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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D61
Gene Symbol Synonym d61*, dwf42, d61, OsBRI1, OSBRI1, BRI1, Os BRI1, Osbri1, OsBRKq1, BRKq1
CGSNL Gene Name DWARF 61
Protein Name
Allele d61-1, d61-2, d61-3, d61-4, d61-5, d61-6, d61-7, d61-8, d61-9, d61-10, Osbri1, bri1, bri1-D, d61-1N, d61
Chromosome No. 1
Explanation BAB68053. GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007059; 2.01-first leaf through coleoptile. This gene functions in various growth and developmental processes in rice, including internode elongation, bending of the lamina joint, and skotomorphogenesis. Complementing to d61 dwarf gene, wild type of OsBRI1 recovers normal phenotype. extra sporogenous cells-like. brassinosteroid receptor. a rice ortholog of Arabidopsis BRI1/SR160. PO:0030123: panicle inflorescence. TO:0000789: bud morphology trait.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Vegetative organ - Leaf
Vegetative organ - Culm
Seed - Morphological traits
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK073838
MSU ID LOC_Os01g52050.1
RAP ID Os01g0718300
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Singh D.K., Lian Q., Durand S., Fernandes J.B., Chambon A., Hurel A., Walkemeier B., Solier V., Kumar R., Mercier R.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2023  120(23)  e2221746120
HEIP1 is required for efficient meiotic crossover implementation and is conserved from plants to humans.
Li J., Zhang B., Duan P., Yan L., Yu H., Zhang L., Li N., Zheng L., Chai T., Xu R., Li Y.
Plant Cell 2023  35(3)  1076-1091
An endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation-related E2-E3 enzyme pair controls grain size and weight through the brassinosteroid signaling pathway in rice.
Herrera-Ubaldo H.
Plant Cell 2023  35(3)  967-968
Quality check: ER-associated protein degradation and the control of grain size in rice.
Liu C., Ma T., Yuan D., Zhou Y., Long Y., Li Z., Dong Z., Duan M., Yu D., Jing Y., Bai X., Wang Y., Hou Q., Liu S., Zhang J.S., Chen S.Y., Li D., Liu X., Li Z., Wang W., Li J., Wei X., Ma B., Wan X.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2022  20(8)  1470-1486
The OsEIL1-OsERF115-target gene regulatory module controls grain size and weight in rice.
Zhang S., Hu X., Dong J., Du M., Song J., Xu S., Zhao C.
BMC Plant Biol. 2022  22(1)  565
Identification, evolution, and expression analysis of OsBSK gene family in Oryza sativa Japonica.
Song Y., Niu R., Yu H., Guo J., Du C., Zhang Z., Wei Y., Li J., Zhang S.
Plant J. 2022  110(4)  1111-1127
OsSLA1 functions in leaf angle regulation by enhancing the interaction between OsBRI1 and OsBAK1 in rice.
Niu M., Wang H., Yin W., Meng W., Xiao Y., Liu D., Zhang X., Dong N., Liu J., Yang Y., Zhang F., Chu C., Tong H.
Plant Cell 2022  34(10)  3754-3772
Rice DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING and the homeodomain protein OSH15 interact to regulate internode elongation via orchestrating brassinosteroid signaling and metabolism.
Kim S.H., Shim K.C., Lee H.S., Jeon Y.A., Adeva C., Luong N.H., Ahn S.N.
Front Plant Sci 2022  13  985559
Brassinosteroid biosynthesis gene <i>OsD2</i> is associated with low-temperature germinability in rice.
Hwang O.J., Back K.
Antioxidants (Basel) 2022  11(5) 
Molecular Regulation of Antioxidant Melatonin Biosynthesis by Brassinosteroid Acting as an Endogenous Elicitor of Melatonin Induction in Rice Seedlings.
Hwang O.J., Back K.
Molecules 2021  26(4) 
Suppression of Rice cryptochrome 1b Decreases Both Melatonin and Expression of Brassinosteroid Biosynthetic Genes Resulting in Salt Tolerance.
Park J.R., Resolus D., Kim K.M.
Int J Mol Sci 2021  22(5) 
<i>OsBRKq1</i>, Related grain size Mapping, and Identification of Grain Shape Based on QTL Mapping in Rice.
Wang B., Zhong Z., Wang X., Han X., Yu D., Wang C., Song W., Zheng X., Chen C., Zhang Y.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(7) 
Knockout of the <i>OsNAC006</i> Transcription Factor Causes Drought and Heat Sensitivity in Rice.
Jiao X., Wang H., Yan J., Kong X., Liu Y., Chu J., Chen X., Fang R., Yan Y.
Plant Physiol. 2020  182(3)  1454-1466
Promotion of BR Biosynthesis by miR444 Is Required for Ammonium-Triggered Inhibition of Root Growth.
Fang Z., Ji Y., Hu J., Guo R., Sun S., Wang X.
Mol Plant 2020  13(4)  586-597
Strigolactones and Brassinosteroids Antagonistically Regulate the Stability of the D53-OsBZR1 Complex to Determine FC1 Expression in Rice Tillering.
Li Y., Li X., Fu D., Wu C.
BMC Plant Biol. 2018  18(1)  348
Panicle Morphology Mutant 1 (PMM1) determines the inflorescence architecture of rice by controlling brassinosteroid biosynthesis.
Zhu X.F., Yuan P., Zhang C., Li T.Y., Xuan Y.H.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2018  16(8)  1399-1401
RAVL1, an upstream component of brassinosteroid signalling and biosynthesis, regulates ethylene signalling via activation of EIL1 in rice.
Tang Y., Liu H., Guo S., Wang B., Li Z., Chong K., Xu Y.
Plant Physiol. 2018  176(1)  946-959
OsmiR396d Affects Gibberellin and Brassinosteroid Signaling to Regulate Plant Architecture in Rice.
Qin R., Zeng D., Yang C., Akhter D., Alamin M., Jin X., Shi C.
Genes (Basel) 2018  9(6) 
<i>LTBSG1</i>, a New Allele of <i>BRD2</i>, Regulates Panicle and Grain Development in Rice by Brassinosteroid Biosynthetic Pathway.
Dong H., Zhao H., Li S., Han Z., Hu G., Liu C., Yang G., Wang G., Xie W., Xing Y.
PLoS Genet. 2018  14(4)  e1007323
Genome-wide association studies reveal that members of bHLH subfamily 16 share a conserved function in regulating flag leaf angle in rice (Oryza sativa).
Yuan P., Zhang C., Wang Z.Y., Zhu X.F., Xuan Y.H.
Phytopathology 2018  108(9)  1104-1113
RAVL1 Activates Brassinosteroids and Ethylene Signaling to Modulate Response to Sheath Blight Disease in Rice.
Song X., Guo H., Zhang G., Wu Y., Wang G., Chen X., Fang R.
Plant Signal Behav 2017  12(3)  e1257455
OsPRA2 fine-tunes rice brassinosteroid receptor.
Segami S., Takehara K., Yamamoto T., Kido S., Kondo S., Iwasaki Y., Miura K.
Breed. Sci. 2017  67(4)  393-397
Overexpression of SRS5 improves grain size of brassinosteroid-related dwarf mutants in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Yu H., Ruan B., Wang Z., Ren D., Zhang Y., Leng Y., Zeng D., Hu J., Zhang G., Zhu L., Gao Z., Chen G., Guo L., Chen W., Qian Q.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  486
Fine Mapping of a Novel defective glume 1 (dg1) Mutant, Which Affects Vegetative and Spikelet Development in Rice.
Tian X., Li X., Zhou W., Ren Y., Wang Z., Liu Z., Tang J., Tong H., Fang J., Bu Q.
Plant Physiol. 2017  175(3)  1337-1349
Transcription Factor OsWRKY53 Positively Regulates Brassinosteroid Signaling and Plant Architecture.
Fang N., Xu R., Huang L., Zhang B., Duan P., Li N., Luo Y., Li Y.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  64
SMALL GRAIN 11 Controls grain size, Grain Number and grain yield in Rice.
Gui J., Zheng S., Liu C., Shen J., Li J., Li L.
Dev. Cell 2016  38(2)  201-13
OsREM4.1 Interacts with OsSERK1 to Coordinate the Interlinking between Abscisic Acid and Brassinosteroid Signaling in Rice.
Feng Z., Wu C., Wang C., Roh J., Zhang L., Chen J., Zhang S., Zhang H., Yang C., Hu J., You X., Liu X., Yang X., Guo X., Zhang X., Wu F., Terzaghi W., Kim S.K., Jiang L., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(14)  4241-53
SLG controls grain size and leaf angle by modulating brassinosteroid homeostasis in rice.
Zhang G., Song X., Guo H., Wu Y., Chen X., Fang R.
Mol Plant 2016   
A Small G Protein as a Novel Component of the Rice Brassinosteroid Signal Transduction.
He Y., Zhang H., Sun Z., Li J., Hong G., Zhu Q., Zhou X., MacFarlane S., Yan F., Chen J.
New Phytol. 2016   
Jasmonic acid-mediated defense suppresses brassinosteroid-mediated susceptibility to Rice black streaked dwarf virus infection in rice.
Zhang X., Sun J., Cao X., Song X.
Plant Physiol. 2015  169(3)  2118-28
Epigenetic Mutation of RAV6 Affects leaf angle and Seed Size in Rice.
Yan D., Zhang X., Zhang L., Ye S., Zeng L., Liu J., Li Q., He Z.
Plant J. 2015  82(1)  12-24
CURVED CHIMERIC PALEA 1 encoding an EMF1-like protein maintains epigenetic repression of OsMADS58 in rice palea development.
Gan L., Wu H., Wu D., Zhang Z., Guo Z., Yang N., Xia K., Zhou X., Oh K., Matsuoka M., Ng D., Zhu C.
Plant Sci. 2015  241  238-45
Methyl jasmonate inhibits lamina joint inclination by repressing brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling in rice.
Jin J., Shi J., Liu B., Liu Y., Huang Y., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
MRG702, a reader protein of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3, is involved in brassinosteroid-regulated growth and flowering time control in rice.
Zhang B., Wang X., Zhao Z., Wang R., Huang X., Zhu Y., Yuan L., Wang Y., Xu X., Burlingame A.L., Gao Y., Sun Y., Tang W.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
OsBRI1 activates BR signaling by preventing binding between the TPR and kinase domains of OsBSK3 via phosphorylation.
Zhou X., Wang J., Peng C., Zhu X., Yin J., Li W., He M., Wang J., Chern M., Yuan C., Wu W., Ma W., Qin P., Ma B., Wu X., Li S., Ronald P., Chen X.
Plant Cell Environ. 2015   
Four receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases regulate development and immunity in rice.
Chen Q., Xie Q., Gao J., Wang W., Sun B., Liu B., Zhu H., Peng H., Zhao H., Liu C., Wang J., Zhang J., Zhang G., Zhang Z.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Characterization of Rolled and Erect Leaf 1 in regulating leave morphology in rice.
Liu S., Hua L., Dong S., Chen H., Zhu X., Jiang J., Zhang F., Li Y., Fang X., Chen F.
Plant J. 2015   
OsMAPK6, a mitogen-activated protein kinase, influences rice grain size and biomass production.
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Zuo S., Zhou X., Chen M., Zhang S., Schwessinger B., Ruan D., Yuan C., Wang J., Chen X., Ronald P.C.
J Integr Plant Biol 2014   
OsSERK1 regulates rice development but not immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae or Magnaporthe oryzae.
Asahina M., Tamaki Y., Sakamoto T., Shibata K., Nomura T., Yokota T.
Phytochemistry 2014  104  21-9
Blue light-promoted rice leaf bending and unrolling are due to up-regulated brassinosteroid biosynthesis genes accompanied by accumulation of castasterone.
Chen X., Zuo S., Schwessinger B., Chern M., Canlas P.E., Ruan D., Zhou X., Wang J., Daudi A., Petzold C.J., Heazlewood J.L., Ronald P.C.
Mol Plant 2014  7(5)  874-92
An XA21-Associated Kinase (OsSERK2) Regulates Immunity Mediated by the XA21 and XA3 Immune Receptors.
Zhang C., Bai M.Y., Chong K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2014  33(5)  683-96
Brassinosteroid-mediated regulation of agronomic traits in rice.
Zhang S., Wang S., Xu Y., Yu C., Shen C., Qian Q., Geisler M., Jiang D.A., Qi Y.
Plant Cell Environ. 2014   
The auxin response factor, OsARF19, controls rice leaf angles through positively regulating OsGH3-5 and OsBRI1.
Sharma I., Ching E., Saini S., Bhardwaj R., Pati P.K.
Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2013  69  17-26
Exogenous application of brassinosteroid offers tolerance to salinity by altering stress responses in rice variety Pusa Basmati-1.
Sakamoto T., Kitano H., Fujioka S.
Plant Signal Behav 2013  8  e27117
An E3 ubiquitin ligase, ERECT LEAF1, functions in brassinosteroid signaling of rice.
Hu X., Qian Q., Xu T., Zhang Y., Dong G., Gao T., Xie Q., Xue Y.
PLoS Genet. 2013  9(3)  e1003391
The U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase TUD1 functions with a heterotrimeric G alpha subunit to regulate Brassinosteroid-mediated growth in rice.
Tong H., Liu L., Jin Y., Du L., Yin Y., Qian Q., Zhu L., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(6)  2562-77
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING Acts as a Direct Downstream Target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to Mediate Brassinosteroid Responses in Rice.
Sui P., Jin J., Ye S., Mu C., Gao J., Feng H., Shen W.H., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant J. 2012  70(2)  340-7
H3K36 methylation is critical for brassinosteroid-regulated plant growth and development in rice.
Zhang C.C., Yuan W.Y., Zhang Q.F.
Mol Plant 2012  5(2)  482-93
RPL1, a Gene Involved in Epigenetic Processes Regulates Phenotypic Plasticity in Rice.
Sun X. , Wang G.L.
PLoS One 2011  6(3)  e16079
Genome-wide identification, characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the rice LRR-kinases.
Je B.I., Piao H.L., Park S.J., Park S.H., Kim C.M., Xuan Y.H., Park S.H., Huang J., Do Choi Y., An G., Wong H.L., Fujioka S., Kim M.-C., Shimamoto K., Han C.-D.
Plant Cell 2010  22(6)  1777-1791
RAV-Like1 maintains brassinosteroid homeostasis via the coordinated activation of BRI1 and biosynthetic genes in rice.
Chang-Jin Park, Bart R., Chern M., Patrick E Canlas, Bai W., Pamela C Ronald
PLoS ONE 2010  5(2)  e9262
Overexpression of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP3 regulates XA21-mediated innate immunity in rice.
Tanaka A,Nakagawa H,Tomita C,Shimatani Z,Ohtake M,Nomura T,Jiang CJ,Dubouzet JG,Kikuchi S,Sekimoto H,Yokota T,Asami T,Kamakura T,Mori M
Plant Physiol. 2009  151(2)  669-80
BRASSINOSTEROID UPREGULATED1, encoding a helix-loop-helix protein, is a novel gene involved in brassinosteroid signaling and controls bending of the lamina joint in rice.
Li D., Wang L., Wang M., Yun-Yuan Xu, Luo W., Ya-Ju Liu, Zhi-Hong Xu, Li J., Chong K.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2009  7(8)  791-806
Engineering OsBAK1 gene as a molecular tool to improve rice architecture for high yield.
Nakamura A,Fujioka S,Takatsuto S,Tsujimoto M,Kitano H,Yoshida S,Asami T,Nakano T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2009  50(9)  1627-35
Involvement of C-22-hydroxylated brassinosteroids in auxin-induced lamina joint bending in rice.
Wang L,Wang Z,Xu Y,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xue Z,Xu Z,Wang Z,Chong K
Plant J. 2009  57  498-510
OsGSR1 is involved in crosstalk between gibberellins and brassinosteroids in rice.
Wang L,Xu Y,Zhang C,Ma Q,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xu Z,Chong K
PLoS One 2008  3  e3521
OsLIC, a Novel CCCH-Type Zinc Finger Protein with Transcription Activation, Mediates Rice Architecture via Brassinosteroids Signaling.
Yang,G., Nakamura,H., Ichikawa,H., Kitano,H. and Komatsu,S.
Phytochemistry 2006  67(14)  1442-1454
OsBLE3, a brassinolide-enhanced gene, is involved in the growth of rice
Morinaka Y, Sakamoto T, Inukai Y, Agetsuma M, Kitano H, Ashikari M, Matsuoka M.
Plant Physiol. 2006  141(3)  924-931
Morphological alteration caused by brassinosteroid insensitivity increases the biomass and grain production of rice.
Nakamura A, Fujioka S, Sunohara H, Kamiya N, Hong Z, Inukai Y, Miura K, Takatsuto S, Yoshida S, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Hasegawa Y, Kitano H, Matsuoka M.
Plant Physiol. 2006  140(2)  580-590
The role of OsBRI1 and its homologous genes, OsBRL1 and OsBRL3, in rice.
Hirabayashi,S., Matsushita,Y., Sato,M., Oh-i,R., Kasahara,M., Abe,H. and Nyunoya,H.
Plant Biotechnol. 2004  21(1)  35-45
Two Proton Pump Interactors Identified from a Direct Phosphorylation Screening of a Rice cDNA Library by Using a Recombinant BRI1 Receptor Kinase
Hong,Z., Ueguchi-Tanaka,M., Shimizu-Sato,S., Inukai,Y., Fujioka,S., Shimada,Y., Takatsuto,S., Agetsuma,M., Yoshida,S., Watanabe,Y., Uozu,S., Kitano,H., Ashikari,M. and Matsuoka,M.
Plant J. 2002  32(4)  495-508
Loss-of-function of a rice brassinosteroid biosynthetic enzyme, C-6 oxidase, prevents the organized arrangement and polar elongation of cells in the leaves and stem.
Yamamuro, C., Y. Ihara, X. Wu, T. Noguchi, S. Fujioka, S. Takatsuto, M, Ashikari, H. Kitano and M. Matsuoka
Plant Cell 2000  12  1591-1605
Loss of function of a rice brassinosteroid insensitive1 homolog prevents internode elongation and bending of the lamina joint.
Wu, X., Y. Ihara, K. Takeda and H. Kitano
Breeding Science 1999  49  147-153
New dm-type dwarf mutants varying in internode elongation patterns are controlled by different mutant genes at the same locus in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
TextPresso Search Search textpresso for D61 ( Recent references may be retrievable, but without any warranty )
DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060226
Gene Ontology defense response to virus( GO:0051607 )
defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
plasma membrane( GO:0005886 )
ATP binding( GO:0005524 )
growth hormone receptor activity( GO:0004903 )
protein serine/threonine kinase activity( GO:0004674 )
microtubule bundle formation( GO:0001578 )
flower development( GO:0009908 )
inflorescence development( GO:0010229 )
cell growth( GO:0016049 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
protein amino acid phosphorylation( GO:0006468 )
skotomorphogenesis( GO:0009647 )
detection of brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009729 )
response to brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009741 )
response to jasmonic acid stimulus( GO:0009753 )
response to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid( GO:0009961 )
Trait Ontology brassinosteroid sensitivity( TO:0002677 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
leaf rolling( TO:0000085 )
sheath blight disease resistance( TO:0000255 )
grain shape( TO:0002730 )
inflorescence development trait( TO:0000621 )
growth and development trait( TO:0000357 )
tiller number( TO:0000346 )
tillering ability( TO:0000329 )
grain yield( TO:0000396 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
panicle length( TO:0000040 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
leaf angle( TO:0000206 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
jasmonic acid sensitivity( TO:0000172 )
leaf lamina joint bending( TO:0002688 )
black streak dwarf virus resistance( TO:0000020 )
grain weight( TO:0000590 )
Plant Ontology stem intercalary meristem( PO:0006347 )
coleoptile( PO:0020033 )
inflorescence( PO:0009049 )
inflorescence development stage( PO:0001083 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Nov 15, 2023