Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol FC1
Gene Symbol Synonym fc1, OsTB1, tb1, OsTB1/FC1, Os TB1, TB1, OsFC1, MP3, OsMP3
Gene Name Synonym fine culm1, fine culm 1, fine culm-1, lateral branching-1(t), teosinte-branching 1, Fine culm 1, teosinte branched1 protein, teosinte branched 1 protein, transcription factor OsTB1, teosinte branched1, FINE CULM1, MORE PANICLES 3
Allele fc1, fc1-1, fc1-2, ostb1
Chromosome No. 3
Explanation Many tillers with fine culm and normal height. [132] This gene controls lateral branching of shoot system. OsTB1 is a countrpart of maize TB1 (TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1), being located on chromosome 3 closely linked with RFLP marker C944. Negatively regulate the lateral branching. transcription factor TCP family. a negative regulator of tiller bud outgrowth. AB088343. AF322143, AY043215, AY286002. GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage. GO:1901698: response to nitrogen compound. GO:1902347: response to strigolactone. GO:0090548: response to nitrate starvation. TO:0000952: stem weight.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Reproductive organ - panicle
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Reproductive organ - Panicle, Mode of branching
Reproductive organ - Spikelet, flower, glume, awn
cDNA Accession No. AK107083
MSU ID LOC_Os03g49880.1
RAP ID Os03g0706500
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 146.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Takai T., Taniguchi Y., Takahashi M., Nagasaki H., Yamamoto E., Hirose S., Hara N., Akashi H., Ito J., Arai-Sanoh Y., Hori K., Fukuoka S., Sakai H., Tokida T., Usui Y., Nakamura H., Kawamura K., Asai H., Ishizaki T., Maruyama K., Mochida K., Kobayashi N., Kondo M., Tsuji H., Tsujimoto Y., Hasegawa T., Uga Y.
Plant J. 2023  114(4)  729-742
MORE PANICLES 3, a natural allele of OsTB1/FC1, impacts rice yield in paddy fields at elevated CO2 levels.
Xu T., Fu D., Xiong X., Zhu J., Feng Z., Liu X., Wu C.
PLoS Genet. 2023  19(4)  e1010698
OsbHLH067, OsbHLH068, and OsbHLH069 redundantly regulate inflorescence axillary meristem formation in rice.
Zhang Q., Xie J., Zhu X., Ma X., Yang T., Khan N.U., Zhang S., Liu M., Li L., Liang Y., Pan Y., Li D., Li J., Li Z., Zhang H., Zhang Z.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023  21(5)  1044-1057
Natural variation in tiller number 1 affects its interaction with TIF1 to regulate tillering in rice.
Beretta V.M., Franchini E., Ud Din I., Lacchini E., Van den Broeck L., Sozzani R., Orozco-Arroyo G., Caporali E., Adam H., Jouannic S., Gregis V., Kater M.M.
Plant J. 2023  115(2)  351-368
The ALOG family members OsG1L1 and OsG1L2 regulate inflorescence branching in rice.
Zha M., Zhao Y., Wang Y., Chen B., Tan Z.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  837136
Strigolactones and Cytokinin Interaction in Buds in the Control of Rice Tillering.
Yang G., Wei X., Fang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  900262
Melatonin Mediates axillary bud Outgrowth by Improving Nitrogen Assimilation and Transport in Rice.
Wang L., Ming L., Liao K., Xia C., Sun S., Chang Y., Wang H., Fu D., Xu C., Wang Z., Li X., Xie W., Ouyang Y., Zhang Q., Li X., Zhang Q., Xiao J., Zhang Q.
Mol Plant 2021  14(7)  1168-1184
Bract suppression regulated by the miR156/529-SPLs-NL1-PLA1 module is required for the transition from vegetative to reproductive branching in rice.
Lyu J., Huang L., Zhang S., Zhang Y., He W., Zeng P., Zeng Y., Huang G., Zhang J., Ning M., Bao Y., Zhao S., Fu Q., Wade L.J., Chen H., Wang W., Hu F.
Nat Commun 2020  11(1)  725
Neo-functionalization of a Teosinte branched 1 homologue mediates adaptations of upland rice.
Zhang S., Zhu L., Shen C., Ji Z., Zhang H., Zhang T., Li Y., Yu J., Yang N., He Y., Tian Y., Wu K., Wu J., Harberd N.P., Zhao Y., Fu X., Wang S., Li S.
Plant Cell 2020   
Natural allelic variation in a modulator of auxin homeostasis improves grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency in rice.
Strable J.
Plant Cell 2020  32(10)  3043-3044
Sugars Inform the Circadian Clock How to Shape Rice Shoots via the Strigolactone Pathway.
Wang F., Han T., Song Q., Ye W., Song X., Chu J., Li J., Chen Z.J.
Plant Cell 2020  32(10)  3124-3138
The Rice Circadian Clock Regulates Tiller Growth and Panicle Development Through Strigolactone Signaling and Sugar Sensing.
Fang Z., Ji Y., Hu J., Guo R., Sun S., Wang X.
Mol Plant 2020  13(4)  586-597
Strigolactones and Brassinosteroids Antagonistically Regulate the Stability of the D53-OsBZR1 Complex to Determine FC1 Expression in Rice Tillering.
Yin X., Liu X., Xu B., Lu P., Dong T., Yang D., Ye T., Feng Y.Q., Wu Y.
J. Exp. Bot. 2019  70(15)  3895-3909
OsMADS18, a membrane-bound MADS-box transcription factor, modulates plant architecture and the abscisic acid response in rice.
Duan E., Wang Y., Li X., Lin Q., Zhang T., Wang Y., Zhou C., Zhang H., Jiang L., Wang J., Lei C., Zhang X., Guo X., Wang H., Wan J.
Plant Cell 2019  31(5)  1026-1042
OsSHI1 Regulates Plant Architecture Through Modulating the Transcriptional Activity of IPA1 in Rice.
Huang W., Bai G., Wang J., Zhu W., Zeng Q., Lu K., Sun S., Fang Z.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  300
Two Splicing Variants of <i>OsNPF7.7</i> Regulate shoot branching and Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency in Rice.
Wang J., Lu K., Nie H., Zeng Q., Wu B., Qian J., Fang Z.
Rice (N Y) 2018  11(1)  12
Rice nitrate transporter OsNPF7.2 positively regulates tiller number and grain yield.
Wang J., Yu H., Xiong G., Lu Z., Jiao Y., Meng X., Liu G., Chen X., Wang Y., Li J.
Plant Cell 2017  29(4)  697-707
Tissue-Specific Ubiquitination by IPA1 INTERACTING PROTEIN1 Modulates IPA1 Protein Levels to Regulate Plant Architecture in Rice.
Xu J., Zha M., Li Y., Ding Y., Chen L., Ding C., Wang S.
Plant Cell Rep. 2015  34(9)  1647-62
The interaction between nitrogen availability and auxin, cytokinin, and strigolactone in the control of shoot branching in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Deshpande G.M., Ramakrishna K., Chongloi G.L., Vijayraghavan U.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015  66(9)  2773-84
Functions for rice RFL in vegetative axillary meristem specification and outgrowth.
Liang W., Shang F., Lin Q., Lou C., Zhang J.
Gene 2014  537(1)  1-5
Tillering and panicle branching genes in rice.
Lu Z., Yu H., Xiong G., Wang J., Jiao Y., Liu G., Jing Y., Meng X., Hu X., Qian Q., Fu X., Wang Y., Li J.
Plant Cell 2013  25(10)  3743-59
Genome-Wide Binding Analysis of the Transcription Activator IDEAL PLANT ARCHITECTURE1 Reveals a Complex Network Regulating Rice Plant Architecture.
Ikeda M., Miura K., Aya K., Kitano H., Matsuoka M.
Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2013  16(2)  213-20
Genes offering the potential for designing yield-related traits in rice.
Guo S., Xu Y., Liu H., Mao Z., Zhang C., Ma Y., Zhang Q., Meng Z., Chong K.
Nat Commun 2013  4  1566
The interaction between OsMADS57 and OsTB1 modulates rice tillering via DWARF14.
Mondragón-Palomino M., Trontin C.
Ann. Bot. 2011  107(9)  1533-44
High time for a roll call: gene duplication and phylogenetic relationships of TCP-like genes in monocots.
Minakuchi K., Kameoka H., Yasuno N., Umehara M., Luo L., Kobayashi K., Hanada A., Ueno K., Asami T., Yamaguchi S., KYOZUKA J.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2010  51(7)  1127-35
FINE culm1 (FC1) works downstream of strigolactones to inhibit the outgrowth of axillary buds in rice.
Rita SHARMA, Meenu KAPOOR, Akhilesh K. TYAGI, Sanjay KAPOOR
J Plant Mol Biol Biotechnol 2010  1(1)  24-38
Comparative transcript profiling of TCP family genes provide insight into gene functions and diversification in rice and Arabidopsis
Yuan,Z., Gao,S., Xue,D.W., Luo,D., Li,L.T., Ding,S.Y., Yao,X., Wilson,Z.A., Qian,Q. and Zhang,D.B.
Plant Physiol. 2009  149(1)  235-244
RETARDED PALEA1 (REP1) Controls Palea Development and Floral Zygomorphy in Rice
Yeu S.Y., Park B.S., Sang W.G., Choi Y.D., Kim M.C., Song J.T., Paek N-C, Koh H-J, Seo H.S.
Journal of Plant Biology 2007  50(5)  600-604
The Serine proteinase inhibitor OsSerpin Is a Potent Tillering Regulator in Rice
Arite T, Iwata H, Ohshima K, Maekawa M, Nakajima M, Kojima M, Sakakibara H, Kyozuka J.
Plant J. 2007  51(6)  1019-1029
DWARF10, an RMS1/MAX4/DAD1 ortholog, controls lateral bud outgrowth in rice.
Takeda, T., Y. Suma, M. Suzuki, H. Kitano, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, M. Ashikari, M. Matsuoka and C. Ueguchi
Plant J. 2003  33 (3)  513-520
The OsTB1 gene negatively regulates lateral branching in rice.
Lukens,L. and Doebley,J.
Mol. Biol. Evol. 2001  18(4)  627-638
Molecular evolution of the teosinte branched gene among maize and related grasses.
Yoshimura, A., O. Ideta, T. Matsumoto, T. Tsunematsu and N. Iwata
Japan. J. Breed. 1992  42(Suppl. 1)  168-169.
Integration of conventional and RFLP linkage maps in rice. 1. On chromosomes 1, 2, 3 and 4.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1985  35(Suppl. 1)  204-205.
Linkage studies in rice.On the loci of some marker genes locating on the chromosome 5.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Jpn. J. Genet. 1984  59(3)  199-204.
Studies on the trisomics in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). VI. An accomplishment of a trisomic series in japonica rice plants.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1979  29(Suppl. 2)  182-183.
Linkage studies in rice. New genes belonging to the 11th linkage group.
Omura, T., N. Iwata and H. Satoh
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1978  23  85-93.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L.). On some virescent and chlorina mutants.
Iwata, N., T. Omura and H. Satoh
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(Suppl. 1)  170-171.
Linkage studies in rice. The sequence of genes at the eight and eleventh linkage groups.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1977  21  117-127.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L.). On some mutants derived from chronic gamma irradiation.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1970  20(Suppl. 2)  118-119.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L).On some mutants derived from chronic gamma irradiation.
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DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060322,GR:0080012
Gene Ontology inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
regulation of shoot development( GO:0048831 )
response to cytokinin stimulus( GO:0009735 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
response to auxin stimulus( GO:0009733 )
response to brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009741 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
circadian rhythm( GO:0007623 )
cell cycle( GO:0007049 )
transcription regulator activity( GO:0030528 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
response to hormone stimulus( GO:0009725 )
Trait Ontology tiller number( TO:0000346 )
nitrogen sensitivity( TO:0000011 )
cytokinin sensitivity( TO:0000167 )
stem thickness( TO:0000339 )
culm number( TO:0000027 )
auxin sensitivity( TO:0000163 )
plant growth hormone sensitivity( TO:0000401 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
shoot branching( TO:0002639 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
panicle number( TO:0000152 )
tiller bud dormancy( TO:0000661 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
spikelet number( TO:0000456 )
stem strength( TO:0000051 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
relative yield( TO:0000153 )
inflorescence development trait( TO:0000621 )
Plant Ontology inflorescence emergence stage( PO:0007041 )
axillary bud( PO:0004709 )
axillary shoot system( PO:0006343 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
shoot apical meristem( PO:0020148 )
bud( PO:0000055 )
leaf( PO:0025034 )
inflorescence development stage( PO:0001083 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 23
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 4
Phenotype images
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Photo from A. Yoshimura
Last updated
Oct 16, 2023