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Detail of Gene

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Basic Information
CGSNL Gene Symbol D61
Gene Symbol Synonym d61*, dwf42, d61, OsBRI1, OSBRI1, BRI1, Os BRI1, Osbri1
CGSNL Gene Name DWARF 61
Gene Name Synonym dm-type dwarf, dwarf-61,DWARF61, BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1, BR receptor BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1, BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE1, brassinosteroid insensitive 1
Protein Name
Allele d61-1, d61-2, d61-3, d61-4, d61-5, d61-6, d61-7, d61-8, d61-9, d61-10, Osbri1, bri1, bri1-D, d61-1N
Chromosome No. 1
Explanation BAB68053. GRO:0007048; 04-stem elongation stage ; GRO:0007047; 02-seedling ; GRO:0007059; 2.01-first leaf through coleoptile. This gene functions in various growth and developmental processes in rice, including internode elongation, bending of the lamina joint, and skotomorphogenesis. Complementing to d61 dwarf gene, wild type of OsBRI1 recovers normal phenotype. extra sporogenous cells-like. brassinosteroid receptor. a rice ortholog of Arabidopsis BRI1/SR160.
Trait Class Biochemical character
Vegetative organ - Leaf
Vegetative organ - Culm
Tolerance and resistance - Disease resistance
Tolerance and resistance - Stress tolerance
cDNA Accession No. AK101085
MSU ID LOC_Os01g52050.1
RAP ID Os01g0718300
Links Oryzabase Chromosome View ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
RAP-DB ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
Related IDs List ( IRGSP 1.0 / Build5 )
INSD Accession List
(Test version)
Link to INSD Accession List
Link map Classical linkage map
Wang B., Zhong Z., Wang X., Han X., Yu D., Wang C., Song W., Zheng X., Chen C., Zhang Y.
Int J Mol Sci 2020  21(7) 
Knockout of the <i>OsNAC006</i> Transcription Factor Causes Drought and Heat Sensitivity in Rice.
Qin R., Zeng D., Yang C., Akhter D., Alamin M., Jin X., Shi C.
Genes (Basel) 2018  9(6) 
<i>LTBSG1</i>, a New Allele of <i>BRD2</i>, Regulates Panicle and Grain Development in Rice by Brassinosteroid Biosynthetic Pathway.
Li Y., Li X., Fu D., Wu C.
BMC Plant Biol. 2018  18(1)  348
Panicle Morphology Mutant 1 (PMM1) determines the inflorescence architecture of rice by controlling brassinosteroid biosynthesis.
Tang Y., Liu H., Guo S., Wang B., Li Z., Chong K., Xu Y.
Plant Physiol. 2018  176(1)  946-959
OsmiR396d Affects Gibberellin and Brassinosteroid Signaling to Regulate Plant Architecture in Rice.
Yuan P., Zhang C., Wang Z.Y., Zhu X.F., Xuan Y.H.
Phytopathology 2018  108(9)  1104-1113
RAVL1 Activates Brassinosteroids and Ethylene Signaling to Modulate Response to Sheath Blight Disease in Rice.
Dong H., Zhao H., Li S., Han Z., Hu G., Liu C., Yang G., Wang G., Xie W., Xing Y.
PLoS Genet. 2018  14(4)  e1007323
Genome-wide association studies reveal that members of bHLH subfamily 16 share a conserved function in regulating flag leaf angle in rice (Oryza sativa).
Zhu X.F., Yuan P., Zhang C., Li T.Y., Xuan Y.H.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2018  16(8)  1399-1401
RAVL1, an upstream component of brassinosteroid signalling and biosynthesis, regulates ethylene signalling via activation of EIL1 in rice.
Song X., Guo H., Zhang G., Wu Y., Wang G., Chen X., Fang R.
Plant Signal Behav 2017  12(3)  e1257455
OsPRA2 fine-tunes rice brassinosteroid receptor.
Segami S., Takehara K., Yamamoto T., Kido S., Kondo S., Iwasaki Y., Miura K.
Breed. Sci. 2017  67(4)  393-397
Overexpression of SRS5 improves grain size of brassinosteroid-related dwarf mutants in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Tian X., Li X., Zhou W., Ren Y., Wang Z., Liu Z., Tang J., Tong H., Fang J., Bu Q.
Plant Physiol. 2017  175(3)  1337-1349
Transcription Factor OsWRKY53 Positively Regulates Brassinosteroid Signaling and Plant Architecture.
Yu H., Ruan B., Wang Z., Ren D., Zhang Y., Leng Y., Zeng D., Hu J., Zhang G., Zhu L., Gao Z., Chen G., Guo L., Chen W., Qian Q.
Front Plant Sci 2017  8  486
Fine Mapping of a Novel defective glume 1 (dg1) Mutant, Which Affects Vegetative and Spikelet Development in Rice.
Zhang G., Song X., Guo H., Wu Y., Chen X., Fang R.
Mol Plant 2016   
A Small G Protein as a Novel Component of the Rice Brassinosteroid Signal Transduction.
Fang N., Xu R., Huang L., Zhang B., Duan P., Li N., Luo Y., Li Y.
Rice (N Y) 2016  9(1)  64
SMALL GRAIN 11 Controls grain size, Grain Number and grain yield in Rice.
Feng Z., Wu C., Wang C., Roh J., Zhang L., Chen J., Zhang S., Zhang H., Yang C., Hu J., You X., Liu X., Yang X., Guo X., Zhang X., Wu F., Terzaghi W., Kim S.K., Jiang L., Wan J.
J. Exp. Bot. 2016  67(14)  4241-53
SLG controls grain size and leaf angle by modulating brassinosteroid homeostasis in rice.
Gui J., Zheng S., Liu C., Shen J., Li J., Li L.
Dev. Cell 2016  38(2)  201-13
OsREM4.1 Interacts with OsSERK1 to Coordinate the Interlinking between Abscisic Acid and Brassinosteroid Signaling in Rice.
Zhang B., Wang X., Zhao Z., Wang R., Huang X., Zhu Y., Yuan L., Wang Y., Xu X., Burlingame A.L., Gao Y., Sun Y., Tang W.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
OsBRI1 activates BR signaling by preventing binding between the TPR and kinase domains of OsBSK3 via phosphorylation.
Jin J., Shi J., Liu B., Liu Y., Huang Y., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant Physiol. 2015   
MRG702, a reader protein of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3, is involved in brassinosteroid-regulated growth and flowering time control in rice.
Chen Q., Xie Q., Gao J., Wang W., Sun B., Liu B., Zhu H., Peng H., Zhao H., Liu C., Wang J., Zhang J., Zhang G., Zhang Z.
J. Exp. Bot. 2015   
Characterization of Rolled and Erect Leaf 1 in regulating leave morphology in rice.
Yan D., Zhang X., Zhang L., Ye S., Zeng L., Liu J., Li Q., He Z.
Plant J. 2015  82(1)  12-24
CURVED CHIMERIC PALEA 1 encoding an EMF1-like protein maintains epigenetic repression of OsMADS58 in rice palea development.
Zhou X., Wang J., Peng C., Zhu X., Yin J., Li W., He M., Wang J., Chern M., Yuan C., Wu W., Ma W., Qin P., Ma B., Wu X., Li S., Ronald P., Chen X.
Plant Cell Environ. 2015   
Four receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases regulate development and immunity in rice.
Liu S., Hua L., Dong S., Chen H., Zhu X., Jiang J., Zhang F., Li Y., Fang X., Chen F.
Plant J. 2015   
OsMAPK6, a mitogen-activated protein kinase, influences rice grain size and biomass production.
Zhang X., Sun J., Cao X., Song X.
Plant Physiol. 2015  169(3)  2118-28
Epigenetic Mutation of RAV6 Affects leaf angle and Seed Size in Rice.
Gan L., Wu H., Wu D., Zhang Z., Guo Z., Yang N., Xia K., Zhou X., Oh K., Matsuoka M., Ng D., Zhu C.
Plant Sci. 2015  241  238-45
Methyl jasmonate inhibits lamina joint inclination by repressing brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling in rice.
Zuo S., Zhou X., Chen M., Zhang S., Schwessinger B., Ruan D., Yuan C., Wang J., Chen X., Ronald P.C.
J Integr Plant Biol 2014   
OsSERK1 regulates rice development but not immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae or Magnaporthe oryzae.
Chen X., Zuo S., Schwessinger B., Chern M., Canlas P.E., Ruan D., Zhou X., Wang J., Daudi A., Petzold C.J., Heazlewood J.L., Ronald P.C.
Mol Plant 2014  7(5)  874-92
An XA21-Associated Kinase (OsSERK2) Regulates Immunity Mediated by the XA21 and XA3 Immune Receptors.
Zhang C., Bai M.Y., Chong K.
Plant Cell Rep. 2014  33(5)  683-96
Brassinosteroid-mediated regulation of agronomic traits in rice.
Asahina M., Tamaki Y., Sakamoto T., Shibata K., Nomura T., Yokota T.
Phytochemistry 2014  104  21-9
Blue light-promoted rice leaf bending and unrolling are due to up-regulated brassinosteroid biosynthesis genes accompanied by accumulation of castasterone.
Zhang S., Wang S., Xu Y., Yu C., Shen C., Qian Q., Geisler M., Jiang D.A., Qi Y.
Plant Cell Environ. 2014   
The auxin response factor, OsARF19, controls rice leaf angles through positively regulating OsGH3-5 and OsBRI1.
Tong H.a, Xiao Y.a, Liu D.a, Gao S.a, Liu L.a, Yin Y.b, Jin Y.c, Qian Q.d, Chu C.a
Plant Cell 2014  26  4376-4393
Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in ricec w open
Sakamoto T., Kitano H., Fujioka S.
Plant Signal Behav 2013  8  e27117
An E3 ubiquitin ligase, ERECT LEAF1, functions in brassinosteroid signaling of rice.
Hu X., Qian Q., Xu T., Zhang Y., Dong G., Gao T., Xie Q., Xue Y.
PLoS Genet. 2013  9(3)  e1003391
The U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase TUD1 functions with a heterotrimeric G alpha subunit to regulate Brassinosteroid-mediated growth in rice.
Sharma I., Ching E., Saini S., Bhardwaj R., Pati P.K.
Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2013  69  17-26
Exogenous application of brassinosteroid offers tolerance to salinity by altering stress responses in rice variety Pusa Basmati-1.
Tong H., Liu L., Jin Y., Du L., Yin Y., Qian Q., Zhu L., Chu C.
Plant Cell 2012  24(6)  2562-77
DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING Acts as a Direct Downstream Target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to Mediate Brassinosteroid Responses in Rice.
Sui P., Jin J., Ye S., Mu C., Gao J., Feng H., Shen W.H., Yu Y., Dong A.
Plant J. 2012  70(2)  340-7
H3K36 methylation is critical for brassinosteroid-regulated plant growth and development in rice.
Zhang C.C., Yuan W.Y., Zhang Q.F.
Mol Plant 2012  5(2)  482-93
RPL1, a Gene Involved in Epigenetic Processes Regulates Phenotypic Plasticity in Rice.
Sun X. , Wang G.L.
PLoS One 2011  6(3)  e16079
Genome-wide identification, characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the rice LRR-kinases.
Je B.I., Piao H.L., Park S.J., Park S.H., Kim C.M., Xuan Y.H., Park S.H., Huang J., Do Choi Y., An G., Wong H.L., Fujioka S., Kim M.-C., Shimamoto K., Han C.-D.
Plant Cell 2010  22(6)  1777-1791
RAV-Like1 maintains brassinosteroid homeostasis via the coordinated activation of BRI1 and biosynthetic genes in rice.
Chang-Jin Park, Bart R., Chern M., Patrick E Canlas, Bai W., Pamela C Ronald
PLoS ONE 2010  5(2)  e9262
Overexpression of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP3 regulates XA21-mediated innate immunity in rice.
Wang L,Wang Z,Xu Y,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xue Z,Xu Z,Wang Z,Chong K
Plant J. 2009  57  498-510
OsGSR1 is involved in crosstalk between gibberellins and brassinosteroids in rice.
Li D., Wang L., Wang M., Yun-Yuan Xu, Luo W., Ya-Ju Liu, Zhi-Hong Xu, Li J., Chong K.
Plant Biotechnol. J. 2009  7(8)  791-806
Engineering OsBAK1 gene as a molecular tool to improve rice architecture for high yield.
Tanaka A,Nakagawa H,Tomita C,Shimatani Z,Ohtake M,Nomura T,Jiang CJ,Dubouzet JG,Kikuchi S,Sekimoto H,Yokota T,Asami T,Kamakura T,Mori M
Plant Physiol. 2009  151(2)  669-80
BRASSINOSTEROID UPREGULATED1, encoding a helix-loop-helix protein, is a novel gene involved in brassinosteroid signaling and controls bending of the lamina joint in rice.
Nakamura A,Fujioka S,Takatsuto S,Tsujimoto M,Kitano H,Yoshida S,Asami T,Nakano T
Plant Cell Physiol. 2009  50(9)  1627-35
Involvement of C-22-hydroxylated brassinosteroids in auxin-induced lamina joint bending in rice.
Wang L,Xu Y,Zhang C,Ma Q,Joo SH,Kim SK,Xu Z,Chong K
PLoS One 2008  3  e3521
OsLIC, a Novel CCCH-Type Zinc Finger Protein with Transcription Activation, Mediates Rice Architecture via Brassinosteroids Signaling.
Yang,G., Nakamura,H., Ichikawa,H., Kitano,H. and Komatsu,S.
Phytochemistry 2006  67(14)  1442-1454
OsBLE3, a brassinolide-enhanced gene, is involved in the growth of rice
Nakamura A, Fujioka S, Sunohara H, Kamiya N, Hong Z, Inukai Y, Miura K, Takatsuto S, Yoshida S, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Hasegawa Y, Kitano H, Matsuoka M.
Plant Physiol. 2006  140(2)  580-590
The role of OsBRI1 and its homologous genes, OsBRL1 and OsBRL3, in rice.
Morinaka Y, Sakamoto T, Inukai Y, Agetsuma M, Kitano H, Ashikari M, Matsuoka M.
Plant Physiol. 2006  141(3)  924-931
Morphological alteration caused by brassinosteroid insensitivity increases the biomass and grain production of rice.
Hirabayashi,S., Matsushita,Y., Sato,M., Oh-i,R., Kasahara,M., Abe,H. and Nyunoya,H.
Plant Biotechnol. 2004  21(1)  35-45
Two Proton Pump Interactors Identified from a Direct Phosphorylation Screening of a Rice cDNA Library by Using a Recombinant BRI1 Receptor Kinase
Hong,Z., Ueguchi-Tanaka,M., Shimizu-Sato,S., Inukai,Y., Fujioka,S., Shimada,Y., Takatsuto,S., Agetsuma,M., Yoshida,S., Watanabe,Y., Uozu,S., Kitano,H., Ashikari,M. and Matsuoka,M.
Plant J. 2002  32(4)  495-508
Loss-of-function of a rice brassinosteroid biosynthetic enzyme, C-6 oxidase, prevents the organized arrangement and polar elongation of cells in the leaves and stem.
Yamamuro, C., Y. Ihara, X. Wu, T. Noguchi, S. Fujioka, S. Takatsuto, M, Ashikari, H. Kitano and M. Matsuoka
Plant Cell 2000  12  1591-1605
Loss of function of a rice brassinosteroid insensitive1 homolog prevents internode elongation and bending of the lamina joint.
Wu, X., Y. Ihara, K. Takeda and H. Kitano
Breeding Science 1999  49  147-153
New dm-type dwarf mutants varying in internode elongation patterns are controlled by different mutant genes at the same locus in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
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DB Reference
Gramene ID GR:0060226
Gene Ontology cell growth( GO:0016049 )
brassinosteroid mediated signaling( GO:0009742 )
microtubule bundle formation( GO:0001578 )
protein serine/threonine kinase activity( GO:0004674 )
growth hormone receptor activity( GO:0004903 )
ATP binding( GO:0005524 )
protein amino acid phosphorylation( GO:0006468 )
skotomorphogenesis( GO:0009647 )
detection of brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009729 )
response to brassinosteroid stimulus( GO:0009741 )
response to jasmonic acid stimulus( GO:0009753 )
plasma membrane( GO:0005886 )
response to 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid( GO:0009961 )
defense response to fungus( GO:0050832 )
Trait Ontology grain yield( TO:0000396 )
stem length( TO:0000576 )
panicle length( TO:0000040 )
brassinosteroid sensitivity( TO:0002677 )
grain size( TO:0000397 )
leaf angle( TO:0000206 )
plant height( TO:0000207 )
jasmonic acid sensitivity( TO:0000172 )
internode length( TO:0000145 )
leaf rolling( TO:0000085 )
leaf lamina joint bending( TO:0002688 )
sheath blight disease resistance( TO:0000255 )
Plant Ontology stem intercalary meristem( PO:0006347 )
stem( PO:0009047 )
stem internode( PO:0020142 )
leaf sheath( PO:0020104 )
coleoptile( PO:0020033 )
Related Strains
Phenotype images
Last updated
Jul 22, 2020