhou L., Han X., Gu X., Lu T.
PLoS Genet. 2016  12(3)  e1005927
The Oryza sativa Regulator HDR1 Associates with the Kinase OsK4 to Control Photoperiodic Flowering.
Yoshitake Y., Yokoo T., Saito H., Tsukiyama T., Quan X., Zikihara K., Katsura H., Tokutomi S., Aboshi T., Mori N., Inoue H., Nishida H., Kohchi T., Teraishi M., Okumoto Y., Tanisaka T.
Sci Rep 2015  5  7709
The effects of phytochrome-mediated light signals on the developmental acquisition of photoperiod sensitivity in rice.
Matsuzaki J., Kawahara Y., Izawa T.
Plant Cell 2015  27(3)  633-48
Punctual Transcriptional Regulation by the Rice Circadian Clock under Fluctuating Field Conditions.
Yang Y., Fu D., Zhu C., He Y., Zhang H., Liu T., Li X., Wu C.
Plant Cell 2015   
The RING-Finger Ubiquitin Ligase HAF1 Mediates heading date 1 Degradation during Photoperiodic Flowering in Rice.
Kim S.K., Park H.Y., Jang Y.H., Lee K.C., Chung Y.S., Lee J.H., Kim J.K.
Planta 2015   
OsNF-YC2 and OsNF-YC4 proteins inhibit flowering under long-day conditions in rice.
Zhang L., Li Q., Dong H., He Q., Liang L., Tan C., Han Z., Yao W., Li G., Zhao H., Xie W., Xing Y.
Sci Rep 2015  5  7663
Three CCT domain-containing genes were identified to regulate heading date by candidate gene-based association mapping and transformation in rice.
Su L., Shan J.X., Gao J.P., Lin H.X.
Mol Plant 2015   
OsHAL3, a Blue Light responsive Protein, Interacts with the Floral Regulator Hd1 to Activate Flowering in Rice.
Thurber C.S., Reagon M., Olsen K.M., Jia Y., Caicedo A.L.
Am. J. Bot. 2014  101(10)  1737-47
The evolution of flowering strategies in US weedy rice.
Chen J., Li X., Cheng C., Wang Y., Qin M., Zhu H., Zeng R., Fu X., Liu Z., Zhang G.
Sci Rep 2014  4  4263
Characterization of epistatic interaction of QTLs LH8 and EH3 controlling heading date in rice.
Xu Q., Saito H., Hirose I., Katsura K., Yoshitake Y., Yokoo T., Tsukiyama T., Teraishi M., Tanisaka T., Okumoto Y.
Molecular Breeding 2014  33  813-819
The effects of the photoperiod-insensitive alleles, se13, hd1 and ghd7, on yield components in rice
Cai Y., Chen X., Xie K., Xing Q., Wu Y., Li J., Du C., Sun Z., Guo Z.
PLoS ONE 2014  9(7)  e102529
Dlf1, a WRKY transcription factor, is involved in the control of flowering time and plant height in rice.
Nguyen Q.N., Lee Y.S., Cho L.H., Jeong H.J., An G., Jung K.H.
Planta 2014   
Genome-wide identification and analysis of Catharanthus roseus RLK1-like kinases in rice.
Purugganan M.D.
Nat. Genet. 2014  46(9)  931-2
An evolutionary genomic tale of two rice species.
Liu X., Zhou C., Zhao Y., Zhou S., Wang W., Dao-Xiu Zhou
Front Plant Sci 2014  5  591
The rice enhancer of zeste [E(z)] genes SDG711 and SDG718 are respectively involved in long day and short day signaling to mediate the accurate photoperiod control of flowering time.
Fujino K., Yamanouchi U., Yano M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2013  126(3)  611-8
Roles of the Hd5 gene controlling heading date for adaptation to the northern limits of rice cultivation.
Wang J., Hu J., Qian Q., Xue H.W.
Mol Plant 2013  6(2)  514-27
LC2 and OsVIL2 promote rice flowering by photoperoid-induced epigenetic silencing of OsLF.
Yang Y., Peng Q., Chen G.X., Li X.H., Wu C.Y.
Mol Plant 2013  6(1)  202-15
OsELF3 is Involved in Circadian Clock Regulation for Promoting Flowering under Long-Day Conditions in Rice.
Ogiso-Tanaka E., Matsubara K., Yamamoto S., Nonoue Y., Wu J., Fujisawa H., Ishikubo H., Tanaka T., Ando T., Matsumoto T., Yano M.
PLoS ONE 2013  8(10)  e75959
Natural Variation of the RICE FLOWERING LOCUS T 1 Contributes to flowering time Divergence in Rice.
Saito H., Ogiso-Tanaka E., Okumoto Y., Yoshitake Y., Izumi H., Yokoo T., Matsubara K., Hori K., Yano M., Inoue H., Tanisaka T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2012  53(4)  717-28
Ef7 Encodes an ELF3-like Protein and Promotes Rice Flowering by Negatively Regulating the Floral Repressor Gene Ghd7 under Both Short- and Long-Day Conditions.
Huang,C.L., Hung,C.Y., Chiang,Y.C., Hwang,C.C., Hsu,T.W., Huang,C.C., Hung,K.H., Tsai,K.C., Wang,K.H., Osada,N., Schaal,B.A. and Chiang,T.Y.
Plant J. 2012  70(5)  769-782
Footprints of natural and artificial selection for photoperiod pathway genes in Oryza
Cockram J., Thiel T., Steuernagel B., Stein N., Taudien S., Paul C Bailey, Donal M O'Sullivan
PLoS ONE 2012  7(9)  e45307
Genome dynamics explain the evolution of flowering time CCT domain gene families in the Poaceae.
Wei X., Qiao W.H., Chen Y.T., Wang R.S., Cao L.R., Zhang W.X., Yuan N.N., Li Z.C., Zeng H.L., Yang Q.W.
Mol. Ecol. 2012  21(20)  5073-87
Domestication and geographic origin of Oryza sativa in China: insights from multilocus analysis of nucleotide variation of O. sativa and O. rufipogon.
Huang J., Zhao X., Weng X., Wang L., Xie W.
PLoS ONE 2012  7(10)  e48242
The rice B-box zinc finger gene family: genomic identification, characterization, expression profiling and diurnal analysis.
Liu J., Li W., Ning Y., Shirsekar G., Wang X., Dai L., Wang Z., Liu W., Wang G.L.
Plant Physiol. 2012  160(1)  28-37
The U-box E3 ligase SPL11/PUB13 Is a Convergence Point of Defense and Flowering Signaling in Plants.
Sun C., Fang J., Zhao T., Xu B., Zhang F., Liu L., Tang J., Zhang G., Deng X., Chen F., Qian Q., Cao X., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(8)  3235-47
The histone methyltransferase SDG724 Mediates H3K36me2/3 Deposition at MADS50 and RFT1 and Promotes Flowering in Rice.
Zhang Z.H., Wang K., Guo L., Zhu Y.J., Fan Y.Y., Cheng S.H., Zhuang J.Y.
PLoS ONE 2012  7(12)  e52538
Pleiotropism of the photoperiod-insensitive allele of Hd1 on heading date, plant height and yield traits in rice.
Liu S., Wang F., Gao L.J., Li J.H., Li R.B., Gao H.L., Deng G.F., Yang J.S., Luo X.J.
Breed. Sci. 2012  62(4)  310-9
Genetic analysis and fine mapping of LH1 and LH2, a set of complementary genes controlling late heading in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Wang W., Liu Z., Guo Z., Song G., Cheng Q., Jiang D., Zhu Y., Yang D.
BMC Genomics 2011  12  462
Comparative transcriptomes profiling of photoperiod-sensitive male sterile rice Nongken 58S during the male sterility transition between short-day and long-day.
Takahashi Y., Shimamoto K.
Genes and Genetic Systems 2011  86  175-182
Heading date 1 (Hd1), an ortholog of Arabidopsis CONSTANS, is a possible target of human selectionduring domestication to diversify floweringtimes of cultivated rice
Zhao X.L., Shi Z.Y., Peng L.T., Shen G.Z., Zhang J.L.
N Biotechnol 2011  28(6)  788-97
An atypical HLH protein OsLF in rice regulates flowering time and interacts with OsPIL13 and OsPIL15.
Izawa T. , Mihara M. , Suzuki Y. , Gupta M. , Itoh H. , Nagano A.J. , Motoyama R. , Sawada Y. , Yano M. , Hirai M.Y. , Makino A. , Nagamura Y.
Plant Cell 2011  23(5)  1741-55
Os-GIGANTEA Confers Robust Diurnal Rhythms on the Global Transcriptome of Rice in the Field.
Ishikawa R. , Aoki M. , Kurotani K. , Yokoi S. , Shinomura T. , Takano M. , Shimamoto K.
Mol. Genet. Genomics 2011  285(6)  461-70
Phytochrome B regulates Heading date 1 (Hd1)-mediated expression of rice florigen Hd3a and critical day length in rice.
Ebana K,Shibaya T,Wu J,Matsubara K,Kanamori H,Yamane H,Yamanouchi U,Mizubayashi T,Kono I,Shomura A,Ito S,Ando T,Hori K,Matsumoto T,Yano M
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  122(6)  1199-210
Uncovering of major genetic factors generating naturally occurring variation in heading date among Asian rice cultivars.
Shibaya T., Nonoue Y., Ono N., Yamanouchi U., Hori K., Yano M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  123(7)  1133-43
Genetic interactions involved in the inhibition of heading by heading date QTL, Hd2 in rice under long-day conditions.
Endo-Higashi N. , Izawa T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2011  52(6)  1083-94
Flowering Time Genes Heading date 1 and Early heading date 1 Together Control Panicle Development in Rice.
Li C., Huang L., Xu C., Zhao Y., Zhou D.X.
PLoS ONE 2011  6(7)  e21789
Altered levels of histone deacetylase OsHDT1 affect differential gene expression patterns in hybrid rice.
Sanyal,A., Ammiraju,J.S., Lu,F., Yu,Y., Rambo,T., Currie,J., Kollura,K., Kim,H.R., Chen,J., Ma,J., San Miguel,P., Mingsheng,C., Wing,R.A. and Jackson,S.A.
Mol. Biol. Evol. 2010  27(11)  2487-2506
Orthologous Comparisons of the Hd1 Region across Genera Reveal Hd1 Gene Lability within Diploid Oryza Species and Disruptions to Microsynteny in Sorghum
Fujino K,Wu J,Sekiguchi H,Ito T,Izawa T,Matsumoto T
Mol. Genet. Genomics 2010  284(2)  137-46
Multiple introgression events surrounding the Hd1 flowering-time gene in cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L.
Ogiso E,Takahashi Y,Sasaki T,Yano M,Izawa T
Plant Physiol. 2010  152(2)  808-20
The role of casein kinase II in flowering time regulation has diversified during evolution.
Maas LF,McClung A,McCouch S
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2010  120(5)  895-908
Dissection of a QTL reveals an adaptive, interacting gene complex associated with transgressive variation for flowering time in rice.
Saito H,Okumoto Y,Yoshitake Y,Inoue H,Yuan Q,Teraishi M,Tsukiyama T,Nishida H,Tanisaka T
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2010  122(1)  109-18
Complete loss of photoperiodic response in the rice mutant line X61 is caused by deficiency of phytochrome chromophore biosynthesis gene.
Takahashi Y,Teshima KM,Yokoi S,Innan H,Shimamoto K
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106  4555-60
Variations in Hd1 proteins, Hd3a promoters, and Ehd1 expression levels contribute to diversity of flowering time in cultivated rice.
Komiya R., Yokoi S., Shimamoto K.
Development 2009  136(20)  3443-50
A gene network for long-day flowering activates RFT1 encoding a mobile flowering signal in rice.
Vega-Sanchez ME,Zeng L,Chen S,Leung H,Wang GL
Plant Cell 2008  20  1456-69
SPIN1, a K homology domain protein negatively regulated and ubiquitinated by the E3 ubiquitin ligase SPL11, is involved in flowering time control in rice.
Xiangjin Wei a, Ling Jiang a, Junfeng Xu a, Wenwei Zhang a, Guangwen Lu a, Yongsheng Zhang a and Jianmin Wan
Field Crops Research 2008  107  147-154
Genetic analyses of heading date of Japonica rice cultivars from Northeast China
Nonoue,Y., Fujino,K., Hirayama,Y., Yamanouchi,U., Lin,S.Y. and Yano,M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2008  116(5)  715-722
Detection of quantitative trait loci controlling extremely early heading in rice
Matsubara,K., Kono,I., Hori,K., Nonoue,Y., Ono,N., Shomura,A., Mizubayashi,T., Yamamoto,S., Yamanouchi,U., Shirasawa,K., Nishio,T. and Yano,M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2008  117(6)  935-945
Novel QTLs for photoperiodic flowering revealed by using reciprocal backcross inbred lines from crosses between japonica rice cultivars
Abe M,Fujiwara M,Kurotani K,Yokoi S,Shimamoto K
Plant Cell Physiol. 2008  49  420-32
Identification of dynamin as an interactor of rice GIGANTEA by tandem affinity purification (TAP).
Uga Y, Nonoue Y, Liang ZW, Lin HX, Yamamoto S, Yamanouchi U, Yano M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2007  114  1457-66
Accumulation of additive effects generates a strong photoperiod sensitivity in the extremely late-heading rice cultivar 'Nona Bokra'.
Kim SL,Lee S,Kim HJ,Nam HG,An G
Plant Physiol. 2007  145  1484-94
OsMADS51 is a short-day flowering promoter that functions upstream of Ehd1, OsMADS14, and Hd3a.
Ishikawa R., Tamaki S., Yokoi S., Inagaki N., Shinomura T., Takano M., Shimamoto K.
Plant Cell 2005  17(12)  3326-36
Suppression of the floral activator Hd3a is the principal cause of the night break effect in rice.
Nakagawa, H., J. Yamagishi, N. Miyamoto, M. Motoyama, M. Yano and K. Nemoto
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2005  110 (4)  778-786
Flowering response of rice to photoperiod and temperature: a QTL analysis using a phenological model.
Doi, K., T. Izawa, T. Fuse, U. Yamanouchi, T. Kubo, Z. Shimatani, M. Yano, and A. Yoshimura
Genes Dev. 2004  18  926-936
Ehd1, a B-type response regulator in rice, confers short-day promotion of flowering and controls FT-like gene expression independently of Hd1.
Hayama, R., Yokoi, S., Tamaki, S., Yano, M. and Shimamoto, K.
Nature 2003  422  719-722
Adaptation of photoperiodic control pathways produces short-day flowering in rice.
Griffiths S., Roy P Dunford, Coupland G., David A Laurie
Plant Physiol. 2003  131(4)  1855-67
The evolution of CONSTANS-like gene families in barley, rice, and Arabidopsis.
Izawa, T., T. Oikawa, N. Sugiyama, T. Tanisaka, M. Yano and K. Shimamoto
Genes Dev. 2002  16  2006-2020
Phytochrome mediates the external light signal to repress FT orthologs in photoperiodic flowering of rice.
Yano, M., Kojima, S., Takahashi, Y, Lin, H. and Sasaki, T.
Plant Physiol. 2001  127  1425-1429
Genetic control of flowering time in rice, a short-day plant.
Rutger J.N., Mackill D.J.
Rice Genetics, IV. IRRI, Manila, Philippines 2001    27-38
Application of Mendelian genetics in rice breeding
Lin, H.X., T. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki and M. Yano
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2000  101  1021-1028
Characterization and detection of epistatic interactions of 3 QTLs, Hd1, Hd2, and Hd3, controlling heading date in rice using nearly isogenic lines.
Yano,M., Katayose,Y., Ashikari,M., Yamanouchi,U., Monna,L., Fuse,T., Baba,T., Yamamoto,K., Umehara,Y., Nagamura,Y. and Sasaki,T.
Plant Cell 2000  12(12)  2473-2483
Hd1, a major photoperiod sensitivity quantitative trait locus in rice, is closely related to the Arabidopsis flowering time gene CONSTANS.
Inoue, H., H. Nishida, Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1998  48  103-108.
Identification of an early heading time gene found in the Taiwanese rice cultivar Taichung 65.
Dung, L.V., T. Inukai and Y. Sano
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1998  97  714-720
Dissection of a major QTL for photoperiod sensitivity in rice: its association with a gene expressed in an age-dependent manner.
Ichitani, K., Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1998  48  51-57.
Genetic analysis of the rice cultivar Kasalath with special reference to two photoperiod sensitivity loci, E1 and Se-1.
Yamamoto, T., Y. Kuboki, S.Y. Lin, T. Sasaki and M. Yano
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1998  97  37-44.
Fine mapping of quantitative trait loci Hd-1, Hd-2 and Hd-3, controlloing heading date of rice, as single Mendelian factors.
Yano, M., Y. Harushima, Y. Nagamura, N. Kurata, Y. Minobe and T. Sasaki
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1997  95  1025-1032.
Identification of quantitative trait loci controlling heading date in rice using a high-density linkage map.
Ichitani, K., T. Tanaka, Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1997  47(Suppl. 1)  51
Gene analysis of the rice cultivar Kasalath with special reference to two photoperiod sensitivity loci, E1 and Se-1.
Ichitani, K., Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1997  47  145-152.
Photoperiod sensitivity gene of Se-1 locus found in photoperiod insensitive rice cultivars of the northern limit region of rice cultivation.
Yasuda, T., Y. Okumoto and H. Ikehashi
Breeding Science 1997  47 (Suppl. 1)  40
Analysis of complementary loci for delayed flowering in F1 hybrid of Indica-Japonica crosses II. Identification of a complementary locus for Se-1.
Inoue, H., Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  65
Early heading-time gene of the Se-1 locus detected in a rice variety, Taichung 65.
Okumoto, Y., H. Inoue, K. Ichitani and T. Tanisaka
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    423-427.
Effects of three genes that control heading date (Se1, E1 and Ef1) in four varietal groups of japonica rice.
Yasuda, T., Y. Okumoto and H. Ikehashi
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  64
Analysis of complementary loci for delayed flowering in F1 hybrids of Indica-Japonica crosses.
Katayose, Y., Y. Kuboki, N. Kurata, M. Yano and T. Sasaki
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  53
Physical mapping of region containing a photoperiod sensitivity gene, Hd-1(Se-1), based on a fine scale linkage map.
Ichitani, K., Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  86
The origin of a photoperiod-sensitivity gene, Se-1n, distributed among rice varieties grown in Hokkaido.
Dung, L.-V. and Y. Sano
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  239
Comparative genetics of photoperiod sensitivity genes located on chromosome 6 in rice.
Ichitani, K., Y. Nishida, Y. Okumoto and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  66
Gene analysis of rice varieties grown in Taiwan with special reference to Se-1 and Ef-1 loci.
Okumoto, Y., M. Maekawa, K. Ichitani and T. Tanisaka
Breeding Science 1996  46:(Suppl. 1)  85
Complementary effect of a photoperiod sensitivity gene in Hokkaido rice varieties and that in a strong cold resistant rice variety Silewah.
Tamura, K., M. Yano, T. Sasaki, K. Nomura, H. Namai and F. Kikuchi
Breeding Science 1995  45(Suppl. 1)  82
Linkage analysis using RFLP for a photoperiod-sensitive gene Se-1 locus with neighboring loci in rice.
Yanagihara, S., S.R. McCouch, K. Ishikawa, Y. Ogi, K. Maruyama and H. Ikehashi
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1995  90  182-188.
Molecular analysis of the inheritance of the S-5 locus, conferring wide compatibility in Indica/Japonica hybrids of rice (O.sativa L.).
Monna, L., A. Miyao, H.S. Zhong, T. Sasaki and Y. Minobe
DNA Res. 1995  2  101-106.
Screening of RAPD markers linked to the photoperiod-sensitivity gene in rice chromosome 6 using bulked segregant analysis.
Ohshima, I. and F. Kikuchi
Proc. 7th Intern. Congress SABRAO & Intern Symp. WSAA, Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, Taiwan, R.O.C. 1994  I.  93-100.
Identification of a recessive inhibitor for photoperiod sensitivity gene, Se-1, in photoperiod-insensitive varieties of Indica type rice. In Toward enhanced and sustainable agricultural productivity in 2000's: Breeding research and biotechnology.
Yokoo, M.
Breeding Science 1994  44  67-70.
Heading disturbance by long-day length treatment during reproductive stage in photoperiod-sensitive rice.
Tamura, K., I. Ohshima, K. Okada, Y. Morooka, N. Nomura, H. Namai, H. Kato, R. Ikeda and F. Kikuchi
Breeding Science 1994  44(Suppl. 1)  213
Linkage analysis of a photoperiod-sensitive gene Se-1 locus with neighbouring loci in rice.
Okumoto, Y., H. Inoue and T. Tanisaka
Proc. 7th Intern. Congress SABRAO & Intern Symp. WSAA, Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, Taiwan, R.O.C. 1994  I.  131-138.
Difference of the heading-time genes of a rice variety Taichung 65 from those of Japanese rice varieties. In Toward enhanced and sustainable agricultural productivity in 2000's: Breeding research and biotechnology.
Ohshima, I., K. Odaka, Y. Morooka, K. Nomura, F. Kikuchi, K. Maruyama, H. Kato, N. Kishimoto and A. Saito
Japan. J. Breed. 1993  43(Suppl. 1)  147
Linkage analysis of a photoperiod-sensitive gene locus (Se-1) with RFLP markers in rice.
Ohshima, I., F. Kikuchi, Y. Watanabe and C. Asahi
Japan. J. Breed. 1993  43  101-106.
Genetic analysis of heading time in a cross between two Indica varieties with inhibitor genes for photoperiod sensitivity.
Fukuchi, A., Y. Suzuki, H. Hirochika and F. Kikuchi
RGN 1992  9  47-50.
Linkage relations between the photoperiod sensitivity gene Se-1 and two other genes, Pi-zt and Pgi-2.
Oosumi, T., A. Miyazaki, H. Uchimiya, F. Kikuchi and M. Yokoo
Bot. Mag. Tokyo. 1989  102  283-289.
Analysis of glucose phosphate isomerase in near-isogenic lines and cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Sato, Shigetoshi
RGN 1986  3  10-12.
3. Gene symbols for heading behavior.
Yokoo, M. and F. Kikuchi
Japan. J. Breed. 1982  32(1)  1-8.
Monogenic control of basic vegetative phase and photoperiod-sensitive phase in rice.
Yokoo, M. and F. Kikuchi
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(1)  49-55.
Genetic analysis for heading time in rice by the aid of the linkage with blast resistance.
Yokoo, M. and F. Kikuchi
Japan. J. Breed. 1977  27(2)  123-130.
Multiple allelism of locus controlling heading time of rice detected using the close linkage with blast-resistance.
Kudo, M.
Bull. Natl. Inst. Agric. Sci., Ser.D 1968  19  1-84.
Genetical and breeding studies on physiological and ecological characters in hybrids between ecological groups of rice.
Chandraratna, M.F.
J. Genet. 1955  53(2)  215-223.
Genetics of photoperiod sensitivity in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for SE1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060860
Gene Ontology negative regulation of long-day photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048579 )
cell differentiation( GO:0030154 )
photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048573 )
response to light stimulus( GO:0009416 )
response to temperature stimulus( GO:0009266 )
transcription, DNA-dependent( GO:0006351 )
flower development( GO:0009908 )
DNA binding( GO:0003677 )
transcription factor activity( GO:0003700 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
circadian rhythm( GO:0007623 )
zinc ion binding( GO:0008270 )
photoperiodism( GO:0009648 )
regulation of flower development( GO:0009909 )
inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent( GO:0045892 )
long-day photoperiodism( GO:0048571 )
short-day photoperiodism( GO:0048572 )
positive regulation of short-day photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048576 )
Trait Ontology panicle size( TO:0006032 )
grain number( TO:0002759 )
days to heading( TO:0000137 )
days to maturity( TO:0000469 )
filled grain percentage( TO:0000448 )
flowering time( TO:0002616 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
light sensitivity( TO:0000075 )
temperature response trait( TO:0000432 )
photoperiod sensitivity( TO:0000229 )
yield trait( TO:0000371 )
inflorescence branching( TO:0000050 )
Plant Ontology spikelet floret( PO:0009082 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
leaf( PO:0025034 )
flowering stage( PO:0007616 )
portion of meristem tissue( PO:0009013 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jan 17, 2024