Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol GH2
Gene Symbol Synonym gh2, CAD2, CAD, OsCAD2, OsGH2
Gene Name Synonym gold hull and internode2, gold hull and internode-2, Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 2, Sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase, Protein GOLD HULL AND INTERNODE 2, Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase
Allele gh2, gh2-1
Chromosome No. 2
Explanation This mutant exhibits brownish green lemma and palea at panicle exsertion and deep golden yellow at maturity. This mutant also shows golden-colored internode (Yellow pigment is accumulated at cell wall). Q6ZHS4. GRO:0007142; 1-4 leaf stage ; GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage. GO:1901698: response to nitrogen compound. PO:0030123: panicle inflorescence. TO:0000930: seed shattering.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Vegetative organ - Culm
Coloration - Others
Seed - Physiological traits - Shattering
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK105011
MSU ID LOC_Os02g09490.1
RAP ID Os02g0187800
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 20.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Ning J., He W., Wu L., Chang L., Hu M., Fu Y., Liu F., Sun H., Gu P., Ndjiondjop M.N., Sun C., Zhu Z.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023  21(5)  931-942
The MYB transcription factor Seed Shattering 11 controls seed Shattering by repressing lignin synthesis in African rice.
Ma J., Morel J.B., Riemann M., Nick P.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  601
Jasmonic acid contributes to rice resistance against Magnaporthe oryzae.
Liu Y., Zhang W., Wang Y., Xie L., Zhang Q., Zhang J., Li W., Wu M., Cui J., Wang W., Zhang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  1054917
<i>Nudix hydrolase 14</i> influences plant development and grain chalkiness in rice.
Chen Z., Teng S., Liu D., Chang Y., Zhang L., Cui X., Wu J., Ai P., Sun X., Lu T., Zhang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  905111
RLM1, Encoding an R2R3 MYB Transcription Factor, Regulates the Development of Secondary Cell Wall in Rice.
Chen H., Fang R., Deng R., Li J.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021   
The OsmiRNA166b-OsHox32 pair regulates mechanical strength of rice plants by modulating cell wall biosynthesis.
Miyamoto T., Takada R., Tobimatsu Y., Takeda Y., Suzuki S., Yamamura M., Osakabe K., Osakabe Y., Sakamoto M., Umezawa T.
Plant J. 2019  98(6)  975-987
OsMYB108 loss-of-function enriches p-coumaroylated and tricin lignin units in rice cell walls.
Sánchez-Sanuy F., Peris-Peris C., Tomiyama S., Okada K., Hsing Y.I., San Segundo B., Campo S.
BMC Plant Biol. 2019  19(1)  563
Osa-miR7695 enhances transcriptional priming in defense responses against the rice blast fungus.
Zhao K., Lin F., Romero-Gamboa SP., Saha P., Goh H.J., An G., Jung K.H., Hazen S.P., Bartley L.E.
Front Plant Sci 2019  10  1275
Rice Genome-Scale Network Integration Reveals Transcriptional Regulators of Grass Cell Wall Synthesis.
Ke S., Luan X., Liang J., Hung Y.H., Hsieh T.F., Zhang X.Q.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2019  100(1-2)  151-161
Rice OsPEX1, an extensin-like protein, affects lignin biosynthesis and plant growth.
Park H.L., Kim T.L., Bhoo S.H., Lee T.H., Lee S.W., Cho M.H.
Molecules 2018  23(10) 
Biochemical Characterization of the Rice Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase Gene Family.
Zhang W., Wu L., Ding Y., Yao X., Wu X., Weng F., Li G., Liu Z., Tang S., Ding C., Wang S.
J. Plant Res. 2017   
Nitrogen fertilizer application affects lodging resistance by altering secondary cell wall synthesis in japonica rice (Oryza sativa).
Wu L., Zhang W., Ding Y., Zhang J., Cambula E.D., Weng F., Liu Z., Ding C., Tang S., Chen L., Wang S., Li G.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  881
Shading Contributes to the Reduction of Stem Mechanical Strength by Decreasing Cell Wall Synthesis in Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Huang P., Yoshida H., Yano K., Kinoshita S., Kawai K., Koketsu E., Hattori M., Takehara S., Huang J., Hirano K., Ordonio R.L., Matsuoka M., Ueguchi-Tanaka M.
J Integr Plant Biol 2017   
OsIDD2, a zinc finger and INDETERMINATE DOMAIN protein, regulates secondary cell wall formation.
Zhao S., Zhao L., Liu F., Wu Y., Zhu Z., Sun C., Tan L.
J Integr Plant Biol 2016  58(12)  983-996
NARROW AND ROLLED LEAF 2 regulates leaf shape, male fertility, and seed size in rice.
Noda S., Koshiba T., Hattori T., Yamaguchi M., Suzuki S., Umezawa T.
Planta 2015  242(3)  589-600
The expression of a rice secondary wall-specific cellulose synthase gene, OsCesA7, is directly regulated by a rice transcription factor, OsMYB58/63.
Koshiba T.a, Hirose N.a, Mukai M.a, Yamamura M.a, Hattori T.a d, Suzuki S.a, Sakamoto M.b, Umezawa T.a c
Plant Biotechnology 2013  30  157-167
Characterization of 5-hydroxyconiferaldehyde O-methyltransferase in Oryza sativa
Hirano K., Kondo M., Aya K., Miyao A., Sato Y., Antonio B.A., Namiki N., Nagamura Y., Matsuoka M.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2013  54(11)  1791-802
Identification of transcription factors involved in rice secondary cell wall formation.
Hirano K., Aya K., Kondo M., Okuno A., Morinaka Y., Matsuoka M.
Plant Cell Rep. 2012  31(1)  91-101
OsCAD2 is the major CAD gene responsible for monolignol biosynthesis in rice culm.
Madana M R Ambavaram, Krishnan A., Kurniawan R Trijatmiko, Pereira A.
Plant Physiol. 2011  155(2)  916-31
Coordinated activation of cellulose and repression of lignin biosynthesis pathways in rice.
Huang,J., Zhang,K., Shen,Y., Huang,Z., Li,M., Tang,D., Gu,M. and Cheng,Z.
Genomics 2009  93(3)  274-281
Identification of a high frequency transposon induced by tissue culture, nDaiZ, a member of the hAT family in rice
Zhang,K., Qian,Q., Huang,Z., Wang,Y., Li,M., Hong,L., Zeng,D., Gu,M., Chu,C. and Cheng,Z.
Plant Physiol. 2006  140(3)  972-983
GOLD HULL AND INTERNODE2 Encodes a Primarily Multifunctional Cinnamyl-Alcohol Dehydrogenase in Rice
Tobias,C.M. and Chow,E.K.
Planta. 2005  220 (5)  678-688
Structure of the cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase gene family in rice and promoter activity of a member associated with lignification
Sanchez, A.C. and G.S. Khush
J. Hered. 1994  85  297-300.
Chromosomal location of some marker genes in rice using the primary trisomics.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and A. Yoshimura
RGN 1989  6  106-108.
Linkage map for Nishimura's chromosome 8.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Jpn. J. Genet. 1984  59(3)  199-204.
Studies on the trisomics in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). VI. An accomplishment of a trisomic series in japonica rice plants.
Iwata, N., T. Omura and H. Satoh
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1978  22  243-251.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L.). On some mutants for physiological leaf spots.
Iwata, N., T. Omura and H. Satoh
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(Suppl. 1)  170-171.
Linkage studies in rice. The sequence of genes at the eight and eleventh linkage groups.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1971  25(3.4)  137-153.
Linkage analysis by reciprocal translocation method in rice plants (Oryza sativa L).II. Linkage groups corresponding to the chromosomes 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for GH2 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060366
Gene Ontology zinc ion binding( GO:0008270 )
lignin biosynthetic process( GO:0009809 )
heme binding( GO:0020037 )
electron transport chain( GO:0022900 )
cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase activity( GO:0045551 )
lignin metabolic process( GO:0009808 )
electron carrier activity( GO:0009055 )
oxidation reduction( GO:0055114 )
secondary cell wall biogenesis( GO:0009834 )
response to light intensity( GO:0009642 )
response to UV( GO:0009411 )
defense response to bacterium( GO:0042742 )
Trait Ontology lignin monomer content( TO:0000732 )
internode color( TO:0000426 )
"seed coat color" or "internode color"( TO:0000190_TO:0000426 )
lemma and palea color( TO:0000264 )
lignin biosynthesis trait( TO:0000733 )
nitrogen sensitivity( TO:0000011 )
stem strength( TO:0000051 )
light intensity sensitivity( TO:0000460 )
UV light sensitivity( TO:0000160 )
bacterial blight disease resistance( TO:0000175 )
fruit senescing quality trait( TO:0002729 )
grain shattering( TO:0000473 )
Plant Ontology leaf vascular system( PO:0000036 )
shoot axis vascular system( PO:0000039 )
root vascular system( PO:0003011 )
root( PO:0009005 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 15
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 1
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Jul 3, 2023