Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D2
Gene Symbol Synonym d2, dwf2, CYP90D2, D2/CYP90D2, OsD2, SMG11, OsSMG11, D2/SMG11
Gene Name Synonym ebisu dwarf, dwarf-2, cytochrome P450 CYP90D2, , Ebisu dwarf/Dwarf2, Dwarf2, SMALL GRAIN 11
Protein Name C-23 HYDROXYLASE
Allele d2, d2-1, d2-2, d2-3, smg11
Chromosome No. 1
Explanation AP003244. Q94IW5. The shape of stem and leaf resembles to d1 but the shape of spikelet is almost normal. TO:0000847: panicle anatomy and morphology trait. GO:0030307: positive regulation of cell growth.
Trait Class Seed - Morphological traits - Grain shape
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Vegetative organ - Culm
Vegetative organ - Leaf
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. -
MSU ID LOC_Os01g10040.1
RAP ID Os01g0197100
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Chun Y., Fang J., Zafar S.A., Shang J., Zhao J., Yuan S., Li X.
Rice (N Y) 2020  13(1)  7
MINI SEED 2 (MIS2) Encodes a Receptor-like Kinase that Controls grain size and Shape in Rice.
Gao X., Zhang J.Q., Zhang X., Zhou J., Jiang Z., Huang P., Tang Z., Bao Y., Cheng J., Tang H., Zhang W., Zhang H., Huang J.
Plant Cell 2019  31(5)  1077-1093
Rice qGL3/OsPPKL1 Functions with the GSK3/SHAGGY-Like Kinase OsGSK3 to Modulate Brassinosteroid Signaling.
Qin R., Zeng D., Yang C., Akhter D., Alamin M., Jin X., Shi C.
Genes (Basel) 2018  9(6) 
<i>LTBSG1</i>, a New Allele of <i>BRD2</i>, Regulates Panicle and Grain Development in Rice by Brassinosteroid Biosynthetic Pathway.
Zhu X.F., Yuan P., Zhang C., Li T.Y., Xuan Y.H.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2018  16(8)  1399-1401
RAVL1, an upstream component of brassinosteroid signalling and biosynthesis, regulates ethylene signalling via activation of EIL1 in rice.
Sun S., Wang T., Wang L., Li X., Jia Y., Liu C., Huang X., Xie W., Wang X.
Nat Commun 2018  9(1)  2523
Natural selection of a GSK3 determines rice mesocotyl domestication by coordinating strigolactone and brassinosteroid signaling.
Yuan P., Zhang C., Wang Z.Y., Zhu X.F., Xuan Y.H.
Phytopathology 2018  108(9)  1104-1113
RAVL1 Activates Brassinosteroids and Ethylene Signaling to Modulate Response to Sheath Blight Disease in Rice.
Yang C., Ma Y., He Y., Tian Z., Li J.
Plant J. 2018  93(3)  489-501
OsOFP19 modulates plant architecture by integrating the cell division pattern and brassinosteroid signaling.
Segami S., Takehara K., Yamamoto T., Kido S., Kondo S., Iwasaki Y., Miura K.
Breed. Sci. 2017  67(4)  393-397
Overexpression of SRS5 improves grain size of brassinosteroid-related dwarf mutants in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Xiao Y., Liu D., Zhang G., Tong H., Chu C.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  1698
Brassinosteroids Regulate OFP1, a DLT interacting protein, to Modulate Plant Architecture and Grain Morphology in Rice.
Yuan H., Fan S., Huang J., Zhan S., Wang S., Gao P., Chen W., Tu B., Ma B., Wang Y., Qin P., Li S.
Rice (N Y) 2017  10(1)  25
08SG2/OsBAK1 regulates grain size and number, and functions differently in Indica and Japonica backgrounds in rice.
Yu H., Ruan B., Wang Z., Ren D., Zhang Y., Leng Y., Zeng D., Hu J., Zhang G., Zhu L., Gao Z., Chen G., Guo L., Chen W., Qian Q.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  486
Fine Mapping of a Novel defective glume 1 (dg1) Mutant, Which Affects Vegetative and Spikelet Development in Rice.
Qiao S., Sun S., Wang L., Wu Z., Li C., Li X., Wang T., Leng L., Tian W., Lu T., Wang X.
Plant Cell 2017  29(2)  292-309
The RLA1/SMOS1 Transcription Factor Functions with OsBZR1 to Regulate Brassinosteroid Signaling and Rice Architecture.
Yang C., Shen W., He Y., Tian Z., Li J.
PLoS Genet. 2016  12(6)  e1006118
OVATE Family Protein 8 Positively Mediates Brassinosteroid Signaling through Interacting with the GSK3-like Kinase in Rice.
Feng Z., Wu C., Wang C., Roh J., Zhang L., Chen J., Zhang S., Zhang H., Yang C., Hu J., You X., Liu X., Yang X., Guo X., Zhang X., Wu F., Terzaghi W., Kim S.K., Jiang L., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(14)  4241-53
SLG controls grain size and leaf angle by modulating brassinosteroid homeostasis in rice.
Fang N., Xu R., Huang L., Zhang B., Duan P., Li N., Luo Y., Li Y.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  64
SMALL GRAIN 11 Controls grain size, Grain Number and grain yield in Rice.
Dong H., Zhao H., Xie W., Han Z., Li G., Yao W., Bai X., Hu Y., Guo Z., Lu K., Yang L., Xing Y.
PLoS Genet. 2016  12(11)  e1006412
A Novel tiller angle Gene, TAC3, together with TAC1 and D2 Largely Determine the Natural Variation of tiller angle in Rice Cultivars.
Gan L., Wu H., Wu D., Zhang Z., Guo Z., Yang N., Xia K., Zhou X., Oh K., Matsuoka M., Ng D., Zhu C.
Plant Sci. 2015  241  238-45
Methyl jasmonate inhibits lamina joint inclination by repressing brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling in rice.
Chen Q., Xie Q., Gao J., Wang W., Sun B., Liu B., Zhu H., Peng H., Zhao H., Liu C., Wang J., Zhang J., Zhang G., Zhang Z.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Characterization of Rolled and Erect Leaf 1 in regulating leave morphology in rice.
Zhang B., Wang X., Zhao Z., Wang R., Huang X., Zhu Y., Yuan L., Wang Y., Xu X., Burlingame A.L., Gao Y., Sun Y., Tang W.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
OsBRI1 activates BR signaling by preventing binding between the TPR and kinase domains of OsBSK3 via phosphorylation.
Zhang X., Sun J., Cao X., Song X.
Plant Physiol. 2015  169(3)  2118-28
Epigenetic Mutation of RAV6 Affects leaf angle and Seed Size in Rice.
Zhang C., Bai M.Y., Chong K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2014  33(5)  683-96
Brassinosteroid-mediated regulation of agronomic traits in rice.
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Sakamoto T., Kitano H., Fujioka S.
Plant Signal Behav 2013  8  e27117
An E3 ubiquitin ligase, ERECT LEAF1, functions in brassinosteroid signaling of rice.
Tong H., Liu L., Jin Y., Du L., Yin Y., Qian Q., Zhu L., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(6)  2562-77
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING Acts as a Direct Downstream Target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to Mediate Brassinosteroid Responses in Rice.
Je B.I., Piao H.L., Park S.J., Park S.H., Kim C.M., Xuan Y.H., Park S.H., Huang J., Do Choi Y., An G., Wong H.L., Fujioka S., Kim M.-C., Shimamoto K., Han C.-D.
Plant Cell 2010  22(6)  1777-1791
RAV-Like1 maintains brassinosteroid homeostasis via the coordinated activation of BRI1 and biosynthetic genes in rice.
Tong H,Jin Y,Liu W,Li F,Fang J,Yin Y,Qian Q,Zhu L,Chu C
Plant J. 2009  58  803-16
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING, a new member of the GRAS family, plays positive roles in brassinosteroid signaling in rice.
Li D., Wang L., Wang M., Yun-Yuan Xu, Luo W., Ya-Ju Liu, Zhi-Hong Xu, Li J., Chong K.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2009  7(8)  791-806
Engineering OsBAK1 gene as a molecular tool to improve rice architecture for high yield.
Nakamura A,Fujioka S,Takatsuto S,Tsujimoto M,Kitano H,Yoshida S,Asami T,Nakano T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2009  50(9)  1627-35
Involvement of C-22-hydroxylated brassinosteroids in auxin-induced lamina joint bending in rice.
Wang L,Xu Y,Zhang C,Ma Q,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xu Z,Chong K
PLoS One 2008  3  e3521
OsLIC, a Novel CCCH-Type Zinc Finger Protein with Transcription Activation, Mediates Rice Architecture via Brassinosteroids Signaling.
Tanabe,S., Ashikari,M., Fujioka,S., Takatsuto,S., Yoshida,S., Yano,M., Yoshimura,A., Kitano,H., Matsuoka,M., Fujisawa,Y., Kato,H. and Iwasaki,Y.
Plant Cell 2005  17(3)  776-790
A Novel Cytochrome P450 Is Implicated in Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis via the Characterization of a Rice Dwarf Mutant, dwarf11, with Reduced Seed Length.
Hong, Z., M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, K. Umemura, S. Uozu, S. Fujioka, S. Takatsuto, S. Yoshida, M. Ashikari, H. Kitano, and M. Matsuoka
Plant Cell 2003  15  2900-2910
A rice brassinosteroid-deficient mutant, ebisu dwarf (d2), is caused by a loss of function of a new member of cytochrome P450.
Takamure, I., M.C. Hong and T. Kinoshita
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  78
Genetic interactions between major genes concerned with grain size in rice.
Ideta, O., A. Yoshimura and N. Iwata
Breeding Science 1994  44(Suppl. 2)  185
Integration of conventional and RFLP linkage maps in rice.V. The locus of ebisu dwarf (d-2).
Kinoshita, T.
In Biology of Rice. S. Tsunoda and N. Takahashi eds. JSSP/Elsevier, Tokyo. 1984    187-274.
Gene analysis and linkage map.
Nagao, S. and M. Takahashi
J. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1963  53(1)  72-130.
Trial construction of twelve linkage groups in Japanese rice. (Genetical studies on rice plant, XXVII).
Nagao, S.
Adv. Genet. 1951  4  181-212.
Genic analysis and linkage relationship of characters in rice.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for D2 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060185
Gene Ontology defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
brassinosteroid biosynthetic process( GO:0016132 )
oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen( GO:0016705 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
iron ion binding( GO:0005506 )
electron carrier activity( GO:0009055 )
monooxygenase activity( GO:0004497 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
response to brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009741 )
response to jasmonic acid stimulus( GO:0009753 )
heme binding( GO:0020037 )
integral to membrane( GO:0016021 )
response to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid( GO:0009961 )
Trait Ontology basal internode diameter( TO:0000132 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
leaf lamina color( TO:0000299 )
leaf length( TO:0000135 )
seed size( TO:0000391 )
brassinosteroid sensitivity( TO:0002677 )
jasmonic acid sensitivity( TO:0000172 )
panicle length( TO:0000040 )
panicle shape( TO:0000262 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
sheath blight disease resistance( TO:0000255 )
tiller angle( TO:0000567 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
grain number( TO:0002759 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
1000-seed weight( TO:0000382 )
Plant Ontology -
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 3
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 2
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jun 23, 2020