Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PIKH
Gene Symbol Synonym Pi-kh, Pi k-h, Pi54, Pi54rh, Pi-k(h), Pik-h, Pikh
Gene Name Synonym Pyricularia oryzae resistance, Magnaporthe grisea resistance kh, Blast resistance kh
Protein Name
Chromosome No. 11
Explanation Pi-kh is one of the alleles in the Pi-k locus. Original line is HR-22 and K3 (Indica) for Pi-kh and Taipei 309 (Indica) for Pi54. LOC_Os11g42010. EF532592 (Peiai64). AY914077. HE589445 (Oryza rhizomatis pi54). Pi54rh is the Oryza rhizomatis ortholog of Oryza sativa Pi54. Pi-kh was renamed Pi54, because Pi-kh is ~2.5Mbp away from the Pik Locus (Sharma et al. 2010). GU258499- GU258508.
Trait Class Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. EF532592
MSU ID LOC_Os11g42010.1
RAP ID Os11g0639100
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Locate(cM) 101.9
Link map Classical linkage map
Chithrameenal K., Alagarasan G., Raveendran M., Robin S., Meena S., Ramanathan A., Ramalingam J.
PLoS ONE 2018  13(9)  e0204144
Genetic enhancement of phosphorus starvation tolerance through marker assisted introgression of OsPSTOL1 gene in rice genotypes harbouring bacterial blight and blast resistance.
Yadav M.K., S A., Ngangkham U., Shubudhi H.N., Bag M.K., Adak T., Munda S., Samantaray S., Jena M.
PLoS ONE 2017  12(4)  e0176236
Use of molecular markers in identification and characterization of resistance to rice blast in India.
Divya B., Biswas A., Robin S., Rabindran R., Joel A.J.
J. Genet. 2014  93(2)  415-24
Gene interactions and genetics of blast resistance and yield attributes in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Imam J.a b, Alam S.a, Mandal N.P.a, Variar M.a, Shukla P.b
Euphytica 2014  196  199-211
Molecular screening for identification of blast resistance genes in North East and Eastern Indian rice germplasm (Oryza sativa L.) with PCR based makers
Miah G., Rafii M.Y., R .Ismail M., B. Puteh A., A. Rahim H., Asfaliza R., A. Latif M.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2013  40(3)  2369-88
Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches
Kumari A., A.Das, B.N.Devanna, Thakur S., P.K.Singh, N.K.Singh, T.R.Sharma
Eur. J. Plant Pathol 2013  137  55-65
Mining of rice blast resistance gene Pi54 shows effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms on phenotypic expression of the alleles
Gupta S.K., Rai A.K., Kanwar S.S., Chand D., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
J. Exp. Bot. 2012  63(2)  757-72
The single functional blast resistance gene Pi54 activates a complex defence mechanism in rice.
Mithrasena Y.J.P.K., Wijesundera W.S.S., Wijesundera R.L.C., Wimalasiri D.C., Priyanthi R.P.N.
Rice Science 2012  19  241-246
Pathogenic and Genetic Diversity of Magneporthe oryzae Populations from Sri Lanka
Sharma T.R., Rai A.K., Gupta S.K., Vijayan J., Devanna B.N., Ray S.
Agric Res 2012  1  37-52
Rice Blast Management Through Host-Plant Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects
Das A., Soubam D., Singh P.K., Thakur S., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
Funct. Integr. Genomics 2012  12(2)  215-28
A novel blast resistance gene, Pi54rh cloned from wild species of rice, Oryza rhizomatis confers broad spectrum resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae.
Singh A., Singh V.K., Singh S.P., Pandian R.T., Ellur R.K., Singh D., Bhowmick P.K., Gopala Krishnan S., Nagarajan M., Vinod K.K., Singh U.D., Prabhu K.V., Sharma T.R., Mohapatra T., Singh A.K.
AoB Plants 2012  2012  pls029
Molecular breeding for the development of multiple disease resistance in Basmati rice.
Rai A.K., Kumar S.P., Gupta S.K., Gautam N., Singhm N.K., Sharma T.R.
J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. 2011  20  55-65
Functional complementation of rice blast resistance gene Pi-kh(Pi54) conferring resistance to diverse strains of Magnaporthe oryzae
Ramkumar,G., Biswal,A.K., Mohan,K.M., Sakthivel,K., Sivaranjani,A.K.P., Neeraja,C.N., Ram,T., Balachandran,S.M., Sundaram,R.M., Prasad,M.S., Rani,N.S., Viraktamath,B.C. and Madhav,M.S.
Int Rice Res Notes 2010  35  1-6
Identification of novel alleles of rice blast resistance genes Pik h and Pita through allele mining
Jia Y., Moldenhauer K.
Journal of Plant Registrations, 2010  4  163-166
Development of Monogenic and Digenic Rice Lines for Blast Resistance Genes Pi-ta, Pi-kh/Pi-ks
Sharma T.R., Rai A.K., Gupta S.K., Singh N.K.
J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. 2010  19  87-89
Broad-spectrum blast resistance gene Pi-kh cloned from rice line Tetep designated as Pi54.
Jia Y., Lee F.N., McClung A.
Plant Dis. 2009  93  639-644
Determination of Resistance Spectra of the Pi-ta and Pi-k Genes to U.S. Races of Magnaporthe oryzae Causing Rice Blast in a Recombinant Inbred Line Population
Koide Y., Kobayashi N., Xu D., Fukuta Y.
JARQ 2009  43  255-280
Resistance Genes and Selection DNA Markers for Blast Disease in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Madhav M.S., Plaha P., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
Journal of Phytopathology 2009  157  322-324
Molecular Characterization of a Genomic Fragment Containing Pi-kh Gene from the Genomic Library of Indica Rice Line Tetep
Xin Xu, N. Hayashi, C. T. Wang, H. Kato, T. Fujimura and S. Kawasaki
Molecular Breeding 2008  22(2)  289-299
Efficient authentic fine mapping of the rice blast resistance gene Pik-h in the Pik cluster, using new Pik-h -differentiating isolates
Ballini E., Morel J.B., Droc G., Price A., Courtois B., Notteghem J.L., Tharreau D.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2008  21(7)  859-68
A genome-wide meta-analysis of rice blast resistance genes and quantitative trait loci provides new insights into partial and complete resistance.
S P Kumar, V Dalai, N K Singh, T R Sharma
Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics 2007  5(1)  35-44
Comparative analysis of the 100 kb region containing the Pi-k(h) locus between indica and japonica rice lines.
Sharma,T.R., Madhav,M.S., Singh,B.K., Shanker,P., Jana,T.K., Dalal,V., Pandit,A., Singh,A., Gaikwad,K., Upreti,H.C. and Singh,N.K.
Molecular Genetics & Genomics (Molecular General Genetics up to 2001) 2005  274(6)  569-578
High-resolution mapping, cloning and molecular characterization of the Pi-kh gene of rice, which confers resistance to Magnaporthe grisea.
Sharma T.R., Shankar P., Singh B.K., Jana T.K., Madhav M.S., Gaikwad K., Singh N.K., Plaha P., Rather R.
J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. 2005  14  127-133
Molecular mapping of rice blast resistance gene Pi-kh in the rice variety Tetep.
Robert Fjellstrom, Concetta A. Conaway-Bormans, Anna M. McClung, Marco A. Marchetti, A. obert Shank and William D. Park
Crop Sci. 2004  44  1790-1798
Development of DNA Markers Suitable for Marker Assisted Selection of Three Pi Genes Conferring esistance to Multiple Pyricularia grisea Pathotypes
Sharma H.C., Crouch J.H., Sharma K.K., Seetharama N, Hash C.T.
Plant Science 2002  163  381-395
Applications of biotechnology for crop improvement: prospects and constraints.
Marchetti M.A., Lai X., Bollich C.N.
Phytopathology 1987  77  799-804
Inheritance of resistance to Pyricularia oryzae in rice cultivars grown in the United States
Kiyosawa, S.
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(4)  287-296.
Identification of blast-resistance genes in some varieties.
Kiyosawa S.
JARQ 1971  6  8-15
Gene Analysis of Blast Resistance in Exotic Varieties of Rice
Kiyosawa S., Murty V.V.S.
Japan. J. Breeding 1969  19  269-276
The inheritance of blast-resistance in indian rice variety, HR-22
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DB Reference
Gramene ID -
Gene Ontology response to fungus( GO:0009620 )
Trait Ontology -
Plant Ontology -
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Last updated
Apr 23, 2019