Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D3
Gene Symbol Synonym d3, dwf3, D3/OsMAX2, Os_F0760, SOL1, OsORE9, ORE9, MAX2, OsRFPH2-10, RFPH2-10, OsD3
Gene Name Synonym bunketsuwaito tillering dwarf, dwarf-3, F-box/LRR-repeat MAX2 homolog, F-box and leucine-rich repeat MAX2 homolog, DWARF 3, DWARF-3, suppressor of lazy1, DWARF3, ORESARA 9, MAX2 ortholog
Allele d3, d3-1, d3-2, sol1, sol1-1, sol1-2, d3 300097, gsor300097
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation Profuse tillering with slender leaves. Duplicate or triplicate. Q5VMP0. PO:0009047; stem ; PO:0006343; axillary shoot ; PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. F-box protein. a rice homolog of Arabidopsis ORESARA 1. an F-box component of the Skp-Cullin-F-box (SCF) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. GO:0090548: response to nitrate starvation. GO:1901698: response to nitrogen compound. GO:1902347: response to strigolactone. PRJNA593368 in the Gene Expression Omnibus database. GO:0080167: response to karrikin. GO:1902347: response to strigolactone.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Vegetative organ - Root
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. AK065478
MSU ID LOC_Os06g06050.1
RAP ID Os06g0154200
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 168.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Zheng J., Hong K., Zeng L., Wang L., Kang S., Qu M., Dai J., Zou L., Zhu L., Tang Z., Meng X., Wang B., Hu J., Zeng D., Zhao Y., Cui P., Wang Q., Qian Q., Wang Y., Li J., Xiong G.
Plant Cell 2020  32(9)  2780-2805
Karrikin Signaling Acts Parallel to and Additively with Strigolactone Signaling to Regulate Rice Mesocotyl Elongation in Darkness.
Choi J., Lee T., Cho J., Servante E.K., Pucker B., Summers W., Bowden S., Rahimi M., An K., An G., Bouwmeester H.J., Wallington E.J., Oldroyd G., Paszkowski U.
Nat Commun 2020  11(1)  2114
The negative regulator SMAX1 controls mycorrhizal symbiosis and strigolactone biosynthesis in rice.
Shindo M., Yamamoto S., Shimomura K., Umehara M.
Front Plant Sci 2020  11  135
Strigolactones Decrease leaf angle in Response to Nutrient Deficiencies in Rice.
Zhang Y.C., He R.R., Lian J.P., Zhou Y.F., Zhang F., Li Q.F., Yu Y., Feng Y.Z., Yang Y.W., Lei M.Q., He H., Zhang Z., Chen Y.Q.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2020  117(1)  727-732
OsmiR528 regulates rice-pollen intine formation by targeting an uclacyanin to influence flavonoid metabolism.
Wang J., Wu B., Lu K., Wei Q., Qian J., Chen Y., Fang Z.
Plant Physiol. 2019  180(2)  1031-1045
The Amino Acid Permease 5 (OsAAP5) Regulates tiller number and grain yield in Rice.
Sun S., Wang T., Wang L., Li X., Jia Y., Liu C., Huang X., Xie W., Wang X.
Nat Commun 2018  9(1)  2523
Natural selection of a GSK3 determines rice mesocotyl domestication by coordinating strigolactone and brassinosteroid signaling.
Shabek N., Ticchiarelli F., Mao H., Hinds T.R., Leyser O., Zheng N.
Nature 2018  563(7733)  652-656
Structural plasticity of D3-D14 ubiquitin ligase in strigolactone signalling.
Huang W., Bai G., Wang J., Zhu W., Zeng Q., Lu K., Sun S., Fang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  300
Two Splicing Variants of <i>OsNPF7.7</i> Regulate shoot branching and Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency in Rice.
Wang J., Lu K., Nie H., Zeng Q., Wu B., Qian J., Fang Z.
Rice (N Y) 2018  11(1)  12
Rice nitrate transporter OsNPF7.2 positively regulates tiller number and grain yield.
Zhou J., Deng K., Cheng Y., Zhong Z., Tian L., Tang X., Tang A., Zheng X., Zhang T., Qi Y., Zhang Y.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  1598
CRISPR-Cas9 Based Genome Editing Reveals New Insights into MicroRNA Function and Regulation in Rice.
Wang Y.P., Tang S.Q., Chen H.Z., Wu Z.F., Zhang H., Duan E.C., Shi Q.H., Wu Z.M.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) 2017   
Identification and molecular mapping of indica high-tillering dwarf mutant htd4, a mild phenotype allelic mutant of D14 in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Zheng L., Zhang C., Shi C., Yang Z., Wang Y., Zhou T., Sun F., Wang H., Zhao S., Qin Q., Qiao R., Ding Z., Wei C., Xie L., Wu J., Li Y.
PLoS Pathog. 2017  13(10)  e1006662
Rice stripe virus NS3 protein regulates primary miRNA processing through association with the miRNA biogenesis factor OsDRB1 and facilitates virus infection in rice.
Deshpande G.M., Ramakrishna K., Chongloi G.L., Vijayraghavan U.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015  66(9)  2773-84
Functions for rice RFL in vegetative axillary meristem specification and outgrowth.
Chen Z., Gao X., Zhang J.
Plant Cell Rep. 2015  34(5)  767-81
Alteration of osa-miR156e expression affects rice plant architecture and strigolactones (SLs) pathway.
Sun H., Tao J., Liu S., Huang S., Chen S., Xie X., Yoneyama K., Zhang Y., Xu G.
J. Exp. Bot. 2014   
Strigolactones are involved in phosphate- and nitrate-deficiency-induced root development and auxin transport in rice.
Sang D., Chen D., Liu G., Liang Y., Huang L., Meng X., Chu J., Sun X., Dong G., Yuan Y., Qian Q., Li J., Wang Y.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2014  111(30)  11199-204
Strigolactones regulate rice tiller angle by attenuating shoot gravitropism through inhibiting auxin biosynthesis.
Zhao J., Wang T., Wang M., Liu Y., Yuan S., Gao Y., Yin L., Sun W., Peng L., Zhang W., Wan J., Li X.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2014  55(6)  1096-109
DWARF3 participates in an SCF complex and associates with DWARF14 to suppress rice shoot branching.
Lee S.H., Sakuraba Y., Lee T., Kim K.W., An G., Lee H.Y., Paek N.C.
J Integr Plant Biol 2014   
Mutation of Oryza sativa CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1b (OsCOI1b) delays leaf senescence.
Liang W., Shang F., Lin Q., Lou C., Zhang J.
Gene 2014  537(1)  1-5
Tillering and panicle branching genes in rice.
Challis R.J., Hepworth J., Mouchel C., Waites R., Leyser O.
Plant Physiol. 2013  161(4)  1885-902
A Role for MORE AXILLARY GROWTH1 (MAX1) in Evolutionary Diversity in Strigolactone Signaling Upstream of MAX2.
Zhou F.a b, Lin Q.b, Zhu L.a, Ren Y.b, Zhou K.a, Shabek N.c d, Wu F.b, Mao H.c d, Dong W.b, Gan L.b, Ma W.b, Gao H.a, Chen J.b, Yang C.a, Wang D.b, Tan J.b, Zhang X.b, Guo X.b, Wang J.b, Jiang L.a, Liu X.a, Chen W.e, Chu J.e, Yan C.f, Ueno K.f, Ito S.f, Asami T.b, Cheng Z.b, Wang J.b, Lei C.b, Zhai H.b, Wu C.b, Wang H.b, Zheng N.c d, Wan J.a b
Nature 2013  504  406-410
D14-SCF D3 -dependent degradation of D53 regulates strigolactone signalling
Smith S.M.
Nature 2013  504(7480)  384-5
Plant biology: Witchcraft and destruction.
Jiang L., Liu X., Xiong G., Liu H., Chen F., Wang L., Meng X., Liu G., Yu H., Yuan Y., Yi W., Zhao L., Ma H., He Y., Wu Z., Melcher K., Qian Q., H.EricXu, Wang Y., Li J.
Nature 2013  504  401-405
DWARF 53 acts as a repressor of strigolactone signalling in rice
Ikeda M., Miura K., Aya K., Kitano H., Matsuoka M.
Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2013  16(2)  213-20
Genes offering the potential for designing yield-related traits in rice.
Hua Z., Zou C., Shin-Han Shiu, Richard D Vierstra
PLoS ONE 2011  6(1)  e16219
Phylogenetic comparison of F-Box (FBX) gene superfamily within the plant kingdom reveals divergent evolutionary histories indicative of genomic drift.
Xu G., Ma H., Nei M., Kong H.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106(3)  835-40
Evolution of F-box genes in plants: different modes of sequence divergence and their relationships with functional diversification.
Gao Z,Qian Q,Liu X,Yan M,Feng Q,Dong G,Liu J,Han B
Plant Mol. Biol. 2009  71(3)  265-76
Dwarf 88, a novel putative esterase gene affecting architecture of rice plant.
Umehara M., Hanada A., Yoshida S., Akiyama K., Arite T., Noriko Takeda-Kamiya, Magome H., Kamiya Y., Shirasu K., Yoneyama K., KYOZUKA J., Yamaguchi S.
Nature 2008  455(7210)  195-200
Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormones.
Arite T, Iwata H, Ohshima K, Maekawa M, Nakajima M, Kojima M, Sakakibara H, Kyozuka J.
Plant J. 2007  51(6)  1019-1029
DWARF10, an RMS1/MAX4/DAD1 ortholog, controls lateral bud outgrowth in rice.
Jain M, Nijhawan A, Arora R, Agarwal P, Ray S, Sharma P, Kapoor S, Tyagi AK, Khurana JP.
Plant Physiol. 2007  143(4)  1467-1483
F-Box Proteins in Rice. Genome-Wide Analysis, Classification, Temporal and Spatial Gene Expression during Panicle and Seed Development, and Regulation by Light and Abiotic Stress.
Zou J, Zhang S, Zhang W, Li G, Chen Z, Zhai W, Zhao X, Pan X, Xie Q, Zhu L.
Plant J. 2006  48(5)  687-696
The rice HIGH-TILLERING DWARF1 encoding an ortholog of Arabidopsis MAX3 is required for negative regulation of the outgrowth of axillary buds.
Ishikawa S, Maekawa M, Arite T, Onishi K, Takamure I, Kyozuka J.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2005  46(1)  79-86
Suppression of Tiller Bud Activity in Tillering Dwarf Mutants of Rice
Maekawa M, Takamure I, Ahmed N, Kyozuka J.
Breeding Science 2005  55(2)  193-196
Bunketsu-waito, One of the Tillering Dwarfs, is Controlled by a Single Recessive Gene in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Takahashi, M. and T. Kinoshita
Res. Bull. Univ. Farm Hokkaido Univ. 1974  19  41-50.
Genic identification on the forms of the tillering dwarf rice. -Genetical studies on rice plant, LIX-.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for D3 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060186
Gene Ontology response to absence of light( GO:0009646 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
auxin polar transport( GO:0009926 )
regulation of meristem structural organization( GO:0009934 )
shoot morphogenesis( GO:0010016 )
response to starvation( GO:0042594 )
secondary shoot formation( GO:0010223 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
response to light stimulus( GO:0009416 )
auxin biosynthetic process( GO:0009851 )
negative gravitropism( GO:0009959 )
leaf senescence( GO:0010150 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
hormone-mediated signaling( GO:0009755 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
Trait Ontology leaf width( TO:0000370 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
tiller angle( TO:0000567 )
gravity response trait( TO:0002693 )
shoot branching( TO:0002639 )
leaf senescence( TO:0000249 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
tiller number( TO:0000346 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
shoot anatomy and morphology trait( TO:0000077 )
plant growth hormone sensitivity( TO:0000401 )
nitrogen sensitivity( TO:0000011 )
lateral root number( TO:0001013 )
seminal root length( TO:0000586 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
mesocotyl length( TO:0000544 )
auxin content( TO:0002672 )
leaf lamina joint bending( TO:0002688 )
stem elongation( TO:0006036 )
light intensity sensitivity( TO:0000460 )
Plant Ontology axillary shoot system( PO:0006343 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jan 9, 2021