Gene - Detail

Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol PI21
Gene Symbol Synonym pi21, rMg40, OsHMP26, HMP26, OsHIPP5, HIPP5, OsaHIP05, HIP05
Gene Name Synonym Pyricularia oryzae resistance-21 (field resistance), Pyricularia oryzae resistance-21, Magnaporthe grisea resistance-21 (field resistance), Magnaporthe grisea resistance-21, Heavy metal-associated protein 26, heavy-metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein 5
Protein Name
Allele pi21, Pi21
Chromosome No. 4
Explanation Field resistance to rice blast in testing nursery under natural conditions. One of QTLs controlling field resistance against rice blast of Japanese upland rice was mapped between RFLP markers G271 and G317 of chromosome 4. Q7XL73. GRO:0007049; 03-tillering stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling. AB430852, AB430853, and AB430854. Original line is Owarihatamochi (Japonica). pi21 is a recessive gene.
Trait Class Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
cDNA Accession No. AK070581
MSU ID LOC_Os04g32850.1
RAP ID Os04g0401000
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Li Y., Liu P., Mei L., Jiang G., Lv Q., Zhai W., Li C.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  1065253
Knockout of a papain-like cysteine protease gene <i>OCP</i> enhances blast resistance in rice.
Li J., Zhang M., Sun J., Mao X., Wang J., Liu H., Zheng H., Li X., Zhao H., Zou D.
Front Genet 2020  11  477
Heavy Metal Stress-Associated Proteins in Rice and <i>Arabidopsis</i>: Genome-Wide Identification, Phylogenetics, Duplication, and Expression Profiles Analysis.
Kamrul Huda K.M., Akhter Banu M.S., Yadav S., Sahoo R.K., Tuteja R., Tuteja N.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 2014  82  229-238
Salinity and drought tolerant OsACA6 enhances cold tolerance in transgenic tobacco by interacting with stress-inducible proteins
Miah G., Rafii M.Y., R .Ismail M., B. Puteh A., A. Rahim H., Asfaliza R., A. Latif M.
Mol. Biol. Rep. 2013  40(3)  2369-88
Blast resistance in rice: a review of conventional breeding to molecular approaches
de Abreu-Neto JB., Turchetto-Zolet AC., de Oliveira LF., Zanettini M.H., Margis-Pinheiro M.
FEBS J. 2013  280(7)  1604-16
Heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein (HIPP): characterization of a family of proteins exclusive to plants.
Sharma T.R., Rai A.K., Gupta S.K., Vijayan J., Devanna B.N., Ray S.
Agric Res 2012  1  37-52
Rice Blast Management Through Host-Plant Resistance: Retrospect and Prospects
Gupta S.K., Rai A.K., Kanwar S.S., Chand D., Singh N.K., Sharma T.R.
J. Exp. Bot. 2012  63(2)  757-72
The single functional blast resistance gene Pi54 activates a complex defence mechanism in rice.
Nakao M., Nakamura R., Kita K., Inukai R., Ishikawa A.
Sci Rep 2011  1  171
Non-host resistance to penetration and hyphal growth of Magnaporthe oryzae in Arabidopsis.
Fukuoka S,Saka N,Koga H,Ono K,Shimizu T,Ebana K,Hayashi N,Takahashi A,Hirochika H,Okuno K,Yano M
Science 2009  325  998-1001
Loss of function of a proline-containing protein confers durable disease resistance in rice.
Koide Y., Kobayashi N., Xu D., Fukuta Y.
JARQ 2009  43  255-280
Resistance Genes and Selection DNA Markers for Blast Disease in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Fukuoka S., Okuno K., Kawase M.
US patent 2009    -
Patent application title: rice blast susceptibility gene pi21, resistance gene pi21 and uses thereof
Ballini E., Morel J.B., Droc G., Price A., Courtois B., Notteghem J.L., Tharreau D.
Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 2008  21(7)  859-68
A genome-wide meta-analysis of rice blast resistance genes and quantitative trait loci provides new insights into partial and complete resistance.
Fukuoka, S. and K. Okuno
Theor. Appl. Genet. 2001  103  185-190
QTL analysis and mapping of pi21, a recessive gene for field resistance to rice blast in Japanese upland rice.
Nagato, Y. & A. Yoshimura
RGN 1999  16  8-9
I. Registration of new gene symbols.
Fukuoka, S. & K. Okuno
RGN 1997  14  98-99
QTL analysis for field resistance to rice blast using RFLP markers.
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for PI21 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060650
Gene Ontology defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
nucleus( GO:0005634 )
metal ion binding( GO:0046872 )
response to fungus( GO:0009620 )
Trait Ontology leaf blast disease resistance( TO:0000468 )
panicle blast disease resistance( TO:0000477 )
fertility restoration trait( TO:0000497 )
Plant Ontology -
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Sep 12, 2023