Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol RFL
Gene Symbol Synonym RFL, OSL, FL, APO2, APO2/RFL, SSC, SSC/RFL/APO2, OsRFL, OsFL, OsAPO2, OsSSC
Allele apo2, ssc, apo2-1, apo2-2
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation AB005620. A homolog of FLORICAULA (FLO) of Antirrhinum and LEAFY (FLY) of Arabidopsis. the rice homologue of Ara- bidopsis LFY. RFL is not involved in floral initiation as FLO/FLY, but in panicle branching. A2XX39(indica), Q0JAI1(japonica). TO:0000784: inflorescence branch anatomy and morphology trait. GO:0090506: axillary shoot meristem initiation. KC626097-KC626107 (O. sativa and wild rice species, 3' UTR). AF065992, AF397034. GO:0010336: gibberellic acid homeostasis. GO:2000144: positive regulation of DNA-dependent transcription, initiation. TO:0020083: stem diameter.
Trait Class Reproductive organ - Panicle, Mode of branching
Vegetative organ - Shoot apical meristem(SAM)
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
Vegetative organ - Culm
Reproductive organ - Heading date
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
cDNA Accession No. AB005620
MSU ID LOC_Os04g51000.1
RAP ID Os04g0598300
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Liu J., Jie W., Shi X., Ding Y., Ding C.
Plant Cell Rep. 2023  42(7)  1217-1231
Transcription elongation factors OsSPT4 and OsSPT5 are essential for rice growth and development and act with APO2.
Prakash S., Rai R., Zamzam M., Ahmad O., Peesapati R., Vijayraghavan U.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  865928
OsbZIP47 Is an Integrator for Meristem Regulators During Rice Plant Growth and Development.
Wang L., Ming L., Liao K., Xia C., Sun S., Chang Y., Wang H., Fu D., Xu C., Wang Z., Li X., Xie W., Ouyang Y., Zhang Q., Li X., Zhang Q., Xiao J., Zhang Q.
Mol Plant 2021  14(7)  1168-1184
Bract suppression regulated by the miR156/529-SPLs-NL1-PLA1 module is required for the transition from vegetative to reproductive branching in rice.
Wang C., Yang X., Li G.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(7) 
Molecular Insights into inflorescence meristem Specification for Yield Potential in Cereal Crops.
Pasion E.A., Badoni S., Misra G., Anacleto R., Parween S., Kohli A., Sreenivasulu N.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2021   
OsTPR boosts the superior grains through increase in upper secondary rachis branches without incurring a grain quality penalty.
Huang L., Hua K., Xu R., Zeng D., Wang R., Dong G., Zhang G., Lu X., Fang N., Wang D., Duan P., Zhang B., Liu Z., Li N., Luo Y., Qian Q., Yao S., Li Y.
Plant Cell 2021   
The LARGE2-APO1/APO2 regulatory module controls panicle size and grain number in rice.
Cerise M., Giaume F., Galli M., Khahani B., Lucas J., Podico F., Tavakol E., Parcy F., Gallavotti A., Brambilla V., Fornara F.
New Phytol. 2021  229(1)  429-443
OsFD4 promotes the rice floral transition via florigen activation complex formation in the shoot apical meristem.
Hu J., Huang L., Chen G., Liu H., Zhang Y., Zhang R., Zhang S., Liu J., Hu Q., Hu F., Wang W., Ding Y.
Rice (N Y) 2021  14(1)  90
The Elite Alleles of OsSPL4 Regulate grain size and Increase Grain Yield in Rice.
Zhang W., Sheng J., Xu Y., Xiong F., Wu Y., Wang W., Wang Z., Yang J., Zhang J.
BMC Plant Biol. 2019  19(1)  409
Role of brassinosteroids in rice spikelet differentiation and degeneration under soil-drying during panicle development.
Huang Y., Bai X., Luo M., Xing Y.
J Integr Plant Biol 2018   
short panicle 3 controls panicle architecture by upregulating APO2/RFL and increasing cytokinin content in rice.
Wang J., Wang R., Wang Y., Zhang L., Zhang L., Xu Y., Yao S.
Plant J. 2017   
SHORT and Solid Culm/RFL/APO2 for culm development in rice.
Bai X., Huang Y., Mao D., Wen M., Zhang L., Xing Y.
Sci Rep 2016  6  19022
Regulatory role of FZP in the determination of panicle branching and spikelet formation in rice.
Wang L., Sun S., Jin J., Fu D., Yang X., Weng X., Xu C., Li X., Xiao J., Zhang Q.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2015  112(50)  15504-9
Coordinated regulation of vegetative and reproductive branching in rice.
Deshpande G.M., Ramakrishna K., Chongloi G.L., Vijayraghavan U.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015  66(9)  2773-84
Functions for rice RFL in vegetative axillary meristem specification and outgrowth.
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Jiang G., Xiang Y., Zhao J., Yin D., Zhao X., Zhu L., Zhai W.
Genetics 2014  197(4)  1395-1407
Regulation of Inflorescence Branch Development in Rice Through a Novel Pathway Involving the Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein sped1-D.
Liang W., Shang F., Lin Q., Lou C., Zhang J.
Gene 2014  537(1)  1-5
Tillering and panicle branching genes in rice.
Ikeda M., Miura K., Aya K., Kitano H., Matsuoka M.
Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2013  16(2)  213-20
Genes offering the potential for designing yield-related traits in rice.
Ikeda-Kawakatsu K., Maekawa M., Izawa T., Itoh J.I., Nagato Y.
Plant J. 2012  69(1)  168-80
ABERRANT PANICLE ORGANIZATION 2/RFL, the rice ortholog of Arabidopsis LEAFY, suppresses the transition from inflorescence meristem to floral meristem through interaction with APO1.
Duan Y., Li S., Chen Z., Zheng L., Diao Z., Zhou Y., Lan T., Guan H., Pan R., Xue Y., Wu W.
Plant J. 2012  72(5)  829-42
Dwarf and Deformed Flower 1, encoding an F-box protein, is critical for vegetative and floral development in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Rao NN,Prasad K,Kumar PR,Vijayraghavan U
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008  105  3646-51
Distinct regulatory role for RFL, the rice LFY homolog, in determining flowering time and plant architecture.
Prasad,K., Kushalappa,K. and Vijayraghavan,U.
Mech. Dev. 2003  120(4)  491-502
Mechanism underlying regulated expression of RFL, a conserved transcription factor, in the developing rice inflorescence.
Kyozuka,J., Konishi,S., Nemoto,K., Izawa,T. and Shimamoto,K.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1998  95(5)  1979-1982
Down-regulation of RFL, the FLO/LFY homolog of rice, accompanied with panicle branch initiation.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for RFL ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID -
Gene Ontology regulation of unidimensional cell growth( GO:0051510 )
regulation of cell division( GO:0051302 )
meristem maintenance( GO:0010073 )
transcription( GO:0006350 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
DNA binding( GO:0003677 )
multicellular organismal development( GO:0007275 )
secondary shoot formation( GO:0010223 )
regulation of transcription( GO:0045449 )
photoperiodism, flowering( GO:0048573 )
inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
positive regulation of gibberellin biosynthetic process( GO:0010372 )
gibberellin catabolic process( GO:0045487 )
regulation of programmed cell death( GO:0043067 )
DNA fragmentation involved in apoptosis( GO:0006309 )
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent( GO:0045893 )
response to water deprivation( GO:0009414 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
Trait Ontology grain number( TO:0002759 )
primary branch number( TO:0000547 )
flowering time( TO:0002616 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
drought tolerance( TO:0000276 )
brassinosteroid sensitivity( TO:0002677 )
inflorescence development trait( TO:0000621 )
inflorescence branching( TO:0000050 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
gibberellic acid content( TO:0002675 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
stem width( TO:0001035 )
panicle size( TO:0006032 )
Plant Ontology inflorescence development stage( PO:0001083 )
vascular system( PO:0000034 )
stem elongation stage( PO:0007089 )
shoot meristem( PO:0006079 )
vascular leaf primordium( PO:0000017 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Oct 31, 2023