Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol DL
Gene Symbol Synonym OsDL, dl(lop), lop, dl, dl1, OsDRPq3, DRPq3
Gene Name Synonym drooping leaf, drooping leaf-1, DL protein, Protein DROOPING LEAF, Protein CRABS CLAW homolog, Protein CRC homolog
Protein Name DL PROTEIN
Allele dl-1, dl-2, dl-5, dl-superman1, dl-superman2, dl-sup1, dl-sup2, dl-sup5, dl-sup6
Chromosome No. 3
Explanation In leaves, DL gene regulates the development of midrib. In flowers, DL function as a homeotic gene regulating the identity of carpel. Loss-of-function mutation of DL results in drooping leaves and homeotic conversion of carpel to stamens. Q76EJ0. YABBY gene family. GRO:0007163; leaf stage P2 ; GRO:0007151; 6.1-flowering stage ; GRO:0007044; 06-heading stage ; GRO:0007208; spikelet stage SP7 ; GRO:0007162; leaf stage P4 ; GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007148; 05-booting stage ; GRO:0007164; leaf stage P1. orthlog of Arabidopsis CRC (CRAB CLAW). KC609207-KC609216 (O. sativa and wild rice species, partial ads). TO:20109: vascular bundle development trait.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Leaf
Character as QTL - Yield and productivity
Reproductive organ - Inflorescence
Reproductive organ - Spikelet, flower, glume, awn
Expression leaf - P1 - Formation of leaf primordium
leaf - P2 - Hood-shape primordium
leaf - P3 - Formation of ligule primordium
leaf - P4 - Rapid elongation of leaf blade
spikelet - Sp7 - Formation of carpel primordium
cDNA Accession No. -
MSU ID LOC_Os03g11600.1
RAP ID Os03g0215200
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Locate(cM) 50.0
Link map Classical linkage map
Mao X., Zheng X., Chen W., Li C.
Int J Mol Sci 2023  24(16) 
Characterization and Gene Mapping of an Open-Glume <i>Oryza sativa</i> L. Mutant.
Zhang T., Wu A., Hu X., Deng Q., Ma Z., Su L.
PeerJ 2023  11  e14783
Comprehensive study of rice YABBY gene family: evolution, expression and interacting proteins analysis.
Park J.R., Son J.H., Kim E.G., Jang Y.H., Yun B.J., Kim K.M.
Plants (Basel) 2022  11(7) 
Phenotype and Genotype Interaction Underlying Distributive Characteristic for Awn Development in Rice.
Prakash S., Rai R., Zamzam M., Ahmad O., Peesapati R., Vijayraghavan U.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  865928
OsbZIP47 Is an Integrator for Meristem Regulators During Rice Plant Growth and Development.
Zhuang H., Hong-Lei Wang, Zhang T., Xiao-Qin Zeng, Chen H., Zhong-Wei Wang, Zhang J., Zheng H., Tang J., Ying-Hua Ling, Zheng-Lin Yang, Guang-Hua He, Yun-Feng Li
Plant Cell 2020  32(2)  392-413
<i>NONSTOP GLUMES1</i> Encodes a C2H2 Zinc Finger Protein That Regulates Spikelet Development in Rice.
Duan Y., Chen Y., Li W., Pan M., Qu X., Shi X., Cai Z., Liu H., Zhao F., Kong L., Ye Y., Wang F., Xue Y., Wu W.
Plant Physiol. 2019  181(4)  1600-1614
<i>RETINOBLASTOMA-RELATED</i> Genes Specifically Control Inner Floral Organ Morphogenesis and pollen Development in Rice.
Yu H., Ruan B., Wang Z., Ren D., Zhang Y., Leng Y., Zeng D., Hu J., Zhang G., Zhu L., Gao Z., Chen G., Guo L., Chen W., Qian Q.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  486
Fine Mapping of a Novel defective glume 1 (dg1) Mutant, Which Affects Vegetative and Spikelet Development in Rice.
Liu M., Li H., Su Y., Li W., Shi C.
Front Plant Sci 2016  7  1006
g1/ELE Functions in the Development of Rice Lemmas in Addition to Determining Identities of Empty Glumes.
Marathi B., Jena K.K.
Euphytica 2014  201  1-14
Floral traits to enhance outcrossing for higher hybrid seed production in rice: present status and future prospects
Toriba T.a b, Hirano H.Y.a
Plant Journal 2014  77  616-626
The DROOPING LEAF and OsETTIN2 genes promote awn development in rice
Ohmori Y.a b, Yasui Y.a, Hirano H.Y.a
Genes and Genetic Systems 2014  89  87-91
Overexpression analysis suggests that FON2-LIKE CLE PROTEIN1 is involved in rice LEAF development
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Sang,X., Li,Y., Luo,Z., Ren,D., Fang,L., Wang,N., Zhao,F., Ling,Y., Yang,Z., Liu,Y. and He,G.
Plant Physiol. 2012  160(2)  788-807
CHIMERIC FLORAL ORGANS 1, Encoding a Monocot-specific MADS-box Protein, Regulates Floral Organ Identity in Rice
Lee D.Y., An G.
Plant J. 2012  69(3)  445-61
Two AP2 family genes, SUPERNUMERARY BRACT (SNB) and OsINDETERMINATE SPIKELET 1 (OsIDS1), synergistically control inflorescence architecture and floral meristem establishment in rice.
Duan Y., Li S., Chen Z., Zheng L., Diao Z., Zhou Y., Lan T., Guan H., Pan R., Xue Y., Wu W.
Plant J. 2012  72(5)  829-42
Dwarf and Deformed Flower 1, encoding an F-box protein, is critical for vegetative and floral development in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Ohmori Y., Toriba T., Nakamura H., Ichikawa H., Hirano H.-Y.
Plant J. 2011  65(1)  77-86
Temporal and spatial regulation of DROOPING LEAF gene expression that promotes midrib formation in rice.
Li H. , Liang W. , Yin C. , Zhu L. , Zhang D.
Plant Physiol. 2011  156(1)  263-74
Genetic interaction of OsMADS3, DROOPING LEAF, and OsMADS13 in specifying rice floral organ identities and meristem determinacy.
Li H., Liang W., Hu Y., Zhu L., Yin C., Xu J., Dreni L., Kater M.M., Zhang D.
Plant Cell 2011  23(7)  2536-52
Rice MADS6 interacts with the floral homeotic genes SUPERWOMAN1, MADS3, MADS58, MADS13, and DROOPING LEAF in specifying floral organ identities and meristem fate.
Ohmori Y,Abiko M,Horibata A,Hirano HY
Plant Cell Physiol. 2008  49  1176-84
A transposon, Ping, is integrated into intron 4 of the DROOPING LEAF gene of rice, weakly reducing its expression and causing a mild drooping leaf phenotype.
Yamaguchi,T., Nagasawa,N., Kawasaki,S., Matsuoka,M., Nagato,Y. and Hirano,H.Y.
Plant Cell 2004  16(2)  500-509
The YABBY Gene DROOPING LEAF Regulates Carpel Specification and Midrib Development in Oryza sativa.
Nagasawa,N., Miyoshi,M., Sano,Y., Satoh,H., Hirano,H., Sakai,H. and Nagato,Y.
Development 2003  130(4)  705-718
SUPERWOMAN1 and DROOPING LEAF genes control floral organ identity in rice.
Yamaguchi, T., S. Kawasaki, Y. Nagato and H.-Y. Hirano
Breeding Science 1998  48(Suppl. 2)  21
An approach to isolate the DL gene by positional cloning.
Yamaguchi, T., S. Kawasaki, Y. Nagato and H.Y. Hirano
RGN 1998  15  158-160
Construction of the BAC contig encompassing the dl locus.
Nagasawa, N., M. Miyoshi, Y. Sano and Y. Nagato
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 1)  165
Superman-like mutations in rice.
Nagasawa, N., M. Miyoshi and Y. Nagato
Breeding Science 1996  46(Suppl. 2)  271
Superwoman mutations in rice flower.
Nagasawa, N., M. Miyoshi., Y. Sano and Y. Nagato
RGN 1996  13  102-105.
DL regulates both leaf and pistil development in rice.
Kishimoto, N., E. Shimosaka, S. Matsuura and A. Saito
RGN 1992  9  118-124.
A current RFLP linkage map of rice Alignment of the molecular map with the classical map.
Maekawa, M., I. Takamure and T. Kinoshita
Rice Genetics. II. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 1991    111-120.
Gene mapping of some morphological traits and chlorophyll deficiency in rice.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1985  35(Suppl. 1)  204-205.
Linkage studies in rice.On the loci of some marker genes locating on the chromosome 5.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1979  29(Suppl. 2)  182-183.
Linkage studies in rice. New genes belonging to the 11th linkage group.
Iwata, N., T. Omura and H. Satoh
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1978  22  243-251.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L.). On some mutants for physiological leaf spots.
Omura, T., N. Iwata and H. Satoh
J. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1978  23  85-93.
Linkage studies in rice (Oryza sativa L.). On some virescent and chlorina mutants.
Iwata, N., T. Omura and H. Satoh
Japan. J. Breed. 1978  28(Suppl. 1)  170-171.
Linkage studies in rice. The sequence of genes at the eight and eleventh linkage groups.
Iwata, N., H. Satoh and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1977  27(Suppl. 1)  250-251.
Linkage studies in rice.Linkage groups for 6 genes newly described.
Mori, K., T. Kinoshita and M. Takahashi
Mem. Fac. Agr. Hokkaido Univ. 1973  8(4)  377-385.
Linkage relationships of genes for some mutant characters of rice kept in Kyushu University. -Genetical studies on rice plant, LV-.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 1971  25(3.4)  137-153.
Linkage analysis by reciprocal translocation method in rice plants (Oryza sativa L).II. Linkage groups corresponding to the chromosomes 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11.
Iwata, N. and T. Omura
Japan. J. Breed. 1968  18(Suppl. 2)  69-70.
Linkage analysis by reciprocal translocation method in rice.IV.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for DL ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060233
Gene Ontology inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
zinc ion binding( GO:0008270 )
meristem determinacy( GO:0010022 )
DNA binding( GO:0003677 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
meristem maintenance( GO:0010073 )
cell differentiation( GO:0030154 )
leaf development( GO:0048366 )
carpel development( GO:0048440 )
Trait Ontology flower anatomy and morphology trait( TO:0000499 )
leaf angle( TO:0000206 )
awn anatomy and morphology trait( TO:0002718 )
leaf development trait( TO:0000655 )
meristem identity( TO:0006017 )
vascular bundle number( TO:0000472 )
flag leaf angle( TO:0000124 )
awn length( TO:0000072 )
yield trait( TO:0000371 )
inflorescence development trait( TO:0000621 )
Plant Ontology gynoecium primordium( PO:0000019 )
flower meristem( PO:0000229 )
spikelet floret( PO:0009082 )
stamen( PO:0009029 )
carpel( PO:0009030 )
lemma( PO:0009037 )
plant embryo( PO:0009009 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
inflorescence development stage( PO:0001083 )
palea( PO:0009038 )
spikelet( PO:0009051 )
Related Strains
Stocks for Genes 1
F Lines 90
Backcross Fn Generation (T65) 5
Phenotype images
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Photo from Y. Nagato
Last updated
Nov 27, 2023