Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol BHC
Gene Symbol Synonym Ph=Bhc(Po), Bhc, Po, Ph, Bh3, PPO, Phr1, BH1
Gene Name Synonym Phenol staining, polyphenol oxidase, PPO enzyme, BLACK HULL1
Allele phr1
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation Color of glume and caryopsis becomes dark brown with 1% Phenol solution. Black ripening color of floral glumes. Complementary action of three genes, Bha, Bhb, and Bhc. PO:0009088; seed coat ; PO:0009089; endosperm. GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage.MH63 (DQ532375), Nipponbare (DQ532376), CJ06 (DQ532377), Jl506 (DQ532378), Jnxn (DQ532379), Qfn (DQ532380), R4 (DQ532381), Saon (DQ532382), Sun (DQ532383), Tx3 (DQ532384), Tx36 (DQ532385), Tzn (DQ532386), w11 (DQ532387), Zh11(DQ532388), Zhen5125 (DQ532389), dl (DQ532390), 93-11 (DQ532391), GLA (DQ532392), k2406d (DQ532393), k2406f (DQ532394), Tx7 (DQ532395), Tx9 (DQ532396), A3 (DQ532397), A8 (DQ532398), G01037 (DQ532399), G01049 (DQ532400), G01054 (DQ532401), G01060 (DQ532402), G01067 (DQ532403), G01084 (DQ532404), G02016 (DQ532405), G02068 (DQ532406), G02104 (DQ532407), G02115 (DQ532408), G02177 (DQ532409), G12 (DQ532410), G25 (DQ532411), G30 (DQ532412), G40 (DQ532413), G52030 (DQ532414), G7113 (DQ532415), G7134 (DQ532416), G7232 (DQ532417), G7251 (DQ532418), G9014 (DQ532419), w0009 (DQ532420), w0154d (DQ532421), w0154f (DQ532422), w0509 (DQ532423), w0634d (DQ532424), w0634f (DQ532425), w1 (DQ532426), w1125 (DQ532427), w1727 (DQ532428), w1862 (DQ532429), w6 (DQ532430), yaoyong (DQ532431), and G7 (DQ532432). LOC_Os04g53300.
Trait Class Coloration - Others
cDNA Accession No. AK108237
MSU ID LOC_Os04g53300.1
RAP ID Os04g0624500
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Locate(cM) 74.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Li L.F., Li Y.L., Jia Y., Caicedo A.L., Olsen K.M.
Nat. Genet. 2017  49(5)  811-814
Signatures of adaptation in the weedy rice genome.
Chen C.a b, Wu W.a, Sun X.a, Li B.a, Hu G.a c, Zhang Q.a d, Li J.a, Zhang H.a, Li Z.a
Plant OMICS 2014  7  12-18
Fine-mapping and candidate gene analysis of BLACK hull1 in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Wang C., Ye J., Tang W., Liu Z., Zhu C., Wang M., Wan J.
Int. J. Biol. Sci. 2013  9(6)  578-86
Loop Nucleotide Polymorphism in a Putative miRNA precursor Associated with seed length in Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Gross,B.L., Skare,K.J. and Olsen,K.M.
New Phytol. 2009  184(4)  842-850
Novel Phr1 mutations and the evolution of phenol reaction variation in US weedy rice (Oryza sativa)
Yu,Y., Tang,T., Qian,Q., Wang,Y., Yan,M., Zeng,D., Han,B., Wu,C.I., Shi,S. and Li,J.
Plant Cell 2008  20(11)  2946-2959
Independent Losses of Function in a Polyphenol Oxidase in Rice: Differentiation in Grain Discoloration between Subspecies and the Role of Positive Selection under Domestication
Lin, S.Y., Y. Nagamura, N. Kurata, M. Yano, Y. Minobe and T. Sasaki
RGN 1994  11  108-109.
DNA markers tightly linked to genes, Ph, alk and Rc.
Causse, M.A., T.M. Fulton, Y.G. Cho, S.N. Ahn, J. Chunwongse, K. Wu, J. Xiao, Z. Yu, P.C. Ronald, S.E. Harrington, G. Second, S.R. McCouch and S.D. Tanksley
Genetics 1994  138  1251-1274.
Saturated molecular map of the rice genome based on an interspecific backcross population.
Ando, I., T. Yoshida and N. Kishimoto
RGN 1993  10  102-105.
Genetic analysis of some traits of paddy and upland rices using doubled haploids derived from the F1 plants of Kochihibiki x Sensho.
Tanksley, S.D., T.M. Fulton and S.R. McCouch
Genetic Maps, Locus Maps of Complex Genomes, Plants. S.J. O'Brien ed. Cold Spring Harbour Lab. Press. 1993  Book 6  61-79.
Linkage map of rice (Oryza sativa) (2N=24).
Zhu, L.H., Y. Chen, Y.B. Xu, J.C. Xu, H.W. Cai and Z.Z. Ling
RGN 1993  10  132-135.
Construction of a molecular map of rice and gene mapping using a double haploid population of a cross between Indica and Japonica varieties.
Saito, A., M. Yano, N. Kishimoto, M. Nakagahra, A. Yoshimura, K. Saito, S. Kuhara, Y. Ukai, M. Kawase, T. Nagamine, S. Yoshimura, O. Ideta, R. Ohsawa, Y. Hayano, N. Iwata and M. Sugiura
Japan. J. Breed. 1991  41  665-670.
Linkage map of restriction fragment length polymorphism loci in rice.
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Maekawa, M.
Mem. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1982  13(2)  146-177.
Studies on genetical difference between distantly related rice varieties.
Rao, C.H. and R. Seetharaman
Indian J. Genet. & Plant Breed. 1973  33(3)  319-323.
Genetic studies in pericarp and hull colour in rice.
Kuriyama, H. and M. Kudo
Japan. J. Breed. 1967  17(1)  13-19.
Complementary genes Ph and Bh controlling ripening-black coloration of rice hulls and their geographical distribution.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
Japan. J. Breed. 1954  4(1)  25-30.
Some genes responsible for yellow, brown and black color glume. -Genetical studies on rice plant, XVI-.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for BHC ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060081
Gene Ontology pigmentation( GO:0043473 )
carbohydrate biosynthetic process( GO:0016051 )
Trait Ontology phenol reaction( TO:0000062 )
lemma and palea color( TO:0000264 )
hull color( TO:0000706 )
seed coat color( TO:0000190 )
Plant Ontology seed coat( PO:0009088 )
endosperm( PO:0009089 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Jun 22, 2017