Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol GI
Gene Symbol Synonym OsGI, Gi, Os-GI
Gene Name Synonym orthologue of the arabidopsis GIGANTEA, Gigantea, protein GIGANTEA, Os-GIGANTEA, OsGIGANTEA
Allele osgi, osgi-1, gigantea
Chromosome No. 1
Explanation Q9AWL7. GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage. a rice ortholog of Arabidopsis gene for circadian clock component. AY885710-AY885737 and DQ374670-DQ374697 (O. sativa and other wild rice species, partial cds). AJ133787. GO:1902456: regulation of stomatal opening.
Trait Class Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Reproductive organ - Heading date
cDNA Accession No. AK067038
MSU ID LOC_Os01g08700.1
RAP ID Os01g0182600
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Yin M., Ma H., Wang M., Chu G., Liu Y., Xu C., Zhang X., Wang D., Chen S.
Sci Rep 2021  11(1)  15026
Transcriptome analysis of flowering regulation by sowing date in Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Sun C., Zhang K., Zhou Y., Xiang L., He C., Zhong C., Li K., Wang Q., Yang C., Wang Q., Chen C., Chen D., Wang Y., Liu C., Yang B., Wu H., Chen X., Li W., Wang J., Xu P., Wang P., Fang J., Chu C., Deng X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021  19(8)  1644-1657
Dual function of clock component OsLHY sets critical day length for photoperiodic flowering in rice.
Ahn H.R., Kim Y.J., Lim Y.J., Duan S., Eom S.H., Jung K.H.
Plants (Basel) 2021  10(1) 
Key Genes in the Melatonin Biosynthesis Pathway with Circadian Rhythm Are Associated with Various Abiotic Stresses.
Liang L., Zhang Z., Cheng N., Liu H., Song S., Hu Y., Zhou X., Zhang J., Xing Y.
Plant Cell Environ. 2021  44(3)  842-855
The transcriptional repressor OsPRR73 links circadian clock and photoperiod pathway to control heading date in rice.
Wei H., Wang X., He Y., Xu H., Wang L.
EMBO J. 2021  40(3)  e105086
Clock component OsPRR73 positively regulates rice salt tolerance by modulating OsHKT2;1-mediated sodium homeostasis.
Yoo Y.H., Jiang X., Jung K.H.
Plants (Basel) 2020  9(9) 
An Abiotic Stress Responsive U-Box E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Is Involved in OsGI-Mediating Diurnal Rhythm Regulating Mechanism.
Cho L.H., Yoon J., Wai A.H., An G.
Mol. Cells 2018  41(7)  665-675
<i>Histone Deacetylase 701 (HDT701)</i> Induces Flowering in Rice by Modulating Expression of <i>OsIDS1</i>.
Zhu C., Peng Q., Fu D., Zhuang D., Yu Y., Duan M., Xie W., Cai Y., Ouyang Y., Lian X., Wu C.
Plant Cell 2018  30(10)  2352-2367
The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase HAF1 Modulates Circadian Accumulation of EARLY FLOWERING3 to Control heading date in Rice under Long-Day Conditions.
Li S., Yue W., Wang M., Qiu W., Zhou L., Shou H.
Front Plant Sci 2016  7  465
Mutation of OsGIGANTEA Leads to Enhanced Tolerance to Polyethylene Glycol-Generated Osmotic Stress in Rice.
Matsuzaki J., Kawahara Y., Izawa T.
Plant Cell 2015  27(3)  633-48
Punctual Transcriptional Regulation by the Rice Circadian Clock under Fluctuating Field Conditions.
Han S.H., Yoo S.C., Lee B.D., An G., Paek N.C.
Plant Cell Environ. 2015   
Rice FLAVIN-BINDING, KELCH REPEAT, F-BOX 1 (OsFKF1) promotes flowering independent of photoperiod.
Nguyen Q.N., Lee Y.S., Cho L.H., Jeong H.J., An G., Jung K.H.
Planta 2014   
Genome-wide identification and analysis of Catharanthus roseus RLK1-like kinases in rice.
Yang Y., Peng Q., Chen G.X., Li X.H., Wu C.Y.
Mol Plant 2013  6(1)  202-15
OsELF3 is Involved in Circadian Clock Regulation for Promoting Flowering under Long-Day Conditions in Rice.
Dong Y., Chen Z., Pei X., Wang F., Yuan Q., Wu H., Jia S., Peng Y.
Genet. Mol. Res. 2013  12(3)  2652-69
Variation of the OsGI intron and its phenotypic associations in Oryza rufipogon Griff. and Oryza sativa L.
Sun C., Fang J., Zhao T., Xu B., Zhang F., Liu L., Tang J., Zhang G., Deng X., Chen F., Qian Q., Cao X., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(8)  3235-47
The histone methyltransferase SDG724 Mediates H3K36me2/3 Deposition at MADS50 and RFT1 and Promotes Flowering in Rice.
Izawa T.
Plant Cell Environ. 2012  35(10)  1729-41
Physiological significance of the plant circadian clock in natural field conditions.
Zhao X.L., Shi Z.Y., Peng L.T., Shen G.Z., Zhang J.L.
N Biotechnol 2011  28(6)  788-97
An atypical HLH protein OsLF in rice regulates flowering time and interacts with OsPIL13 and OsPIL15.
Wang W., Liu Z., Guo Z., Song G., Cheng Q., Jiang D., Zhu Y., Yang D.
BMC Genomics 2011  12  462
Comparative transcriptomes profiling of photoperiod-sensitive male sterile rice Nongken 58S during the male sterility transition between short-day and long-day.
Li C., Huang L., Xu C., Zhao Y., Zhou D.X.
PLoS ONE 2011  6(7)  e21789
Altered levels of histone deacetylase OsHDT1 affect differential gene expression patterns in hybrid rice.
Izawa T. , Mihara M. , Suzuki Y. , Gupta M. , Itoh H. , Nagano A.J. , Motoyama R. , Sawada Y. , Yano M. , Hirai M.Y. , Makino A. , Nagamura Y.
Plant Cell 2011  23(5)  1741-55
Os-GIGANTEA Confers Robust Diurnal Rhythms on the Global Transcriptome of Rice in the Field.
Itoh H,Nonoue Y,Yano M,Izawa T
Nat Genet 2010  42(7)  635-8
A pair of floral regulators sets critical day length for Hd3a florigen expression in rice.
Takahashi Y,Teshima KM,Yokoi S,Innan H,Shimamoto K
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106  4555-60
Variations in Hd1 proteins, Hd3a promoters, and Ehd1 expression levels contribute to diversity of flowering time in cultivated rice.
Park SJ,Kim SL,Lee S,Je BI,Piao HL,Park SH,Kim CM,Ryu CH,Park SH,Xuan YH,Colasanti J,An G,Han CD
Plant J. 2008  56  1018-29
Rice Indeterminate 1 (OsId1) is necessary for the expression of Ehd1 (Early heading date 1) regardless of photoperiod.
Abe M,Fujiwara M,Kurotani K,Yokoi S,Shimamoto K
Plant Cell Physiol. 2008  49  420-32
Identification of dynamin as an interactor of rice GIGANTEA by tandem affinity purification (TAP).
Kim SL,Lee S,Kim HJ,Nam HG,An G
Plant Physiol. 2007  145  1484-94
OsMADS51 is a short-day flowering promoter that functions upstream of Ehd1, OsMADS14, and Hd3a.
Murakami M, Tago Y, Yamashino T, Mizuno T.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2007  48(1)  110-21
Comparative Overviews of Clock-Associated Genes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa.
Tang,T., Lu,J., Huang,J., He,J., McCouch,S.R., Shen,Y., Kai,Z., Purugganan,M.D., Shi,S. and Wu,C.-I.
PLoS Genet. 2 (11), e199 REMARK Publication Status: Online-Only 2006  2(11) 
Genomic Variation in Rice: Genesis of Highly Polymorphic Linkage Blocks during Domestication
Ishikawa R., Tamaki S., Yokoi S., Inagaki N., Shinomura T., Takano M., Shimamoto K.
Plant Cell 2005  17(12)  3326-36
Suppression of the floral activator Hd3a is the principal cause of the night break effect in rice.
Hayama, R., Yokoi, S., Tamaki, S., Yano, M. and Shimamoto, K.
Nature 2003  422  719-722
Adaptation of photoperiodic control pathways produces short-day flowering in rice.
Hayama, R., T. Izawa and K. Shimamoto
Plant Cell Physiol. 2002  43  494-504.
Isolation of rice genes possibly involved in the photoperiodic control of flowering by a fluorescent differential display method.
Fowler,S., Lee,K., Onouchi,H., Samach,A., Richardson,K., Morris,B., Coupland,G. and Putterill,J.
EMBO J. 1999  18(17)  4679-4688
GIGANTEA: a circadian clock-controlled gene that regulates photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis and encodes a protein with several possible membrane-spanning domains.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for GI ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0100114
Gene Ontology response to temperature stimulus( GO:0009266 )
response to light stimulus( GO:0009416 )
photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048573 )
rhythmic process( GO:0048511 )
melatonin biosynthetic process( GO:0030187 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
flower development( GO:0009908 )
cell differentiation( GO:0030154 )
inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
circadian rhythm( GO:0007623 )
regulation of stomatal movement( GO:0010119 )
regulation of response to osmotic stress( GO:0047484 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
Trait Ontology days to heading( TO:0000137 )
osmotic response sensitivity( TO:0000095 )
sucrose content( TO:0000328 )
proline content( TO:0006002 )
transpiration rate( TO:0001018 )
stomatal resistance( TO:0000523 )
root to shoot ratio( TO:0000278 )
root length( TO:0000227 )
drought tolerance( TO:0000276 )
flowering time( TO:0002616 )
temperature response trait( TO:0000432 )
light sensitivity( TO:0000075 )
Plant Ontology root( PO:0009005 )
shoot system( PO:0009006 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Mar 3, 2022