Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PL
Gene Symbol Synonym Pl, Pl1
Gene Name Synonym Purple leaf, Purple leaf-1
Protein Name
Allele Pl-w, Pl-i, Pl-j
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation Make leaf blade, leaf sheath, leaf collar, auricles, ligule, node and internode purple. Pl-w and Pl-i are alleles at Pl locus. Pl-w makes leaf blade, leaf sheath, auricles, ligule, and pericarp purple. Pl-i makes leaf blade, leaf sheath, ligule and internode colored. PO:0020106; auricle ; PO:0020142; stem internode ; PO:0006012; leaf collar ; PO:0009025; leaf ; PO:0020105; ligule ; PO:0020104; leaf sheath ; PO:0020141; stem node. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage. OSB1 (Os04g0557800) and OSB2 (Os04g0557500) are the major components of the Plw allele (Sakamoto et al. 2001).
Trait Class Coloration - Anthocyanin
cDNA Accession No. -
MSU ID LOC_Os04g47080.1/LOC_Os04g47059.1
RAP ID Os04g0557800/Os04g0557500
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Locate(cM) 127.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Maekawa, M., T. Sato, T. Kumagai and K. Noda
Breeding Science 2001  51  27-32.
Differential responses to UV-B irradiation of three near isogenic lines carrying different purple leaf genes for anthocyanin accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
W Sakamoto, T Ohmori, K Kageyama, C Miyazaki, A Saito, M Murata, K Noda, M Maekawa
Plant Cell Physiol. 2001  42(9)  982-91
The Purple leaf (Pl) locus of rice: the Pl(w) allele has a complex organization and includes two genes encoding basic helix-loop-helix proteins involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis.
Rutger J.N., Mackill D.J.
Rice Genetics, IV. IRRI, Manila, Philippines 2001    27-38
Application of Mendelian genetics in rice breeding
Maekawa, M., T. Ohmori, W. Sakamoto, F. Motoyoshi, K. Rikiishi, T. Matsuura and K. Noda
Breeding Science 1998  48(Suppl. 1)  89
Linkage between two cDNAs, XT1 and XT2 isolated from T-65 PlW NIL of purple rice.
KInoshita, T.
RGN 1997  14  52-53
Allelism test between Pl-i and pl2(t) responsible for purple leaf in rice.
Maekawa, M., T. Kumagai and T. Sato
Breeding Science 1997  47(Suppl. 1)  311
Ultraviolet-B-responsive anthocyanin production and growth response on near-isogenic lines of Pl alleles in rice plant.
Maekawa, M., T. Ohmori, W. Sakamoto, F. Motoyoshi, C. Miyazaki, A. Saito, K. Rikiishi, H. Kawaguchi, T. Matsuura and K. Noda
Breeding Science 1997  47(Suppl. 1)  48
Mapping of Ra-homologous cDNA isolated from PlW type purple rice.
Zhang, Q., T. Abe and T. Sasahara
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  203
Selection of indica rice with colored endosperm and genetic analysis.
Ohmori, T., W. Sakamoto, M. Maekawa and F. Motoyoshi
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  19
Analysis of the maize B-Peru homologues regulating anthocyanin accumulation in purple leaf lines of rice.
Ohmori, T., M. Maekawa, W. Sakamoto and F. Motoyoshi
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  35
Isolation and analysis of cDNA homologues of the maize B-Peru gene in a purple leaf line of rice.
Maekawa, M.
RGN 1996  13  25-26.
Recent information on anthocyanin pigmentation.
Reddy, A.R.
Rice Genetics III. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1996    341-352.
Genetic and molecular analysis of the anthocyanin pigmentation pathway in rice.
Reddy V.S., S. Dash and A.R. Reddy
Theor. Appl. Genet. 1995  91  301-312.
Anthocyanin pathway in rice (Oryza sativa L.) identification of a mutant showing dominant inhibition of anthocyanins in leaf and accumulation of proanthocyanidins in pericarp.
Kinoshita, T. and M. Maekawa
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1986  62(4)  453-466.
Inheritance of purple leaf color found in Indica rice. -Genetical studies on rice plant, XCIV-.
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Takahashi, M.
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1982  61(1)  91-142.
Gene analysis and its related problems. -Genetical studies on rice plant, LXXX-.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S., M. Takahashi and T. Kinoshita
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1962  52(1)  20-50.
Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVI. Mode of inheritance and causal genes for one type of anthocyanin color character in foregin rice varieties.
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for PL ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060671
Gene Ontology flavonoid metabolic process( GO:0009812 )
Trait Ontology leaf collar color( TO:0000364 )
basal leaf sheath color( TO:0000367 )
leaf lamina color( TO:0000299 )
node color( TO:0000059 )
internode color( TO:0000426 )
auricle color( TO:0000294 )
ligule color( TO:0000197 )
Plant Ontology leaf collar( PO:0006012 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
ligule( PO:0020105 )
leaf sheath auricle( PO:0020106 )
stem node( PO:0020141 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 12
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 1
Phenotype images
Last updated
May 25, 2020