Mutants (Isolated)


Allele Nametm2416
Allele TypeNormal
Sequence NameZK84.6
Gene Nameins-6
Worm BaseAllele Name tm2416
Gene Name ins-6
Sequence ZK84.6
Phenotype Information from the receiver is posted in the form of a "researcher : phenotype" homozygous viable. Dr. K. Ashrafi: slightly increased Nile Red staining. Dr. M. Driscoll: normal dauer formation. Dr. P.W. Sternberg: slow locomotion. Dr. J. Kaplan: normal nile red staining. Dr. Q.L. Ch'ng: non-Unc, non-Pvl, non-Lon, non-Sma, non-Dpy.
Mutation site Please see gene structure to locate the deletion in relation to exon(s) 4004/4005-4320/4321 (316 bp deletion)
Putative gene structurejoin(4009..4267, 4322..4401)
Map position-0.7
Map position of balancer
Distributed lab
DepositorDr. S. Mitani/NBRP
References Please submit your publication
Matty MA, Lau HE, Haley JA, Singh A, Chakraborty A, Kono K, Reddy KC, Hansen M, Chalasani SH.
Intestine-to-neuronal signaling alters risk-taking behaviors in food-deprived Caenorhabditis elegans.
PLoS Genet 2022 18(5) e1010178 
[ PubMed ID = 35511794 ] [ RRC reference ]

Schiffer JA, Servello FA, Heath WR, Amrit FRG, Stumbur SV, Eder M, Martin OM, Johnsen SB, Stanley JA, Tam H, Brennan SJ, McGowan NG, Vogelaar AL, Xu Y, Serkin WT, Ghazi A, Stroustrup N, Apfeld J.
Caenorhabditis elegans processes sensory information to choose between freeloading and self-defense strategies.
Elife 2020 9  
[ PubMed ID = 32367802 ] [ RRC reference ]

McCulloch KA, Zhou K, Jin Y.
Neuronal transcriptome analyses reveal novel neuropeptide modulators of excitation and inhibition imbalance in C. elegans.
PLoS One 2020 15(6) e0233991 
[ PubMed ID = 32497060 ] [ RRC reference ]

Wu T, Duan F, Yang W, Liu H, Caballero A, Fernandes de Abreu DA, Dar AR, Alcedo J, Ch'ng Q, Butcher RA, Zhang Y.
Pheromones Modulate Learning by Regulating the Balanced Signals of Two Insulin-like Peptides.
Neuron 2019 104(6) 1095-1109.e5 
[ PubMed ID = 31676170 ] [ RRC reference ]

Kaplan REW, Maxwell CS, Codd NK, Baugh LR.
Pervasive Positive and Negative Feedback Regulation of Insulin-Like Signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Genetics 2019 211(1) 349-361 
[ PubMed ID = 30425043 ] [ RRC reference ]

Harris G, Wu T, Linfield G, Choi MK, Liu H, Zhang Y.
Molecular and cellular modulators for multisensory integration in C. elegans.
PLoS Genet 2019 15(3) e1007706 
[ PubMed ID = 30849079 ] [ RRC reference ]

Burton NO, Furuta T, Webster AK, Kaplan RE, Baugh LR, Arur S, Horvitz HR.
Insulin-like signalling to the maternal germline controls progeny response to osmotic stress.
Nat Cell Biol 2017 19(3) 252-257 
[ PubMed ID = 28166192 ] [ RRC reference ]

Lee D, Lee H, Kim N, Lim DS, Lee J.
Regulation of a hitchhiking behavior by neuronal insulin and TGF-β signaling in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 484(2) 323-330 
[ PubMed ID = 28131836 ] [ RRC reference ]

Reis Rodrigues P, Kaul TK, Ho JH, Lucanic M, Burkewitz K, Mair WB, Held JM, Bohn LM, Gill MS.
Synthetic Ligands of Cannabinoid Receptors Affect Dauer Formation in the Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
G3 (Bethesda) 2016 6(6) 1695-705 
[ PubMed ID = 27172180 ] [ RRC reference ]

Lee K, Mylonakis E.
An Intestine-Derived Neuropeptide Controls Avoidance Behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Cell Rep 2017 20(10) 2501-2512 
[ PubMed ID = 28877481 ] [ RRC reference ]

Guillermin ML, Carrillo MA, Hallem EA.
A Single Set of Interneurons Drives Opposite Behaviors in C. elegans.
Curr Biol 2017 27(17) 2630-2639.e6 
[ PubMed ID = 28823678 ] [ RRC reference ]

Baugh LR, Kurhanewicz N, Sternberg PW.
Sensitive and precise quantification of insulin-like mRNA expression in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PLoS One 2011 6(3) e18086 
[ PubMed ID = 21445366 ] [ RRC reference ]

Chen Z, Hendricks M, Cornils A, Maier W, Alcedo J, Zhang Y.
Two insulin-like peptides antagonistically regulate aversive olfactory learning in C. elegans.
Neuron 2013 77(3) 572-85 
[ PubMed ID = 23395381 ] [ RRC reference ]

Yu H, Aleman-Meza B, Gharib S, Labocha MK, Cronin CJ, Sternberg PW, Zhong W.
Systematic profiling of Caenorhabditis elegans locomotive behaviors reveals additional components in G-protein Gαq signaling.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013 110(29) 11940-5 
[ PubMed ID = 23818641 ] [ RRC reference ]

Kaul TK, Reis Rodrigues P, Ogungbe IV, Kapahi P, Gill MS.
Bacterial fatty acids enhance recovery from the dauer larva in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PLoS One 2014 9(1) e86979 
[ PubMed ID = 24475206 ] [ RRC reference ]

Hung WL, Hwang C, Gao S, Liao EH, Chitturi J, Wang Y, Li H, Stigloher C, Bessereau JL, Zhen M.
Attenuation of insulin signalling contributes to FSN-1-mediated regulation of synapse development.
EMBO J 2013 32(12) 1745-60 
[ PubMed ID = 23665919 ] [ RRC reference ]

Ohta A, Ujisawa T, Sonoda S, Kuhara A.
Light and pheromone-sensing neurons regulates cold habituation through insulin signalling in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Nat Commun 2014 5 4412 
[ PubMed ID = 25048458 ] [ RRC reference ]

Hung WL, Wang Y, Chitturi J, Zhen M.
A Caenorhabditis elegans developmental decision requires insulin signaling-mediated neuron-intestine communication.
Development 2014 141(8) 1767-79 
[ PubMed ID = 24671950 ] [ RRC reference ]

Chen Y, Baugh LR.
Ins-4 and daf-28 function redundantly to regulate C. elegans L1 arrest.
Dev Biol 2014 394(2) 314-26 
[ PubMed ID = 25128585 ] [ RRC reference ]

Matsunaga Y, Honda Y, Honda S, Iwasaki T, Qadota H, Benian GM, Kawano T.
Diapause is associated with a change in the polarity of secretion of insulin-like peptides.
Nat Commun 2016 7 10573 
[ PubMed ID = 26838180 ] [ RRC reference ]