Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D11
Gene Symbol Synonym d11(d8), dwf10, d8, D11/CYP724B1, d11, CYP724B1, GNS4, OsD11, PMM1, OsPMM1, PMM1/D11, NBG4, OsCPB1, CPB1, CPB1/D11
Gene Name Synonym shinkaneaikoku or nohrin 28 dwarf, DWARF SHINKANEAIKOKU OR NOHRIN 28, OsDWARF11, dwarf-11, Cytochrome P450 724B1, Dwarf protein 11, cytochrome P450 CYP724B1, DWARF11, grain number and size on chromosome 4, Panicle Morphology Mutant 1, Notched Belly Grain 4, CLUSTERED PRIMARY BRANCH 1
Protein Name CYTOCHROME P450 724B1
Allele m107, d11, d11-1, d11-2, d11-3, gns4, pmm1, pmm1-1, pmm1-2, pmm1-3, nbg4, cpb1
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation Q6F4F5. AB158759. Slightly dwarf. Small and round grain. Sparse grain setting on a panicle. EC=1.14.-.- GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage.TO 0000847: panicle inflorescence morphology trait. TO:0000845: collective phyllome structure morphology trait. TO:0000847: panicle inflorescence morphology trait. TO:0000970: panicle density. TO:0000789: bud morphology trait.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Vegetative organ - Leaf
Reproductive organ - Heading date
Seed - Physiological traits - Taste
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Seed - Morphological traits
Reproductive organ - Inflorescence
Reproductive organ - Spikelet, flower, glume, awn
Reproductive organ - Panicle, Mode of branching
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. AK106528
MSU ID LOC_Os04g39430.1
RAP ID Os04g0469800
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 10.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Kim S.H., Shim K.C., Lee H.S., Jeon Y.A., Adeva C., Luong N.H., Ahn S.N.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  985559
Brassinosteroid biosynthesis gene <i>OsD2</i> is associated with low-temperature germinability in rice.
Hwang O.J., Back K.
Antioxidants (Basel) 2022  11(5) 
Molecular Regulation of Antioxidant Melatonin Biosynthesis by Brassinosteroid Acting as an Endogenous Elicitor of Melatonin Induction in Rice Seedlings.
Liu C., Ma T., Yuan D., Zhou Y., Long Y., Li Z., Dong Z., Duan M., Yu D., Jing Y., Bai X., Wang Y., Hou Q., Liu S., Zhang J.S., Chen S.Y., Li D., Liu X., Li Z., Wang W., Li J., Wei X., Ma B., Wan X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2022  20(8)  1470-1486
The OsEIL1-OsERF115-target gene regulatory module controls grain size and weight in rice.
Tian P., Liu J., Yan B., Li S., Lei B., Shen R., Lei C., Xu M.
Plants (Basel) 2022  11(12) 
OsBSK3 Positively Regulates Grain Length and Weight by Inhibiting the phosphatase activity of OsPPKL1.
Tian X., He M., Mei E., Zhang B., Tang J., Xu M., Liu J., Li X., Wang Z., Tang W., Guan Q., Bu Q.
Plant Cell 2021   
WRKY53 Integrates Classic Brassinosteroid Signaling and the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway to Regulate Rice Architecture and seed size.
Pasion E.A., Badoni S., Misra G., Anacleto R., Parween S., Kohli A., Sreenivasulu N.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021   
OsTPR boosts the superior grains through increase in upper secondary rachis branches without incurring a grain quality penalty.
Chun Y., Fang J., Zafar S.A., Shang J., Zhao J., Yuan S., Li X.
Rice (N Y) 2020  13(1)  7
MINI SEED 2 (MIS2) Encodes a Receptor-like Kinase that Controls grain size and Shape in Rice.
Jiao X., Wang H., Yan J., Kong X., Liu Y., Chu J., Chen X., Fang R., Yan Y.
Plant Physiol. 2020  182(3)  1454-1466
Promotion of BR Biosynthesis by miR444 Is Required for Ammonium-Triggered Inhibition of Root Growth.
Xiao Y., Zhang G., Liu D., Niu M., Tong H., Chu C.
Plant J. 2020   
GSK2 stabilizes OFP3 to suppress brassinosteroid responses in rice.
Ke Y., Yuan M., Liu H., Hui S., Qin X., Chen J., Zhang Q., Li X., Xiao J., Zhang Q., Wang S.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2020  117(7)  3867-3873
The versatile functions of OsALDH2B1 provide a genic basis for growth-defense trade-offs in rice.
Fang Z., Ji Y., Hu J., Guo R., Sun S., Wang X.
Mol Plant 2020  13(4)  586-597
Strigolactones and Brassinosteroids Antagonistically Regulate the Stability of the D53-OsBZR1 Complex to Determine FC1 Expression in Rice Tillering.
Seo H., Kim S.H., Lee B.D., Lim J.H., Lee S.J., An G., Paek N.C.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(6) 
The Rice <i>Basic Helix-Loop-Helix 79</i> (<i>OsbHLH079</i>) Determines leaf angle and Grain Shape.
Gao X., Zhang J.Q., Zhang X., Zhou J., Jiang Z., Huang P., Tang Z., Bao Y., Cheng J., Tang H., Zhang W., Zhang H., Huang J.
Plant Cell 2019  31(5)  1077-1093
Rice qGL3/OsPPKL1 Functions with the GSK3/SHAGGY-Like Kinase OsGSK3 to Modulate Brassinosteroid Signaling.
Zhang W., Sheng J., Xu Y., Xiong F., Wu Y., Wang W., Wang Z., Yang J., Zhang J.
BMC Plant Biol. 2019  19(1)  409
Role of brassinosteroids in rice spikelet differentiation and degeneration under soil-drying during panicle development.
Tong X., Wang Y., Sun A., Bello B.K., Ni S., Zhang J.
Int J Mol Sci 2018  19(12) 
<b>Notched Belly Grain 4, a Novel Allele of Dwarf 11, Regulates grain shape and Seed Germination in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)</b>.
Sun S., Wang T., Wang L., Li X., Jia Y., Liu C., Huang X., Xie W., Wang X.
Nat Commun 2018  9(1)  2523
Natural selection of a GSK3 determines rice mesocotyl domestication by coordinating strigolactone and brassinosteroid signaling.
Li Y., Li X., Fu D., Wu C.
BMC Plant Biol. 2018  18(1)  348
Panicle Morphology Mutant 1 (PMM1) determines the inflorescence architecture of rice by controlling brassinosteroid biosynthesis.
Gong R., Cao H., Zhang J., Xie K., Wang D., Yu S.
Plant J. 2018  94(1)  32-47
Divergent functions of the GAGA-binding transcription factor family in rice.
Qin R., Zeng D., Yang C., Akhter D., Alamin M., Jin X., Shi C.
Genes (Basel) 2018  9(6) 
<i>LTBSG1</i>, a New Allele of <i>BRD2</i>, Regulates Panicle and Grain Development in Rice by Brassinosteroid Biosynthetic Pathway.
Qiao S., Sun S., Wang L., Wu Z., Li C., Li X., Wang T., Leng L., Tian W., Lu T., Wang X.
Plant Cell 2017  29(2)  292-309
The RLA1/SMOS1 Transcription Factor Functions with OsBZR1 to Regulate Brassinosteroid Signaling and Rice Architecture.
Zhou Y., Tao Y., Zhu J., Miao J., Liu J., Liu Y., Yi C., Yang Z., Gong Z., Liang G.
Rice (N Y) 2017  10(1)  34
GNS4, a novel allele of DWARF11, regulates grain number and grain size in a high-yield rice variety.
Xiao Y., Liu D., Zhang G., Tong H., Chu C.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  1698
Brassinosteroids Regulate OFP1, a DLT interacting protein, to Modulate Plant Architecture and Grain Morphology in Rice.
Feng Z., Wu C., Wang C., Roh J., Zhang L., Chen J., Zhang S., Zhang H., Yang C., Hu J., You X., Liu X., Yang X., Guo X., Zhang X., Wu F., Terzaghi W., Kim S.K., Jiang L., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(14)  4241-53
SLG controls grain size and leaf angle by modulating brassinosteroid homeostasis in rice.
Tong H., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2016  28(4)  833-5
Reply: Brassinosteroid Regulates Gibberellin Synthesis to Promote Cell Elongation in Rice: Critical Comments on Ross and Quittenden's Letter.
He Y., Zhang H., Sun Z., Li J., Hong G., Zhu Q., Zhou X., MacFarlane S., Yan F., Chen J.
New Phytol. 2016   
Jasmonic acid-mediated defense suppresses brassinosteroid-mediated susceptibility to Rice black streaked dwarf virus infection in rice.
Liu S., Hua L., Dong S., Chen H., Zhu X., Jiang J., Zhang F., Li Y., Fang X., Chen F.
Plant J. 2015   
OsMAPK6, a mitogen-activated protein kinase, influences rice grain size and biomass production.
Wu Y., Fu Y., Zhao S., Gu P., Zhu Z., Sun C., Tan L.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2015   
CLUSTERED PRIMARY BRANCH 1, a new allele of DWARF11, controls panicle architecture and seed size in rice.
Zhang X., Sun J., Cao X., Song X.
Plant Physiol. 2015  169(3)  2118-28
Epigenetic Mutation of RAV6 Affects leaf angle and Seed Size in Rice.
Gan L., Wu H., Wu D., Zhang Z., Guo Z., Yang N., Xia K., Zhou X., Oh K., Matsuoka M., Ng D., Zhu C.
Plant Sci. 2015  241  238-45
Methyl jasmonate inhibits lamina joint inclination by repressing brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling in rice.
Chen Q., Xie Q., Gao J., Wang W., Sun B., Liu B., Zhu H., Peng H., Zhao H., Liu C., Wang J., Zhang J., Zhang G., Zhang Z.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Characterization of Rolled and Erect Leaf 1 in regulating leave morphology in rice.
Jin J., Shi J., Liu B., Liu Y., Huang Y., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
MRG702, a reader protein of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3, is involved in brassinosteroid-regulated growth and flowering time control in rice.
Zhang C., Bai M.Y., Chong K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2014  33(5)  683-96
Brassinosteroid-mediated regulation of agronomic traits in rice.
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Sakamoto T., Kitano H., Fujioka S.
Plant Signal Behav 2013  8  e27117
An E3 ubiquitin ligase, ERECT LEAF1, functions in brassinosteroid signaling of rice.
Sui P., Jin J., Ye S., Mu C., Gao J., Feng H., Shen W.H., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant J. 2012  70(2)  340-7
H3K36 methylation is critical for brassinosteroid-regulated plant growth and development in rice.
Tong H., Liu L., Jin Y., Du L., Yin Y., Qian Q., Zhu L., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(6)  2562-77
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING Acts as a Direct Downstream Target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to Mediate Brassinosteroid Responses in Rice.
Je B.I., Piao H.L., Park S.J., Park S.H., Kim C.M., Xuan Y.H., Park S.H., Huang J., Do Choi Y., An G., Wong H.L., Fujioka S., Kim M.-C., Shimamoto K., Han C.-D.
Plant Cell 2010  22(6)  1777-1791
RAV-Like1 maintains brassinosteroid homeostasis via the coordinated activation of BRI1 and biosynthetic genes in rice.
Nakamura A,Fujioka S,Takatsuto S,Tsujimoto M,Kitano H,Yoshida S,Asami T,Nakano T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2009  50(9)  1627-35
Involvement of C-22-hydroxylated brassinosteroids in auxin-induced lamina joint bending in rice.
Tong H,Jin Y,Liu W,Li F,Fang J,Yin Y,Qian Q,Zhu L,Chu C
Plant J. 2009  58  803-16
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING, a new member of the GRAS family, plays positive roles in brassinosteroid signaling in rice.
Sakamoto,T., Morinaka,Y., Ohnishi,T., Sunohara,H., Fujioka,S., Ueguchi-Tanaka,M., Mizutani,M., Sakata,K., Takatsuto,S., Yoshida,S., Tanaka,H., Kitano,H. and Matsuoka,M.
Nat. Biotechnol. 2005  24(1)  105-109
Erect leaves caused by brassinosteroid deficiency increase biomass production and grain yield in rice.
Tanabe,S., Ashikari,M., Fujioka,S., Takatsuto,S., Yoshida,S., Yano,M., Yoshimura,A., Kitano,H., Matsuoka,M., Fujisawa,Y., Kato,H. and Iwasaki,Y.
Plant Cell 2005  17(3)  776-790
A Novel Cytochrome P450 Is Implicated in Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis via the Characterization of a Rice Dwarf Mutant, dwarf11, with Reduced Seed Length.
Tanabe, S.B., M. Ashikari, M. Yano, A. Yoshimura, M. Matsuoka, H. Kitano, T. Asahi and Y. Iwasaki
RGN 2000  17  18-19
High resolution map of dwarf mutant gene, dwarf11 of rice.
Takamure, I., M.C. Hong and T. Kinoshita
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  78
Genetic interactions between major genes concerned with grain size in rice.
Yu, Z.H., S.R. McCouch, T. Kinoshita, S. Sato and S.D. Tanksley
Genome 1995  38  566-574.
Association of morphological and RFLP markers in rice (Oryza sativa L. ).
Yoshimura, A., O. Ideta, T. Matsumoto, T. Tsunematsu and N. Iwata
Japan. J. Breed. 1992  42(Suppl. 1)  168-169.
Integration of conventional and RFLP linkage maps in rice. 1. On chromosomes 1, 2, 3 and 4.
Yu, Z.H., T. Kinoshita, S. Sato and S.D. Tanksley
RGN 1992  9  116-118.
Morphological and RFLP markers are associated in rice.
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1971  25(3.4)  137-153.
Linkage analysis by reciprocal translocation method in rice plants (Oryza sativa L).II. Linkage groups corresponding to the chromosomes 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1970  20(Suppl. 2)  118-119.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L).On some mutants derived from chronic gamma irradiation.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for D11 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060193
Gene Ontology defense response to virus( GO:0051607 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
brassinosteroid biosynthetic process( GO:0016132 )
cytoplasmic membrane-bounded vesicle( GO:0016023 )
membrane( GO:0016020 )
cellular iron ion homeostasis( GO:0006879 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
ferric iron binding( GO:0008199 )
photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048573 )
regulation of seed germination( GO:0010029 )
positive regulation of unidimensional cell growth( GO:0051512 )
response to jasmonic acid stimulus( GO:0009753 )
heme binding( GO:0020037 )
oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen( GO:0016705 )
skotomorphogenesis( GO:0009647 )
monooxygenase activity( GO:0004497 )
electron carrier activity( GO:0009055 )
integral to membrane( GO:0016021 )
iron ion transport( GO:0006826 )
oxidation reduction( GO:0055114 )
response to brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009741 )
electron transport chain( GO:0022900 )
unidimensional cell growth( GO:0009826 )
Trait Ontology panicle length( TO:0000040 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
jasmonic acid sensitivity( TO:0000172 )
brassinosteroid sensitivity( TO:0002677 )
grains per panicle( TO:0000139 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
1000-dehulled grain weight( TO:0000592 )
seed set percent( TO:0000455 )
spikelet number( TO:0000456 )
brassinosteroid content( TO:0002676 )
days to heading( TO:0000137 )
flowering time( TO:0002616 )
primary branching of inflorescence( TO:0000052 )
inflorescence branching( TO:0000050 )
spikelet weight( TO:0000501 )
secondary branch number( TO:0000557 )
primary branch length( TO:0000641 )
tiller number( TO:0000346 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
seed shape( TO:0000484 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
seed size( TO:0000391 )
leaf angle( TO:0000206 )
drought tolerance( TO:0000276 )
spikelet fertility( TO:0000180 )
spikelet anatomy and morphology trait( TO:0000657 )
primary branch number( TO:0000547 )
grain shape( TO:0002730 )
grain number( TO:0002759 )
yield trait( TO:0000371 )
black streak dwarf virus resistance( TO:0000020 )
Plant Ontology stem internode( PO:0020142 )
primary inflorescence branch( PO:0006321 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
inflorescence axis( PO:0020122 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 8
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 2
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Mar 17, 2023