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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol MOC1
Gene Symbol Synonym moc1, OsMOC1, OsGRAS-33, OsGRAS33, GRAS-33, GRAS33, GNP6, OsGNP6
Gene Name Synonym monoculm1, Monoculm 1, Protein MONOCULM 1, GRAS protein 33, Grain Number Per-panicle on chromosome 6
Protein Name GRAS PROTEIN 33
Allele moc1, moc1-4, moc1-5, gnp6
Chromosome No. 6
Explanation Q84MM9. GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage. FJ032625-FJ032640 (wild rice MONOCULM1-orthologous regions). AY242058. Positively regulate rice tiller and panicle branches. ortholog of lateral suppressor (LS/LAS) gene from tomato and arabidopsis. Os06g0610350 in Ikeda et al. 2013, Zhang et al. 2021. KC700663-KC700674 (O. sativa and wild rice species, intron 2).
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Vegetative organ - Root
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Reproductive organ - Panicle, Mode of branching
Reproductive organ - Spikelet, flower, glume, awn
cDNA Accession No. AK062635
MSU ID LOC_Os06g40780.1
RAP ID Os06g0610350
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Kellogg E.A.
Plant Cell 2022  34(7)  2518-2533
Genetic control of branching patterns in grass inflorescences.
Zhang Z., Sun X., Ma X., Xu B., Zhao Y., Ma Z., Li G., Najeeb Ullah Khan, Pan Y., Liang Y., Zhang H., Li J., Li Z.
The Crop Journal 2021  9  57-67
gnp6, a novel allele of MOC1, regulates panicle and tiller development in rice
Pasion E.A., Badoni S., Misra G., Anacleto R., Parween S., Kohli A., Sreenivasulu N.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021   
OsTPR boosts the superior grains through increase in upper secondary rachis branches without incurring a grain quality penalty.
Kawa D.
Plant Cell 2020  32(6)  1786-1787
APC/CTE Shapes Rice Architecture from Top to Bottom.
Lin Q., Zhang Z., Wu F., Feng M., Sun Y., Chen W., Cheng Z., Zhang X., Ren Y., Lei C., Zhu S., Wang J., Zhao Z., Guo X., Wang H., Wan J.
Plant Cell 2020  32(6)  1973-1987
The APC/CTE E3 Ubiquitin ligase Complex Mediates the Antagonistic Regulation of Root Growth and Tillering by ABA and GA.
Yang X., Wang J., Dai Z., Zhao X., Miao X., Shi Z.
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  40
miR156f integrates panicle architecture through genetic modulation of branch number and pedicel length pathways.
Ni S., Li Z., Ying J., Zhang J., Chen H.
Genes (Basel) 2019  10(3) 
<i>Decreased Spikelets 4</i> Encoding a Novel Tetratricopeptide Repeat Domain-Containing Protein Is Involved in DNA Repair and spikelet number Determination in Rice.
Shao G., Lu Z., Xiong J., Wang B., Jing Y., Meng X., Liu G., Ma H., Liang Y., Chen F., Wang Y., Li J., Yu H.
Mol Plant 2019  12(8)  1090-1102
Tiller Bud Formation Regulators MOC1 and MOC3 Cooperatively Promote Tiller Bud Outgrowth by Activating FON1 Expression in Rice.
Abbai R., Singh V.K., Nachimuthu V.V., Sinha P., Selvaraj R., Vipparla A.K., Singh A.K., Singh U.M., Varshney R.K., Kumar A.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2019   
Haplotype analysis of key genes governing grain yield and quality traits across 3K RG panel reveals scope for the development of tailor-made rice with enhanced genetic gains.
Deshpande G.M., Ramakrishna K., Chongloi G.L., Vijayraghavan U.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015  66(9)  2773-84
Functions for rice RFL in vegetative axillary meristem specification and outgrowth.
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Liang W., Shang F., Lin Q., Lou C., Zhang J.
Gene 2014  537(1)  1-5
Tillering and panicle branching genes in rice.
Ikeda M., Miura K., Aya K., Kitano H., Matsuoka M.
Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2013  16(2)  213-20
Genes offering the potential for designing yield-related traits in rice.
Lin Q., Wang D., Dong H., Gu S., Cheng Z., Gong J., Qin R., Jiang L., Li G., Wang J.L., Wu F., Guo X., Zhang X., Lei C., Wang H., Wan J.
Nat Commun 2012  3  752
Rice APC/C(TE) controls tillering by mediating the degradation of MONOCULM 1.
Xu C., Wang Y., Yu Y., Duan J., Liao Z., Xiong G., Meng X., Liu G., Qian Q., Li J.
Nat Commun 2012  3  750
Degradation of MONOCULM 1 by APC/C(TAD1) regulates rice tillering.
Tabuchi,H., Zhang,Y., Hattori,S., Omae,M., Shimizu-Sato,S., Oikawa,T., Qian,Q., Nishimura,M., Kitano,H., Xie,H., Fang,X., Yoshida,H., Kyozuka,J., Chen,F. and Sato,Y.
Plant Cell 2011  23(9)  3276-3287
LAX PANICLE2 of Rice Encodes a Novel Nuclear Protein and Regulates the Formation of Axillary Meristems
Lu,F., Ammiraju,J.S., Sanyal,A., Zhang,S., Song,R., Chen,J., Li,G., Sui,Y., Song,X., Cheng,Z., de Oliveira,A.C., Bennetzen,J.L., Jackson,S.A., Wing,R.A. and Chen,M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009  106(6)  2071-2076
Comparative sequence analysis of MONOCULM1-orthologous regions in 14 Oryza genomes
Furutani I, Sukegawa S, Kyozuka J.
Plant J. 2006  46(3)  503-511
Genome-wide analysis of spatial and temporal gene expression in rice panicle development.
Tian C, Wan P, Sun S, Li J, Chen M.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2004  54  519-532
Genome-wide analysis of the GRAS gene family in rice and Arabidopsis.
Li,X., Qian,Q., Fu,Z., Wang,Y., Xiong,G., Zeng,D., Wang,X., Liu,X., Teng,S., Hiroshi,F., Yuan,M., Luo,D., Han,B. and Li,J.
Nature 2003  422(6932)  618-621
Control of tillering in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for MOC1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0080008
Gene Ontology meristem development( GO:0048507 )
response to gibberellin stimulus( GO:0009739 )
abscisic acid mediated signaling( GO:0009738 )
gibberellic acid mediated signaling( GO:0009740 )
response to abscisic acid stimulus( GO:0009737 )
regulation of meristem growth( GO:0010075 )
root development( GO:0048364 )
inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
regulation of transcription( GO:0045449 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
transcription( GO:0006350 )
meristem initiation( GO:0010014 )
transcription regulator activity( GO:0030528 )
Trait Ontology spikelet number( TO:0000456 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
primary branch number( TO:0000547 )
spikelet weight( TO:0000501 )
inflorescence development trait( TO:0000621 )
inflorescence branching( TO:0000050 )
root development trait( TO:0000656 )
abscisic acid sensitivity( TO:0000615 )
gibberellic acid sensitivity( TO:0000166 )
Plant Ontology axillary bud meristem( PO:0000232 )
axillary bud( PO:0004709 )
basal axillary shoot system( PO:0005001 )
axillary shoot system( PO:0006343 )
inflorescence development stage( PO:0001083 )
root development stage( PO:0007520 )
stem base( PO:0008039 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
May 10, 2023