Genome/Development - Stages in Each Organ - List

Keyword ( e.g. Maturation )

List of Stages in Each Organ

: Growth process   : Mature

Search Condition : All
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Organ Symbol Name Events Enhancer
Trap Lines
Figures Mutant Lines
(Gene)
Expressed Gene
embryo Em1 Zygote Fertilization
embryo Em2 Globular stage Ⅰ First division of fertilized egg?ca.25-cell stage
Rapid cell division
embryo Em3 Globular stage Ⅱ ca.25-ca.150-cell stage
Globular-shaped
Relatively slow growth
gle1   gle3   gle2  
all(3)
embryo Em4 Globular stage III Oblong-shaped
Onset of exponential growth, dual rhythmicity of growth and cell increase
Gradient of cell size along dorsoventral direction
Pattern formation, regionalization
cle1   sho2   sho1   shl4   shl2   shl1  
all(6)
OSBZ8
OSH1
VP1

all(3)
embryo Em5 SAM and radicle formation Onset of coleoptile, SAM and radicle differentiation shl3  
embryo Em6 First leaf formation Protrusion of 1st leaf primordium
Enlargement of scutellum
Expression of RAmy1A in scutellar epithelium (Onset of juvenile vegetative stage)
AMY1A
embryo Em7 Second and third leaf formation Protrusion of 2nd and 3rd leaf primordia in alternate phyllotaxis
Protrusion of epiblast
embryo Em8 Enlargement of organs Enlargement of organs and morphological completion
Expression of maturation-related genes such as OsEM, Rab16A, REG2, etc
P5816 P2631 P5777
all(3)
 
riv2   riv1  
all(2)
REG2
EM
VP1
RAB16A

all(4)
embryo Em9 Maturation Expression of maturation-related genes such as OsEM, RAB16A etc.
embryo Em10 Dormancy Dormancy P2631 P5777 P14329 P15329 C0012 C0016 C0233 C0252 C0253 C0300 C0308 P1970 P2082 P2088 P2093 P2130 P2378 P2407 P2419
all(19)
 
Inflorescence In1 Establishment of rachis meristem Conversion of vegetative meristem to rachis meristem.
Enlargement of rachis meristem.
Formation of bract 1 primordium.
Onset of -2 stem internode elongation
Inflorescence In2 Formation of primary branches Ⅰ Rachis meristem reach maximum size.
Formation of first two primary branch primordia and bract 2 and 3 primordia
lax   sp   Dn1   Dn3   Dn2   pla1  
all(6)
Inflorescence In3 Formation of primary branches Ⅱ Formation of primary branch primordia in spiral arrangement.
Abortion of rachis meristem at the end of this period.
Onset of -1 stem internode elongation
lax   pap1  
all(2)
Inflorescence In4 Elongation of primary branches Simulaneous elongation of primary branches sp  
Inflorescence In5 Formation of higher-order branches Formation of secondary and tertiary branches.
Onset of uppermost stem elongation
P1856 P1940 P5097 P5817 P7900 P7932
all(6)
 
lax   Dn1   Dn3   Dn2  
all(4)
Inflorescence In6 Differentiation of glumes Differentiation of two rudimentary glumes, two empty glumes, lemma and palea in 1/2 alternate arrangement
Inflorescence In7 Differentiation of floral organs Differentiation of floral organs,two lodicules, six stamens and a carpel in whorl
Inflorescence In8 Rapid elongation of rachis and branches Rapid elongation of rachis and branches.
Completion of anther and ovule development
ri  
Inflorescence In9 Heading and flowering Inflorescence emergence out of the sheath of flag leaf.
Flowering at around noon
leaf P0 Formation of leaf founder cells Recruitment of leaf founder cells sho2   sho1   lsy  
all(3)
PNH1
OSH1

all(2)
leaf P1 Formation of leaf primordium Protrusion of primordium.
Elongation of leaf margin around SAM
SCR
PNH1
DL

all(3)
leaf P2 Hood-shape primordium Hood-like shape Overlapping of two margins.
Differentiation of vascular bundle
SCR
PNH1
DL

all(3)
leaf P3 Formation of ligule primordium Formation of ligule primordia.
Formation of leaf blade/sheath boundary.
Differentiation of sclerenchymatous cells.
Initiation of epidermal specific cells

lg   SCR
PNH1
DL

all(3)
leaf P4 Rapid elongation of leaf blade Differentiation of epidermal specific cells (bulliform cells, silica cells, cork cells and stomata).
Elongation of leaf blade
SCR
PNH1
DL

all(3)
leaf P5 Rapid elongation of leaf sheath Elongation of leaf sheath.
Emergence of leaf blade from the sheath of proceeding leaf .
Formation of lacunae.
Maturation of leaf epidermal cells
P5664 P5685 P5907 P7937 P8545 P1772 P2503 P4692
all(8)
 
leaf P6 Maturation Bending leaf blade at the lamina joint
Crown root Cr1 Establishment of initial cells Establishment of initial cells of crown root primordium by periclinal divisions of ground meristem crl1   SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr2 Establishment of epidermis-endodermis, central cylinder and root cap initials Formation of epidermal-endodermal and central cylinder initials from the inner layer of the initial.
Formation of root cap initial from the outer layer of the initial
SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr3 Differentiation of epidermis and endodermis Differentiation of epidermis and endodermis from epidermal-endodermal initial SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr4 Differentiation of cortex Formation of cortex by periclinal divisions of endodermal cells SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr5 Establishment of fundamental organization Establishment of fundamental organization of root.
Root cap reaches the stem epidermis
SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr6 Onset of cell elongation and vacuolation Cells in the most basal region of stele start cell elongation crl2   SCR
QHB

all(2)
Crown root Cr7 Emergence of crown root Elongation of basal cells of all tissues.
Emergence of crown root out of stem
SCR
QHB

all(2)
spikelet Sp1 Formation of a pair of rudimentary glume primordia Formation of two rudimentary glumes in 1/2 alternate phyllotaxy fzp   FZP
spikelet Sp2 Formation of a pair of empty glume primordia Formation of two empty glumes in 1/2 alternate phyllotaxy ur2  
spikelet Sp3 Formation of lemma primordium Formation of lemma in 1/2 alternate phyllotaxy.
Elongation of empty glumes
lhs   bd2   bd1   An3   An2   An1  
all(6)
LHS1
RAP1A

all(2)
spikelet Sp4 Formation of palea primordium Formation of palea in 1/2 alternate phyllotaxy.
Elongation of empty glumes and lemma
dp2   dp1  
all(2)
LHS1
RAP1A

all(2)
spikelet Sp5 Formation of lodicule primordia Formation of two lodicules on the lemma side.
Elongation of empty glumes lemma and palea
spw1   MADS45
MADS7
SPW1
MADS2
RAP1A

all(5)
spikelet Sp6 Formation of stamen primordia Formation of six stamen primordia in whorl spw1   MADS45
MADS7
SPW1
RAG
MADS2

all(5)
spikelet Sp7 Formation of carpel primordium Formation of carpel.
Differentiation of stamen into filament and anther
P6129 P1652 P2097 P2449 P4555 P4583 P5938 P5992
all(8)
 
dl   MADS45
MADS7
DL
RAG

all(4)
spikelet Sp8 Formation of ovule and pollens Differentiation of integuments and embryo sac.
Pollen differentiation
msp1   MADS13
MADS45
MADS7
MSP1

all(4)
ovule Ov1 Ovule primordium differentiation Ovule primordium differentiation.
Carpel elongation
MADS13
ovule Ov2 Integument primordium differentiation Integument primordium differentiation.
Ovary locule formation.
Archesporial cell enlargement
ovule Ov3 Division of integument primordium Division of integument primordium into inner and outer integuments.
Megaspore mother cell differentiation
MSP1
SPW1

all(2)
ovule Ov4 Meiosis of megaspore mother cell Integuments elongation.
Micropyle formation.
Meiosis of megaspore mother cell
ovule Ov5 Degeneration of three micropylar spores Integuments elongation.
Degeneration of three micropylar spores
ovule Ov6 First mitotic nuclear division First mitotic nuclear division of chalazal spore.
Onset of ovule inclination
ovule Ov7 Second mitotic nuclear division Second mitotic nuclear division.
Vacuole formation in megagametophyte
ovule Ov8 Third mitotic nuclear division Third mitotic nuclear division resulting in eight-nucleate megagametophyte
ovule Ov9 Polarization of nuclei Polarization of nuclei.
Completion of ovule inclination


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