Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

Click here for feedback

Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol SBE1
Gene Symbol Synonym sbe1, Rbe1. Sbe1, sbe1*(QEI), RBE1, BEI, SBE I, QEI, OsBEI, BE1, OsSBEI, SBEI
Gene Name Synonym starch branching enzyme1 (Q enzyme1), starch branching enzyme1, Q enzyme1, starch branching enzyme 1, Q-enzyme 1, "1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme, chloroplast precursor", "1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme, chloroplast", "1,4-alpha-glucan-branching enzyme, chloroplastic/amyloplastic", Q-enzyme 1, starch branching enzyme 1, starch branching enzyme-1, branching enzyme-I, Q-Enzyme I, starch Branching enzyme isoform Type A, Branching enzyme isoform Type A, BE isoform type A, branching enzyme 1
Allele be1
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation EC= Q01401. D11082, AF136268, D10838, D10752, AY302112, E07175. HQ712133, HQ712132, HQ712131, HQ712130, HQ712129, HQ712128, HQ712127, HQ712126. AY427568 (promoter). AY886060-AY886090 and DQ374885-DQ374912 (O. sativa and other wild rice species, partial cds). GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage.
Trait Class Seed - Morphological traits - Endosperm
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Seed - Physiological traits - Storage substances
cDNA Accession No. AK120332
MSU ID LOC_Os06g51084.1
RAP ID Os06g0726400
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Jin S.K., Xu L.N., Leng Y.J., Zhang M.Q., Yang Q.Q., Wang S.L., Jia S.W., Song T., Wang R.A., Tao T., Liu Q.Q., Cai X.L., Gao J.P.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023   
The OsNAC24-OsNAP protein complex activates OsGBSSI and OsSBEI expression to fine-tune starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm.
Cao R., Zhao S., Jiao G., Duan Y., Ma L., Dong N., Lu F., Zhu M., Shao G., Hu S., Sheng Z., Zhang J., Tang S., Wei X., Hu P.
Plant Commun 2022  3(6)  100463
OPAQUE3, encoding a transmembrane bZIP transcription factor, regulates endosperm storage protein and starch biosynthesis in rice.
Gavgani H.N., Fawaz R., Ehyaei N., Walls D., Pawlowski K., Fulgos R., Park S., Assar Z., Ghanbarpour A., Geiger J.H.
J. Biol. Chem. 2022  298(1)  101395
A structural explanation for the mechanism and specificity of plant branching enzymes I and IIb.
Li J., Zhao T., Chen L., Chen H., Luo D., Chen C., Miao Y., Liu D.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  368
Artemisia argyi allelopathy: a generalist compromises hormone balance, element absorption, and photosynthesis of receptor plants.
Niu B., Zhang Z., Zhang J., Zhou Y., Chen C.
Plant J. 2021  106(5)  1233-1246
The rice LEC1-like transcription factor OsNF-YB9 interacts with SPK, an endosperm-specific sucrose synthase protein kinase, and functions in seed development.
Fukayama H., Miyagawa F., Shibatani N., Koudou A., Sasayama D., Hatanaka T., Azuma T., Yamauchi Y., Matsuoka D., Morita R.
Plant Cell Environ. 2021  44(8)  2480-2493
CO2 -responsive CCT protein interacts with 14-3-3 proteins and controls the expression of starch synthesis-related genes.
Liu X., Luo J., Li T., Yang H., Wang P., Su L., Zheng Y., Bao C., Zhou C.
Rice (N Y) 2021  14(1)  25
SDG711 Is Involved in Rice Seed Development through Regulation of Starch Metabolism Gene Expression in Coordination with Other Histone Modifications.
Wang J., Chen Z., Zhang Q., Meng S., Wei C.
Plant Physiol. 2020  184(4)  1775-1791
The NAC Transcription Factors OsNAC20 and OsNAC26 Regulate Starch and Storage Protein Synthesis.
Baysal C., He W., Drapal M., Villorbina G., Medina V., Capell T., Khush G.S., Zhu C., Fraser P.D., Christou P.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2020  117(42)  26503-26512
Inactivation of rice starch branching enzyme IIb triggers broad and unexpected changes in metabolism by transcriptional reprogramming.
Sera Y., Hanamata S., Sakamoto S., Ono S., Kaneko K., Mitsui Y., Koyano T., Fujita N., Sasou A., Masumura T., Saji H., Nonomura K.I., Mitsuda N., Mitsui T., Kurusu T., Kuchitsu K.
Sci Rep 2019  9(1)  18544
Essential roles of autophagy in metabolic regulation in endosperm development during rice seed maturation.
Lee H.S., Hwang W.H., Jeong J.H., Ahn S.H., Baek J.S., Jeong H.Y., Park H.K., Ku B.I., Yun J.T., Lee G.H., Choi K.J.
BMC Genomics 2019  20(1)  18
Analysis of the distribution of assimilation products and the characteristics of transcriptomes in rice by submergence during the ripening stage.
Long W., Wang Y., Zhu S., Jing W., Wang Y., Ren Y., Tian Y., Liu S., Liu X., Chen L., Wang D., Zhong M., Zhang Y., Hu T., Zhu J., Hao Y., Zhu X., Zhang W., Wang C., Zhang W., Wan J.
Plant Physiol. 2018  177(2)  698-712
FLOURY shrunken endosperm1 Connects Phospholipid Metabolism and Amyloplast Development in Rice.
Wada H., Masumoto-Kubo C., Tsutsumi K., Nonami H., Tanaka F., Okada H., Erra-Balsells R., Hiraoka K., Nakashima T., Hakata M., Morita S.
PLoS ONE 2017  12(7)  e0181272
Turgor-responsive starch phosphorylation in Oryza sativa stems: A primary event of starch degradation associated with grain-filling ability.
Morita R., Sugino M., Hatanaka T., Misoo S., Fukayama H.
Plant Physiol. 2015  167(4)  1321-31
CO2-Responsive CONSTANS, CONSTANS-Like, and Time of Chlorophyll a/b Binding Protein Expression1 Protein Is a Positive Regulator of Starch Synthesis in Vegetative Organs of Rice.
Wu Y.P., Pu C.H., Lin H.Y., Huang H.Y., Huang Y.C., Hong C.Y., Chang M.C., Lin Y.R.
Plant Sci. 2015  233  44-52
Three novel alleles of FLOURY ENDOSPERM2 (flo2) confer dull grains with low amylose content in rice.
Su J., Hu C., Yan X., Jin Y., Chen Z., Guan Q., Wang Y., Zhong D., Jansson C., Wang F., Schnürer A., Sun C.
Nature 2015  523(7562)  602-6
Expression of barley SUSIBA2 transcription factor yields high-starch low-methane rice.
Abe N., Asai H., Yago H., Oitome N.F., Itoh R., Crofts N., Nakamura Y., Fujita N.
BMC Plant Biol. 2014  14(1)  80
Relationships between starch synthase I and branching enzyme isozymes determined using double mutant rice lines.
Sawada T., Nakamura Y., Ohdan T., Saitoh A., Francisco P.B., Suzuki E., Fujita N., Shimonaga T., Fujiwara S., Tsuzuki M., Colleoni C., Ball S.
Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 2014  562  9-21
Diversity of reaction characteristics of glucan branching enzymes and the fine structure of alpha-glucan from various sources.
Wang J.C., Xu H., Zhu Y., Liu Q.Q., Cai X.L.
J. Exp. Bot. 2013  64(11)  3453-66
OsbZIP58, a basic leucine zipper transcription factor, regulates starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm.
Lu F.H., Park Y.J.
J. Cereal Sci. 2012  56  706-712
An SNP downstream of the OsBEIIb gene is significantly associated with amylose content and viscosity properties in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Nakamura Y., Ono M., Utsumi C., Steup M.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2012  53(5)  869-78
Functional Interaction between Plastidial Starch Phosphorylase and Starch Branching Enzymes from Rice during the Synthesis of Branched Maltodextrins.
Li C., Wang Y., Liu L., Hu Y., Zhang F., Mergen S., Wang G., Schläppi MR., Chu C.
PLoS Genet. 2011  7(7)  e1002196
A rice plastidial nucleotide sugar epimerase is involved in galactolipid biosynthesis and improves photosynthetic efficiency.
Yan CJ,Tian ZX,Fang YW,Yang YC,Li J,Zeng SY,Gu SL,Xu CW,Tang SZ,Gu MH
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  122(1)  63-76
Genetic analysis of starch paste viscosity parameters in glutinous rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Sun,M.M., Abdula,S.E., Lee,H.J., Cho,Y.C., Han,L.Z., Koh,H.J. and Cho,Y.G.
PLoS One 2011  6 (4)  e18385
Molecular aspect of good eating quality formation in japonica rice
Tian,Z., Qian,Q., Liu,Q., Yan,M., Liu,X., Yan,C., Liu,G., Gao,Z., Tang,S., Zeng,D., Wang,Y., Yu,J., Gu,M. and Li,J.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106(51)  21760-5
Allelic diversities in rice starch biosynthesis lead to a diverse array of rice eating and cooking qualities
Satoh,H., Shibahara,K., Tokunaga,T., Nishi,A., Tasaki,M., Hwang,S.K., Okita,T.W., Kaneko,N., Fujita,N., Yoshida,M., Hosaka,Y., Sato,A., Utsumi,Y., Ohdan,T. and Nakamura,Y.
Plant Cell 2008  20(7)  1833-1849
Mutation of the Plastidial {alpha}-Glucan Phosphorylase Gene in Rice Affects the Synthesis and Structure of Starch in the Endosperm
Vu NT, Shimada H, Kakuta Y, Nakashima T, Ida H, Omori T, Nishi A, Satoh H, Kimura M.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 2008  72(11)  2858-2866
Biochemical and Crystallographic Characterization of the Starch Branching Enzyme I (BEI) from Oryza sativa L.
Yamaguchi, Takeshi
Plant Physiol. 2007  144(1)  258-277
Comprehensive Expression Profiling of Rice Grain Filling-Related Genes under High Temperature Using DNA Microarray.
Bao JS, Corke H, Sun M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2006  113(7)  1185-96
Microsatellites, single nucleotide polymorphisms and a sequence tagged site in starch-synthesizing genes in relation to starch physicochemical properties in nonwaxy rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Tang,T., Lu,J., Huang,J., He,J., McCouch,S.R., Shen,Y., Kai,Z., Purugganan,M.D., Shi,S. and Wu,C.-I.
PLoS Genet. 2 (11), e199 REMARK Publication Status: Online-Only 2006  2(11) 
Genomic Variation in Rice: Genesis of Highly Polymorphic Linkage Blocks during Domestication
Qu,L.Q. and Takaiwa,F.
Plant Biotechnol J. 2004  2(2)  113-125
Evaluation of tissue specificity and expression strength of rice seed component gene promoters in transgenic rice
Chen,X.H., Liu,Q.Q., Wu,H.K., Wang,Z.Y. and Gu,M.H.
Zhongguo Shuidao Kexue 2003  17  109-112
cDNA Cloning and Sequence Analysis of Rice Sbe1 and Sbe3 Genes
Satoh H, Nishi A, Yamashita K, Takemoto Y, Tanaka Y, Hosaka Y, Sakurai A, Fujita N, Nakamura Y.
Plant Physiol. 2003  133(3)  1111-1121
Starch-branching enzyme I-deficient mutation specifically affects the structure and properties of starch in rice endosperm.
Nishi A, Nakamura Y, Tanaka N, Satoh H
Plant Physiol. 2001  127(2)  459-72
Biochemical and genetic analysis of the effects of amylose-extender mutation in rice endosperm
Nakamura Y., Umemoto T., Takahata Y., Komae K., Amano E., Satoh H.
Physiol Plant 1996  97(3)  491-498
Changes in structure of starch and enzyme activities affected by sugary mutations in developing rice endosperm. Possible role of starch debranching enzyme (R-enzyme) in amylopectin biosynthesis
Plant Science 1996  121  1-18
Some properties of starch debranching enzymes and their possible role in amylopectin biosynthesis
Nakamura, Y., Y. Nagamura, N. Kurata and Y. Minobe
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1994  89  859-860.
Linkage localization of the starch branching enzyme I (Q-enzyme 1) gene in rice.
Kawasaki,T., Mizuno,K., Baba,T. and Shimada,H.
Mol. Gen. Genet. 1993  237(1-2)  10-16
Molecular analysis of the gene encoding a rice starch branching enzyme.
Nakamura,Y. and Yamanouchi,H.
Plant Physiol. 1992  99(3)  1265-1266
Nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding starch-branching enzyme, or Q-enzyme I, from rice endosperm
Nakamura Y, Umemoto T, Takahata Y, Amano E
Gamma Field Symp. 1992  31  25-44
Characteristics and roles of key enzymes associated with starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm
Nakamura Y., Takeichi T., Kawaguchi K., Yamanouchi H.
Physiol Plant 1992  84(3)  329-335
Purification of two forms of starch branching enzyme (Q-enzyme) from developing rice endosperm
Mizuno,K., Kimura,K., Arai,Y., Kawasaki,T., Shimada,H. and Baba,T.
J. Biochem. 1992  112(5)  643-651
Starch branching enzymes from immature rice seeds.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for SBE1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060838
Gene Ontology response to other organism( GO:0051707 )
response to heat( GO:0009408 )
starch biosynthetic process( GO:0019252 )
chloroplast( GO:0009507 )
plastid( GO:0009536 )
amyloplast starch grain( GO:0009568 )
starch metabolic process( GO:0005982 )
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme activity( GO:0003844 )
hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds( GO:0004553 )
polysaccharide metabolic process( GO:0005976 )
amyloplast( GO:0009501 )
cation binding( GO:0043169 )
response to flooding( GO:0009413 )
Trait Ontology carbohydrate composition related trait( TO:0000489 )
amylopectin content( TO:0000097 )
submergence sensitivity( TO:0000286 )
amylose content( TO:0000196 )
sugar content( TO:0000333 )
grain weight( TO:0000590 )
heat tolerance( TO:0000259 )
Plant Ontology endosperm( PO:0009089 )
leaf( PO:0025034 )
phloem( PO:0005417 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
vascular bundle( PO:0005020 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Dec 27, 2023