Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol NAL1
Gene Symbol Synonym nal1, cul1, GPS, SPIKE, SPIKE/LSCHL4/NAL1/GPS, SPIKE/NAL1, LSCHL4
Gene Name Synonym narrow leaf1, narrow leaf 1, narrow leaf-1, curl leaf-1, Green for photosysthesis, SPIKELET NUMBER
Protein Name
Allele SPIKE, LSCHL4, NAL1- japonica, NAL1-indica, NAL1-Takanari
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation duplicate or triplicate. Some narrow leaf strain is controlled by triplicate genes, nal1, nal2 and nal3. EU093963. PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage. TO:0000820: leaf vein anatomy and morphology trait. TO:0000832: flag leaf anatomy and morphology trait. LOC_Os04g52479.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Leaf
Reproductive organ - panicle
Coloration - Chlorophyll
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. AK064014
MSU ID LOC_Os04g52479.1
RAP ID Os04g0615000
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Wang H., Shi Y., Zhang X., Xu X., Wu J.L.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(4) 
Characterization of a Novel Rice Dynamic Narrow-rolled leaf Mutant with Deficiencies in Aromatic Amino Acids.
Xu P., Ali A., Han B., Wu X.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  1528
Current Advances in Molecular Basis and Mechanisms Regulating Leaf Morphology in Rice.
Yu J., Zao W., He Q., Kim T.S., Park Y.J.
Mol. Genet. Genomics 2017   
Genome-wide association study and gene set analysis for understanding candidate genes involved in salt tolerance at the rice seedling stage.
Kim S.R., Ramos J., Ashikari M., Virk P.S., Torres E.A., Nissila E., Hechanova S.L., Mauleon R., Jena K.K.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  12
Development and validation of allele-specific SNP/indel markers for eight yield-enhancing genes using whole-genome sequencing strategy to increase yield potential of rice, Oryza sativa L.
Yang S.Q., Li W.Q., Miao H., Gan P.F., Qiao L., Chang Y.L., Shi C.H., Chen K.M.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  37
rel2, A Gene Encoding An Unknown Function Protein which Contains DUF630 and DUF632 Domains Controls leaf rolling in Rice.
Yano K., Yamamoto E., Aya K., Takeuchi H., Lo P.C., Hu L., Yamasaki M., Yoshida S., Kitano H., Hirano K., Matsuoka M.
Nat. Genet. 2016  48(8)  927-34
Genome-wide association study using whole-genome sequencing rapidly identifies new genes influencing agronomic traits in rice.
Taguchi-Shiobara F., Ota T., Ebana K., Ookawa T., Yamasaki M., Tanabata T., Yamanouchi U., Wu J., Ono N., Nonoue Y., Nagata K., Fukuoka S., Hirabayashi H., Yamamoto T., Yano M.
Genetics 2015   
Natural Variation in the flag leaf Morphology of Rice Due to a Mutation of the NARROW LEAF 1 Gene in Oryza sativa L.
Zhang G.H., Li S.Y., Wang L., Ye W.J., Zeng D.L., Rao Y.C., Peng Y.L., Hu J., Yang Y.L., Xu J., Ren D.Y., Gao Z.Y., Zhu L., Dong G.J., Hu X.M., Yan M.X., Guo L.B., Li C.Y., Qian Q.
Mol Plant 2014  7(8)  1350-64
LSCHL4 from Japonica Cultivar, which is allelic to NAL1, increases yield of indica super rice 93-11.
Fujita D., Trijatmiko K.R., Tagle A.G., Sapasap M.V., Koide Y., Sasaki K., Tsakirpaloglou N., Gannaban R.B., Nishimura T., Yanagihara S., Fukuta Y., Koshiba T., Slamet-Loedin IH., Ishimaru T., Kobayashi N.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2013  110(51)  20431-6
NAL1 allele from a rice landrace greatly increases yield in modern indica cultivars.
Takai T., Adachi S., Taguchi-Shiobara F., Sanoh-Arai Y., Iwasawa N., Yoshinaga S., Hirose S., Taniguchi Y., Yamanouchi U., Wu J., Matsumoto T., Sugimoto K., Kondo K., Ikka T., Ando T., Kono I., Ito S., Shomura A., Ookawa T., Hirasawa T., Yano M., Kondo M., Yamamoto T.
Sci Rep 2013  3  2149
A natural variant of nal1, selected in high-yield rice breeding programs, pleiotropically increases photosynthesis rate.
Chen M., Luo J., Shao G., Wei X., Tang S., Sheng Z., Song J., Hu P.
Plant Cell Rep. 2012  31(5)  863-72
Fine mapping of a major QTL for flag leaf width in rice, qFLW4, which might be caused by alternative splicing of NAL1.
Qi,J., Qian,Q., Bu,Q., Li,S., Chen,Q., Sun,J., Liang,W., Zhou,Y., Chu,C., Li,X., Ren,F., Palme,K., Zhao,B., Chen,J., Chen,M. and Li,C.
Plant Physiol. 2008  147(4)  1947-1959
Mutation of the Rice NARROW LEAF1 Gene, Which Encodes a Novel Protein, Affects Vein Patterning and Polar Auxin Transport
Eguchi, T., M. Ashikari, A. Yoshimura and N. Iwata
Breeding Science 1998  48(Suppl. 1)  80
Loci of physiological and morphological characters on RFLP linkage map in rice.
Mori, K., T. Kinoshita and M. Takahashi
Mem. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1973  8(4)  377-385.
Linkage relationships of genes for some mutant characters of rice kept in Kyushu University. -Genetical studies on rice plant, LV-.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for NAL1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060565
Gene Ontology response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
catalytic activity( GO:0003824 )
metabolic process( GO:0008152 )
Trait Ontology leaf shape( TO:0000492 )
leaf width( TO:0000370 )
spikelet number( TO:0000456 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
chlorophyll content( TO:0000495 )
panicle type( TO:0000089 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
panicle shape( TO:0000262 )
Plant Ontology vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
flag leaf( PO:0020103 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 4
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 3
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Jun 26, 2020