Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol RD
Gene Symbol Synonym Rd, DFR, OsDFR, OS-DFR
Gene Name Synonym Red pericarp and seed coat, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, dihydroflavonol-4-reductase
Allele Rd1,Rd2
Chromosome No. 1
Explanation Responsible for spreading the color of Rc, when Rc co-exists, giving a dark red pericarp and seed coat, or red rice. Rd itself does not produce any pigment. [298] GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007042; 08-dough stage ; GRO:0007045; 09-mature grain stage ; GRO:0007046; 07-milk stage. Y07956. AB003495, AB003496, AB010744, AB010745.
Trait Class Coloration - Others
Biochemical character
Coloration - Anthocyanin
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Tolerance and resistance - Insect resistance
Vegetative organ - Culm
cDNA Accession No. AB003496
MSU ID LOC_Os01g44260.1
RAP ID Os01g0633500
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 65.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Jan R., Khan M.A., Asaf S., Lee I.J., Kim K.M.
Sci Rep 2020  10(1)  14685
Overexpression of OsF3H modulates WBPH stress by alteration of phenylpropanoid pathway at a transcriptomic and metabolomic level in Oryza sativa.
Zheng J., Wu H., Zhu H., Huang C., Liu C., Chang Y., Kong Z., Zhou Z., Wang G., Lin Y., Chen H.
New Phytol. 2019  223(2)  705-721
Determining factors, regulation system, and domestication of anthocyanin biosynthesis in rice leaves.
Zaidi S.H.R., Zakari S.A., Zhao Q., Khan A.R., Shah J.M., Cheng F.
Antioxidants (Basel) 2019  8(11) 
Anthocyanin Accumulation in Black Kernel Mutant Rice and its Contribution to ROS Detoxification in Response to High Temperature at the Filling Stage.
Oshima M., Taniguchi Y., Akasaka M., Abe K., Ichikawa H., Tabei Y., Tanaka J.
Breed. Sci. 2019  69(2)  244-254
Development of a visible marker trait based on leaf sheath-specific anthocyanin pigmentation applicable to various genotypes in rice.
Oikawa T., Maeda H., Oguchi T., Yamaguchi T., Tanabe N., Ebana K., Yano M., Ebitani T., Izawa T.
Plant Cell 2015  27(9)  2401-14
The Birth of a Black Rice Gene and Its Local Spread by Introgression.
Chen X., Itani T., Wu X., Chikawa Y., Irifune K.
Plant Signal Behav 2013  8(12)  e27555
Physiological factors affecting transcription of genes involved in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway in different rice varieties.
Konishi S,Ebana K,Izawa T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2008  49  1283-93
Inference of the japonica rice domestication process from the distribution of six functional nucleotide polymorphisms of domestication-related genes in various landraces and modern cultivars.
Shih CH, Chu H, Tang LK, Sakamoto W, Maekawa M, Chu IK, Wang M, Lo C.
Planta. 2008  228(6)  1043-54.
Functional characterization of key structural genes in rice flavonoid biosynthesis.
Furukawa,T., Maekawa,M., Oki,T., Suda,I., Iida,S., Shimada,H., Takamure,I. and Kadowaki,K.I.
Plant J. 2007  49(1)  91-102
The Rc and Rd genes are involved in proanthocyanidin synthesis in rice pericarp.
Yau,C.P., Zhuang,C.X., Zee,S.Y. and Yip,W.K.
Sex. Plant Reprod. 2005  18(2)  65-74
Expression of a microsporocyte-specific gene encoding dihydroflavonol 4-reductase-like protein is developmentally regulated during early microsporogenesis in rice
Nakai,K., Inagaki,Y., Nagata,H., Miyazaki,C. and Iida,S.
Plant Biotechnol. 1998  15(4)  221-225
Molecular characterization of the gene for dihydroflavonol 4-reductase of Japonica rice varieties
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for RD ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060733
Gene Ontology defense response to insect( GO:0002213 )
coenzyme binding( GO:0050662 )
cellular metabolic process( GO:0044237 )
flavonoid metabolic process( GO:0009812 )
catalytic activity( GO:0003824 )
response to light stimulus( GO:0009416 )
flavonoid biosynthetic process( GO:0009813 )
proanthocyanidin biosynthetic process( GO:0010023 )
flavonol biosynthetic process( GO:0051555 )
pigmentation( GO:0043473 )
response to heat( GO:0009408 )
anthocyanin biosynthetic process( GO:0009718 )
seed development( GO:0048316 )
Trait Ontology endosperm color( TO:0000487 )
seed color( TO:0000486 )
light sensitivity( TO:0000075 )
pericarp color( TO:0000707 )
seed coat color( TO:0000190 )
heat tolerance( TO:0000259 )
anthocyanin content( TO:0000071 )
seed development trait( TO:0000653 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
white-backed planthopper resistance( TO:0000205 )
Plant Ontology seed coat( PO:0009088 )
endosperm( PO:0009089 )
seed development stage( PO:0001170 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jan 12, 2021