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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol SLR1
Gene Symbol Synonym slr1-1, slr1, slr, GAI, OsGAI, OsSLR1, Os SLR1, OsRGA1, OsGRAS-18, OsGRAS-18, GRAS-18, GRAS18, SLR-1
Gene Name Synonym slender rice1-1, slender rice, Giberellin-insensitive gene homolog, DELLA protein SLR1, Protein SLENDER RICE1, Gibberellic acid-insensitive mutant protein, Slender Rice 1, SLENDER 1, SLENDER1, GRAS protein 18
Allele slr1-1, Slr1-d1, Slr1-d3, slr1, slr1-6
Chromosome No. 3
Explanation A constitutive GA-responsive mutant which shows a slender phenotype with elongated stem, leaf sheath, and blade similar to that of rice plants treated exogenously with GA3.This gene is the loss-of-function mutant in the SLR1 gene, which is an ortholog of GAI and RGA in Arabidopsis, RHT in wheat, and D8 in maize. DELLA PROTEIN. Q7G7J6. AB262980. AB030956. GRO:0007047; 02-seedling. AY781175. OsRGA1 in Zhou et al. 2014. KC611066-KC611074 (O. sativa and wild rice species, partial cds). GO:2001006: regulation of cellulose biosynthetic process. GO:0072488: ammonium transmembrane transport. KC611073.
Trait Class Vegetative organ - Culm
Vegetative organ - Root
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Insect resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK242577
MSU ID LOC_Os03g49990.1
RAP ID Os03g0707600
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Dutta M., Saha A., Moin M., Kirti P.B.
Front Plant Sci 2021  12  777285
Genome-Wide Identification, Transcript Profiling and Bioinformatic Analyses of GRAS transcription factor Genes in Rice.
M T AP., Ramchander S., K K K., Muthamilarasan M., Pillai M.A.
PLoS ONE 2021  16(1)  e0245603
Assessment of efficacy of mutagenesis of gamma-irradiation in plant height and days to maturity through expression analysis in rice.
Kim S., Park S.I., Kwon H., Cho M.H., Kim B.G., Chung J.H., Nam M.H., Song J.S., Kim K.H., Yoon I.S.
Front Plant Sci 2021  12  797940
The Rice Abscisic Acid-Responsive RING Finger E3 ligase OsRF1 Targets OsPP2C09 for Degradation and Confers Drought and Salinity Tolerance in Rice.
Chen Y., Dan Z., Gao F., Chen P., Fan F., Li S.
Plant Physiol. 2020   
Rice GROWTH-REGULATING FACTOR7 Modulates Plant Architecture through Regulating GA and IAA Metabolism.
Ge Q., Zhang Y., Xu Y., Bai M., Luo W., Wang B., Niu Y., Zhao Y., Li S., Weng Y., Wang Z., Qian Q., Chong K.
New Phytol. 2020  225(6)  2453-2467
cyclophilin OsCYP20-2 with a novel variant integrates defense and cell elongation for chilling response in rice.
Lu Y., Feng Z., Meng Y., Bian L., Xie H., Mysore K.S., Liang J.
Plant Physiol. 2020  182(4)  2213-2227
SLENDER RICE1 and <i>Oryza sativa</i> INDETERMINATE DOMAIN2 Regulating OsmiR396 Are Involved in stem elongation.
Jan R., Khan M.A., Asaf S., Lee I.J., Kim K.M.
Sci Rep 2020  10(1)  14685
Overexpression of OsF3H modulates WBPH stress by alteration of phenylpropanoid pathway at a transcriptomic and metabolomic level in Oryza sativa.
Mo W., Tang W., Du Y., Jing Y., Bu Q., Lin R.
Plant Physiol. 2020   
PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR-LIKE14 and SLENDER RICE1 interaction controls seedling growth under salt stress.
Wang B., Li J.
Plant Cell 2019  31(7)  1416-1417
Understanding the Molecular Bases of Agronomic Trait Improvement in Rice.
Yano K., Morinaka Y., Wang F., Huang P., Takehara S., Hirai T., Ito A., Koketsu E., Kawamura M., Kotake K., Yoshida S., Endo M., Tamiya G., Kitano H., Ueguchi-Tanaka M., Hirano K., Matsuoka M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2019  116(42)  21262-21267
GWAS with principal component analysis identifies a gene comprehensively controlling rice architecture.
Liu M., Shi Z., Zhang X., Wang M., Zhang L., Zheng K., Liu J., Hu X., Di C., Qian Q., He Z., Yang D.L.
Nat Plants 2019  5(4)  389-400
Inducible overexpression of Ideal Plant Architecture1 improves both yield and disease resistance in rice.
Ke S., Liu S., Luan X., Xie X.M., Hsieh T.F., Zhang X.Q.
Rice (N Y) 2019  12(1)  7
Mutation in a putative glycosyltransferase-like gene causes programmed cell death and early leaf senescence in rice.
Yoshida H., Tanimoto E., Hirai T., Miyanoiri Y., Mitani R., Kawamura M., Takeda M., Takehara S., Hirano K., Kainosho M., Akagi T., Matsuoka M., Ueguchi-Tanaka M.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2018  115(33)  E7844-E7853
Evolution and diversification of the plant gibberellin receptor GID1.
Li S., Tian Y., Wu K., Ye Y., Yu J., Zhang J., Liu Q., Hu M., Li H., Tong Y., Harberd N.P., Fu X.
Nature 2018  560(7720)  595-600
Modulating plant growth-metabolism coordination for sustainable agriculture.
Zhang Y., Liu K., Zhu X., Wu Y., Zhang S., Chen H., Ling J., Wang Y., Fang X.
Plant Cell Rep. 2018  37(5)  775-787
Rice tocopherol deficiency 1 encodes a homogentisate phytyltransferase essential for tocopherol biosynthesis and plant development in rice.
Burman N., Bhatnagar A., Khurana J.P.
Plant Physiol. 2017   
OsbZIP48, a HY5 transcription factor ortholog, exerts pleiotropic effects in light-regulated development.
Hirano K., Yoshida H., Aya K., Kawamura M., Hayashi M., Hobo T., Sato-Izawa K., Kitano H., Ueguchi-Tanaka M., Matsuoka M.
Mol Plant 2017  10(4)  590-604
SMALL ORGAN SIZE 1 and SMALL ORGAN SIZE 2/DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING Form a Complex to Integrate Auxin and Brassinosteroid Signaling in Rice.
Tong H., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2016  28(4)  833-5
Reply: Brassinosteroid Regulates Gibberellin Synthesis to Promote Cell Elongation in Rice: Critical Comments on Ross and Quittenden's Letter.
Singh P., Sinha A.K.
Plant Cell 2016   
A Positive Feedback Loop Governed by SUB1A1 Interaction with MITOGEN ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE 3 Imparts submergence tolerance in Rice.
Zhu N., Cheng S., Liu X., Du H., Dai M., Zhou D.X., Yang W., Zhao Y.
Plant Sci. 2015  236  146-56
The R2R3-type MYB gene OsMYB91 has a function in coordinating plant growth and salt stress tolerance in rice.
Ye Y., Liu B., Zhao M., Wu K., Cheng W., Chen X., Liu Q., Liu Z., Fu X., Wu Y.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2015  89(4-5)  385-401
CEF1/OsMYB103L is involved in GA-mediated regulation of secondary wall biosynthesis in rice.
Liu G., Zhang K., Ai J., Su Y., Deng X., Hong Y., Wang X.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Patatin-related phospholipase A, pPLAIIIalpha, modulates the longitudinal growth of vegetative tissues and seeds in rice.
Huang D., Wang S., Zhang B., Shang-Guan K., Shi Y., Zhang D., Liu X., Wu K., Xu Z., Fu X., Zhou Y.
Plant Cell 2015  27(6)  1681-96
A Gibberellin-Mediated DELLA-NAC Signaling Cascade Regulates Cellulose Synthesis in Rice.
Wang W., Li G., Zhao J., Chu H., Lin W., Zhang D., Wang Z., Liang W.
PLoS Genet. 2014  10(3)  e1004154
DWARF TILLER1, a WUSCHEL-Related Homeobox Transcription Factor, Is Required for Tiller Growth in Rice.
Zhou W., Malabanan P.B., Abrigo E.
Euphytica 2014  201  97-107
OsHox4 regulates GA signaling by interacting with DELLA-like genes and GA oxidase genes in rice
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Jung K.H., Kim S.R., Giong H.K., Nguyen M.X., Go H.J., An G.
Mol Plant 2014   
Genome-wide Identification and Functional Analysis of Genes Expressed Ubiquitously in Rice.
Zhu,T., Xu,P.Z., Liu,J.P., Peng,S., Mo,X.C. and Gao,L.Z.
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 2014  70  348-361
Phylogenetic relationships and genome divergence among the AA- genome species of the genus Oryza as revealed by 53 nuclear genes and 16 intergenic regions
Lu Z., Yu H., Xiong G., Wang J., Jiao Y., Liu G., Jing Y., Meng X., Hu X., Qian Q., Fu X., Wang Y., Li J.
Plant Cell 2013  25(10)  3743-59
Genome-Wide Binding Analysis of the Transcription Activator IDEAL PLANT ARCHITECTURE1 Reveals a Complex Network Regulating Rice Plant Architecture.
Yang D.L., Yang Y., He Z.
Mol Plant 2013  6(3)  675-85
Role of plant hormones and their cross-talks in rice immunity.
Andrieu A., Breitler J.C., Sire C., Meynard D., Gantet P., Guiderdoni E.
Rice (N Y) 2012  5  23
An in planta, Agrobacterium-mediated transient gene expression method for inducing gene silencing in rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves
Zhang C.C., Yuan W.Y., Zhang Q.F.
Mol Plant 2012  5(2)  482-93
RPL1, a Gene Involved in Epigenetic Processes Regulates Phenotypic Plasticity in Rice.
Bhattacharyya J., Chowdhury A.H., Ray S., Jha J.K., Das S., Gayen S., Chakraborty A., Mitra J., Maiti M.K., Basu A., Sen S.K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2012  31(2)  271-9
Native polyubiquitin promoter of rice provides increased constitutive expression in stable transgenic rice plants.
Yang D.L., Yao J., Mei C.S., Tong X.H., Zeng L.J., Li Q., Xiao L.T., Sun T.P., Li J., Deng X.W., Lee C.M., Thomashow M.F., Yang Y., He Z., He S.Y.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2012  109(19)  E1192-200
Plant hormone jasmonate prioritizes defense over growth by interfering with gibberellin signaling cascade.
Hirano K., Kouketu E., Katoh H., Aya K., Ueguchi-Tanaka M., Matsuoka M.
Plant J. 2012  71(3)  443-53
The Suppressive Function of the Rice DELLA Protein SLR1 is Dependent on its Transcriptional Activation Activity.
Mimura M., Nagato Y., Itoh J.I.
Planta 2012  235(5)  1081-9
Rice PLASTOCHRON genes regulate leaf maturation downstream of the gibberellin signal transduction pathway.
Hirose F., Inagaki N., Hanada A., Yamaguchi S., Kamiya Y., Miyao A., Hirochika H., Takano M.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2012  53(9)  1570-82
Cryptochrome and Phytochrome Cooperatively but Independently Reduce Active Gibberellin Content in Rice Seedlings under Light Irradiation.
Phanchaisri B., Samsang N., Yu L., Singkarat S., Anuntalabhochai S.
Mutat. Res. 2012  734(1-2)  56-61
Expression of OsSPY and 14-3-3 genes involved in plant height variations of ion-beam-induced KDML 105 rice mutants.
Amber L Hauvermale, Ariizumi T., Camille M Steber
Plant Physiol. 2012  160(1)  83-92
Gibberellin signaling: a theme and variations on DELLA repression.
Wang F., Xing Wang Deng
Cell Res. 2011  21(9)  1286-94
Plant ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and its role in gibberellin signaling.
Dai C., Hong-Wei Xue
The EMBO journal 2010  29(11)  1916-27
Rice early flowering1, a CKI, phosphorylates DELLA protein SLR1 to negatively regulate gibberellin signalling.
Wang L,Wang Z,Xu Y,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xue Z,Xu Z,Wang Z,Chong K
Plant J. 2009  57  498-510
OsGSR1 is involved in crosstalk between gibberellins and brassinosteroids in rice.
Aleman L,Kitamura J,Abdel-mageed H,Lee J,Sun Y,Nakajima M,Ueguchi-Tanaka M,Matsuoka M,Allen RD
Plant Mol. Biol. 2008  68  1-16
Functional analysis of cotton orthologs of GA signal transduction factors GID1 and SLR1.
Fukao T., Julia Bailey-Serres
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008  105(43)  16814-9
submergence tolerance conferred by Sub1A is mediated by SLR1 and SLRL1 restriction of gibberellin responses in rice.
Ueguchi-Tanaka M,Hirano K,Hasegawa Y,Kitano H,Matsuoka M
Plant Cell 2008  20  2437-46
Release of the repressive activity of rice DELLA protein SLR1 by gibberellin does not require SLR1 degradation in the gid2 mutant.
Liu T,Gu JY,Xu CJ,Gao Y,An CC
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007  358  983-9
Overproduction of OsSLRL2 alters the development of transgenic Arabidopsis plants.
Ueguchi-Tanaka,M., Nakajima,M., Katoh,E., Ohmiya,H., Asano,K., Saji,S., Hongyu,X., Ashikari,M., Kitano,H., Yamaguchi,I. and Matsuoka,M.
Plant Cell 2007  19(7)  2140-2155
Molecular interactions of a soluble gibberellin receptor, GID1, with a rice DELLA protein, SLR1, and gibberellin
Eckardt NA
Plant Cell 2007  19  2095-7
GA perception and signal transduction: molecular interactions of the GA receptor GID1 with GA and the DELLA protein SLR1 in rice.
Chhun T,Aya K,Asano K,Yamamoto E,Morinaka Y,Watanabe M,Kitano H,Ashikari M,Matsuoka M,Ueguchi-Tanaka M
Plant Cell 2007  19  3876-88
Gibberellin regulates pollen viability and pollen tube growth in rice.
Shimada A, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Sakamoto T, Fujioka S, Takatsuto S, Yoshida S, Sazuka T, Ashikari M, Matsuoka M.
Plant J. 2006  48(3)  390-402
The rice SPINDLY gene functions as a negative regulator of gibberellin signaling by controlling the suppressive function of the DELLA protein, SLR1, and modulating brassinosteroid synthesis.
Cao D, Cheng H, Wu W, Soo HM, Peng J.
Plant Physiol. 2006  142(2)  509-25
Gibberellin mobilizes distinct DELLA-dependent transcriptomes to regulate seed germination and floral development in Arabidopsis.
Itoh H., Shimada A., Miyako Ueguchi-Tanaka, Kamiya N., Hasegawa Y., Ashikari M., Matsuoka M.
Plant J. 2005  44(4)  669-79
Overexpression of a GRAS protein lacking the DELLA domain confers altered gibberellin responses in rice.
Han,Y., Jiang,J., Liu,H., Ma,Q., Xu,W., Xu,Y., Xu,Z. and Chong,K.
Plant Sci. 2005  169(3)  487-495
Overexpression of OsSIN, encoding a novel small protein, causes short internodes in Oryza sativa
Gomi, K., A. Sasaki, H. Itoh, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, M. Ashikari, H. Kitano and M. Matsuoka
Plant J. 2004  37 (4)  626-634
GID2, an F-box subunit of the SCF E3 complex, specifically interacts with phosphorylated SLR1 protein and regulates the gibberellin-dependent degradation of SLR1 in rice.
Tian C, Wan P, Sun S, Li J, Chen M.
Plant Mol. Biol. 2004  54  519-532
Genome-wide analysis of the GRAS gene family in rice and Arabidopsis.
Kaneko, M., H. Itoh, Y. Inukai, T. Sakamoto, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, M. Ashikari and M. Matsuoka
Plant J. 2003  35 (1)  104-115
Where do gibberellin biosynthesis and gibberellin signaling occur in rice plants?
Sasaki, A., H. Itoh, K. Gomi, M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, K. Ishiyama, M. Kobayashi, D.H. Jeong, G. An, H. Kitano, M. Ashikari, M. Matsuoka
Science 2003  299 (5614)  1896-1898
Accumulation of phosphorylated repressor for gibberellin signaling in an F-box mutant.
Ikeda, A., Y. Sonoda, P. Vernieri, P. Perata, H. Hirochika and J. Yamaguchi
Plant Cell Physiol. 2002  43  974-979.
The slender rice mutant, with constitutively activated gibberellin signal transduction, has enhanced capacity for abscisic acid level.
Itoh,H., Ueguchi-Tanaka,M., Sato,Y., Ashikari,M. and Matsuoka,M.
Plant Cell 2002  14(1)  57-70
The gibberellin signaling pathway is regulated by the appearance and disappearance of SLENDER RICE1 in nuclei.
Ikeda, A., M. Ueguchi-Tanaka, Y. Sonoda, H. Kitano, M. Koshioka, Y. Futsuhara, M. Matsoka, and J. Yamaguchi
Plant Cell 2001  13  999-1010
slender rice, a constitutive gibberellin response mutant, is caused by a null mutation of the SLR1 gene, an ortholog of the height-regulating gene GAI/RGA/RHT/D8.
Ogawa,M., Kusano,T., Katsumi,M. and Sano,H.
Gene 2000  245(1)  21-29
Rice gibberellin-insensitive gene homolog, OsGAI, encodes a nuclear-localized protein capable of gene activation at transcriptional level.
Ikeda, A., S. Tanaka, J. Yamaguchi, and Y. Futsuhara
Sci. Rep. Fac. Agric. Meijo Univ. 1999  35  7-13
Character expression and mode of inheritance of a slender mutant with constitutive gibberellin-response in rice. [Japanese]
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for SLR1 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0061384
Gene Ontology defense response to bacterium( GO:0042742 )
defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
response to abscisic acid stimulus( GO:0009737 )
response to gibberellin stimulus( GO:0009739 )
regulation of cell proliferation( GO:0042127 )
defense response to insect( GO:0002213 )
response to flooding( GO:0009413 )
regulation of growth( GO:0040008 )
root development( GO:0048364 )
response to light stimulus( GO:0009416 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
transcription( GO:0006350 )
response to salt stress( GO:0009651 )
gibberellic acid mediated signaling( GO:0009740 )
negative regulation of gibberellic acid mediated signaling( GO:0009938 )
regulation of gene expression( GO:0010468 )
regulation of transcription( GO:0045449 )
negative regulation of growth( GO:0045926 )
regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process( GO:0051171 )
response to cold( GO:0009409 )
Trait Ontology salt tolerance( TO:0006001 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
plant growth hormone sensitivity( TO:0000401 )
root length( TO:0000227 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
leaf shape( TO:0000492 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
root number( TO:0000084 )
disease resistance( TO:0000112 )
gibberellic acid sensitivity( TO:0000166 )
anatomy and morphology related trait( TO:0000017 )
submergence sensitivity( TO:0000286 )
cold tolerance( TO:0000303 )
light sensitivity( TO:0000075 )
white-backed planthopper resistance( TO:0000205 )
stem elongation( TO:0006036 )
bacterial blight disease resistance( TO:0000175 )
abscisic acid sensitivity( TO:0000615 )
sheath blight disease resistance( TO:0000255 )
Plant Ontology whole plant( PO:0000003 )
root( PO:0009005 )
shoot system( PO:0009006 )
vascular leaf( PO:0009025 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
stem elongation stage( PO:0007089 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jun 2, 2022