Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

Click here for feedback

Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol GNP1
Gene Symbol Synonym GA20OX1, OsGA20ox1, 20ox1, GA20ox-1, ga20ox1, Os20ox, C20OX2, OsGA20ox2, OsGA20ox-1, GA20ox1, OsGNP1
Gene Name Synonym GIBBERELLIN 20-OXIDASE 1, rice GA 20-oxidase1, GA 20-oxidase1, Gibberellin 20 oxidase 1, Gibberellin C-20 oxidase 1, GA 20-oxidase 1, GA20 oxidase-1, GA 20-oxidase 1, GA20 oxidase, Gibberellin C-20 oxidase, Grain Number per Panicle1
Allele gnp1-D
Chromosome No. 3
Explanation This gene catalyzes successive oxidations at the C-20 site of GAs (gibberellic acids), and produces substrates for GA 3-oxidase. This gene is located on chromosome 3 at 164.6cM. EC=1.14.11.- P93771. GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007139; A-vegetative stage ; GRO:0007040; rice growth stage. U50333. OsGA20ox2 in Wang et al. 2008. GO:0110126: phloem loading.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Vegetative organ - Culm
Reproductive organ - panicle
Seed - Morphological traits - Grain shape
Seed - Physiological traits - Dormancy
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Reproductive organ - Spikelet, flower, glume, awn
cDNA Accession No. AK061017
MSU ID LOC_Os03g63970.1
RAP ID Os03g0856700
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link map Classical linkage map
Luo X., Wei Y., Zheng Y., Wei L., Wu F., Cai Q., Xie H., Zhang J.
BMC Plant Biol. 2023  23(1)  11
Analysis of co-expression and gene regulatory networks associated with sterile lemma development in rice.
Liu Y., Zhang H., Feng W., Lin X., Gao A., Cao Y., Yang Q., Wang Y., Li W., Fu F., Yu H.
Plants (Basel) 2023  12(16) 
The Maize ZmBES1/BZR1-9 Transcription Factor Accelerates Flowering in Transgenic <i>Arabidopsis</i> and Rice.
Liu X., Deng X., Kong W., Sun T., Li Y.
Int J Mol Sci 2023  24(2) 
The Pyramiding of Elite Allelic Genes Related to grain number Increases grain number per Panicle Using the Recombinant Lines Derived from <i>Indica-japonica</i> Cross in Rice.
Huang Y., Li J., Huang Q.
Sci Rep 2022  12(1)  17847
Physiologic and molecular responses of indica-japonica subspecies tetraploid rice seed germination to ion beams.
Li J., Zhao T., Chen L., Chen H., Luo D., Chen C., Miao Y., Liu D.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  368
Artemisia argyi allelopathy: a generalist compromises hormone balance, element absorption, and photosynthesis of receptor plants.
Guo W., Chen S., Xu Y., Cai X.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(12) 
OsASR6 Alleviates Rice Resistance to <i>Xanthomonas oryzae</i> via Transcriptional Suppression of <i>OsCIPK15</i>.
Guo F., Zhang P., Wu Y., Lian G., Yang Z., Liu W., Buerte B., Zhou C., Zhang W., Li D., Han N., Tong Z., Zhu M., Xu L., Chen M., Bian H.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  887980
Rice LEAFY COTYLEDON1 Hinders Embryo Greening During the Seed Development.
Um T.Y., Hong S.Y., Han J.S., Jung K.H., Moon S., Choi B.S., Basnet P., Chung Y.S., Lee S.W., Yang W.T., Kim D.H.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  1027688
<i>Gibberellic acid sensitive dwarf</i> encodes an ARPC2 subunit that mediates gibberellic acid biosynthesis, effects to grain yield in rice.
Mei E., Tang J., He M., Liu Z., Tian X., Bu Q.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(22) 
OsMKKK70 Negatively Regulates cold tolerance at Booting Stage in Rice.
Prakash S., Rai R., Zamzam M., Ahmad O., Peesapati R., Vijayraghavan U.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  865928
OsbZIP47 Is an Integrator for Meristem Regulators During Rice Plant Growth and Development.
Nie L., Song S., Yin Q., Zhao T., Liu H., He A., Wang W.
Rice (N Y) 2022  15(1)  19
Enhancement in Seed Priming-Induced Starch Degradation of Rice Seed Under Chilling Stress via GA-Mediated alpha-amylase Expression.
Yang B., Chen M., Zhan C., Liu K., Cheng Y., Xie T., Zhu P., He Y., Zeng P., Tang H., Tsugama D., Chen S., Zhang H., Cheng J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2022   
Identification of OsPK5 involved in rice glycolytic metabolism and GA/ABA balance for improving seed germination via GWAS.
He Y., Zhu M., Li Z., Jiang S., He Z., Xu S., Chen X., Hu Z., Zhang Z.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(12) 
<i>IPA1</i> Negatively Regulates Early Rice Seedling Development by Interfering with Starch Metabolism via the GA and <i>WRKY</i> Pathways.
Wang Y., Du F., Wang J., Li Y., Zhang Y., Zhao X., Zheng T., Li Z., Xu J., Wang W., Fu B.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(17) 
Molecular Dissection of the Gene <i>OsGA2ox8</i> Conferring Osmotic Stress Tolerance in Rice.
Dwivedi S.L., Reynolds M.P., Ortiz R.
iScience 2021  24(9)  102965
Mitigating tradeoffs in plant breeding.
Jang S., Cho J.Y., Do G.R., Kang Y., Li H.Y., Song J., Kim H.Y., Kim B.G., Hsing Y.I.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(15) 
Modulation of Rice leaf angle and grain Expressing <i>OsBCL1</i> and <i>OsBCL2</i> under the Control of <i>OsBUL1</i> Promoter.
Wang G., Li X., Ye N., Huang M., Feng L., Li H., Zhang J.
New Phytol. 2021  230(5)  1925-1939
OsTPP1 regulates seed germination through the crosstalk with abscisic acid in rice.
Li M., Fu D., Xu T., Wu C.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(15) 
<i>VPB1</i> Encoding BELL-like homeodomain Protein Is Involved in Rice Panicle Architecture.
Dong S., Dong X., Han X., Zhang F., Zhu Y., Xin X., Wang Y., Hu Y., Yuan D., Wang J., Huang Z., Niu F., Hu Z., Yan P., Cao L., He H., Fu J., Xin Y., Tan Y., Mao B., Zhao B., Yang J., Yuan L., Luo X.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2021  118(29) 
<i>OsPDCD5</i> negatively regulates plant architecture and grain yield in rice.
Ma Z., Wu T., Huang K., Jin Y.M., Li Z., Chen M., Yun S., Zhang H., Yang X., Chen H., Bai H., Du L., Ju S., Guo L., Bian M., Hu L., Du X., Jiang W.
Front Plant Sci 2020  11  709
A Novel AP2/ERF Transcription Factor, OsRPH1, Negatively Regulates plant height in Rice.
Wang B., Zhong Z., Wang X., Han X., Yu D., Wang C., Song W., Zheng X., Chen C., Zhang Y.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(7) 
Knockout of the <i>OsNAC006</i> Transcription Factor Causes Drought and Heat Sensitivity in Rice.
Zhai L., Wang F., Yan A., Liang C., Wang S., Wang Y., Xu J.
Front Plant Sci 2020  11  933
Pleiotropic Effect of <i>GNP1</i> Underlying grain number per Panicle on Sink, Source and Flow in Rice.
Ji H., Han C.D., Lee G.S., Jung K.H., Kang D.Y., Oh J., Oh H., Cheon K.S., Kim S.L., Choi I., Baek J., Kim K.H.
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  62
Mutations in the microRNA172 binding site of SUPERNUMERARY BRACT (SNB) suppress internode elongation in rice.
Liu L., Xia W., Li H., Zeng H., Wei B., Han S., Yin C.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  275
Salinity Inhibits Rice Seed Germination by Reducing alpha-amylase Activity via Decreased Bioactive Gibberellin Content.
Tang Y., Liu H., Guo S., Wang B., Li Z., Chong K., Xu Y.
Plant Physiol. 2018  176(1)  946-959
OsmiR396d Affects Gibberellin and Brassinosteroid Signaling to Regulate Plant Architecture in Rice.
Burman N., Bhatnagar A., Khurana J.P.
Plant Physiol. 2017   
OsbZIP48, a HY5 transcription factor ortholog, exerts pleiotropic effects in light-regulated development.
Bollinedi H., S GK., Prabhu K.V., Singh N.K., Mishra S., Khurana J.P., Singh A.K.
PLoS ONE 2017  12(1)  e0169600
Molecular and Functional Characterization of GR2-R1 Event Based Backcross Derived Lines of Golden Rice in the Genetic Background of a Mega Rice Variety Swarna.
Wu Y., Wang Y., Mi X.F., Shan J.X., Li X.M., Xu J.L., Lin H.X.
PLoS Genet. 2016  12(10)  e1006386
The QTL GNP1 Encodes GA20ox1, Which Increases grain number and Yield by Increasing Cytokinin Activity in Rice Panicle Meristems.
Liu G., Zhang K., Ai J., Su Y., Deng X., Hong Y., Wang X.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Patatin-related phospholipase A, pPLAIIIalpha, modulates the longitudinal growth of vegetative tissues and seeds in rice.
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Guo X., Hou X., Fang J., Wei P., Xu B., Chen M., Feng Y., Chu C.
Plant J. 2013  75(3)  403-16
The rice GERMINATION DEFECTIVE1, encoding a B3 domain transcriptional repressor, regulates seed germination and seedling development by integrating GA and carbohydrate metabolism.
Zhang C.C., Yuan W.Y., Zhang Q.F.
Mol Plant 2012  5(2)  482-93
RPL1, a Gene Involved in Epigenetic Processes Regulates Phenotypic Plasticity in Rice.
Hirose F., Inagaki N., Hanada A., Yamaguchi S., Kamiya Y., Miyao A., Hirochika H., Takano M.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2012  53(9)  1570-82
Cryptochrome and Phytochrome Cooperatively but Independently Reduce Active Gibberellin Content in Rice Seedlings under Light Irradiation.
Tang X., Zhang Z.-Y., Zhang W.-J., Zhao X.-M., Li X., Zhang D., Liu Q.-Q., Tang W.-H.
Plant Physiol. 2010  154(4)  1855-1870
Global gene profiling of laser-captured pollen mother cells indicates molecular pathways and gene subfamilies involved in rice meiosis.
Sugimoto,K., Takeuchi,Y., Ebana,K., Miyao,A., Hirochika,H., Hara,N., Ishiyama,K., Kobayashi,M., Ban,Y., Hattori,T. and Yano,M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010  107(13)  5792-5797
Molecular cloning of Sdr4, a regulator involved in seed dormancy and domestication of rice
Wang L,Wang Z,Xu Y,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xue Z,Xu Z,Wang Z,Chong K
Plant J. 2009  57  498-510
OsGSR1 is involved in crosstalk between gibberellins and brassinosteroids in rice.
Yamaguchi S.
Annual Review of Plant Biology 2008  59  225-51
Gibberellin metabolism and its regulation.
Sakamoto, T., K. Miura, H. Itoh, T. Tatsumi, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, K. Ishiyama, M. Kobayashi, G.K. Agrawal, S. Takeda, K. Abe, A. Miyao, H. Hirochika, H. Kitano, M. Ashikari and M. Matsuoka
Plant Physiol. 2004  134  1642-1653
An overview of gibberellin metabolism enzyme genes and their related mutants in rice.
Oikawa T, Koshioka M, Kojima K, Yoshida H, Kawata M.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2004  55(5)  687-700
A role of OsGA20ox1 , encoding an isoform of gibberellin 20-oxidase, for regulation of plant stature in rice.
Kaneko, M., H. Itoh, Y. Inukai, T. Sakamoto, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, M. Ashikari and M. Matsuoka
Plant J. 2003  35 (1)  104-115
Where do gibberellin biosynthesis and gibberellin signaling occur in rice plants?
Toyomatsu T Kawaide H Sekimoto H von Numers C Phillips AL et a
Physiol. Plantarum. 1997  99  111-18
Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding gibberellin 20-oxidase from rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for GNP1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0061383
Gene Ontology floral organ development( GO:0048437 )
response to trehalose stimulus( GO:0010353 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
response to ionizing radiation( GO:0010212 )
response to other organism( GO:0051707 )
response to cold( GO:0009409 )
response to osmotic stress( GO:0006970 )
gibberellic acid homeostasis( GO:0010336 )
gibberellin biosynthetic process( GO:0009686 )
gibberellin metabolic process( GO:0009685 )
oxidoreductase activity( GO:0016491 )
oxidation reduction( GO:0055114 )
iron ion binding( GO:0005506 )
Trait Ontology enzyme activity( TO:0000599 )
grain number( TO:0002759 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
filled grain number( TO:0000447 )
grain weight( TO:0000590 )
growth and development trait( TO:0000357 )
grain length( TO:0000734 )
secondary branch number( TO:0000557 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
1000-dehulled grain weight( TO:0000592 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
seed set percent( TO:0000455 )
carbohydrate content( TO:0000291 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
panicle length( TO:0000040 )
osmotic response sensitivity( TO:0000095 )
gibberellic acid content( TO:0002675 )
cold tolerance( TO:0000303 )
salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
radiation response trait( TO:0000161 )
Plant Ontology inflorescence meristem( PO:0000230 )
shoot apical meristem( PO:0020148 )
0 seed germination stage( PO:0007057 )
seed imbibition stage( PO:0007022 )
seed( PO:0009010 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Nov 29, 2023