Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol SSI
Gene Symbol Synonym OsSSI, SSS 1, SSS1, SS1, OsSS1, SSSI, OsSSSI
Gene Name Synonym Starch synthase-I, "Soluble starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic", Starch synthase I
Allele ss1, ss1L
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation EC= A2Y9M4(indica), Q0DEC8(japonica). AY299404, D38221, AF165890, D16202, E06904. HQ712142, HQ712143, HQ712144, HQ712145, HQ712146, HQ712147, HQ712148, HQ712149. BGIOSGA021860. GO:1901698: response to nitrogen compound.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Seed - Physiological traits - Storage substances
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK109458
MSU ID LOC_Os06g06560.1
RAP ID Os06g0160700
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Jin S.K., Xu L.N., Leng Y.J., Zhang M.Q., Yang Q.Q., Wang S.L., Jia S.W., Song T., Wang R.A., Tao T., Liu Q.Q., Cai X.L., Gao J.P.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023   
The OsNAC24-OsNAP protein complex activates OsGBSSI and OsSBEI expression to fine-tune starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm.
Sun C., Wang Y., Yang X., Tang L., Wan C., Liu J., Chen C., Zhang H., He C., Liu C., Wang Q., Zhang K., Zhang W., Yang B., Li S., Zhu J., Sun Y., Li W., Zhou Y., Wang P., Deng X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023  21(3)  621-634
MATE transporter GFD1 cooperates with sugar transporters, mediates carbohydrate partitioning and controls grain-filling duration, grain size and number in rice.
Liao Y., Ali A., Xue Z., Zhou X., Ye W., Guo D., Liao Y., Jiang P., Wu T., Zhang H., Xu P., Chen X., Zhou H., Liu Y., Wang W., Wu X.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(7) 
Disruption of <i>LLM9428</i>/<i>OsCATC</i> Represses Starch Metabolism and Confers Enhanced Blast Resistance in Rice.
Chen Z., Wang Y., Huang R., Zhang Z., Huang J., Yu F., Lin Y., Guo Y., Liang K., Zhou Y., Chen F.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  137
Integration of transcriptomic and proteomic analyses reveals several levels of metabolic regulation in the excess starch and early senescent leaf mutant LSES1 in rice.
Zhang H., Jang S.G., Lar S.M., Lee A.R., Cao F.Y., Seo J., Kwon S.W.
Plants (Basel) 2021  10(6) 
Genome-Wide Identification and Genetic Variations of the starch synthase Gene Family in Rice.
Niu B., Zhang Z., Zhang J., Zhou Y., Chen C.
Plant J. 2021  106(5)  1233-1246
The rice LEC1-like transcription factor OsNF-YB9 interacts with SPK, an endosperm-specific sucrose synthase protein kinase, and functions in seed development.
Ali I., Ullah S., Iqbal A., Quan Z., Liang H., Ahmad S., Muhammad I., Amanullah, Imran, Guo Z., Wei S., Jiang L.
BMC Plant Biol. 2021  21(1)  600
Combined application of biochar and nitrogen fertilizer promotes the activity of starch metabolism enzymes and the expression of related genes in rice in a dual cropping system.
Jiang L., Zhong H., Jiang X., Zhang J., Huang R., Liao F., Deng Y., Liu Q., Huang Y., Wang H., Tao Y., Zheng J.
Front Plant Sci 2021  12  814928
Identification and Pleiotropic Effect Analysis of <i>GSE5</i> on Rice Chalkiness and grain shape.
Liu X., Luo J., Li T., Yang H., Wang P., Su L., Zheng Y., Bao C., Zhou C.
Rice (N Y) 2021  14(1)  25
SDG711 Is Involved in Rice Seed Development through Regulation of Starch Metabolism Gene Expression in Coordination with Other Histone Modifications.
Baysal C., He W., Drapal M., Villorbina G., Medina V., Capell T., Khush G.S., Zhu C., Fraser P.D., Christou P.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2020  117(42)  26503-26512
Inactivation of rice starch branching enzyme IIb triggers broad and unexpected changes in metabolism by transcriptional reprogramming.
Hu L., Tu B., Yang W., Yuan H., Li J., Guo L., Zheng L., Chen W., Zhu X., Wang Y., Qin P., Ma B., Li S.
Plant Physiol. 2020  183(3)  1073-1087
Mitochondria-Associated pyruvate kinase Complexes Regulate Grain Filling in Rice.
Wang J., Chen Z., Zhang Q., Meng S., Wei C.
Plant Physiol. 2020  184(4)  1775-1791
The NAC Transcription Factors OsNAC20 and OsNAC26 Regulate Starch and Storage Protein Synthesis.
Liu E., Zeng S., Zhu S., Liu Y., Wu G., Zhao K., Liu X., Liu Q., Dong Z., Dang X., Xie H., Li D., Hu X., Hong D.
Plant Physiol. 2019  181(3)  1207-1222
Favorable Alleles of <i>GRAIN-FILLING RATE1</i> Increase the Grain-Filling Rate and Yield of Rice.
Chen C., He B., Liu X., Ma X., Liu Y., Yao H.Y., Zhang P., Yin J., Wei X., Koh H.J., Yang C., Xue H.W., Fang Z., Qiao Y.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2019   
Pyrophosphate-fructose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase (PFP1) regulates starch biosynthesis and seed development via heterotetramer formation in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Lee H.S., Hwang W.H., Jeong J.H., Ahn S.H., Baek J.S., Jeong H.Y., Park H.K., Ku B.I., Yun J.T., Lee G.H., Choi K.J.
BMC Genomics 2019  20(1)  18
Analysis of the distribution of assimilation products and the characteristics of transcriptomes in rice by submergence during the ripening stage.
Sera Y., Hanamata S., Sakamoto S., Ono S., Kaneko K., Mitsui Y., Koyano T., Fujita N., Sasou A., Masumura T., Saji H., Nonomura K.I., Mitsuda N., Mitsui T., Kurusu T., Kuchitsu K.
Sci Rep 2019  9(1)  18544
Essential roles of autophagy in metabolic regulation in endosperm development during rice seed maturation.
Fan C., Wang G., Wang Y., Zhang R., Wang Y., Feng S., Luo K., Peng L.
Int J Mol Sci 2019  20(20) 
sucrose synthase Enhances Hull Size and grain weight by Regulating Cell Division and Starch Accumulation in Transgenic Rice.
Long W., Wang Y., Zhu S., Jing W., Wang Y., Ren Y., Tian Y., Liu S., Liu X., Chen L., Wang D., Zhong M., Zhang Y., Hu T., Zhu J., Hao Y., Zhu X., Zhang W., Wang C., Zhang W., Wan J.
Plant Physiol. 2018  177(2)  698-712
FLOURY shrunken endosperm1 Connects Phospholipid Metabolism and Amyloplast Development in Rice.
Crofts N., Sugimoto K., Oitome N.F., Nakamura Y., Fujita N.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2017  94(4-5)  399-417
Differences in specificity and compensatory functions among three major starch synthases determine the structure of amylopectin in rice endosperm.
Qin J., Tang Z., Ma X., Meng Y.
Gene 2017   
Investigating the regulatory roles of the microRNAs and the Argonaute 1-enriched small RNAs in plant metabolism.
Yang J., Kim S.R., Lee S.K., Choi H., Jeon J.S., An G.
Plant Sci. 2015  240  79-89
Alanine aminotransferase 1 (OsAlaAT1) plays an essential role in the regulation of starch storage in rice endosperm.
Su J., Hu C., Yan X., Jin Y., Chen Z., Guan Q., Wang Y., Zhong D., Jansson C., Wang F., Schnürer A., Sun C.
Nature 2015  523(7562)  602-6
Expression of barley SUSIBA2 transcription factor yields high-starch low-methane rice.
Morita R., Sugino M., Hatanaka T., Misoo S., Fukayama H.
Plant Physiol. 2015  167(4)  1321-31
CO2-Responsive CONSTANS, CONSTANS-Like, and Time of Chlorophyll a/b Binding Protein Expression1 Protein Is a Positive Regulator of Starch Synthesis in Vegetative Organs of Rice.
Abe N., Asai H., Yago H., Oitome N.F., Itoh R., Crofts N., Nakamura Y., Fujita N.
BMC Plant Biol. 2014  14(1)  80
Relationships between starch synthase I and branching enzyme isozymes determined using double mutant rice lines.
Sun,M.M., Abdula,S.E., Lee,H.J., Cho,Y.C., Han,L.Z., Koh,H.J. and Cho,Y.G.
PLoS One 2011  6 (4)  e18385
Molecular aspect of good eating quality formation in japonica rice
Li C., Wang Y., Liu L., Hu Y., Zhang F., Mergen S., Wang G., Schläppi MR., Chu C.
PLoS Genet. 2011  7(7)  e1002196
A rice plastidial nucleotide sugar epimerase is involved in galactolipid biosynthesis and improves photosynthetic efficiency.
Fujita N., Satoh R., Hayashi A., Kodama M., Itoh R., Aihara S., Nakamura Y.
J. Exp. Bot. 2011  62(14)  4819-31
Starch biosynthesis in rice endosperm requires the presence of either Starch synthase I or IIIa.
Yan CJ,Tian ZX,Fang YW,Yang YC,Li J,Zeng SY,Gu SL,Xu CW,Tang SZ,Gu MH
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011  122(1)  63-76
Genetic analysis of starch paste viscosity parameters in glutinous rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Tian,Z., Qian,Q., Liu,Q., Yan,M., Liu,X., Yan,C., Liu,G., Gao,Z., Tang,S., Zeng,D., Wang,Y., Yu,J., Gu,M. and Li,J.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106(51)  21760-5
Allelic diversities in rice starch biosynthesis lead to a diverse array of rice eating and cooking qualities
Satoh,H., Shibahara,K., Tokunaga,T., Nishi,A., Tasaki,M., Hwang,S.K., Okita,T.W., Kaneko,N., Fujita,N., Yoshida,M., Hosaka,Y., Sato,A., Utsumi,Y., Ohdan,T. and Nakamura,Y.
Plant Cell 2008  20(7)  1833-1849
Mutation of the Plastidial {alpha}-Glucan Phosphorylase Gene in Rice Affects the Synthesis and Structure of Starch in the Endosperm
Ryoo N, Yu C, Park CS, Baik MY, Park IM, Cho MH, Bhoo SH, An G, Hahn TR, Jeon JS.
Plant Cell Rep. 2007  26(7)  1083-95
Knockout of a starch synthase gene OsSSIIIa/Flo5 causes white-core floury endosperm in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Fujita N,Yoshida M,Kondo T,Saito K,Utsumi Y,Tokunaga T,Nishi A,Satoh H,Park JH,Jane JL,Miyao A,Hirochika H,Nakamura Y
Plant Physiol. 2007  144  2009-23
Characterization of SSIIIa-deficient mutants of rice: the function of SSIIIa and pleiotropic effects by SSIIIa deficiency in the rice endosperm.
Bao JS, Corke H, Sun M.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2006  113(7)  1185-96
Microsatellites, single nucleotide polymorphisms and a sequence tagged site in starch-synthesizing genes in relation to starch physicochemical properties in nonwaxy rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Fujita N, Yoshida M, Asakura N, Ohdan T, Miyao A, Hirochika H, Nakamura Y.
Plant Physiol. 2006  140(3)  1070-84
Function and characterization of starch synthase I using mutants in rice.
Hirose T, Terao T.
Planta. 2004  220(1)  9-16
A comprehensive expression analysis of the starch synthase gene family in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Nishi A, Nakamura Y, Tanaka N, Satoh H
Plant Physiol. 2001  127(2)  459-72
Biochemical and genetic analysis of the effects of amylose-extender mutation in rice endosperm
Tanaka,K., Ohnishi,S., Kishimoto,N., Kawasaki,T. and Baba,T.
Plant Physiol. 1995  108(2)  677-683
Structure, organization, and chromosomal location of the gene encoding a form of rice soluble starch synthase.
Baba,T., Nishihara,M., Mizuno,K., Kawasaki,T., Shimada,H., Kobayashi,E., Ohnishi,S., Tanaka,K. and Arai,Y.
Plant Physiol. 1993  103(2)  565-573
Identification, cDNA cloning, and gene expression of soluble starch synthase in rice (Oryza sativa L.) immature seeds.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for SSI ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0061111
Gene Ontology starch synthase activity( GO:0009011 )
amyloplast( GO:0009501 )
chloroplast( GO:0009507 )
starch biosynthetic process( GO:0019252 )
response to flooding( GO:0009413 )
Trait Ontology seed composition based quality trait( TO:0000488 )
submergence sensitivity( TO:0000286 )
nitrogen sensitivity( TO:0000011 )
Plant Ontology seed( PO:0009010 )
endosperm( PO:0009089 )
leaf( PO:0025034 )
seed maturation stage( PO:0007632 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Dec 27, 2023