Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

Click here for feedback

Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D1
Gene Symbol Synonym d1, GPA1, GA1, OsGA1, RGA1, dwf1, XA7, RGA, D1/RGA1, D89, TGW5, OsTGW5
Gene Name Synonym daikoku dwarf, XANTHOMONAS CAMPESTRIS PV. ORYZAE RESISTANCE 7, dwarf-1, Guanine nucleotide-binding protein alpha-1 subunit, GP-alpha-1, Protein Dwarf1, G-protein alpha subunit, GP-alpha-1, G-protein alpha subunit 1, dwarf69, dwarf 69, GTP binding protein alpha-subunit, dwarf 89, rice G protein a subunit 1, G protein a subunit 1, heterotrimeric G protein alpha-subunit, Thousand-Grain-Weight 5
Allele d1, d89, d1-5, rga1, d1-c, rga1-1, rga1-2
Chromosome No. 5
Explanation One third of normal height, having short thick leaves of dark green color. Internodes are thick and sometimes the second internode does not elongate. Grain is small and round. D38232. L35844. A2Y3B5(indica). Q0DJ33(japonica). PO:0009047; stem ; PO:0000003; whole plant ; PO:0009049; inflorescence ; PO:0009010; seed ; PO:0020039; leaf lamina ; PO:0020142; stem internode ; PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. L35844, AY792541-AY792546 (O. sativa and other wild rice species). AY299684, AY188586, AY188587, AY188596, AY188597 (wild rice species). L28001. DQ223335-DQ223343, DQ223368-DQ223382, DQ223400, DQ223401, DQ223409-DQ223413, DQ911247 (wild rice species). HQ634688.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Leaf
Vegetative organ - Culm
Seed - Morphological traits - Grain shape
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. L28001
MSU ID LOC_Os05g26890.1
RAP ID Os05g0333200
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 30.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Ying J., Qin Y., Zhang F., Duan L., Cheng P., Yin M., Wang Y., Tong X., Huang J., Li Z., Song X., Zhang J.
Plant Commun 2024  5(4)  100811
A weak allele of TGW5 enables greater seed propagation and efficient size-based seed sorting for hybrid rice production.
Ferrero-Serrano Á., Chakravorty D., Kirven K.J., Assmann S.M.
Plant Commun 2024  5(4)  100813
Oryza CLIMtools: A genome-environment association resource reveals adaptive roles for heterotrimeric G proteins in the regulation of rice agronomic traits.
Ferrero-Serrano Á., Chakravorty D., Kirven K.J., Assmann S.M.
bioRxiv 2023   
Oryza CLIMtools: An Online Portal for Investigating Genome-Environment Associations in Rice.
Chaya G., Segami S., Fujita M., Morinaka Y., Iwasaki Y., Miura K.
Plants (Basel) 2022  11(3) 
<i>OsGGC2</i>, Ggamma Subunit of Heterotrimeric G Protein, Regulates plant height by Functionally Overlapping with <i>DEP1</i> in Rice.
Luo M., Han Z., Huang G., Li R., Liu Y., Lu J., Liu L., Miao R.
Plant Signal Behav 2022  17(1)  2024405
Structural comparison of unconventional G protein YchF with heterotrimeric G protein and small G protein.
Li R., Jiang M., Song Y., Zhang H.
Front Plant Sci 2021  12  727596
Melatonin Alleviates Low-Temperature Stress <i>via</i> ABI5-Mediated Signals During Seed Germination in Rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i> L.).
Cui Y., Jiang N., Xu Z., Xu Q.
BMC Plant Biol. 2020  20(1)  90
Heterotrimeric G protein are involved in the regulation of multiple agronomic traits and stress tolerance in rice.
Gao Y., Gu H., Leburu M., Li X., Wang Y., Sheng J., Fang H., Gu M., Liang G.
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  53
The heterotrimeric G protein beta subunit rgb1 is required for seedling formation in rice.
Xu P., Ali A., Han B., Wu X.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  1528
Current Advances in Molecular Basis and Mechanisms Regulating Leaf Morphology in Rice.
Sun S., Wang L., Mao H., Shao L., Li X., Xiao J., Ouyang Y., Zhang Q.
Nat Commun 2018  9(1)  851
A G-protein pathway determines grain rice.
Qiu J., Hou Y., Wang Y., Li Z., Zhao J., Tong X., Lin H., Wei X., Ao H., Zhang J.
Int J Mol Sci 2017  18(1) 
A Comprehensive Proteomic Survey of ABA-Induced Protein Phosphorylation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Ma Y., Dai X., Xu Y., Luo W., Zheng X., Zeng D., Pan Y., Lin X., Liu H., Zhang D., Xiao J., Guo X., Xu S., Niu Y., Jin J., Zhang H., Xu X., Li L., Wang W., Qian Q., Ge S., Chong K.
Cell 2015  160(6)  1209-21
COLD1 confers chilling tolerance in rice.
Yang D.W.a, Zheng X.H.a, Cheng C.P.a, Wang W.D.b, Xing D.H.c, Lu L.B.a, Liu C.D.a, Ye N.a, Zeng M.J.a, Ye X.F.a
Euphytica 2014  197  145-159
A dwarfing mutant caused by deactivation function of alpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G-protein in rice
Sun H., Qian Q., Wu K., Luo J., Wang S., Zhang C., Ma Y., Liu Q., Huang X., Yuan Q., Han R., Zhao M., Dong G., Guo L., Zhu X., Gou Z., Wang W., Wu Y., Lin H., Fu X.
Nat. Genet. 2014  46(6)  652-6
Heterotrimeric G proteins regulate nitrogen-use efficiency in rice.
Zhang C., Bai M.Y., Chong K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2014  33(5)  683-96
Brassinosteroid-mediated regulation of agronomic traits in rice.
Jung K.H., Kim S.R., Giong H.K., Nguyen M.X., Go H.J., An G.
Mol Plant 2014   
Genome-wide Identification and Functional Analysis of Genes Expressed Ubiquitously in Rice.
Yadav D.K., Shukla D., Tuteja N.
Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2013  63  262-71
Rice heterotrimeric G-protein alpha subunit (RGA1): in silico analysis of the gene and promoter and its upregulation under abiotic stress.
Hu X., Qian Q., Xu T., Zhang Y., Dong G., Gao T., Xie Q., Xue Y.
PLoS Genet. 2013  9(3)  e1003391
The U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase TUD1 functions with a heterotrimeric G alpha subunit to regulate Brassinosteroid-mediated growth in rice.
Utsunomiya Y. , Samejima C. , Takayanagi Y. , Izawa Y. , Yoshida T. , Sawada Y. , Fujisawa Y. , Kato H. , Iwasaki Y.
Plant J. 2011  67(5))  907-16
Suppression of the rice heterotrimeric G?protein beta-subunit gene, RGB1, causes dwarfism and browning of internodes and lamina joint regions.
Li,Z.M., Zheng,X.M. and Ge,S.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  123(1)  21-31
Genetic diversity and domestication history of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) as inferred from multiple gene sequences
Tanaka A,Nakagawa H,Tomita C,Shimatani Z,Ohtake M,Nomura T,Jiang CJ,Dubouzet JG,Kikuchi S,Sekimoto H,Yokota T,Asami T,Kamakura T,Mori M
Plant Physiol. 2009  151(2)  669-80
BRASSINOSTEROID UPREGULATED1, encoding a helix-loop-helix protein, is a novel gene involved in brassinosteroid signaling and controls bending of the lamina joint in rice.
Zhang,L.B. and Ge,S.
Mol. Biol. Evol. 2007  24(3)  769-783
Multilocus analysis of nucleotide variation and speciation in Oryza officinalis and its close relatives
Bethke PC, Hwang YS, Zhu T, Jones RL.
Plant Physiol. 2006  140(2)  484-98
Global patterns of gene expression in the aleurone of wild-type and dwarf1 mutant rice.
Guo,Y.L. and Ge,S.
Am. J. Bot. 2005  92(9)  1548-1558
Molecular phylogeny of Oryzeae (Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from chloroplast, mitochondrial, and nuclear genomes
Laetitia Perfus-Barbeoch, Alan M Jones, Sarah M Assmann
Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2004  7(6)  719-31
Plant heterotrimeric G protein function: insights from Arabidopsis and rice mutants.
Bao,Y. and Ge,S.
Plant Syst. Evol. 2004  249(1-2)  55-66
Origin and phylogeny of Oryza species with the CD genome based on multiple-gene sequence data
Fei,X.W., Deng,X.D., Wang,Y.S., Liu,L.S. and Xu,Z.F.
Acta scientiarum naturalium, Universitatis Sunyatseni (Zhongshan Da Xue Xue Bao Zi Ran Ke Xue Ban) 2004  43 (1)  70-74
Genetic Analysis and molecular characterization of the GTP binding protein alpha-subunit gene from rice dwarf mutatant dwarf 69
Kato,C., Mizutani,T., Tamaki,H., Kumagai,H., Kamiya,T., Hirobe,A., Fujisawa,Y., Kato,H. and Iwasaki,Y.
Plant J. 2004  38(2)  320-331
Characterization of heterotrimeric G protein complexes in rice plasma membrane
Suharsono, U., Y. Fujisawa, T. Kawasaki, Y. Iwasaki, H. Satoh and K. Shimamoto
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002  99  13307-13312
The heterotrimeric G protein α subunit acts upstream of the small GTPase Rac in disease resistance of rice.
Ueguchi-Tanaka, M., Y. Fujisawa, M. Kobayashi, M. Ashikari, Y. Iwasaki, H. Kitano and M. Matsuoka
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2000  97  11638-11343
Rice dwarf mutant d1, which is defective in the α subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein, affects gibberellin signal transduction.
Ashikari,M., Wu,J., Yano,M., Sasaki,T. and Yoshimura,A.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1999  96(18)  10284-10289
Rice gibberellin-insensitive dwarf mutant gene Dwarf 1 encodes the alpha-subunit of GTP-binding protein.
Fujisawa,Y., Kato,T., Ohki,S., Ishikawa,A., Kitano,H., Sasaki,T., Asahi,T. and Iwasaki,Y.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1999  96(13)  7575-7580
Suppression of the heterotrimeric G protein causes abnormal morphology, including dwarfism, in rice.
Ashikari, M., J. Wu, M. Yano, T. Sasaki and A. Yoshimura
Breeding Science 1998  48(Suppl. 2)  70
Map-based cloning of rice Dwarf1 gene.
Ashikari, M., S. Saji, Y. Umehara, T. Matsumoto, M. Yano, T. Sasaki, A. Yoshimura and N. Iwata
Breeding Science 1997  47(Suppl. 2)  192
Physical mapping around d-1 gene in rice.
Ashikari, M., O. Ideta, A. Yoshimura and N. Iwata
RGN 1996  13  76-78.
Fine map of d-1 gene in rice.
Takamure, I., M.C. Hong and T. Kinoshita
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  78
Genetic interactions between major genes concerned with grain size in rice.
Ashikari, M., A. Yoshimura and N. Iwata
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  79
Fine mapping of d-1 dwarf gene in rice.
Ishikawa,A., Tsubouchi,H., Iwasaki,Y. and Asahi,T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 1995  36(2)  353-359
Molecular cloning and characterization of a cDNA for the alpha subunit of a G protein from rice.
Seo,H.S., Kim,H.Y., Jeong,J.Y., Lee,S.Y., Cho,M.J. and Bahk,J.D.
Plant Mol. Biol. 1995  27(6)  1119-1131
Molecular cloning and characterization of RGA1 encoding a G protein alpha subunit from rice (Oryza sativa L. IR-36).
Ideta, O., A. Yoshimura, M. Ashikari and N. Iwata
RGN 1994  11  116-117.
Integration of conventional and RFLP linkage maps in rice.III. Choromosomes 5, 7, 8 and 12.
Mitsunaga, S., T. Tashiro and J. Yamaguchi
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1994  87  705-712.
Identification and characterization of gibberellin-insensitive mutants from among dwarf mutants of rice.
Satoh, H. and N. Iwata
Japan. J. Breed. 1990  40(Suppl. 2)  268-269.
Linkage analysis in rice. On three mutant loci for endosperm properties, ge(giant embryo), du-4(dull endosperm-4) and flo-1(floury endosperm-1).
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1984  29(2.3)  139-144.
Studies on the trisomics in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). VII. On some marker genes located on chromosome 2 and their sequence on the linkage map.
Yoshimura, A., N. Iwata and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1982  32(4)  323-332.
Linkage analysis by reciprocal translocation method in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). III. Marker genes located on chromosomes 2, 3, 4 and 7.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1981  31(Suppl. 1)  66-67.
Linkage analysis by use of trisomics in rice (Oryza sativa L. ). IV. Linkage groups locating on chromosomes 2 and 10.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for D1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060184
Gene Ontology response to hormone stimulus( GO:0009725 )
response to metal ion( GO:0010038 )
response to abscisic acid stimulus( GO:0009737 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
response to cold( GO:0009409 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway( GO:0007186 )
GTPase activity( GO:0003924 )
signal transducer activity( GO:0004871 )
GTP binding( GO:0005525 )
gibberellic acid mediated signaling( GO:0009740 )
hormone-mediated signaling( GO:0009755 )
heterotrimeric G-protein complex( GO:0005834 )
protein amino acid ADP-ribosylation( GO:0006471 )
defense response( GO:0006952 )
response to heat( GO:0009408 )
Trait Ontology stem length( TO:0000576 )
red light sensitivity( TO:0000158 )
leaf width( TO:0000370 )
leaf color( TO:0000326 )
seed shape( TO:0000484 )
leaf length( TO:0000135 )
leaf shape( TO:0000492 )
micronutrient sensitivity( TO:0000080 )
abscisic acid sensitivity( TO:0000615 )
heat tolerance( TO:0000259 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
gibberellic acid sensitivity( TO:0000166 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
leaf lamina color( TO:0000299 )
panicle type( TO:0000089 )
grain shape( TO:0002730 )
cold tolerance( TO:0000303 )
basal internode diameter( TO:0000132 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
drought tolerance( TO:0000276 )
plant growth hormone sensitivity( TO:0000401 )
panicle length( TO:0000040 )
seed size( TO:0000391 )
1000-dehulled grain weight( TO:0000592 )
seed set percent( TO:0000455 )
grain length( TO:0000734 )
Plant Ontology inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
leaf lamina( PO:0020039 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
whole plant( PO:0000003 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 24
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 2
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jun 18, 2024