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Symbol Chr.No Map Name Explanation Allele S R
Ac 3 ? Abnormal corselet Gene affecting formation of dorsal region in thoracic segment.X-ray induced;fissure along dorsal median line of first and second thoracic segments, homo-lethal.
Acp ? ? Absorbent of carotenoid pigment Gene relating to absorbancy of corotenoid pigmonts.Spontaneous; hemolymph color changes to light yellow under this gene, even though individuals has YI, YIS gene.
adl 22 active dispersalin larvae Gene affecting larval behavior jast after hatching.Spontaneous;hatching larvae have active dispersalin behavior under the dark condition.
al 5 37.9 albino Gene affecting harding of cuticle at the first ecdysis.Spontaneous;homozygotes hatch and develop normally during first instar, distinct albino features appear soon after first ecdysis and die with shrinking; cuticle layer incomplete in hardening and have porous structure, unable to eat leaves and to maintain body-water: Independent spontaneous mutation al2, like al but time of death variable. 1
al2 5 37.9 albino 2 like al but time of death variable Allele Of al 1
Alb 19 37.4 Albumin Spontaneous; hemolymph albumin fraction migrating more rapidly to the anode than other proteins on gel electrophoresis; AlbF for faster moving and AlbS for slower moving band.
AlbF 19 37.4 Albumin F see Alb Allele Of Alb 5
AlbS 19 37.4 Albumin S see Alb Allele Of Alb 4
Amy-d 8 2.8 Digestive juice amylase Spontaneous; presence of four and five highly active isozymes migrating toward cathode on acrylamide gel electrophoresis are respectively controlled by codominant alleles of Amy-dIV and Amy-dV; homozygotes for Amy-dn., previously referred to as ae for weak activity, lack cathode-migrating isozymes: Weaker anode-migrationg isozymes are controlled by Amy-da alleles (19-?).
Amy-da 19 ? Digestive juice amylase migrating toword anode Spontaneous; amylase isozyme migrating toward anode on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; most rapidly moving isozyme by Amy-daF, rapidly moving by Amy-daM, slowly moving by Amy-daS, respectively; activity much weaker as compound with cathodal isozymes controlled by Amy-d.
Amy-daF 19 ? Digestive juice amylase migrating toword anode (type F) see Amy-da Allele Of Amy-da 28
Amy-daM 19 ? Digestive juice amylase migrating toword anode (type M) see Amy-da Allele Of Amy-da 5
Amy-dan 19 ? Digestive juice amylase migrating toword anode (type n) see Amy-da Allele Of Amy-da 1
Amy-daS 19 ? Digestive juice amylase migrating toword anode (type S) see Amy-da Allele Of Amy-da 12
Amy-dIV 8 2.8 Digestive juice amylase (type IV) see Amy-d Allele Of Amy-d 106
Amy-dn 8 2.8 Digestive juice amylase weak see Amy-d Allele Of Amy-d 137
Amy-dV 8 2.8 Digestive juice amylase (type V) see Amy-d Allele Of Amy-d 13
Amy-hc 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C Spontaneous; hemolymph amylase can be separated into A to F bands on gel electrophoresis migrating toward anode; major band C controlled by Amy-hc alleles involving variations of migration rate as -hcS (Slow), -hcM (Moderate), -hcF (Fast) and of activity as -hcW (Weak), -hcMF (Moderate fast), -hcSM (Moderate slow), -hcSW (Slow and weak) ; homozygotes for Amy-hcn(null) formerly referred to as be for low activity, lack C isozyme band.
Amy-hcF 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type F) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 25
Amy-hcM 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type M) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 130
Amy-hcMF 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type MF) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 1
Amy-hcn 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type n) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 46
Amy-hcS 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type S) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 14
Amy-hcSM 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type SM) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 1
Amy-hcSW 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type SW) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc
Amy-hcW 8 4.2 Hemolymph amylase C (type W) see Amy-hc Allele Of Amy-hc 2
ap 3 22.3 apodal Gene affecting formation of thoracic legs.Spontaneous;thoracic legs degenerated, larvae have difficulty in creeping and feeding; female moth sterile due to abnormal differentiation or degeneration of bursa copulatrix; male moth fertile but cannot copulate unaided. 1
Aph-1 ? ? Alkaline phosphatase 1 Spontaneous;alkaline phosphatase isozyme of mid-gut characterized by fast electrophoretic mobility:lack active isozyme in Aph-1n.
Aph-11 ? ? Alkaline phosphatase 1 see Aph-1 Allele Of Aph-1
Aph-1n ? ? Alkaline phosphatase 1 (type null) see Aph-1 Allele Of Aph-1 2
Aph-2 ? ? Alkaline phosphatase 2 Spontaneous;alkaline phosphatase isozyme of mid-gut with slow mobility:linked with Aph-11 with COV of ca.30%:Aph-2n lack active isozyme.
Aph-2n ? ? Alkaline phosphatase 2 (type null) see Aph-2 Allele Of Aph-2
As ? ? Abnormal segment Gene affecting constraction of larval marking at fifth segment and thoracic segment.X-ray induced; not complety of crescent-sopt, fissure along dorsal line of thoracic segment. Homo lethal. Inhibit to manifestiation of K gene.
b-1 ? ? brown egg 1 Gene affecting egg color. Maternale inheritance.Spontaneous;serosa cells pigmented brown , eye black. Maternal inheritance.
b-2 6 29.1 brown egg 2 Gene affecting egg color. Maternale inheritance.Spontaneous;serosa cells pigmented light brown, maternal inheritance in F1 egg color but ordinary inheritance in F2;transmission of 3-hydroxykynurenine from hemolymph to the ovum is somehow prevented, and enzyme action in serosa cells is too weak to convert it into pigments: Typical maternal inheritance in egg color of b-2na (maternal brown of Nagashima) . 4
b-2na 6 29.1 maternal brown of Nagashima Spontaneous; serosa cells pigmented light brown. Typical maternal inheritance, originally found as revival of b-1. Allele Of b-2 1
b-2S 6 29.1 brown egg pf shimizu Spontaneous; serosa cells pigmented light brown. Allelism to b-2na, found in strain No.922 of NIAS collection. Allele Of b-2
b-4 20 21.9 brown egg 4 Gene affecting egg color and compound eye of Imago.Spontaneous;serosa cells reddish brown, compound eye reddish dark brown. 5
b-5 ? brown egg 5 Gene affecting egg color (brown).Spontaneous; serosa cells brown, found in strain No.202 of NIAS collection. Maternal inheritance. Non allele to b-1?
b-f ? brown egg f Gene affecting egg color (brown).Spontaneous; serosa cells pigmented brown. Maternal inheritance, found hybrid strain at NIAS.
b-n 6 29.1 brwon egg of n Spontaneous; serosa cells pigmented light brown. Allelism to b-2ma, discovered in strain No.3 of NIAS collection. Allele Of b-2
b-t 13 3.6 maternal brown of Tsujita Gene affecting egg's color and compound eye's color of Imago.Spontaneous;serosa cells light brown showing typical maternal inheritance like b-2na; compound eyes black. 2
b-t2 13 3.6 maternal brown of Tsujita 2 Spontaneous; like to b-t, allelism to b-t. Allele Of b-t
Bb Brown body color Gene affecting larval body color pigmentation (black).Spontaneous; larval body color brown homozygotes lethal.
bd 9 22.9 dilute black Gene affecting lawal body color (balck) and fertility of Imago.Spontaneous;larval body grayish black; moths have difficulty in getting out of cocoons, females sterile producing eggs whose micropilar structures are abnormal, males fertile but cannot copulate unaided: bdSW (chimney sweep) similar: Female fertility and copulation of male good in bd1(dilute black fertile). 1
bd' 9 22.9 new dilute black Spontaneous; like to bd but fertility normal. Allele Of bd
bdf 9 22.9 dilute black fertile Spontaneous; like to bd but fertility normal. Allele Of bd 1
bdSw 9 22.9 chimney sweep Spontaneous; simillar to bd. Tail region pigmented light black, founded in strain shi-110. Allele Of bd
Bes 11 36.1 blood esterase Spontaneous; esterase inhemolymph; most rapidly migrating isozyme by BesA, rapidly migrating by BesB, slowly migrating by BesC, BesO homozygotes lack isozyme band.
BesA 11 36.1 Blood acid phosphatase (type A) see Bes Allele Of Bes 35
BesB 11 36.1 Blood acid phosphatase (type B) see Bes Allele Of Bes 1
BesC 11 36.1 Blood acid phosphatase (type C) see Bes Allele Of Bes
BesO 11 36.1 Blood acid phosphatase (type O) see Bes Allele Of Bes
bl 15 0 blind Gene affecting formation of eye spots on the second thoracic segment.Spontaneous;eyes spots on the second thoracic segment solid black. 9
Bm 17 0 Black moth Gene affecting pigmentation of Imago (black).Spontaneous;scales on body and wings of moth black. See also mm.
Bo 11 28.8 Bamboo Gene affecting hardness of skin, formation of larval markings and scale for moth.Spontaneous;abdomen of larva compact and hard, bulges appear at posterior margin of each segment, thorax stout; inhibits eyespots and crescents; scales on the back of moth poor: mortality high when homozygous. 1
bp 11 42.5 balck pupa Gene affecting pupal cuticle color.Spontaneous;pupal skin tinged black, depending on temperature during several hours before pupation; becomes deep-black when kept at 20°C through active secretion of proteinous BP-hormone, but tinted normal amber color if kept at 30°C due to absence of the hormone. See also so. 3
Bph 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase Spontaneous; acid phosphatase isozymes of larval hemolymph; isozymes A, B, C, D, E in the order of faster mobility are controlled by BphA - BphE alleles, respectively; isozyme band lacking in BphO.
Later, another allelic gene controlling both isozymes A and B together was discovered in genetic resources ( Banno, personal communication )
BphA 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type A) see Bph Allele Of Bph 17
BphAB 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type AB) see Bph Allele Of Bph 1
BphB 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type B) see Bph Allele Of Bph 33
BphC 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type C) see Bph Allele Of Bph 5
BphD 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type D) see Bph Allele Of Bph 4
BphE 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type E) see Bph Allele Of Bph
BphO 23 0 Blood acid phosphatase (type O) see Bph Allele Of Bph
bpw 13 black-striped pupal wing Gene affecting melanization of pupal wings, temperatuer sensitive.Spontaneous;temperature sensitive, narrow black stripes appear on wings of pupa depending on temperature during two days of prepupation stage, after the end of spinning to the completion of larval-pupal ecdysis; becomes black-striped when kept under 20°C but fails to manifest stripes above 23°C.
Br Brown Gene affecting skin color at larval stage, modifying gene.X-ray induced; larval skin color become brown with +p or ps.
Bs Brown spot Gene affecting brown spots of larval skin.Spontaneous;pairs of brown spots appear on each segment just after molting due to excretes of exuvial gland.
Bt 1 40.8 Beet feader Gene affecting laraval feeding XXXXX, wide feeding range.X-ray induced;larvae unable to discriminate mulberry leaves from others, dominance incomplete.
bts 17 36.4 brown head and tail spot Gene affecting pigmentation of cuticle in head, legs and anal plates.Spontaneous;head cuticle and anal plates pigmented reddish brown after third or fourth instar: bts2 similar. 3
bts2 17 36.4 brown head and tail spot 2 Spontaneous; like bts, more dark brown than bts, allelic to bts. Allele Of bts
Bu 11 30.9 Burnt Gene for formation of dorsal midline region from fifth to eight segment.X-ray induced;burn-like scar on dorsal midline from fifth to eighth segment, dorsal vessel widened; homozygotes die as embryos with incomplete formation of dosal amnion and midgut, navel remained open. 1
C 12 7.2 Outer-layer yellow cocoon ( Golden yellow) Gene affecting yellow cocoon in combination with Y gene.Spontaneous;in combination with Y(2-25.6), cocoon golden yellow on the outside, inside white. 57
cal 7 susceptibility to muscardines Gene relating to susceptibility of fungas diseases (muscardine).Spontaneous;susceptible to muscardine fungus diseases; locates in vicinity of q.
CD 12 7.2 Dilute-yellow cocoon When combined with yellow blood(Y), all layers of cocoon dilute yellow. Allele Of C 2
cd constricted vagina d Gene controlling formation of vagina with cv.When combined with cv vestibulum connected with oviduct deeply constricted, in capable for passing egg.
cf 13 20.9 crayfish Gene affecting wing formation XXXX adult development.Spontaneous;wing buds inflated with lymph and protrude laterally from body producing chela-like appearance of crayfish; swollen wing buds fragile and liable to bleed. 2
cf-e 4 0 crayfish of Eguchi Gene affecting wing formation XXXX adult development.Spontaneous;like cf ; wings of pupa swollen and protrude laterally from the body.
ch 13 9.6 chocolate Gene affecting larval skin color.Spontaneous;larval skin as well as head cuticle of newly hatched larvae reddish brown, in grown larvae markings and sieve plates of spiracles remain reddish brown: chp(chocolate purple) like ch but reddish color lighter. See also Ia and sch. 12
ch-2 18 0 chocolate 2 Gene affecting larval skin color.Spontaneous;body-color of newly hatched larvae dark reddish brown. 1
Ch1-2 2 ? Chorion protein 1・2 Gene controlling chorion proteins.Spontaneous; multigene family comprising one large gene cluster that encodes eggshell proteins involving A, B (middle) and Hc (late) groups; locates in vicinity (1 - 2 m.u.) and to the left of Gr (6.9).
Ch3 18 0 Chorion protein 3 Gene controlling chorion proteins.Spontaneous; smaller Chorion gene cluster consisting largely of early genes involving A, B and C groups; locates ca. 4 m.u. apart to the right of Ch1-2.
chp 13 9.6 chocolate purple Spontaneous; like ch, light color than ch, necessive to ch, recessive to ch-2. Allele Of ch
CI 12 7.2 Inner layer yellow When combined with yellow blood(Y), inner layers of cocoon yellow. Allelic to C. Allele Of C 34
ci 20 21.9 citrus colored egg Spontaneous; serosa cells pigmented bitten orange color. Allele to b-4 gene. Allele Of b-4
CI-GrL 2 Epistatic gene to I-GrL Gene relating to chorion formation.Spontaneous; suppresses inhibitory action of I-GrL (old symbol, E-GreL)
cl 21 ? chela Gene affecting wing formation.Spontaneous; wing buds inflated with lymph and protrude laterally from body like cf; penetrance low; swollen pupal wings fragile and liable to bleed. 1
cm 20 41.9 maternal chocolate Gene controlling skin color of new hatched larva.Spontaneous;newly hatched larvae from eggs laid by homozygous mother pale-reddish brown irrespective of their own genotype, feeding third instar, less conspicuous in grown larvae; homozygotes die as embryos: GlR (Glossy retarded) larvae reddish brown and lustrous at every molting stage, body spindle shaped; homo-lethal. 2
co ? ? constricted Gene affecting body shape and pigmentation grown larva.Spontaneous;Each segment constricted in central part, due to annular concentration of pigments. 1
cot 15 25 contracticle Gene affecting body shape and reactivity for outer stimulation.Spontaneous;larvae stout; when touched softly contract body by two-thirds and fall down vomiting gut juice, stay still for a while; moths hold wings upwards and fall down on touch, difficult to copulate. See also sol. 2
cp compressed Gene relating to segment feature.Spontaneous;Each segment contracted.Morphological features simillar to nucleopolyhedrosis. Manifests first at 4th instar, and become distinct at 5th instar.
cru 25 ? ruffled cocoon Gene affecting feature of cocoon surface.Spontaneous;cocoon surface rough and uneven. 5
Cry1Ab 15 ? tentative name: resistance to toxin of BT Cry1Ab Gene relating to resistance for toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis.Spontaneous; hight resistance to toxin( typeσ) from Bacillus thuringiensisCry1Ab.
CSt 12 7.2 Straw color When combined with yellow blood(Y), both other and inner layers of cocoon are faint-yellow simillar to straw color. Allelic to C. Allele Of C 2
Ct Dominant constricted Gene relating to body shape in young larva.Spontaneous; Each segment contractable from 2nd to 4th instar.
cts 16 4.6 cheek and tail spots Gene affecting color in head and dorsal region of anal leg.Spontaneous;chocolate-colored spots on both sides of head cuticle and on anal plates in the last larval instar, but not manifested when young. 5
cv constricted vagina v Gene controlling formation of vagina with cd.Spontaneous; female incapable of oviposition when combined with cd. Male sterile.
Cw Curled wing Gene for formation of anterior wing.Spontaneous;forewings curled at margin; dominance incomplete.
Cyc 6 21.1 Cycrops (tentative name) Gene affecting manifestiation of larval marking and wing formation.Spontaneous; no crescent and star marking, but eye marking detected only midline. Not completely formation of wing. Simillar to Nc. Pseudo allele to E.
d dwarf Gene affecting body length.Spontaneous; body size reduced to 75 persent of normal.
dep depressed Gene affecting body shape in thorax.Spontaneous; second segment depressed. The portion just behind eye spots pigmented dark brown. Manifests usually together with ps. Semi-lethal.
Df Dominant dwarf Gene controlling growth speed.Spontaneous; larval development remarkably retarded, frequently with abnormal markings. Homozygous lethal.
Df-t 20 11 Tsujita's dwarf Gene affecting body size.γ-ray induced;larval growth retarded, homozygotes die as embryos; significantly reduce crossing over frequencies, might be accompanied with chromosomal aberration. 1
Dh 11 0 diapause hormone and pheromone biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide (DH-PBAN) Spontaneous;Diapause hormone of the silkworm PBAN, DhA, DhB and DhCwith diffirent size in intron-5.
DhA 11 0 DH-PBAN (type A) see Dh Allele Of Dh
DhB 11 0 DH-PBAN (type B) see Dh Allele Of Dh
DhC 11 0 DH-PBAN (type C) see Dh Allele Of Dh
Di 14 43.2 Dirty Gene affecting larval marking pattern.Spontaneous;irregular dark brown lines and dots cover the body surface, regions of crescents and star spots lack pigment hence remained as white patterns on blackish background when homozygous; combined with p no pigment on the skin. See also U. 2
Dp 10 24.1 Dilute purple Gene affecting color of serosa cells.Spontaneous; pigments in serosa cells light-purple. Compound eye colored black. 1
Dp-2 10 25.5 Dilute purple 2 Gene affecting color of serosa cells.Spontaneous; like Dp, located separately on same chromosome. ( old name, Dp' ) 1
Dus 10 3.9 Star spots duplication Gene controlling star spots in larval.Spontaneous;a pair of additional star spots on ninth segment, penetrance low; homozygotes die as embryos lacking head capsule. 1
dw lethal dwarf Gene affecting larval development in first instar.Spontaneous; larvae growth retarded around day 3 of 1st instar, die without molting. Homozygous lethal.
dw-k 10 0 dwarf-k Gene affecting larval development XXXX young larval stages.Spontaneous;larvae slow growing and dwarf. 1
E 6 21.1 Plain extra-legs Individuales with this gene affects supernumerary or deficient legs on specific segments along with abnormalities in the position and number of the prominent paired crescent markings on abdorminal segment 2, and stars on 5. So far, about 40 or more mutants manifesting similar traits have been discovered. Genes of those have been mapped at 21.1 CM of 6th linkage groups, however they often had crossing over event at very low frequency. Hence, they are called E-pseudo-allelic gene group.
According to exsperiments of some mutant in those, this E locus have been identified as the silkworm homologue of the bithorax homeotic gene complex of D. melanogaster.
Many are embryonic lethals as homozygotes and exhibit abnormalities in tracheal patterns, cocoon shapes, gonad development and wings.Spontaneous; Rudimentary crescents and extra abdominal legs on fourth and fifth segments star spots present.
1
e 1 36.4 Spontaneous;fourth and fifth segments of larva elongated, intersegmental membrane fully stretched. 4
E-tr Tr-extra-legs X-ray induced;extra abdominal legs on fourth (not always) and fifth segments, penetrance low homo-lethal. 1
EAl 6 21.1 Extra-abdominal legs and extra crscents Spontaneous; extra legs on 4th and 5th segments, additional crescents on 4th segment. Homozygous moths predominantly sterile in both sexs. Allele Of E
ECa 6 21.1 Additional crescents Spontaneous; Additional crescents on 6th segment, star spots absent. Homozyous embryo lacks abdominal legs, lethal. Allele Of E 3
ECd 6 21.1 Cd-double crescents X-ray induced; additional crescents on 4th segment. Homozygous absent abdominal legs, lethal. Allele Of E 1
ECl 6 21.1 Double crescents and supernumerary legs MNU induced; additional crescents on 4th segment, supernumerary legs on 4th and 5th segment. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
ECn 6 21.1 Additional crescents and no star Spontaneous; like Eca, additional crescents on 6th segment not completely. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
ECs 6 21.1 Supernumerary crescents and legs Spontaneous; additional crescents on 6th segment, supernumerarylegs on 5th segment, no star. Allele Of E 1
ECt 6 21.1 Ct-triple crescents X-ray induced; additional crescents on 4th and 6th segments, supernumerary legs on 4th and 5th segments. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
ECw 6 21.1 Extra-crescents and extra wings Spontaneous; additional crescents 6th segments.Homozygous have extra legs on 4th and 5th segments, extra legs on 5th segment not completely. Moths show extra wings and legs on 1st segment. Allele Of E
ED 6 21.1 Double crescents Spontaneous; Extra crescents on 4th segment, seldom supernumerary legs present on 4th and 5th segments. Extra legs on 4th segment like thoracic legs. Spiracles on 4th segment small, rarely lacked. Third and 4th segment frequently fused. Hind wing small and XXX, hind legs deformaed. Homozyous lethal. Allele Of E 1
EDc 6 21.1 Dc-double crescents X-ray induced; additional crescents on 4th segment. Homozygous semi-lethal. Allele Of E
EDl 6 21.1 Extra-crescents and degenerated abdominal legs Spontaneous; homozygotes have extra crescents on 6th segment, lack star spots, and 1st abdominal legs on 6th segment rudimentary. In heterozygotes, extra crescents deformed but spots manifested on 8th segment. Allele Of E 1
EDn 6 21.1 Double crescents and no star High temperature induced; additional crescents on 6th segment, lack star spots. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E
EDs 6 21.1 Double stars Spontaneous; extra star spots on 7th segment. Homozygous lethal. Chromosome translocation berween 6th and 7th linkage groups. Allele Of E 1
EEl 6 21.1 Extra-crescents and extra-legs Spontaneous; Additional crescents on 4th segment, small abdominal legs on 4th and 5th segments.Homozygous lethal just before hatching. Allele Of E 2
EEn 6 21.1 New extra-crescents and extra-legs Spontaneous; like EEl, but no star spots, homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
Ees ? ? Egg esterase Spontaneous;5 kinds of independent isozymes are known in egg;Ees-1, -2 and -3 are aliesterases; Ees-4 and -5 are cholinesterases.
Ees-1 ? ? Allele Of Ees
Ees-2 ? ? Allele Of Ees
Ees-3 ? ? Allele Of Ees
Ees-4 ? ? Allele Of Ees
Ees-5 ? ? Allele Of Ees
EGd 6 21.1 Deformed gonad Chemicals or temperature shock; Additional crescents on 4th segment, supernumerary legs on 4th and 5th segments.Pupal wing shortened.Wings of adult splitted, hind legns of homozygous adult degenerated, accompanied with abnormality of gonads. Supernumerary crescents and abnormality of gonads dominant, while abnormality of legs and wing recessive. Allele Of E 1
EH 6 21.1 H-extra-crescents Spontaneous; Extra legs on 4th segment but frequently incomplete.Semi-lethel. Allele Of E 1
EHm 6 21.1 Himenichi extra-legs Spontaneous; additional legs on 5th segment. Homozygous reveal supernumerary crescents on 6th segment. Allele Of E
EKa 6 21.1 Ka-additional crescents Spontaneous; supernumerary crescents on 4th segment. Additional legs rarelyappear on 4th and 5th segments.Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
EKh 6 21.1 Kh-extra-crescents Spontaneous; additional legs and extra crescents on 4th segment.Sometime appear extra legs on 5th segment. Allele Of E 1
EKp 6 21.1 Kp-supernumerary legs Spontaneous; Homozygotes reveal crescents on 6th segments, extra legs ont 5th segment. Extra legs on 4th segment rare. Heterozygotes lack extra crescent. Allele Of E 1
el 1 36.4 Allele Of e
elp 18 9.9 ellipsoid egg Spontaneous;egg shape ellipsoidal: elpm(眉蚕長形卵,ellipsoid-egg of Mayuko)similar. 3
elp-2 ellipsoid egg 2 Spontaneous;egg shape long and elliptic.
elpm 18 9.9 Allele Of elp 1
EM 6 21.1 E-mustache Spontaneous; Eye spot similar to a scanty mustache, crescent absent.Thorax elongated at beginning of molt.Wings of adults almost abnormal. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
EMc 6 21.1 Multicrescents Spontaneous; Extra crescents on 6th segment, but no star spots, extra legs on 5th segmens. Homozygous lethal. Heterozygous semi-lethal, hatchability varies from 30 to 60%. Allele Of E 1
emi 12 9.5 miniature egg Spontaneous;egg size small like sm and sm-2, but fertile and viable though variable in degrees. 1
EMl 6 21.1 Multicrescents and supernumerary legs X-ray induced; additional crescents on 4th from 6th to 10th segments, extra legs on 4th and 5th segments. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E
EMs 6 21.1 New multistar Spontaneous; additional star spots on 7th segment, the spots rarely appear on 9th segment. Homozyotes reveal supernumerary legs on 10th and 11th segments and die before hatching. High lethality among heterozygotes. Allele Of E 1
EMu 6 21.1 Mu-supernumerary legs Temperature induced; additional star spots on 9th segment, extra legs on 10th segment. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
EN 6 21.1 New additional crescents Spontaneous; extra crescent on 6th segment, star spots absent. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
En-odm Enhancer of od-mottled
En-odm Spontaneous;expression of odm change to normal opaque in somatic cells. Allele Of En-odm
ENc 6 21.1 No crescent, supernumerary legs Spontaneous; Crescents absent, recessive.Extra legs present on 5th segment, dominant. Allele Of E 1
ENk 6 21.1 Nk-additional crescents Spontaneous?; additional crescents on 6th segment.star spots absent, supernumerary legs(small) on 4th and 5th segments.Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
ENp 6 21.1 Np-supernumerary Spontaneous; additional crescents on 6th and 7th segments, star spots disappear. Extra legs rarely appear on 4th segment. Homozygous lethal. Allele Of E 1
ENs 6 21.1 New no star Spontaneous; star spots absent. Allele Of E 1
eph 25 ? Spontaneous;life span of adult moth short.
es 12 4.3 extra spiracles Spontaneous;a pair of small spiracles on twelfth segment. 1
ESc 6 21.1 Supernumerary crescents Spontaneous; additiona crescents on 4th segment. Allele Of E 1
Esd W ? egg size determinant Spontaneous;presence of a morphological gene, egg size determinant, is demonstrated first by comparison of the egg size of triploid female of ZWW and ZZW with diploid ZW, Ge on the Z chromosome is supposed to be a translocation of this gene.
ESn 6 21.1 Extra-crescents and no star Spontaneous; additional crescents on 4th segment, star spots absent. Allele Of E
ESw 6 21.1 Extra-crescents and short wings Spontaneous; Additional crescents on 4th segmetn, small legs on 4th and 5th segments. Hind wing usually stunted and emarginated.Gonads abnormal.Oviposition poor, eggs mostly unfertilized. Allele Of E 1
ET 6 21.1 Tanaka's double crescents and supernumerary legs Spontaneous; additional crescents on 4th segment. In homozygotes supernumerary legs on 4th and 5th segments, but in heterozygotes extra legs only 5th segment. Homozygous female sterile. Allele Of E 1
ETc 6 21.1 Triple crescents X-ray induced; crescents on 4th, 5th and 6th segments, star spots not present. Homozygous embryo morphologically similar to Eca. Semi-lethal. Allele Of E 1
eus 7 ? Spontaneous;egg size smaller than usual, fertility and viability of embryos good.
ex ? ? Spontaneous;modifying gene of Ph, allow to feed beet leaves, wide food range by Ph is limited by +ex allele.
F 6 34.7 Flesh Spontaneous;in combination with Y and +C or CI, produces a yellowish-flesh color on the outer layer of cocoon. 12
Fc Ferric chloride positive Spontaneous;egg shell is dyed with FeCl2. 10
Fem W ? female detemining gene
Fib-H 25 ? Fibroin H chain Spontaneous; structural gene of large subunit of fibroin; variations of mobility on SDS-PAGE grouped into fast, moderate and slow are controlled by Fib-HF, Fib-HM and Fib-HS.
Fib-hF 25 ? Allele Of Fib-H
Fib-hM 25 ? Allele Of Fib-H
Fib-hS 25 ? Allele Of Fib-H
Fib-L 14 ? Fibroin L chain Spontaneous; structural gene of small subunit of fibroin; variations in the order of mobility on SDS-PAGE as Fib-LA, Fib-LB, Fib-LC; no crossing over between Nd-s.
Fib-LA 14 ? Allele Of Fib-L
Fib-LB 14 ? Allele Of Fib-L
Fib-LC 14 ? Allele Of Fib-L
fl 10 13 wingless Spontaneous;wings absent in pupae and moths; often die of bleeding from the uncovered border area between thorax and abdomen:flk(k無翅, k-wingless) and fln(n無翅) similar.
Fl 7 32.1 Flossy Spontaneous;cocoons are large and elliptic in shape with loosely composed shell; on flat surface larvae spin silk thread evenly in wide range to yield a uniform and high quality Sankenshi (raw-silk sheet). See also San. 5
flc 3 49 flimsy cocoon Spontaneous;cocoon shell very thin, large amount of fibroin granules retained in the glandular cells. 3
flk 10 13 Allele Of fl
fln 10 13 Allele Of fl
fs female sterile
Ga Green a Spontaneous;cocoon light green in combination with Gb.
gap 5 ? apterous and rudimentary gonads Spontaneous;pupae lack wings, thorax extremely narrow and slender; difficult in larval-pupal and pupal-adult ecdysis at head and thorax, ovaries undeveloped and sterile; larval growth tend to be retarded; locates in vicinity of oc. See also gon. 1
Gb 7 7 Green b Spontaneous;cocoon light green when combined with Ga or with Yf (locus unknown for both). 1
Gc 15 ? Green c Spontaneous;cocoon light green.
ge 12 ? geometrid Spontaneous;larval body slender, weakly constricted at second abdominal segment anteriorly and posteriorly. 2
Ge 1 14 Giant egg Spontaneous;length and width of egg 1.26 and 1.11 times of the normal egg, respectively, hatched larvae bigger and heavier; hatchability reduced: Ge2 allele larger egg size. Might be translocation of Esd on the W chromosome. 1
Ge2 1 14 Allele Of Ge 1
Gl 19 19.2 Glossy Spontaneous;larval skin tinged reddish brown and lustrous at 2
GlR 19 19.2 Allele Of Gl 1
gn 9 22 gooseneck γ-ray induced;larval body slender and constricted between the segments: gnd(細節蚕d, gooseneck distinct) spontaneous allele of more distinct constriction. 1
gnd 9 22 Allele Of gn 1
gon 18 ? undevelopped gonads Spontaneous;newly hatched larvae colored whitish ~ reddish brown; larval growth tend to be retarded, apt to produce cf-like pupae with protruded wings; both testes and ovaries not developed well remain small like those of third or fourth instar larvae, though other reproductive organs not only external but also inner as accessary gland, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, oviducts, ovipositor, mucous gland, etc. fully developed; gametes scarcely develop to secondary gonia; locates in close vicinity of elp. See also gap. 1
Gr 2 9.9 Gray egg Spontaneous;egg shape ellipsoidal; chorion translucent and colorless in eggs laid by homozygous mother moth, opaque and milky white in heterozygote’s eggs: Spontaneous alleles as Gr16(欧16灰色卵, E-16 gray), GrB(鳥眼卵,Bird’s eyed gray), Grcol(潰れ卵,collapsing), Grk(桂灰色卵, Kei's gray); Xray induced alleles as GrL(淡灰色卵, Light gray), GrX-1(X線誘発灰色卵, Gray egg X-1), GrX-2(第2X線誘発灰色卵, Gray egg X-2). 5
gr-r 2 10.5 recessive grey egg 1
Gr16 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 1
GrB 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 2
Grc Green cocoon
Grcol 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 1
Gre 1 46.4 Green egg shell Spontaneous;egg shell tinged yellowish green. 16
Grk 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 1
GrL 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 1
GrX-1 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr 1
GrX-2 2 9.9 Allele Of Gr
H ? ? Hibernating Spontaneous;controlling voltinism to diapause; H-1, H-2 and H-3 autosomal alleles, H-s sex-linked(H-sm to multivoltine).
H-1 ? ? Allele Of H
H-2 ? ? Allele Of H
H-3 ? ? Allele Of H
ha perforated a Spontaneous;one end of cocoon elongated and open at tip: acts cumulatively with Hb and Hc.
hal 15 ? hare lip Spontaneous;first thoracic segment fused with second segment at a longitudinal line: manifestation variable. 1
Hb Perforated b Spontaneous;polymeric to ha.
Hc Perforated c Spontaneous;polymeric to ha.
I 9 16.2 Yellow inhibitor 4
I-GrL 2 ? Inhibitor of light gray egg
i-lem 2 32.5 inhibitor of lem Spontaneous;yellow color of lem larva becomes extremely faint. 3
Ia 9 22.1 Dominant chocolate Spontaneous;newly hatched larvae reddish brown with black head, becoming less conspicuous with growth; in grown larvae reddish brown color remained only on eye spots, crescents and star spots, hence under p background cannot be discriminated from normal.See also ch. 4
Icr Crescent suppressor
Ict-A 2 26.7 Chymotrypsin-inhibitor protein A Spontaneous; Chymotrypsin-inhibitor protein of hemolymph,complex alleles of at least two subfractions on electrophoresis, most fastly moving region AF and AS, and most slowly migrating region HF, H<
Ict-AF 2 26.7 Allele Of Ict-A 186
Ict-AS 2 26.7 Allele Of Ict-A 4
Ict-D 19 29.1 chymotrypsin inhibitors D Spontaneous; chymotrypsin-inhibitor proteinof hemolymph migrating moderately on gel electrophoresis; most slowly migrating band by Ict-DR, slow by Ict-DS, intermediate by Ict-DM, fast by Ict-DF allele, respectively.
Ict-DF 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 59
Ict-DM 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 28
Ict-DMF 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D
Ict-DR 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 14
Ict-DRF 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 3
Ict-DRM 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 18
Ict-DRS 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 3
Ict-DS 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D
Ict-DSF 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 1
Ict-DSM 19 29.1 Allele Of Ict-D 13
Ict-E 22 3.3 chymotrypsin inhibitors E Spontaneous;chymotrypsin-inhibitory protein of hemolymph migrating between moderately moving D-group (19-29.1) and most slow group of H (2-23.7), faster moving band by -EF and slower by -ES alleles.
Ict-EF 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 29
Ict-ES 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 134
Ict-HF 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 4
Ict-HM 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 15
Ict-Hn 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 152
Ict-HS 22 3.3 Allele Of Ict-EF 4
Ies ? ? Integument esterase Spontaneous;esterase isozyme of integument;IesA rapidly moving,IesB slowly moving,IesC most slowly moving,Iesn lack active band.
IesA ? ? Allele Of Ict-EF
IesB ? ? Allele Of Ict-EF
IesC ? ? Allele Of Ict-EF
Iesn ? ? Allele Of Ict-EF
Ign-1 6 28.6 Inhibited green 1 Spontaneous;inhibits pci-meabilities of two kinds of yellowish brown fluorescent pigments through middle division of silkgland.
ip 10 36.1 inhibited purple
IS 9 16.2 Allele Of I 1
Isx W ? Intersexuality
Isx-2 W ? Intersexuality-2
K 11 25.4 Knobbed Spontaneous;dermal protuberances appear on crescents and star spots as well as on additional spots by L, ms and so on. 7
ki 6 29.7 kidney Spontaneous;egg kidney-or bean-shaped, embryo within it develops only ectodermal organs such as skin, mouth parts, bristles, etc., but no mesodermal ones differentiated, and dies irrespective of  its own genotype is ki/ki or ki/+:kic (筑紫腎臓形卵, kidney of Chikushi) and kit(玉沢腎臓形卵, kidney of Tamazawa, induced by low temperature)similar.
ki-2 19 ? kidney2 Spontaneous;egg shape like ki, number of eggs reduced, fertility low, mostly die as embryo. 1
kic 6 29.7 Allele Of ki 1
kit 6 29.7 Allele Of ki 1
kmt Knob of Malpighian tubule
L 4 15.3 Multilunar Spontaneous;a pair of large yellowish brown spots on dorsal side of each segment, mostly from fifth to eighth segments: Markings of LC(菱の実褐円, Caltroptype multilunar) similar to those of L until fourth instar then changing to a caltrop-shaped pattern in fifth instar, homo-lethal: LCa(棘形褐円, Brown-spotted caltrop) similar to LC: Dominance LCa > LC > L. 12
l-10 11 33.4 lethal 10
l-11 11 27 lethal11 Spontaneous;homozygotes die as embryos.
l-124 24 lethal124(仮称) Spontaneous;homozygotes die as embryos.
l-19 19 ? lethal 19 Spontaneous;homozygous lethal in embryo. 1
l-72 lethal 72
l-a 1 1.6
l-b 1 46 lethal b
l-be brown egg lethal
l-bk blastokinesis lethal
l-bl bluish egg lethal
l-br 9 34.3 lethal brown Spontaneous;homozygotes die as embryos showing light brown pigmentation in serosa: l-br2 similar. 1
l-br2 9 34.3 Allele Of l-br 1
l-d dark-spotted egg lethal
l-db dark-spotted egg lethal b
l-hb hibernating egg lethal
l-k 6 38.8 Spontaneous;homozygous lethal in embryo. 1
l-li 24 36.3 Spontaneous;homozygotes grow normally until early middle of fifth (last) instar, become inactive and die, stretching first to third abdominal segments. See also sku. 1
l-m 3 10.8 lethal m
l-mn monster lethal
l-mo 19
l-n 12 0 Spontaneous;in presence of diapause hormone, homozygotes cause unpigmented serosa and non-diapausing lethal embryos; embryos do not enter diapause but continue to develop until blastokinesis and then die: l-nh(橋本生卵, lethal non-diapausing non-diapausing egg of Hashimoto) similar but embryos develop to bristle formation stage. See also pnd. 1
l-ne 1 ? non-ecdysial lethal X-ray induced;larvae apt to die of incapable ecdysis mostly at fourth molt.
l-nh 12 0 Allele Of l-n 1
l-nl 15 33.1 newly hatched larvae lethal Spontaneous;homozygotes hatch normally, but within a few hours shrink and die. 1
l-r red egg lethal
l-rb red egg lethal b
l-sg 11 31.1 lethal slowly growing larvae Spontaneous;homozygotes delay in entering into molt, and die gradually during second to fifth larval instar.on leaves turn into normal color on the next day; inherited maternally.
l-sp 12 ? lethal-spindle egg Spontaneous;egg shape ellipsoidal, hatchability poor; produce double-fertilization mosaics and polyploidy: See also mo-t. 1
l-w 4 28.4 lethal white-rot egg Spontaneous;pigments in serosa cells aggregate, die as embryos.
l-w2 ? lethal white rot egg 2
Lan 21 17.9 Lanky of Tsujita X-ray induced;body shape slender, larval development retarded; deletion including rb locus, right break determined between Sl-v. 2
LC 4 15.3 Allele Of L 1
LCa 4 15.3 Allele Of L 1
LD 4 15.3 Allele Of L
lem 3 0 lemon Spontaneous;larval skin deep yellow due to a large amount of 7,8-dihydropteridin accumulated in integument: Homozygotes of lem1(黄色致死, lemon lethal) black and grow normally until first molt, turn deep yellow just after ecdysis, cannot chew mulberry 11
leml 3 0 Allele Of lem 1
les 14 ? light eye-spot Spontaneous;blackish triangular spots on both sides of eye spot lacking. 1
les 14 ? light eye-spot 1
Lk 11 39.6 Spontaneous;similar to Lan.
Lm 1 2 Late maturity Spontaneous;larval maturity deferred, thus producing a larger body size; also affect, to a marked extent, voltinism, moltinism and cocoon weight; Lme(伴性早熟, early maturity).
Lme 1 2 Allele Of Lme
Lp 20 6.2 Lipoprotein complex Spontaneous; low-molecular weight lipoprotein fraction of hemolymph, complex alleles of three subfractions separable on gel electrophoresis, fastly movingf-region with variations of A, B, C, moderately moving m-region with null type, slowly moving s-regio
Lp-c Lipoprotein carrying carotenoid
Lp-f
Lp-fF Allele Of Lp-f 12
Lp-fM Allele Of Lp-f 1
Lp-fn Allele Of Lp-f 8
Lp-fS Allele Of Lp-f 138
Lp-fSF Allele Of Lp-f 3
lu 16 0 lustrous Spontaneous;compound eye have a luster, reflecting light on eye surfaces; arrangement of facets somehow irregular.
M 6 24.1 Moltinism Spontaneous;normal standard is tetra-molter: M3(3眠, Trimolting) larvae mature after three molts, most common type in primitive races and in B. mandarina, physiologically the fourth instar of normal tetramolters might be omittedjudging from changing patterns of hemolymph protein components in larval stage throughout: M5(5眠, pentamolting) recessive and possibly repeats fourth instar of the normal.See also rt.
M3 6 24.1 Allele Of M 22
M5 6 24.1 Allele Of M 2
ma mustache a
mal 4 30.1 malformation Spontaneous;monster, larval body twisted mostly around eighth segment.
mb mustache b
mbs body segment monster
mf 12 39.8 moniliform Spontaneous;larval body slender and hard, have a difficulty in ecdysis at fourth molt and at metamorphosis; pupal skin tend to be tinged dark brown. 1
mf-2 moniliform silkworm 1
mgr 6 30 mottled gray Spontaneous;egg shell composed of patches of transparent and milky white areas. 2
mi 2 10 mildewed stripe Spontaneous;in combination with striped marking, gray spots on each dorsal segment.
mln 18 41.5 melanism Spontaneous;head cuticle, anal plates, thoracic legs and sieve plate of spiracle pigmented black; moths black on body and wings. See also Bm. 5
mo hereditary mosaic Spontaneous;mosaics and gynandromorphs formed due to double fertilization, sometimes polyploidy. 1
mo-t 2 41.3 mosaic of tanaka Spontaneous;two or three egg nuclei among four produced after maturation division are fertilized each by one sperm, thus producing various types of mosaic individuals in proper combination of marker genes, sometimes polyploidy, like mo and l-sp. 2
mod 11 27.4 Spontaneous;larvae mature after two molts, tends to produce trimolters and prothetely (rarely metathetely). 2
mp 11 54 micropterous Spontaneous;wings about 80% of normal in size. 2
ms 12 5.5 multistars Spontaneous;additional pairs of star spots on dorsal side of sixth through tenth segments when well developed, slower growth rate as embryo due to genetical background or environmental factors increase number of spots. 16
mse segment monster Spontaneous;posterior segments malformed.
mse-2 segment monster 2 Spontaneous;second segment twisted; forewing lacking. 1
msn 19 45.8 new multistar Spontaneous;additional pairs of star spots on dorsal side of sixth through tenth segments when well developed , penetrance low; like ms. 2
mss 12 5.5 Allele Of ms
mst 4 ? multistar of Tsujita Spontaneous;additional pairs of star spots on dorsal side of sixth through tenth segments when well developed, penetrance fairly high; like ms.
mu-oal 13 40.4 mutator of oal Spontaneous;conditions genic changes of mutable allele at oal locus in somatic cells. 5
mus 11 ? susceptibility to muscardine Spontaneous;highly susceptible to muscardine disease, locates in vicinity of K. See also cal.
mw 22 28.5 minute wing Spontaneous;wings of pupae and moths extremely small, like mp but wings shorter. 3
nb 19 31.2 narrow breast Spontaneous;larval body spindle-shaped with a short thorax and stout abdomen. 3
19 31.2 narrow breast 3
Nc 6 22.5 No crescent Spontaneous;similar to some of the E-alleles, crescents lacking, eye-spots narrow and pigmented lightly; deletion of BmAntp, homo-lethal. 1
Nd 25 0 Naked pupa Spontaneous;cocoon layers fragile containing only sericin but no fibroin, frequently pupate without forming cocoon, fibroin H chain poorly synthesized; NdH(橋本裸蛹, Naked pupa of Hasimoto) similar. See also Fib-H. 4
Nd-s 14 19.2 Sericin cocoon Spontaneous;like Nd, cocoon filament contains only sericin; fibroin L chain not synthesized: Nd-sD (Sericin cocoon-D) induced by DES, similar. See also Fib-L. 2
Nd-sD 14 19.2 Allele Of Nd-s
Nd-t T(23;25) Naked-t
Ndb Naked b
NdH 25 0 Allele Of Nd 1
nfad 25 ? non-feeding on artificial diet Spontaneous;larvae refuse to eat on artificial diet.
Ng 12 21.8 No glue Spontaneous;eggs non-adhesive, development of mucous glands of female moth poor, hence trace amount of glue protein synthesized and not coated on egg surface. 2
Nid ? ? Spontaneous;dominant nonsusceptibility to DNV. See also nsd-1.
Nid-1 17 31.1 Non-infectious to densonucleois virus
Nl 14 35.2 No lunule Spontaneous;crescents and star spots lacking but eye spots present; chromosomal deficiency including oa locus,left end determined by COV between odk, homozygotes die as embryos: X-ray induced Nl1 and Nl2 (both lost) similar but deficient ranges different. 1
Nl1 14 35.2 Allele Of Nl
Nl2 14 35.2 Allele Of Nl
nlw ? non lepis wings Spontaneous;wings of moth transparent look like oil-immersed paper, no scales on the wing.
nm 11 13.8 non-molting Spontaneous;homozygotes survive about two weeks without molting and then die, 1 or 2 days before death cell division in adipause tissue increase: nmn(盧不眠蚕, nm of Nho) similar. 2
nm-c ? ? Spontaneous;homozygotes grow slowly and die within to 4 to 5 days as first instar larvae showing no changes in hemolymph protein components during alive. 1
nm-d 9 16.3 non-molting dwarf Spontaneous;homozygotes survive as first instar larvae for about ten days without molting and then die. 1
nm-f 2 0 non-molting of f 1
nm-g 17 39.1 non-molting glossy Spontaneous;homozygotes survive about ten days as first instar larvae with lustrous skin, mostly die without molting, some pass through first molt survive further one week as second instar larvae and then die; hemolymph protein composition before death show mixed pattern characteristic of young larvae and of grown larvae, hence classified as “aging-type”, while other non-molting mutants are “juvenile-type” showing patterns of young larvae during alive. 1
nm-i 26 30.6 non-molting of Ishiko Spontaneous;homozygotes cannot enter into molt but survive for about one week and then die. 1
nm-is 10 ? non-molting of f 1
nm-k 4 26.8 non-molting ishihara Spontaneous;homozygotes survive about one week as first instar larvae without molting and then die. 1
nm-m 13 27.9 non-molting of Matsuno Spontaneous;homozygotes from non-diapausing eggs genetically and artificially as well hatch normally and survive about one week without molting and then die; homozygous embryos activated after diapause develop to body pigmentation stage and die. 1
nm-s 1 3 sex-linked non-molting Spontaneous;like nm, homozygotes survive about one week as 1st instar larvae without molting and then die.
nmn 11 13.8 Allele Of nm
Np 11 32.7 Non-preference X-ray induced;unable to discriminate mulberry leaves from others; locus determined by accompanied recessive lethality.
Nps 3 2.2 Non-preference Shokei γ-ray induced;beat leaves feeder associated with fragmentation of the chromosome including lem locus, map unit right breakage; penetrance incomplete.
nsd-1 21 8.3 non-susceptibility to densonucleosis virus type-1 Spontaneous;homozygotes not infected with densonucleosis virus type-1 (Ina-stock). See also Nid. 3
nsd-2 17 ? nonsusceptibility to DNV-2 1
nsd-Z 15 ? non-susceptibility to densonucleosis virus type-1 Spontaneous;homozygotes not infected with Zhenjiang stock of densonucleosis virus.
o-115 translucent J-115
o-21 oily 21
o-5 translucent E-5
oa 14 42.2 aojuku translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent; no crossing over between Di, antimorphic: oa2(第2青熟油) like oa, occurred spontaneously in Di stock: normal white patches on moderately translucent skin in oav ( 斑青熟油, variegated oa). 3
oa2 14 42.2 Allele Of oa 1
oal 2 29.7 oal mottled translucent Spontaneous;larval skin mottled with highly translucent and opaque areas; isoallelic gene, oα, originally producing normal phenotype mutates to translucent producing oβ in somatic cells conditioned by coexistence of mu-oal; no change in +oal. 5
oav 14 42.2 Allele Of oa 2
obl black translucent
Obs 18 6.2 Spontaneous;larval skin distinctly translucent and lustrous in third instar, but less conspicuous in grown larvae, body short and stout, difficult in ecdysis at 4th molt and metamorphosis; inhibits blackish coloring of larval skin by pS, U and so on; also inhibits dermal protuberances on crescents and star spots by K; male moth has difficulty in copulation. 1
obt 7 21 mottled translucent B8 Spontaneous;weakly translucent skin with small opaque dots: obtn(新斑油, new mottled translucent) similar. 2
obtn 7 21 Allele Of obt 1
oc 5 40.8 chinese translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent. 13
od 1 49.6 distinct translucent Spontaneous;larval skin highly translucent due to trace amount of uric acid accumulated in integument; antimorphic:odm(d斑油, od mottled translucent) as mottling of distinctly translucent and normal opaque areas; dominance + >odm > od. 5
Odc 16 29.7 Dominant translucent of Chikushi Spontaneous;translucency of larval skin moderate, homo-lethal.
odk 14 32.5 translucent E-15 Spontaneous;mottled skin with a number of translucent and fine opaque dots: odkb(ビオーネ油, bione translucent) and odkn(新油, new translucent) translucent in low degrees.
odkb 14 32.5 Allele Of odk 1
odkn 14 32.5 Allele Of odk
odm 1 49.6 Allele Of od 1
of 21 ? f-translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent. 1
oft 15 42.7 translucent-15 Spontaneous;larval skin translucent in low degree. 1
og 9 23.6 giallo ascoli translucent Spontaneous;larval skin extremely translucent, mortality high especially in pupa, female sterile, male fertile but need aid to copulate; activity of Xanthine dehydrogenase trace, excrete xanthine and hypoxanthine but not uric acid: ogt (t油, og of Tanaka, formerly referred to as ot)and ogk (片倉油) similar but both sexes infertile. See also oq.
ogk 9 23.6 Allele Of og 1
ogt 9 23.6 Allele Of og 1
oh 20 0 hoarfrost translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent mottled with a number of indistinct fine opaque dots. 6
ohi 16 32.8 himenihi translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent. 1
oi marche translucent
oj 9 0 japanese translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent, light egg color.
ok 5 4.7 kinshiryu translucent Spontaneous;larval skin highly translucent, mortality high in young larval stage. 2
op 23 p-translucent Spontaneous;translucency of larval skin fairly high; mortality high especially in pupa, male infertile. 2
oq 12 26.3 Spontaneous;like og, larval skin highly translucent, mortality high, both sexes infertile, Xanthine dehydorgenase activity low. 1
or 22 12.2 X-ray induced;translucency of larval skin fairly high: orS similar but spontaneous origin. 6
ors 22 12.2 Allele Of or
os 1 0 sex-linked translucent Spontaneous;larval skin weakly translucent due to reduced accumulation of uric acid; antimorphic. 6
osl 1 0 Allele Of os
otm 5 15.2 tanaka's mottled translucent Spontaneous;mottled translucent with a number of fine opaque dots, translucency moderate. 2
ov 20 15.2 mottled translucent of Var Spontaneous;variegated skin with translucent and opaque areas: fine opaque dots scattered on translucent skin of ovp(ヴァル斑油-p, ov of pinhead). 1
ovp 20 15.2 Allele Of ov 1
ow 17 30.1 waxy translucent Spontaneous;larval skin moderately translucent. 1
owe translusent white-egg
ows 5 22.1 wild silkworm translucent 1
oy 25 17.6 y-translucent MNU-induced;larval skin translucent in low degree.For the translucent mutant. See also w-3 in EGG heading. 3
oy2 25 17.6 Allele Of oy 1
p 2 3 plain Spontaneous;grown larvae white all over the body except for linear traces of crescents and star-spots: +p(形蚕, normal pattern): pB(黒色蚕, Black): pM(暗色, Moricaud): pS(黒縞, Striped):pSa(セーブル, Sable, X-ray induced), etc. 73
p1 2 3 Allele Of p 42
p2 2 3 Allele Of p 12
p3 2 3 Allele Of p 263
p4 2 3 Allele Of p 4
pB 2 3 Allele Of p 1
pD 2 3 Allele Of p
pe 5 0 pink-eyed white egg Spontaneous;serosa cells light orange, compound eye deep pink: In pebw, eggs light yellowish brown and compound eyes black; dominance +>pebw>pe: Eggs homozygous for pel(白死卵, white lethal egg), pel-k(黄浮白死卵) and pel-2 colored yellow and lethal. 3
pebw 5 0 Allele Of pe
peg piled egg Spontaneous;ovipositing habit of moth.
pel 5 0 Allele Of pe 1
pel-2 5 0 Allele Of pe
pel-k 5 0 Allele Of pe 1
Pes 19 0 Egg Specific Protein Spontaneous; one of the major components of yolk protein synthesized in ovary as against others have hemolymph origin; PesF for rapidly and PesS for slowly migrating band on gel electrophoresis.
PesF 19 0 Allele Of Pes 6
PesS 19 0 Allele Of Pes 298
Pfl 23 8.6 Larval female protein 幼虫体液蛋白質。最終齢では雌に特異的になるFL-1(貯蔵蛋白質 SP-1)。PflF,PflM,PflSの易動度を異にする変異がある。
PflF 23 8.6 Allele Of Pfl 195
PflFS 23 8.6 Allele Of Pfl 1
PflM 23 8.6 Allele Of Pfl 4
PflS 23 8.6 Allele Of Pfl 5
pG 2 3 Allele Of p 1
ph 1 ? phago
Ph 3 ? polyphagous Spontaneous;loss of food selection ability, food range wide: modified by ex alleles.
PhB 3 ? Allele Of Ph
PhS 3 ? Allele Of Ph
Pk 2 ? Pink cocoon Spontaneous;cocoon pink on outside; coexistence with Y, +C(or CI) and F needed for manifestation. 8
pL 2 3 Allele Of p
Pl Eye spotted
pM 2 3 Allele Of p 19
pnd 11 55.9 pigmented and non-diapausing egg Spontaneous;generally speaking diapause hormone (DH) is responsible for embryonic diapause and for pigmentation of egg as well; pnd gene comes into action after fertilization cancellating the effect of DH to prevent the embryo from entering into diapause, homozygous eggs colored light- brown. See also l-n. 1
pnd-2 12 2.6 pigmented and non-diapausing egg 2 Spontaneous;like pnd, in presence of diapause hormone, serosa pigmented lightly and embryos within do not enter diapause but develop to hatch. 1
pnd-M 11 pigmented and non-diapousing egg MA Spontaneous;similar to pnd. 1
pph 3 13.6 polyphagous
Pro-35K ? 35K Protease
pS 2 3 Allele Of p 19
pSa 2 3 Allele Of p 3
pSa-2 2 3 Allele Of p
Pst 3 16.7 Storage protein 2 Spontaneous; one of the two hemolymph proteins selectively incorporated into the fat body during larval-pupal transformation; on gel electrophoresis, PstA for rapidly, PstB for moderately and PstC for slowly moving band, respectively.
pSt 2 3 Allele Of p
PstA 3 16.7 Allele Of Pst 6
PstB 3 16.7 Allele Of Pst 1
PstC 3 16.7 Allele Of Pst 2
pSw 2 3 Allele Of p
Pt-3 14 ? Blood protein 3 Spontaneous; hemolymph protein with solubility of albumin and migrates next to Alb (19-37.4) zone on gel electrophoresis; faster moving Pt-3F and slower moving Pt-3S alleles.
Pt-3F 14 ? Allele Of Pt-3 2
Pt-3S 14 ? Allele Of Pt-3
Ptth 22 5.8 prothoracicotropic hormone Spontaneous; a brain secretory peptide stimulating prothoracic glands to synthesize and release ecdysone; on the basis of variance in molecular size of DNA, PTTH-producing gene can be grouped into three; PtthA smallest, PtthB intermediate, PtthC largest.
PtthA 22 5.8 Allele Of Ptth 4
PtthB 22 5.8 Allele Of Ptth 5
PtthC 22 5.8 Allele Of Ptth 1
Pyl 20 11.2 Protein of young larvae-A4(PYL-A4) Spontaneous; hemolymph protein detected during young larval stages, disappear in penultimate instar; moving fastly on gel electrophoresis with variations of Pyl1 (fast) and Pyl2 (slow).
Pyl1 20 11.2 Allele Of Pyl 84
Pyl2 20 11.2 Allele Of Pyl 8
Pyln 20 11.2 Allele Of Pyl 5
q 7 0 quail Spontaneous;quail-like pattern of black spots and shred-like lines on light reddish purple larval skin: qy(日本錦かすり) similar, somehow dull in feeding behavior of larvae. 16
qy 7 0 Allele Of q
rb 21 0 red haemolymph Spontaneous;larval skin reddish, hemolymph turns red in the air; enzyme which converts 3-hydroxykynurenine into anthranilic acid lacking. 1
Rc 2 34.8 Rusty Spontaneous;combined with Y, outer layer of cocoon yellowish brown. 1
rd 12 45 clumpy Spontaneous;egg shape irregular and highly variable.
re 5 31.7 red egg Spontaneous;serosa cells red, compound eye dark reddish brown, hatchability variable: In rec(赤褐卵, cocoa) eggs reddish brown, larval head cocoa colored: Eggs homozygous for rel(赤色死卵, red egg lethal, MNU induced) colored red and lethal. 7
reC 5 31.7 Allele Of re
rel 5 31.7 Allele Of re 1
Rg 3 24.9 Retarded growth γ-ray induced;larval growth distinctly retarded; homozygotes die as embryos; chromosomal deletion having right breakage in sm locus, map unit left breakage. 1
Rg-b 22 0 R-retarded growth X-ray induced;larval growth retarded; homozygotes die as embryos. 1
Rg-q 5 q-retarded growth γ-ray induced;larval growth retarded, homozygotes die as embryos.
rh retarded hatching Spontaneous;untime hatching; due to decreased amount of DH, embryos in pigmented eggs develop and hatch, no hibernation.
rm 3 6.5 retarded molting Spontaneous;development of larva retarded, viability low.
ro 1 55.4 rouge Spontaneous;eye spots on the second segment reddish brown. 1
Rs Reddish skin Spontaneous;skin of mature larva red.
Rt 2 ? Retarding X-ray induced;homozygotes die as embryos, heterozygotes small and retarded in development; chromosomal deficiency including loci p and Gr. 2
rt 7 9 recessive trimolting Spontaneous;larvae mature after three molts; changing pattern of hemolymph protein indicates that the fourth and the fifth instar of normal tetramolter are combined with in the last fourth instar of rt larva; feeding cycle different from that of M3. See also mod. 2
rv degenerated radius
rw 1 22.8 rudimentary wing Spontaneous;wings poorly develop to variable degrees.
S 2 6.1(9.1) New striped Spontaneous;larval marking like pS; body black with white stripe on posterior margin of each segment, center line on ventral side black: S2(第2黒縞, Striped-2, X-ray induced), SD(淡黒縞, Dilute striped), SD(淡黒縞, Dilute striped), SW(白胸黒縞, White thorax striped, heat-induced). 4
S2 2 6.1(9.1) Allele Of S 1
San 20 ? Sankenshi Spontaneous;on flat-spinning, no reduction in synthesis and secretion of silk proteins. See also Fl. 1
sb short bristle
Sc Soft cocoon Spontaneous;cocoon layers loose in texture.
sch 1 21.5 sex-linked chocolate Spontaneous;newly hatched larva reddish brown like ch, but becoming normal white with growth leaving faint tail spots on anal plate. 2
schl 1 21.5 Allele Of sch
SD 2 6.1(9.1) Allele Of S 4
sdi 25 ? short duration of the imaginal lifetime 1
Se 15 16.9 White-sided egg Spontaneous;eggs laid by homozygote gray with wrinkles on the surface and sterile; eggs from heterozygote gray band on periphery of egg shell. 4
Seg 14 33.1 Segmentation 1
Sek 5 ? new polyphagous gene, Sek
Sel 24 ? Sepialumazine Spontaneous;larvae have a pale yellow hue, considerable amount of sepialumazine accumulated in the integment; less conspicuous in grown larvae when heterozygous. See also lem. 2
Ses Silk gland esterase Spontaneous;esterase isozyme of integument;IesA rapidly moving,IesB slowly moving,IesC most slowly moving,Iesn lack active band.
SesA Allele Of Ses
SesB Allele Of Ses
SesC Allele Of Ses
Sesn Allele Of Ses
Set 1 35.5 Soft and elongated trunk MNU-induced;sixth and seventh segments of larva (and pupa) elongated, intersegmental folds fully stretched; hemizygous female lethal in embryo. 1
sf ? ? Spontaneous;eggs small and spindle shaped. sterile as sm.
sk 4 41.1 stick Spontaneous;larval body slender, firm to touch and less flexible like a stick. 2
sku 22 19.3 skunk Spontaneous;larvae and feces stink terribly due to iso-valeric acid, larvae mature and spin thin cocoons and die before pupation, after cocoon spinning started larvae cannot excrete toxic iso-valeric acid into feces and hence large amounts of the acid accumulated in hemolymph. See also l-li. 1
Sl Supernumerary legs
Sl-v 21 19.4 v-Supernumerary legs Spontaneous;extra-legs on fifth segment, penetrance low; homozygotes die as embryos with additive extra-legs on tenth segment. 1
Slg 15 ? Slow growing Spontaneous;homozygotes die as embryos, larval development of heterozygotes retarded about one week compared with normal, apt to produce pentamolters; chromosomal deficiency including bl locus: SlgD(発育遅延D, Slow-growing deformed crescents, X-ray induced) like Slg but crescents small and deformed. 1
SlgD 15 ? Allele Of Slg 1
slo oligospermy
slp degenerated penis muscle
sls abnormal spermatophore
sm 3 41.8 small egg Spontaneous;eggs extremely small and almost spherical; sterile lacking proteinaceous yolk sphere within, vitellogenin present in pupal hemolymph but scarcely transported into oocyte: smn(無卵, eggless) homozygotes produce no egg in well developed ovarioles, oocytes degenerated due to abnormal differentiation and function of follicle cells. 4
sm-2 13 0 small egg 2 Spontaneous;like sm, eggs small and sterile. 1
sm-3 7 4.5 small egg 3 1
sm-n ? ? eggless Spontaneous;similar to sm.
Sme 2 ? Dominant small egg X-ray induced;homo-lethal.
smn 3 41.8 Allele Of sm 2
so 26 0 sooty Spontaneous;body smoky in larva and in moth but less conspicuous; pupal case black especially at ventral tip of abdomen, insensitive to temperature. See also hp. 7
sol 6 0 soft and limp DES-induced;larval body extremely flabby and pliable, behaviour such as creeping, feeding, cocooning of larvae and copulation of male moth extremely dull and inactive. See also spli. 1
sp 23 22.9 spindle shaped Spontaneous;eggs long and narrow, attenuated at both ends: sp2 and sp3 similar. 4
sp-t 12 ? splindle-egg of Tamazawa Low temperature induced;egg shape long and narrow. 1
sp2 23 22.9 Allele Of sp
sp3 23 22.9 Allele Of sp
Spc 4 48.4 Speckled X-ray induced;dark brown small spots scattered on whole body surface; homozygous lethal in embryo; females have difficulty in egg laying. 1
Sph 21 8.4 Dominant spherule cell minus Spontaneous;spherule cells in hemolymph lacking, larval development fastened. See also spr. 3
Spl Splashed
spli 1 ? soft and pliable X-ray induced;larval body extremely flabby and pliable, like sol. See also cot. 1
spn spanish brown egg
spr 10 12.1 recessive spherule cell minus Spontaneous;like Sph spherule cells in hemolymph lacking, larval growth fastened and cocoon weight lighter than normal. 1
Src 11 2.2 Sericin complex Spontaneous; cluster of genes controlling three subfractions of sericin; A migrates slowly in parallele with B, and D fastly on gel electrophoresis; F (fast), M (moderate) and S (slow) types in each subfraction; B and D trace in floss.
Src-2 11 11.4 Sericin 2 Spontaneous; complex alleles controlling sericin-2 (C) subfraction migrating moderately with variations V (very fast), F (fast), M (moderate) and S (slow); and E-subfraction rich in the thread spun during feeding stage and before entering into molt but tr
Src-2A 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2
Src-2B 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2
Src-2D 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2
Src-2F 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2 8
Src-2M 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2 77
Src-2S 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2 2
Src-2V 11 11.4 Allele Of Src-2 1
SrcAF 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 28
SrcAM 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 49
SrcAS 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 2
SrcD 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 1
SrcDF 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 2
SrcDM 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 51
SrcDS 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 31
SrcF 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 1
SrcS 11 2.2 Allele Of Src 1
st 8 0 stony Spontaneous;larval body compact and hard, bulges appear at posterior margin of each segment. 3
stn ? new stony
Str 15 46.8 Strangulated DES-induced;larval body slender and hard, constricted between the segments; homozygotes die as embryos. 1
Su ? Dominant suppressor
Suc-1 17 ? Sucrase-1
Suc-1n 17 ? Allele Of Suc-1
SW 2 6.1(9.1) Allele Of S
Swi Short wing
Swl Swollen
Tb Transparent back
ts 3 ? tail spot Spontaneous;light brown spots on anal plates.
tsg 5 ? low-temperature sensitive gray-egg Spontaneous;mix mottled gray eggs when kept under low or high temperature during mid-pupal stage: See also mgr. 10
tub 23 6.9 tubby Spontaneous;very similar to nb, larval body spindle-shaped with a short and wide thorax and stout abdomen. 7
ty Haemolymph tyrosinase Spontaneous;activity of hemolymph tryosinase ( phenol oxidase ) lowered.
tyw 24 tiny wing Spontaneous;wings poorly developed in variable degree. 1
U 14 40.5 Ursa Spontaneous;dorsal and lateral sides of larva covered with dark brown pigments leaving a white longitudinal band above the dorsal vessel; in combination with p, almost white except small black spots on the side of thorax; wavy pattern on the side of abdomen in p2 background: UM(三木ひので, Ursa of Miki) like U, but dilute black Ze- like stripes in combination with p: homozygous UBr(lost) die in fifth instar. See also Di. 4
UBr 14 40.5 Allele Of U
UD 14 40.5 Allele Of U
UM 14 40.5 Allele Of U 1
V 6 42.6 Voltinism Spontaneous;Bivoltine as normal allele; univoltine(V1, 1 化性) caused by enhanced production of diapausing hormone (DH); multivoltine(V3, 多化性) caused by reduced production of DH; affected to a great extent by Lm alleles(1-2.0): Uptake of 3-hydroxykynurenine by the ovaries of non-diapausing egg layers are in diffusion fashion instead of active transport by the diapausing egg laying ones.
V1 6 42.6 Allele Of V
V2 6 42.6 Allele Of V
V3 6 42.6 Allele Of V
ve 6 32.2 varnished eye Spontaneous;imaginal compound eye extremely lustrous more extremely than lu and small in size; facets distribute sparsely like small pimples.
Vg 1 38.7 Vestigial 1
vit 20 23 scanty of vitellin MNU-induced;eggs laid by homozygous female white and sterile; containing Egg Specific Protein, synthesized in ovary, in comparable amounts to normal eggs, while vitellin proteins of hemolymph origin in traces. See also Pes and sm. 1
vo vomiting habit
w-1 10 12.7 white egg 1 Spontaneous;no pigment in serosa cells, imaginal eye white, lacking kynurenine hydroxylase activity; egg color inherited maternally but normal inheritance with eye color. 4
w-2 10 16.1 white egg 2 Spontaneous;eggs yellowish white, gradually becoming red-tinged, compound eye white; 3-hydroxykynurenine cannot be converted into pigment due to the enzyme deficiency: w-2r(赤眼第2白卵, red eyed w-2, MNU-induced) like w-2 but compound eyes deep pink. 5
w-2r 10 16.1 Allele Of w-2 1
w-3 10 19.6 white egg 3 Spontaneous;serosa cells light yellowish brown, larval skin weakly translucent, compound eye black: Alleles causing white egg and translucent larval skin to various degrees depending on the uric acid contents in hypodermis: w-3b(第3褐卵, brown egg 3; cancells maternal inheritance of w-1): w-3ml(メラミン誘発白卵油, melamine induced oily and white egg): w-3oe(白卵油, white-egg translucent; not only eggs but also compound eyes white, larvae highly translucent): w-3ol(青熟白卵油, aojuku white-egg translucent, like w-3oe), and so on: Interaction between non-allelic translucent genes varies, uric acid contents in epidermis are 1:w-3 > od > od w-3 > w-3oe > od w-3oe, 2:w-3 > oa > w-3oe > oa w-3 > oa w-3oe, 3:w-3 > os > os w-3 = os w-3oe >w-3oe. 2
w-3106 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 1
w-3b 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3
w-3k 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 1
w-3m 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 1
w-3ml 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 1
w-3oe 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 2
w-3ol 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3 2
w-3ox 10 19.6 Allele Of w-3
w-5 10 ? red-eyed white egg
wb 5 35.8 white-banded black wing Spontaneous;wings dark brown at outer margin and proximal part, leaving a wide white band, body white.
Wm Wild melanism introduced from B. mandarina, Spontaneous;body and wing color of moths dark brown.
Wp white winged pupa Spontaneous;pupal wing almost white, distinct in co-existence with bp or so; heterozygotes less conspicuous. 1
wri 14 0 wrinkled wing Spontaneous;wings poorly developed, not extending fully.
Ws 17 14.7 Wild wing spot introduced from wild B. mandarina,Spontaneous;black spot on apex of wing; when heterozygous less conspicuous especially in females.
Ws-sc 17 14.7 Sichuan wild wing spot Allele Of Ws
Xan 24 0 Xanthous Spontaneous, possibly be introduced from wild silkworm, B. mandarina;larval skin yellow, less conspicuous in heterozygotes. See also lem. 3
Xanc 24 0 Allele Of Xan
Y 2 28.6 Yellow blood Spontaneous;hemolymph yellow colored and abdominal legs look yellow; yellow-cocoon spinner but not always: YA(クワコ黄血, Mandarina yellow, from B. mandarina): YD(淡黄血, Pale yellow blood). 114
ya 2 28.6 Allele Of Y
YA 2 28.6 Allele Of Y
YD 2 28.6 Allele Of Y
Yf Yellow fluorescent Spontaneous;under UV light cocoon shell shows a yellow fluorescence. 25
Ym 24 ? Yellow molting Spontaneous;larval skin just after first and second larval ecdysis covered with yellowish powder, yellow crystals secreted from Malpighian vessels. widely distributed in B. mandarina. 2
Ymc Mandarina yellow cocoon
Yr 6 39.8 Yellowish brown Spontaneous;cocoon color yellowish brown.
Ze 3 20.8 Zebra Spontaneous;narrow black bands on anterior portion of each larval segment, head cuticle dark brown in both sides: ZeF(ぼけ虎, Zebra-faded) outlines of black markings indistinct. 19
ZeF 3 20.8 Allele Of Ze 1
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