Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol SGR
Gene Symbol Synonym sgr(t), sgr, OsSGR, OsSgr, SGR1, OsSGR1
Gene Name Synonym stay green leaf (t), stay green, staying green during senescence, Stay-Green
Allele ossgr-1, ossgr-2, ossgr, OsSGR-D1, OsSGR-D2
Chromosome No. 9
Explanation Leaves of the mutant remain green while senescence. The gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 9 flanked by RFLP markers RG662 and C985. AAW82954. BGIOSGA029383. PO:0009025; leaf. GRO:0007140; B-reproductive stage.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Leaf
Coloration - Chlorophyll
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK105810
MSU ID LOC_Os09g36200.1
RAP ID Os09g0532000
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Xu J., Wang C., Wang F., Liu Y., Li M., Wang H., Zheng Y., Zhao K., Ji Z.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2023   
pwl1, a G-type lectin receptor-like kinase, positively regulates leaf senescence and heat tolerance but negatively regulates resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae in rice.
Rahman M.A., Ullah H.
Plants (Basel) 2023  12(12) 
Receptor for Activated C Kinase1B (RACK1B) Delays Salinity-Induced Senescence in Rice Leaves by Regulating Chlorophyll Degradation.
Chen Z., Wang Y., Huang R., Zhang Z., Huang J., Yu F., Lin Y., Guo Y., Liang K., Zhou Y., Chen F.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  137
Integration of transcriptomic and proteomic analyses reveals several levels of metabolic regulation in the excess starch and early senescent leaf mutant LSES1 in rice.
Gao Y., Xiang X., Zhang Y., Cao Y., Wang B., Zhang Y., Wang C., Jiang M., Duan W., Chen D., Zhan X., Cheng S., Liu Q., Cao L.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(2) 
Disruption of <i>OsPHD1</i>, Encoding a UDP-glucose epimerase, Causes JA Accumulation and Enhanced Bacterial Blight Resistance in Rice.
Zhang C., Li N., Hu Z., Liu H., Hu Y., Tan Y., Sun Q., Liu X., Xiao L., Wang W., Wang R.
Int J Mol Sci 2022  23(22) 
Mutation of <i>leaf senescence 1</i> Encoding a C2H2 Zinc Finger Protein Induces ROS Accumulation and Accelerates leaf senescence in Rice.
Cao W., Zhang H., Zhou Y., Zhao J., Lu S., Wang X., Chen X., Yuan L., Guan H., Wang G., Shen W., De Vleesschauwer D., Li Z., Shi X., Gu J., Guo M., Feng Z., Chen Z., Zhang Y., Pan X., Liu W., Liang G., Yan C., Hu K., Liu Q., Zuo S.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2022  20(2)  335-349
Suppressing chlorophyll degradation by silencing OsNYC3 improves rice resistance to Rhizoctonia solani, the causal agent of sheath blight.
Zhang Z., He Y., Li L., Zhang X., Xu X., Shi Y., Wu J.L.
Plant Signal Behav 2021  16(3)  1864606
Characterization of a novel allele encoding pheophorbide a oxygenase in rice.
Zheng S., Lu J., Yu D., Li J., Zhou H., Jiang D., Liu Z., Zhuang C.
BMC Plant Biol. 2021  21(1)  580
Hexokinase gene OsHXK1 positively regulates leaf senescence in rice.
Chen D., Qiu Z., He L., Hou L., Li M., Zhang G., Wang X., Chen G., Hu J., Gao Z., Dong G., Ren D., Shen L., Zhang Q., Guo L., Qian Q., Zeng D., Zhu L.
J. Exp. Bot. 2021  72(5)  1589-1605
The rice LRR-like1 protein YELLOW AND PREMATURE DWARF 1 is involved in leaf senescence induced by high light.
Zhao X., Zhang T., Feng H., Qiu T., Li Z., Yang J., Peng Y.L., Zhao W.
Rice (N Y) 2021  14(1)  10
OsNBL1, a Multi-Organelle Localized Protein, Plays Essential Roles in Rice Senescence, disease resistance, and salt tolerance.
Han R., He X., Pan X., Shi Q., Wu Z.
Rice (N Y) 2020  13(1)  16
Enhancing xanthine dehydrogenase activity is an effective way to delay leaf senescence and increase rice yield.
Meng F., Yang C., Cao J., Chen H., Pang J., Zhao Q., Wang Z., Qing Fu Z., Liu J.
J Integr Plant Biol 2020   
A bHLH transcription activator regulates defense signaling by nucleo-cytosolic trafficking in rice.
Sakuraba Y., Kim D., Han S.H., Kim S.H., Piao W., Yanagisawa S., An G., Paek N.C.
Plant Cell 2020  32(3)  630-649
Multilayered Regulation of Membrane-Bound ONAC054 Is Essential for Abscisic Acid-Induced leaf senescence in Rice.
Lim C., Kang K., Shim Y., Sakuraba Y., An G., Paek N.C.
Front Plant Sci 2020  11  1096
Rice ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR 101 Promotes leaf senescence Through Jasmonic Acid-Mediated Regulation of <i>OsNAP</i> and <i>OsMYC2</i>.
Fang G., Yang S., Ruan B., Liu C., Zhang A., Jiang H., Ding S., Tian B., Zhang Y., Jahan N., Zhu L., Zhang G., Dong G., Zhang Q., Zeng D., Guo L., Gao Z., Qian Q.
Rice (N Y) 2020  13(1)  49
Isolation of TSCD11 Gene for Early Chloroplast Development under High Temperature in Rice.
Shin D., Lee S., Kim T.H., Lee J.H., Park J., Lee J., Lee J.Y., Cho L.H., Choi J.Y., Lee W., Park J.H., Lee D.W., Ito H., Kim D.H., Tanaka A., Cho J.H., Song Y.C., Hwang D., Purugganan M.D., Jeon J.S., An G., Nam H.G.
Nat Commun 2020  11(1)  2819
Natural variations at the Stay-Green gene promoter control lifespan and yield in rice cultivars.
Lee S., Marmagne A., Park J., Fabien C., Yim Y., Kim S.J., Kim T.H., Lim P.O., Masclaux-Daubresse C., Nam H.G.
Plant J. 2020  103(1)  7-20
Concurrent activation of OsAMT1;2 and OsGOGAT1 in rice leads to enhanced nitrogen use efficiency under nitrogen limitation.
Mohammad Hasanuzzaman Rani, Liu Q., Yu N., Zhang Y., Wang B., Cao Y., Zhang Y., Md Anowerul Islam, Workie Anley Zegeye, Cao L., Cheng S.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2020  102(4-5)  501-515
es5 is involved in the regulation of phosphatidylserine synthesis and impacts on early senescence in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Gong P., Luo Y., Huang F., Chen Y., Zhao C., Wu X., Li K., Yang X., Cheng F., Xiang X., Wu C., Pan G.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2019  100(1-2)  133-149
Disruption of a Upf1-like helicase-encoding gene OsPLS2 triggers light-dependent premature leaf senescence in rice.
Ruan B., Hua Z., Zhao J., Zhang B., Ren D., Liu C., Yang S., Zhang A., Jiang H., Yu H., Hu J., Zhu L., Chen G., Shen L., Dong G., Zhang G., Zeng D., Guo L., Qian Q., Gao Z.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2019  17(7)  1344-1356
OsACL-A2 negatively regulates cell death and disease resistance in rice.
Yu Yang Peng, Li Li Liao, Liu S., Miao Miao Nie, Li J., Lu Dan Zhang, Jian Feng Ma, Zhi Chang Chen
Plant Physiol. 2019  181(1)  262-275
Magnesium Deficiency Triggers SGR-Mediated Chlorophyll Degradation for Magnesium Remobilization.
Kim T., Kang K., Kim S.H., An G., Paek N.C.
Int J Mol Sci 2019  20(18) 
OsWRKY5 Promotes Rice leaf senescence via Senescence-Associated NAC and Abscisic Acid Biosynthesis Pathway.
Piao W., Suk-Hwan Kim, Byoung-Doo Lee, An G., Sakuraba Y., Nam-Chon Paek
J. Exp. Bot. 2019  70(10)  2699-2715
Rice transcription factor OsMYB102 delays leaf senescence by down-regulating abscisic acid accumulation and signaling.
Atul Prakash Sathe, Su X., Chen Z., Chen T., Wei X., Tang S., Xiao-Bo Zhang, Jian-Li Wu
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  68
Identification and characterization of a spotted-leaf mutant spl40 with enhanced bacterial blight resistance in rice.
Wang M., Zhang T., Peng H., Luo S., Tan J., Jiang K., Heng Y., Zhang X., Guo X., Zheng J., Cheng Z.
Front Plant Sci 2018  9  560
Rice <i>Premature leaf senescence 2</i>, Encoding a Glycosyltransferase (GT), Is Involved in leaf senescence.
He Y., Li L., Zhang Z., Wu J.L.
Int J Mol Sci 2018  19(1) 
Identification and Comparative Analysis of Premature Senescence Leaf Mutants in Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Xing Y., Guo S., Chen X., Du D., Liu M., Xiao Y., Zhang T., Zhu M., Zhang Y., Sang X., He G., Wang N.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2018  59(12)  2512-2525
Nitrogen Metabolism is Affected in the Nitrogen-Deficient Rice Mutant ESL4 with a Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinase Gene Mutation.
Mao C., Lu S., Lv B., Zhang B., Shen J., He J., Luo L., Xi D., Chen X., Ming F.
Plant Physiol. 2017  174(3)  1747-1763
A Rice NAC Transcription Factor Promotes leaf senescence via ABA Biosynthesis.
Leng Y., Yang Y., Ren D., Huang L., Dai L., Wang Y., Chen L., Tu Z., Gao Y., Li X., Zhu L., Hu J., Zhang G., Gao Z., Guo L., Kong Z., Lin Y., Qian Q., Zeng D.
Plant Physiol. 2017   
A rice pectate lyase-LIKE gene is required for plant growth and leaf senescence.
Piao W., Han S.H., Sakuraba Y., Paek N.C.
Mol. Cells 2017  40(10)  773-786
Rice 7-Hydroxymethyl Chlorophyll a Reductase Is Involved in the Promotion of Chlorophyll Degradation and Modulates Cell Death Signaling.
Sun L., Wang Y., Liu L.L., Wang C., Gan T., Zhang Z., Wang Y., Wang D., Niu M., Long W., Li X., Zheng M., Jiang L., Wan J.
Sci Rep 2017  7  41846
Isolation and characterization of a spotted leaf 32 mutant with early leaf senescence and enhanced defense response in rice.
Wang S., Lei C., Wang J., Ma J., Tang S., Wang C., Zhao K., Tian P., Zhang H., Qi C., Cheng Z., Zhang X., Guo X., Liu L., Wu C., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2017  68(5)  899-913
SPL33, encoding an eEF1A-like protein, negatively regulates cell death and defense responses in rice.
Lu G., Casaretto J.A., Ying S., Mahmood K., Liu F., Bi Y.M., Rothstein S.J.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2017   
Overexpression of OsGATA12 regulates chlorophyll content, delays plant senescence and improves rice yield under high density planting.
Ge C., Wang L., Ye W., Wu L., Cui Y., Chen P., Pan J., Zhang D., Hu J., Zeng D., Dong G., Qian Q., Guo L., Xue D.
Sci Rep 2017  7(1)  3298
Single-point Mutation of an Histidine-aspartic Domain-containing Gene involving in Chloroplast Ribosome Biogenesis Leads to White Fine Stripe Leaf in Rice.
Liu J., Shen J., Xu Y., Li X., Xiao J., Xiong L.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(19)  5785-5798
Ghd2, a CONSTANS-like gene, confers drought sensitivity through regulation of senescence in rice.
Yang X., Gong P., Li K., Huang F., Cheng F., Pan G.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(9)  2761-76
A single cytosine deletion in the OsPLS1 gene encoding vacuolar-type H+-ATPase subunit A1 leads to premature leaf senescence and seed dormancy in rice.
Wu Y.S., Yang C.Y.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  2
Physiological Responses and Expression Profile of NADPH Oxidase in Rice (Oryza Sativa) Seedlings under Different Levels of Submergence.
Sakuraba Y., Piao W., Lim J.H., Han S.H., Kim Y.S., An G., Paek N.C.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2015  56(12)  2325-39
Rice ONAC106 Inhibits leaf senescence and Increases Salt Tolerance and tiller angle.
Liang C., Wang Y., Zhu Y., Tang J., Hu B., Liu L., Ou S., Wu H., Sun X., Chu J., Chu C.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2014  111(27)  10013-8
OsNAP connects abscisic acid and leaf senescence by fine-tuning abscisic acid biosynthesis and directly targeting senescence-associated genes in rice.
Wu H.B., Wang B., Chen Y., Liu Y.G., Chen L.
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2013  126(7)  1897-907
Characterization and fine mapping of the rice premature senescence mutant ospse1.
Armstead I, Donnison I, Aubry S, Harper J, Hortensteiner S, James C, Mani J, Moffet M, Ougham H, Roberts L, Thomas A, Weeden N, Thomas H, King I.
Science 2007  315  73
Cross-species identification of Mendel's I locus.
Sato Y, Morita R, Nishimura M, Yamaguchi H, Kusaba M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2007  104  14169
Mendel's green cotyledon gene encodes a positive regulator of the chlorophyll-degrading pathway.
Jiang H, Li M, Liang N, Yan H, Wei Y, Xu X, Liu J, Xu Z, Chen F, Wu G.
Plant J. 2007  52(2)  197-209
Molecular cloning and function analysis of the stay green gene in rice.
Park SY, Yu JW, Park JS, Li J, Yoo SC, Lee NY, Lee SK, Jeong SW, Seo HS, Koh HJ, Jeon JS, Park YI, Paek NC.
Plant Cell 2007  19(5)  649-1664
The senescence-induced staygreen protein regulates chlorophyll degradation .
S. Hortensteiner
Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2006  57  55-77
Chlorophyll degradation during senescence
Cha, K.-W., Y.-J. Lee, H.-J. Koh, B.-M. Lee, Y.-W. Nam, N.-C. Paek
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2002  104  526-532
Isolation, characterization, and mapping of the stay green mutant in rice.
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DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0061191
Gene Ontology response to glucose stimulus( GO:0009749 )
response to abscisic acid stimulus( GO:0009737 )
response to low light intensity stimulus( GO:0009645 )
defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
response to magnesium ion( GO:0032026 )
response to starvation( GO:0042594 )
leaf senescence( GO:0010150 )
response to flooding( GO:0009413 )
chlorophyll catabolic process( GO:0015996 )
plastid( GO:0009536 )
PSII associated light-harvesting complex II catabolic process( GO:0010304 )
response to absence of light( GO:0009646 )
response to hydrogen peroxide( GO:0042542 )
chloroplast( GO:0009507 )
Trait Ontology stay green trait( TO:0002712 )
submergence tolerance( TO:0000524 )
leaf color( TO:0000326 )
chlorophyll ratio( TO:0000298 )
leaf senescence( TO:0000249 )
light sensitivity( TO:0000075 )
magnesium sensitivity( TO:0000010 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
chlorophyll content( TO:0000495 )
sheath blight disease resistance( TO:0000255 )
light intensity sensitivity( TO:0000460 )
abscisic acid sensitivity( TO:0000615 )
Plant Ontology vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
4 leaf senescence stage( PO:0001054 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jan 19, 2024